Author: Boogert, S.T.
Paper Title Page
MOPMP038 Investigation of CLIC 380 GeV Post-Collision Line 528
 
  • R.M. Bodenstein, A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, P. Burrows, L.J. Nevay
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • D. Schulte, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  It has been proposed that the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) be commissioned in stages, starting with a lower-energy, 380 GeV version for the first stage, and concluding with a 3 TeV version for the final stage. In the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) published in 2012, the post-collision line is described for the 3 TeV and 500 GeV stages. However, the post-collision line for the 380 GeV design was not investigated. This work will describe the simulation studies performed in BDSIM for the 380 GeV post-collision line.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP038  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB064 Precision Modelling of Energy Deposition in the LHC using BDSIM 723
SUSPFO121   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • S.D. Walker, A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay, H. Pikhartova
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  A detailed model of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been built using Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) for studying beam loss patterns and is presented and discussed in this paper. BDSIM is a program which builds a Geant4 accelerator model from generic components bridging accelerator tracking routines and particle physics to seamlessly simulate the traversal of particles and any subsequent energy deposition in particle accelerators. The LHC model described here has been further refined with additional features to improve the accuracy of the model, including specific component geometries, tunnel geometry, and more. BDSIM has been extended so that more meaningful comparisons with other simulations and data can be made. Firstly, BDSIM can now record losses in the same way that SixTrack does: when a primary exceeds the limits of the aperture it is recorded as a loss. Secondly, by placing beam loss monitors (BLMs) within the BDSIM model and recording the simulated dose and energy deposition, it can be directly compared with real BLM data. These results are presented here and compared with SixTrack and BLM data from a typical fill in 2018.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB064  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS002 Study of a Proton Therapy Beamline for Eye Treatment with Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) and an In-House Tracking Code 3088
 
  • E. Gnacadja, C. Hernalsteens, N. Pauly, R. Tesse
    ULB - FSA - SMN, Bruxelles, Belgium
  • S.T. Boogert, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  The complete modelling of passive scattering proton therapy systems is challenging and requires simulation tools that have capabilities in both beam transport and in the detailed description of particle-matter interactions. Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) allows the seamless simulation of the transport of particles in a beamline and its surrounding environment. A complete 3D model can be built from Geant4, CLHEP and ROOT to provide a complete analysis of the primary beam tracking. This capability is applied to the eye treatment proton therapy machine part of the IBA Proteus Plus product line. Those simulations are compared with a fast in-house particle tracking code with a semi-analytical model of Multiple Coulomb Scattering. The preliminary results leading to the detailed knowledge of the beamline performance are discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS002  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS054 Pyg4ometry : A Tool to Create Geometries for Geant4, BDSIM, G4Beamline and FLUKA for Particle Loss and Energy Deposit Studies 3244
 
  • S.T. Boogert, A. Abramov, J. Albrecht, G. D’Alessandro, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields, S.D. Walker
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Studying the energy deposits in accelerator components, mechanical supports, services, ancillary equipment and shielding requires a detailed computer readable description of the component geometry. The creation of geometries is a significant bottleneck in producing complete simulation models and reducing the effort required will provide the ability of non-experts to simulate the effects of beam losses on realistic accelerators. The paper describes a flexible and easy to use Python package to create geometries usable by either Geant4 (and so BDSIM or G4Beamline) or FLUKA either from scratch or by conversion from common engineering formats, such as STEP or IGES created by industry standard CAD/CAM packages. The conversion requires an intermediate conversion to STL or similar triangular or tetrahedral tessellation description. A key capability of pyg4ometry is to mix GDML/STEP/STL geometries and visualisation of the resulting geometry and determine if there are any geometric overlaps. An example conversion of a complex geometry used in Geant4/BDSIM is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS054  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS055 Energy Modulation of Electron Beam in Corrugated Dielectric Waveguide 3248
 
  • A. Lyapin, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, K. Lekomtsev
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • A. Aryshev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
 
  Energy modulated electron beams have a wide range of applications in accelerator physics, for example they can serve as drivers in resonant wakefield acceleration schemes. A strong wakefield induced energy modulation can be produced using a dielectric lined waveguide, the resultant micro-bunched beam is capable of producing coherent terahertz radiation *. We report on observation of energy modulation due to self-wakefields in a few picosecond duration and ~1 nC charge electron bunches of LUCX facility at KEK. To produce the modulation, we used a corrugated dielectric waveguide with an inner radius of 2 mm and a period of corrugation of 10 mm. In this case, the period of corrugation is longer than the wavelength of the main accelerating mode. We show electromagnetic simulations of on-axis electric fields leading to an optimisation of the corrugation period allowing to enhance the accelerating/decelerating fields compared to dielectric lined waveguides with a constant inner radius.
* S. Antipov et al., Experimental observation of energy modulation in electron beams passing though terahertz dielectric wakefield structures, PRL 108, 144801 (2012).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS055  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS058 BDSIM: Recent Developments and New Features Beyond V1.0 3259
 
  • L.J. Nevay, A. Abramov, J. Albrecht, S. E. Alden, S.T. Boogert, H. Garcia Morales, S.M. Gibson, W. Shields, S.D. Walker
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • J. Snuverink
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  BDSIM is a program that creates a 3D model of an accelerator from an optical beam line description using a suite of high energy physics software including Geant4, CLHEP and ROOT. In one single simulation the passage of particles can be tracked accurately through an accelerator including the interaction with the accelerator material and subsequent secondary radiation production and transport. BDSIM is regularly used to simulate beam loss and energy deposition as well as machine detector interface studies. In this paper we present the latest developments beyond BDSIM V1.0 added for ongoing studies. For simulation of collimation systems several new additions are described including new element geometry, enhanced sensitivity and output information. The output has been further enhanced with aperture impact information and dose information from scoring meshes. As well as supporting the full suite of Geant4 physics lists, a new user interface is described allowing custom physics lists and user components to be easily included in BDSIM. New undulator, crystal collimator and wire-scanner elements are also described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS058  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP034 Simulating Matter Interactions of Partially Stripped Ions in BDSIM 3514
 
  • A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, L.J. Nevay
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Acceleration and storage of beams of relativistic partially stripped ions is more challenging than in the case of fully stripped ions because the interactions with matter, such as those with residual gas and collimators can strip electrons via ionisation. BDSIM is a code for the simulation of energy deposition and charged particle backgrounds in accelerators that uses the Geant4 physics library. Geant4 includes a broad range of ion elastic and inelastic interactions and allows the definition of partially stripped ion beams. However, no models are currently available to handle in-flight interactions involving the bound electrons. In this paper we present a semi-empirical model of beam ion stripping by material atoms that is implemented in BDSIM as an extension of Geant4’s existing physics processes and is fully integrated into a comprehensive set of matter interactions for partially stripped ions. The stripping cross-section for select cases and results from comprehensive simulations are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP034  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW069 Implementation of CERN Secondary Beam Lines T9 and T10 in BDSIM 3746
 
  • G. D’Alessandro, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • J. Bernhard, A. Gerbershagen, M.S. Rosenthal
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  CERN has a unique set of secondary beam lines, which deliver particle beams extracted from the PS and SPS accelerators after their interaction with a target, reaching energies up to 400 GeV. These beam lines provide a crucial contribution for test beam facilities and host several fixed target experiments. A correct operation of the beam lines requires precise simulations of the beam optics and studies on the beam-matter interaction, radiation protection, beam equipment survival etc. BDSIM combines tracking studies with energy deposition and beam-matter interaction simulations within one software framework. This paper presents studies conducted on secondary beams with BDSIM for the beam lines T9 and T10. We report the tracking analysis and the energy deposition along the beam line. Tracking analysis validation is demonstrated via comparison to existing code.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW069  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS031 Simulations of the Activation of a Proton Therapy Facility Using a Complete Beamline Model With BDSIM 4176
 
  • R. Tesse, E. Gnacadja, C. Hernalsteens, N. Pauly
    ULB - FSA - SMN, Bruxelles, Belgium
  • S.T. Boogert, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • C. Hernalsteens
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
 
  A detailed model of the IBA Proteus One compact gantry system has been created with BDSIM (Beam Delivery Simulation) that has been validated against experimental data. Results regarding activation studies have been obtained for the first time using seamless simulations of the transport of protons in the beamline and their interactions with the environment. The activation of the concrete shielding of the system is estimated after a period of 20 years of operation. These main results are presented and discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS031  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP038 Collaborative Strategies for Meeting the Global Need for Cancer Radiation Therapy Treatment Systems 3526
 
  • M. Dosanjh, P. Collier, I. Syratchev, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Aggarwal
    KCL, London, United Kingdom
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, P.A. McIntosh, B.L. Militsyn
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • R. Apsimon
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • S.T. Boogert
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • G. Burt
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • N. Coleman, D.A. Pistenmaa
    ICEC, Washington, DC, USA
  • A.W. Cross
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • I.V. Konoplev, S.L. Sheehy
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  The idea of designing affordable equipment and developing sustainable infrastructures for delivering radiation treatment for patients with cancer in countries that lack resources and expertise stimulated a first International Cancer Expert Corps (ICEC) championed, CERN-hosted workshop in Geneva in November 2016. Which has since been followed by three additional workshops involving the sponsorship and support from UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). One of the major challenges in meeting this need to deliver radiotherapy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is to design a linear accelerator and associated instrumentation system which can be operated in locations where general infrastructures and qualified human resources are poor or lacking, power outages and water supply fluctuations can occur frequently and where climatic conditions might be harsh and challenging. In parallel it is essential to address education, training and mentoring requirements for current, as well as future novel radiation therapy treatment (RTT) systems.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP038  
About • paper received ※ 11 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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