Author: Choi, B.K.
Paper Title Page
TUPTS073 Analysis of Electron Beam Divergence in Diamond Field Emitter Array Cathodes 2090
  • D. Kim, H.L. Andrews, R.L. Fleming, C. Huang, J.W. Lewellen, K.E. Nichols, V.N. Pavlenko, E.I. Simakov
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • B.K. Choi
    Cheju Halla University, Jeju-si, Republic of Korea
  Funding: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program (Contract DE-AC52-06NA25396) and Sandia National Laboratories (Contract DE-NA-0003525).
At Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), we have recently established a capability to fabricate diamond array cathodes for electron beam sources. Our fabricated diamond field emitter arrays (DFEAs) are the arrays of micrometer-scale diamond pyramids with nanometer-scale sharp tips and produce high per-tip current (> 15 μA per-tip) in DC testing. For the beam divergence measurements, we designed and assembled a test stand consisting of a DFEA cathode, a mesh aperture of 0.375-inch for an anode, and AZO (ZnO:Al2O3) screen coated on a sapphire substrate for beam visualization. A negative voltage of about 40 kV is applied to the cathode, and the mesh and the screen are kept at ground. We measure a size of the electron beam on the AZO screen at different mesh to screen distances at a fixed cathode-mesh gap in order to calculate the beam divergence angles. We also perform the beam dynamics simulations with Computer Simulation Technology (CST) Studio and General Particle Tracer (GPT) using a single pyramidal shape with a nanowire tip model. In this presentation, the measured experimental results of the beam divergences will be compared to the beam dynamic simulations.
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)