Author: Gibson, S.M.
Paper Title Page
MOPRB052 Gamma Factory at CERN: Design of a Proof-of-Principle Experiment 685
 
  • Y. Dutheil, R. Alemany-Fernández, H. Bartosik, N. Biancacci, R. Bruce, P. Czodrowski, V. Fedosseev, B. Goddard, S. Hirlaender, J.M. Jowett, R. Kersevan, M. Kowalska, M. Lamont, D. Manglunki, J. Molson, A.V. Petrenko, M. Schaumann, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • S. E. Alden, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • A. Apyan
    ANSL, Yerevan, Armenia
  • E.G. Bessonov
    LPI, Moscow, Russia
  • A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • F. Castelli
    Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
  • F. Castelli, C. Curatolo, L. Serafini
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
  • K. Kroeger
    FSU Jena, Jena, Germany
  • A. Martens
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • V. Petrillo
    Universita’ degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
  • M. Sapinski, T. Stöhlker
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • G. Weber
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • Y.K. Wu
    FEL/Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
 
  The Gamma Factory (GF) initiative proposes to create novel research tools at CERN by producing, accelerating and storing highly relativistic partially stripped ion beams in the LHC rings and by exciting their atomic degrees of freedom by lasers, to produce high-energy photon beams. Their intensity would be several orders of magnitude higher than those of the presently operating light sources in the particularly interesting gamma-ray energy domain reaching up to 400 MeV. In this energy domain, the high-intensity photon beams can be used to produce secondary beams of polarized electrons, polarized positrons, polarized muons, neutrinos, neutrons and radioactive ions. Over the years 2017-2018 we have demonstrated that these partially stripped ion beams can be successfully produced, accelerated and stored in the CERN accelerator complex, including the LHC. The next step of the project is to build a proof of principle experiment in the SPS to validate the principal GF concepts. This contribution will present the initial conceptual design of this experiment along with its main challenge - the demonstration of the fast cooling method of partially stripped ion beams.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB052  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB064 Precision Modelling of Energy Deposition in the LHC using BDSIM 723
SUSPFO121   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • S.D. Walker, A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay, H. Pikhartova
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  A detailed model of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been built using Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) for studying beam loss patterns and is presented and discussed in this paper. BDSIM is a program which builds a Geant4 accelerator model from generic components bridging accelerator tracking routines and particle physics to seamlessly simulate the traversal of particles and any subsequent energy deposition in particle accelerators. The LHC model described here has been further refined with additional features to improve the accuracy of the model, including specific component geometries, tunnel geometry, and more. BDSIM has been extended so that more meaningful comparisons with other simulations and data can be made. Firstly, BDSIM can now record losses in the same way that SixTrack does: when a primary exceeds the limits of the aperture it is recorded as a loss. Secondly, by placing beam loss monitors (BLMs) within the BDSIM model and recording the simulated dose and energy deposition, it can be directly compared with real BLM data. These results are presented here and compared with SixTrack and BLM data from a typical fill in 2018.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB064  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB116 Laser Sculpted Cool Proton Beams 826
 
  • S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • S. E. Alden, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: We acknowledge support by STFC grant ST/P003028/1
Hydrogen ion accelerators, such as CERN’s Linac4, are increasingly used as the front end of high power proton drivers for high energy physics, spallation neutron sources and other applications. Typically, a foil strips the hydrogen ion beam to facilitate charge-exchange injection of protons into orbits of high energy accelerators, in which the resulting emittance is dominated by phase-space painting. In this paper, a new method to laser extract a narrow beam of neutralised hydrogen from the parent H ion beam is proposed. Subsequent foil stripping and capture of protons into a storage ring generates cool proton bunches with significantly reduced emittance compared to the parent beam. The properties of the extracted proton beam can be precisely controlled and sculpted by adjusting the optical parameters of the laser beam. Recirculation of the parent beam allows time for space-charge effects to repopulate the emittance phase space prior to repeated laser extraction. We present particle tracking simulations of the proposed scheme, including the laser-particle interaction with realistic optical parameters and show the resulting emittance is reduced. Developments for an experimental demonstration of a laser controlled particle beam are outlined. In principle, the proposed scheme could considerably reduce the emittance of protons bunches injected into an accelerator, such as the LHC.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB116  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW088 Characterisation of Electro-Optic Pickups for High Bandwidth Diagnostics at the High Luminosity LHC 2690
 
  • A. Arteche, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • S.E. Bashforth, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson, I.S. Penman
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • M. Krupa, T. Lefèvre
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Work supported by UK STFC grants ST/N001583/1, JAI at Royal Holloway University of London and CERN.
A high bandwidth electro-optical beam position monitor is under development for the High Luminosity LHC. A series of measurements of the electro-optic signals were previously obtained by an EO-BPM prototype installed in the SPS. This paper focuses on an advanced design that would further improve the sensitivity of the pick-up by optimising the shape of the metallic electrode mounted onto the crystal. The proposed upgraded electro-optic pickups significantly increase the image field profile of the passing bunch inside a lithium niobate crystal embedded within the pickup. This work is based on parametric studies, performed using CST particle studio, investigating various electro-optic (electrode and crystal) configurations. We present the expected performance of the different designs, alongside with their evaluation on a test bench, highlighting the most relevant choice for a prototype pick-up to be installed on LHC
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW088  
About • paper received ※ 22 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS055 Energy Modulation of Electron Beam in Corrugated Dielectric Waveguide 3248
 
  • A. Lyapin, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, K. Lekomtsev
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • A. Aryshev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
 
  Energy modulated electron beams have a wide range of applications in accelerator physics, for example they can serve as drivers in resonant wakefield acceleration schemes. A strong wakefield induced energy modulation can be produced using a dielectric lined waveguide, the resultant micro-bunched beam is capable of producing coherent terahertz radiation *. We report on observation of energy modulation due to self-wakefields in a few picosecond duration and ~1 nC charge electron bunches of LUCX facility at KEK. To produce the modulation, we used a corrugated dielectric waveguide with an inner radius of 2 mm and a period of corrugation of 10 mm. In this case, the period of corrugation is longer than the wavelength of the main accelerating mode. We show electromagnetic simulations of on-axis electric fields leading to an optimisation of the corrugation period allowing to enhance the accelerating/decelerating fields compared to dielectric lined waveguides with a constant inner radius.
* S. Antipov et al., Experimental observation of energy modulation in electron beams passing though terahertz dielectric wakefield structures, PRL 108, 144801 (2012).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS055  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS058 BDSIM: Recent Developments and New Features Beyond V1.0 3259
 
  • L.J. Nevay, A. Abramov, J. Albrecht, S. E. Alden, S.T. Boogert, H. Garcia Morales, S.M. Gibson, W. Shields, S.D. Walker
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • J. Snuverink
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  BDSIM is a program that creates a 3D model of an accelerator from an optical beam line description using a suite of high energy physics software including Geant4, CLHEP and ROOT. In one single simulation the passage of particles can be tracked accurately through an accelerator including the interaction with the accelerator material and subsequent secondary radiation production and transport. BDSIM is regularly used to simulate beam loss and energy deposition as well as machine detector interface studies. In this paper we present the latest developments beyond BDSIM V1.0 added for ongoing studies. For simulation of collimation systems several new additions are described including new element geometry, enhanced sensitivity and output information. The output has been further enhanced with aperture impact information and dose information from scoring meshes. As well as supporting the full suite of Geant4 physics lists, a new user interface is described allowing custom physics lists and user components to be easily included in BDSIM. New undulator, crystal collimator and wire-scanner elements are also described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS058  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW069 Implementation of CERN Secondary Beam Lines T9 and T10 in BDSIM 3746
 
  • G. D’Alessandro, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • J. Bernhard, A. Gerbershagen, M.S. Rosenthal
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  CERN has a unique set of secondary beam lines, which deliver particle beams extracted from the PS and SPS accelerators after their interaction with a target, reaching energies up to 400 GeV. These beam lines provide a crucial contribution for test beam facilities and host several fixed target experiments. A correct operation of the beam lines requires precise simulations of the beam optics and studies on the beam-matter interaction, radiation protection, beam equipment survival etc. BDSIM combines tracking studies with energy deposition and beam-matter interaction simulations within one software framework. This paper presents studies conducted on secondary beams with BDSIM for the beam lines T9 and T10. We report the tracking analysis and the energy deposition along the beam line. Tracking analysis validation is demonstrated via comparison to existing code.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW069  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB095 A Simulation Framework for Photon-Particle Interactions for Laserwires and Further Applications 4045
SUSPFO112   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • S. E. Alden, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  A model has been developed for simulating photon-particle interactions with Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM). BDSIM is a high energy physics program that utilises the Geant4, CLHEP, and ROOT libraries to seamlessly track particles through an accelerator. The photon-particle interactions introduce the capability for modelling a range of applications in accelerator physics. One such application is a laserwire which is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique to measure beam profiles and emittance. In this paper we describe the recent implementation of inverse Compton scattering and electron stripping of Hydrogen ions. This is demonstrated on an example beamline.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB095  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW082 The Beam Gas Vertex Profile Monitoring Station for HL-LHC 2672
 
  • R. Kieffer, A. Alexopoulos, L. Fosse, M. Gonzalez Berges, H. Guerin, O.R. Jones, T. Marriott-Dodington, J.W. Storey, R. Veness, S. Vlachos, B. Würkner, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  A new instrument is under development for the high luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN (HL-LHC) to provide non-invasive beam size measurements throughout the acceleration cycle. The Beam Gas Vertex (BGV) detector consists of a very low pressure gas target inside the beam pipe with a series of particle tracking stations located downstream. Inelastic collisions between the beam and the gas target produce secondary particles which are detected by the tracking stations. The beam size is measured from the spatial distribution of several thousand beam-gas interaction vertices, which are identified by means of the reconstructed tracks. A demonstrator device, operated over the past 3 years, has proven the feasibility of the BGV concept and has motivated development of a fully operational device for the HL-LHC. The status of current design studies for the future instrument will be presented, with particular emphasis on potential tracking detector technologies, readout schemes, and expected performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW082  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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