Keyword: acceleration
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MOXPLM2 From Dreams to Reality: Prospects for Applying Advanced Accelerator Technology to Next Generation Scientific User Facilities plasma, electron, laser, wakefield 1
 
  • M. Ferrario
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • R.W. Aßmann
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Recent years have seen spectacular progress in the development of innovative acceleration methods that are not based on traditional RF accelerating structures. These novel developments are at the interface of laser, plasma and accelerator physics and may potentially lead to much more compact and economical accelerator facilities. While primarily focusing on the ability to accelerate charged particles with much larger gradients than traditional RF, these new techniques have yet to demonstrate comparable performances to RF in terms of both beam parameters or reproducibility. To guide the developments beyond the necessary basic R&D and concept validations, a common understanding and definition of required performance and beam parameters for an operational user facility is now needed. These innovative user facilities can include "table-top" light sources, medical accelerators, industrial accelerators or even high-energy colliders. The talk will review the most promising developments in new acceleration methods, it will present the status of ongoing projects including the EU project EuPRAXIA and will identify the set of required specifications for the application under consideration.  
slides icon Slides MOXPLM2 [16.331 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOXPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 16 June 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW027 Design Considerations for Permenant Magnetic Quadrupole Triplet for Matching Into Laser Driven Wake Field Acceleration Experiment at SINBAD laser, plasma, electron, experiment 143
 
  • S. Yamin, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, F. Lemery, B. Marchetti, E. Panofski, P.A. Walker
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  SINBAD (Short and INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility aims to produce ultrashort bunches (sub-fs) at ~100 MeV, suitable for injection into novel accelerators e.g. dielectric Laser acceleration (DLA) and Laser Driven Wakefield acceleration (LWFA). The LWFA experiment demands β functions to be of the order of 1 mm to reduce energy spreads and emittance growth from nonlinearities. Matching such a space charge dominated beam to such constraints with conventional electromagnets is challenging. A Permanent Magnetic Quadrupole (PMQ) triplet is one promising focusing strategy. In this paper, we investigate the performance of a PMQ triplet to fit the requirements of the electron beam properties in a plasma cell and discuss the realizable phase spaces for the LWFA experiment planned at SINBAD.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW027  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW061 Radiation from a Dielectrically Loaded Waveguide with Open End GUI, vacuum, radiation, embedded 228
 
  • S.N. Galyamin, A.A. Grigoreva, A.V. Tyukhtin, V.V. Vorobev
    Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • A. Aryshev
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 18-72-10137).
Open-ended waveguide structures with dielectric loading excited by specially prepared electron bunches are considered as promising candidates for development of contemporary sources of Terahertz (THz) radiation. Despite of the fact that both ordinary vacuum THz devices (e.g., backward wave oscillator) are widely available and other mechanisms for THz generation are discussed, beam driven sources are still extremely attractive due to the extraordinary peak power of THz radiation*. In this report, we study electromagnetic (EM) field produced by a charged particle bunch exiting an open-ended circular waveguide with dielectric filling placed inside collinear vacuum waveguide of a larger radius. Based on the previously developed theory**, we mainly investigate Cherenkov radiation generated penetrated vacuum regions of the structure due to the diffraction mechanism. We pay attention to the case of a train of short bunches resulting in high-order Cherenkov modes excitation. We also develop analytical procedure allowing performing the limiting process to the case of infinite radius of the outer waveguide.
* B.D. O’Shea et al., Nature Communications, Vol. 7, P. 12763, (2016).
** S.N. Galyamin et al., J. Instrumentation, Vol. 13, P. C02012 (2018).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW061  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW067 On Coordinate Systems in Beam Dynamics simulation, GUI, experiment, FEL 243
 
  • E. Laface
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  Any description of the beam dynamics calculation and simulation relies on the proper choice of a coordinate system in order to minimize the computational complexity and to apply different level of approximations in the calculations. This need generates a large number of reference systems, especially to describe the longitudinal dynamics of a particle beam like(z, z′),(t,∆P/P),(z, φ), etc. In this paper we summarize the rules to change coordinates systems, which system is canonical and how the Hamiltonian of the beam transforms according to the chosen coordinate system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW067  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW072 Reconfiguration of SPS Landau Octupole Circuits to Minimise Second Order Chromaticity octupole, optics, operation, target 262
 
  • H. Bartosik, M. Carlà, K. Cornelis
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  In the SPS Q20 optics presently used for LHC beams, the Landau octupole families of the SPS (LOF and LOD circuits) generate large second order chromaticity due to the relatively high dispersion at their locations. Since the induced second order chromaticity results in enhanced losses due to the large incoherent tune spread, these octupoles cannot be used for mitigating transverse instabilities for LHC beams. A new cabling scheme was proposed, exploiting additional octupoles that were already installed in the machine but not used, which allows minimizing the induced second order chromaticity in both the Q20 optics used for LHC beams, as well as the original SPS optics used for fixed target beams. This paper summarises the optics calculations as well as the experimental verification of the reduced chromatic detuning of the new octupole scheme.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW072  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW116 Validation of a Novel Method for the Calculation of Near-Field Synchrotron Radiation electron, radiation, cyclotron, synchrotron 397
 
  • F.Y. Li, B.E. Carlsten, R. Garimella, C. Huang, T.J. Kwan
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the LDRD program at LANL.
The phenomenon of synchrotron radiation (SR) from electrons is at the core of modern accelerator based light sources. While SR in the far field has been well characterized, the near-field SR and its impacts on self-consistent electron beam dynamics remain an ongoing topic. Since it is difficult to experimentally characterize the near fields, it is desirable to develop accurate and efficient numerical methods for the design of these light sources. Here, we investigate a novel method, originally proposed by Shintake and which potentially has both high efficiency and accuracy. We focus on the field calculation of this method and show that the original idea has missed the important terms of fields due to electron acceleration and therefore only applies to a linear motion. To correct this limitation we developed a modified algorithm that gives consistent fields with direct calculations using the Liénard-Wiechert equation. Some basic signatures of the near-field SR fields are also drawn for a cyclotron motion by using this modified approach.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW116  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP007 Design of a Compact Power Distribution System for the ILC cavity, cryomodule, ECR, collider 436
 
  • B. Du, N. Liu
    Sokendai - Hayama, Hayama, Japan
  • T. Matsumoto, S. Michizono, T. Miura, F. Qiu
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Matsumoto, T. Miura, F. Qiu
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Local power distribution system (LPDS) of the In-ternational Linear Collider (ILC) is constructed to transmit RF power from the 10 MW klystron to 39 cavi-ties. Each eight or nine 9-cell cavities is assembled in one cryomodule. The variable hybrid is used to adjust the power dividing ratio due to the different required power of each cavity and the variable phase shifter is used to compensate the phase drift caused by the variable hybrid. More compact LPDS is expected to be integrated on the cryomodule decreasing financial cost. We re-design the shorter variable hybrid with a margin of power ratio of ±25% and phase shifter of total phase range being 35° for compensating hybrid and on-crest searching. Fixed phase shifters are designed to adjust the phase difference between adjacent cavities for beam acceleration. Simu-lated results of total compact LPDS can meet the re-quirements of ILC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP007  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP015 Longitudinal Particle Dynamics in NICA Collider bunching, collider, injection, accumulation 455
 
  • E. Syresin, A.V. Eliseev, A.V. Smirnov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • N. Mityanina, V.M. Petrov, E. Rotov, A.G. Tribendis
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  A specific feature of the NICA acceleration complex is high luminosity of colliding beams. Three types of RF stations will be used in the NICA Collider to reach the necessary beam parameters. The first one is for accumulation of particles in the longitudinal phase space with the moving burrier buckets under action of stochastic and/or electron cooling systems. The second and third RF stations are for formation of the final bunch size in the colliding regime. This report presents numerical simulations of longitudinal beam dynamics which taken into account the longitudinal space charge effect during the accumulation and bunching procedures. Influence of space effects leads to some decrease in the accumulation efficiency and requires special manipulation with the 2nd and 3rd RF stations during the adiabatic capture and bunching procedures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP015  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP025 Moving Long-range Beam-beam Encounters in Heavy-ion Colliders proton, emittance, injection, collider 488
 
  • M.A. Jebramcik, J.M. Jowett
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Asymmetric ion beam collisions like proton-lead in the LHC or gold-deuteron in RHIC have become major components of heavy-ion physics programmes. The injection and ramp of two different ion species with the same magnetic rigidity and consequently unequal revolution frequencies generate moving long-range beam-beam encounters in the interactions regions of the collider. These encounters led to fast beam losses and can cause emittance blow-up as observed in RHIC in the early 2000s and, more recently, in 2015. Yet such effects are absent at the LHC so the difference between the two colliders requires explanation. Tools and models have been developed to describe the beam dynamics of moving long-range beam-beam encounters and to predict the evolution of emittance and other beam parameters. Besides presenting results for RHIC and the LHC we give an outlook for the HL-LHC and potential operational restrictions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP025  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP045 RHIC Heavy Ion Operation With Near-Integer Working Point controls, feedback, operation, power-supply 544
 
  • C. Liu, G.J. Marr, A. Marusic, M.G. Minty, V. Schoefer
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
The interplay of space charge and beam-beam effects limits the beam lifetime at low energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). To improve the beam lifetime, a near-integer working point (0.096/0.094) was tested at fixed energy and during acceleration. In the demonstration experiments, we observed the benefit of the near-integer working point on beam lifetime, however, did not achieve the desired level of orbit correction. This article will present the experimental results of operation with a near-integer working point, and analyze the causes of the orbit control problem.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP045  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB012 RECENT RESULTS FROM MICE ON MULTIPLE COULOMB SCATTERING AND ENERGY LOSS scattering, emittance, detector, framework 598
 
  • C.G. Whyte
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • J.C. Nugent
    University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: STFC, NSF, DOE, INFN, CHIPP and more
Multiple Coulomb scattering and energy loss are well known phenomena experienced by charged particles as they traverse a material. However, from recent measurements by the MuScat collaboration, it is known that the simulation code (GEANT4) available at the time overestimated the scattering of muons in low Z materials. Updates to GEANT4 have brought the simulations in line with the MuScat data and these new models can be validated over a larger range of momentum, 170-250 MeV/c, with MICE data. This is of particular interest to the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) collaboration which has the goal of measuring the reduction of the emittance of a muon beam induced by energy loss in low Z absorbers. MICE took data without magnetic field suitable for multiple scattering measurements in the spring of 2016 using a lithium hydride absorber and in the fall of 2017 using a liquid hydrogen absorber. The measurement in lithium hydride is reported here along with the preliminary measurements in liquid hydrogen. In the fall of 2016 MICE took data with magnetic fields on and measured the energy loss of muons in a lithium hydride absorber. These data are all compared with the Bethe-Bloch formula and with the predictions of various models, including the default GEANT4 model.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB012  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB019 Beam Optics Study on FFA-MERIT Ring injection, target, proton, betatron 613
 
  • H. Okita, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, Y. Ono, A. Taniguchi, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • N. Ikeda, Y. Yonemura
    Kyushu University, Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Fukuoka, Japan
  • M. Kinsho, K. Okabe, M. Yoshimoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • Y. Miyake
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Muto
    New Affiliation Request Pending, -TBS-, Unknown
  • A. Sato
    Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was funded by ImPACT Program of Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (Cabinet Office, Government of Japan).
Intense negative muon source MERIT (Multiplex Energy Recovery Internal Target) for the nuclear transformation to mitigate the long lived fission products from nuclear plants has been proposed. For the purpose of proof-of-principle of MERIT scheme, FFA ring has been developed. The results of beam optics study for MERIT ring will be reported in this conference.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB019  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB023 Design of the Wien-Filter Type Spin Rotator for the Low-Emittance Muon Beam emittance, rfq, experiment, polarization 622
 
  • H.Y. Yasuda
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • H. Iinuma, Y. Nakazawa
    Ibaraki University, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
  • N. Kawamura, T. Mibe, M. Otani
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Kondo
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • Y. Sue
    Nagoya University, Graduate School of Science, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP18J22129, JP18H03707.
Muon linac is developed for the muon g-2/EDM experiment at J-PARC. In this experiment, ultra slow muon is accelerated to a momentum of 300 MeV/c with the four linac structures. This scheme offers new opportunity for precise measurements; it enables us to reverse muon polarization at early stage of acceleration. The reversal of polarization is a common method of precision polarization measurements as it can be used to identify or reduce systematic uncertainties dependent on time. It is necessary to accelerate muons and flip its spin without substantial emittance growth for the experimental requirement. As one of the candidates for our spin rotator, we are developing the Wien-filter type. In this poster, the design of the Wien-filter type spin rotator for the low emittance muon beam will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB023  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB067 High-gradient Single Cycle Terahertz Accelerating Structures GUI, gun, cathode, electron 731
 
  • S.P. Antipov, E. Gomez, S.V. Kuzikov
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • A.A. Vikharev
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
 
  Recently, gradients on the order of 1 GV/m level have been obtained in a form of single cycle (~1 ps) THz pulses produced by conversion of a high peak power laser radiation in nonlinear crystals (~1 mJ, 1 ps, up to 3% conversion efficiency). These pulses however are broadband (0.1-5 THz) and therefore a new accelerating structure type is required. For electron beam acceleration with such pulses we propose arrays of parabolic focusing micro-mirrors with common central. These novel structures could be produced by a femtosecond laser ablation system developed at Euclid Techlabs. This technology had already been tested for production of several millimeters long, multi-cell structure which has been testing with electron beam. We also propose using of structures where necessary GV/m E-fields are excited by a drive bunch travelling in the corrugated waveguide. The radiated by drive bunch sequence of short range delayed wakes are guided in this case by metallic disks and reflected back being focused exactly at time when the witness bunch arrives.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB067  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB069 Generation of High Power Short Rf Pulses using an X-Band Metallic Power Extractor Driven by High Charge Multi-Bunch Train pick-up, experiment, multipactoring, simulation 734
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, G. Ha, W. Liu, J.G. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • H.B. Chen, M.M. Peng, J. Shi, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • J. Seok
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
 
  Short pulse two-beam acceleration (TBA) is a structure wakefield acceleration (SWFA) approach aiming to achieve gradient above 250 MV/m using rf pulses less than 20 ns. An X-band 11.7 GHz metallic power extractor has been developed as the power source to test accelerating structures in this extreme regime. The power extractor is designed to be driven by high charge bunches separated by 769.2 ps (9 times the X-band period) on an L-band 1.3 GHz beamline. In the recent experiment, ~280 MW rf pulses with 3 ns flat-top have been measured by a coaxial rf pickup when driven by 8-bunch trains with a total charge of ~500 nC. The power level is ~50% lower than the theoretical prediction and simulation. Experimental investigation suggests that the missing power was mainly caused by the multipacting issue inside the rf pickup, which could be eliminated by a newly-designed directional coupler.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB069  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB078 Beam Based Measurements of the CBeta Main Linac Cavity Alignment cavity, linac, cryomodule, survey 755
 
  • C.M. Gulliford, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, P. Quigley
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work was funded by NYSERDA, the New York State Energy Research and Development Agency.
Initial attempts at steering the beam through the CBETA main linac indicated the cavities were vertically offset with respect to the BPMs on either side of the linac.  In particular, manual alignment of the beam in the first and last cavities suggested a vertical offset of roughly 5 mm.  This work presents the results of beam based measurements of the individual cavity offsets taken during the CBETA Fractional Arc Test.  With only a single cavity powered at a time, beam was injected at several different vertical offsets, the RF phase was scanned over 360 degrees, and the beam position was measured at the end of the cryomodule. We analyzed the data in two ways. We first compute the RMS spread in the measurements at a given position, and considered the offset with the minimum RMS spread to be the cavity offset. We also fit the measurements at a given phase to a line as a function of initial displacement, and use a model for the transfer matrix of the cavity and downstream drift to compute the offset. The two methods agree well, resulting in an average vertical offset of the main linac cavities of 4.0 plus/minus 1 mm.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB078  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS014 The Experimental Area at the ARES LINAC experiment, laser, electron, linac 867
 
  • F. Burkart, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, J. Hauser, S. Lederer, F. Lemery, B. Marchetti, F. Mayet, E. Panofski, P. Wiesener
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Trunk
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The ARES (Accelerator Research Experiment at SINBAD) linac at the accelerator R&D facility SINBAD (Short innovative bunches and accelerators at DESY) will drive multiple independent experiments including the acceleration of ultrashort electron bunches. In addition the linac will host an experimental area, open for transnational access, to study advanced high gradient, laser driven, acceleration concepts, like the ones studied within the ACHIP (accelerator on a chip) project. The area will be operational mid-2019. This paper will report on the current status of the experimental area, including hardware parameters, beam optics, achievable beam parameters, design of the experimental chamber and commissioning plans. The modification plans for a micro-bunching experiment in the frame of the ACHIP experiment and future upgrade plans will be shown and discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS014  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS034 Advanced Beam Dynamics Design for the Superconducting Heavy Ion Accelerator HELIAC cavity, linac, heavy-ion, SRF 928
 
  • M. Schwarz, M. Basten, M. Busch, T. Conrad, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, M. Heilmann, S. Lauber, J. List, A. Rubin, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • S. Lauber, J. List
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF contr. No. 05P18RFRB1, EU Framework Programme H2020 662186 (MYRTE) and HIC for FAIR
The standalone superconducting (SC) continuous wave (CW) heavy ion linac HELIAC (HElmholtz LInear ACcelerator) is a common project of GSI and HIM under key support of IAP Frankfurt and in collaboration with Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI) and Moscow Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (KI-ITEP). It is intended for future experiments with heavy ions near the Coulomb barrier within super-heavy element (SHE) research and aims at developing a linac with multiple CH cavities as key components downstream the High Charge State Injector (HLI) at GSI. The design is challenging due to the requirement of intense beams in CW mode up to a mass-to-charge ratio of 6, while covering a broad output energy range from 3.5 to 7.3 MeV/u with minimum energy spread. In 2017 the first superconducting section of the linac has been successfully commissioned and extensively tested with beam at GSI. In the light of experience gained in this research so far, the beam dynamics layout for the entire linac has recently been updated and optimized with particular emphasis on realistic assumptions of cavity gap and drift lengths as well as gap voltage distributions for CH3’CH11.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS034  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS056 Optimization of SC Cavity Type for CSNS Linac Upgrade cavity, linac, operation, neutron 987
 
  • Y. Wang, M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, B. Li, P.H. Qu
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • J.P. Dai, H.C. Liu, P. Sha
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • X.L. Wu
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
 
  In order to increase CSNS beam power from 100kW to 500kW, the Linac injection energy need to be increased from 80MeV to 300MeV. The combined layout of superconducting spoke cavities and elliptical cavities will be adopted to accelerate H beam to 300MeV. Two operation frequency of spoke cavities were compared with single and double spoke structure, a compact 648MHz βg=0.4 single spoke cavity was proposed, and the RF performance was presented, as well as the MP behavior.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS056  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUXXPLS2 Negative Muonium Ion Production With a C12A7 Electride Film target, experiment, positron, electron 1175
 
  • M. Otani, Y. Fukao, K. Futatsukawa, N. Kawamura, T. Mibe, Y. Miyake, K. Shimomura, T. Yamazaki
    KEK, Tsukuba, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • T. Iijima, Y. Sue
    Nagoya University, Graduate School of Science, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
  • H. Iinuma, Y. Nakazawa
    Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Inami, M. Yotsuzuka
    Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
  • K. Ishida
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • R. Kitamura, H.Y. Yasuda
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by OSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP15H03666, JP 16H03987, JP18H03707.
Negative muonium ion production is one of methods to cool muons. Since its discovery in 1987 by interactions of muons with a metal foil, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 (12CaO·7AlO3) was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has lower work function (2.9 eV) and it was reported that nearly the same negative current signal as that with a bi-alkali material coated metal were observed in H formation. In this poster, the negative muonium production measurement with a Al foil and C12A7 electride film will be presented.
 
slides icon Slides TUXXPLS2 [2.680 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUXXPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW086 Energy and RF Cavity Phase Symmetry Enforcement in Multi-Turn ERL Models cavity, linac, target, electron 1606
 
  • R.M. Koscica, N. Banerjee, C.M. Gulliford, G.H. Hoffstaetter, W. Lou
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  In a multi-pass Energy Recovery Linac (ERL), each cavity must regain all energy expended from beam acceleration during beam deceleration, and the beam should achieve specific energy targets during each loop that returns it to the linac. For full energy recovery, and for every returning beam to meet loop energy requirements, we must optimize the phase and voltage of cavity fields in addition to selecting adequate flight times. If we impose symmetry in time and energy during acceleration and deceleration, fewer parameters are needed, simplifying the optimization. As an example, we present symmetric models of the Cornell BNL ERL Test Accelerator (CBETA) with solutions that satisfy the optimization targets of loop energy and zero cavity loading.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW086  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB117 Disk and Washer Coupled Cavity Linac Design and Cold-Model for Muon Linac cavity, linac, emittance, operation 1924
 
  • M. Otani, N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • K. Futatsukawa, T. Mibe, F. Naito
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa, T. Ito, Y. Kondo, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • H. Iinuma, Y. Nakazawa
    Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • R. Kitamura
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP15H03666, JP 16H03987, JP18H03707.
A disk and washer (DAW) coupled cavity linac (CCL) has been developed for a middle velocity part in a muon linac at the J-PARC E34 experiment. It will accelerate muons from v/c = 0.3 to 0.7 at an operational frequency of 1296 MHz. In this poster, the cavity designs, beam dynamics designs, and the cold-model measurements will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB117  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS023 A CENTRAL REGION UPGRADE OF THE k800 SUPERCONDUCTING CYCLOTRON AT INFN-LNS cyclotron, extraction, injection, simulation 1975
 
  • G. D’Agostino, L. Calabretta, D. Rifuggiato
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • W.J.G.M. Kleeven
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
 
  The Superconducting Cyclotron (CS) at INFN-LNS in Catania is currently under an upgrade process. The plan is to deliver beams of ions with mass number 𝐴 ≤ 40 with power up to 10 kW. This ambitious goal can be achieved increasing the efficiency of the injection and extraction processes. An extraction efficiency close to 100% is expected by extracting the specific ion beams from the CS by stripping and no longer by electrostatic deflectors. The beams are injected axially and bent onto the median plane with a spiral inflector. Currently, the injection efficiency stays around 15%, also including the effect of a drift buncher placed in the axial injection line. In order to increase the injection efficiency, the study of an upgraded CS central region is ongoing at INFN-LNS. In this paper, the results of simulations of beam tracking through the cyclotron axial bore, the spiral inflector, the central region and further up to the extraction system are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS023  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS035 Vacuum Tube Operation Analysis for 1.2 MW Beam Acceleration in J-PARC RCS cavity, vacuum, operation, power-supply 2017
 
  • M. Yamamoto, M. Nomura, T. Shimada, F. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • M. Furusawa, K. Hara, K. Hasegawa, C. Ohmori, Y. Sugiyama, M. Yoshii
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The J-PARC RCS has successfully accelerated 1 MW proton beam, matching the designed beam power. Therefore, we have considered acceleration beyond the designed beam power, with the next target being 1.2 MW. An issue for 1.2 MW beam acceleration is the rf system. The present anode power supply is limited by its output current, and the vacuum tube amplifier suffers from an unbalance of the anode voltage swing, arising from the combination of multi-harmonic rf driving and push-pull operation. We have investigated the mitigation of the maximum anode currents and unbalanced tubes by choosing appropriate circuit parameters of the rf cavity with the tube amplifier. We describe the analysis results of the vacuum tube operation for 1.2 MW beam acceleration in the RCS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS035  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS051 Recent Beam Commissioning of LEAF at IMP rfq, MMI, operation, LEBT 2043
 
  • Y. Yang, Y.H. Guo, L. Lu, L.B. Shi, L.T. Sun, L.P. Sun, X.B. Xu, Y.H. Zhai, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  LEAF (Low Energy intense-highly-charged ion Accelerator Facility) has been successfully commissioned with several beams in CW regime, covering the M/Q from 2 to 7, such as H2+, He2+, C4+, O4+, He+, Kr13+, N2+ et al. This paper presents recent beam commissioning results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS051  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS059 Conceptual Design of the SC230 Superconducting Cyclotron for Proton Therapy cyclotron, cavity, proton, simulation 2058
 
  • O. Karamyshev, S. Gurskiy, G.A. Karamysheva, D.V. Popov, G. Shirkov, S.G. Shirkov, V.L. Smirnov, S.B. Vorozhtsov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  Physical design of the compact superconducting cyclotron SC230 (91.5MHz) has been performed. The cyclotron will deliver up to 230 MeV beam for proton therapy and medico-biological research. We have performed simulations of magnetic and accelerating systems of the SC230 cyclotron and specified the main parameters of the accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS059  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS060 Beam Dynamics Simulations in the Dubna SC230 Superconducting Cyclotron for Proton Therapy extraction, cyclotron, simulation, proton 2061
 
  • G.A. Karamysheva, S. Gurskiy, O. Karamyshev, D.V. Popov, G. Shirkov, S.G. Shirkov, V.L. Smirnov, S.B. Vorozhtsov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • V. Malinin
    JINR/DLNP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
 
  We present results of the beam dynamics simulation for the compact isochronous superconducting cyclotron SC230. We have performed beam tracking starting from the ion source. The extraction system scheme and results of beam extraction simulations are presented. The codes and methods used for beam tracking are briefly described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS060  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS077 Design of a High Gradient THz-Driven Electron Gun electron, gun, experiment, FEL 2098
 
  • S.M. Lewis, V.A. Dolgashev, A.A. Haase, E.A. Nanni, M. A. K. Othman, A.V. Sy, S.G. Tantawi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • D. Kim, E.I. Simakov
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. This work was also supported by NSF grants PHY-1734015.
We present the design of a high-gradient electron gun. The goal of this gun is to generate relativistic electrons using GV/m accelerating fields. The initial design is a standing-wave field-emission gun operating in the pi-mode with a cavity frequency of 110.08 GHz. A pulsed 110 GHz gyrotron oscillator will be used to drive the structure with power coupled in through a TM01 circular waveguide mode. The gun is machined in two halves which are bonded. This prototype will be used to characterize the electron beam and study RF breakdown at 110 GHz.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS077  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEZPLS2 High Transformer Ratio Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Driven by Photocathode Laser Shaped Electron Bunches plasma, wakefield, laser, experiment 2286
 
  • G. Loisch
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
 
  Beam driven wakefield acceleration (PWFA) schemes in plasmas are among the most promising candidates for novel, compact accelerators. Several aspects of PWFA are under investigation at the Photoinjector Test facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ). One of the main characteristics of these accelerators is the ratio between field strength usable for acceleration and decelerating field strength in the driver bunch, the so called transformer ratio. To reach high transformer ratios usually shaped bunches, e.g. with ramped current profiles are employed as drivers. The so-called self-modulation instability, which causes transverse modulation of a bunch longer than the plasma wavelength, is proposed as a means of supplying short driver bunches for proton-driven PWFA. This talk will give an overview on experimental results in these two aspects of PWFA at PITZ with a focus on the production of electron bunches enabling high transformer ratio acceleration by shaping the photocathode laser pulses of a photoinjector and the demonstration of high transformer ratio PWFA. Simulations and further developments on the shaping techniques, allowing highly flexible electron bunches for future plasma wakefield accelerators are also presented.  
slides icon Slides WEZPLS2 [5.172 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEZPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEZZPLS2 EuPRAXIA, a Step Toward a Plasma-Wakefield Based Accelerator With High Beam Quality plasma, laser, injection, emittance 2291
 
  • P.A.P. Nghiem, A. Chancé
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Alesini, E. Chiadroni, M. Croia, A. Del Dotto, M. Ferrario, A. Giribono, R. Pompili, S. Romeo, V. Shpakov, A. Stella, C. Vaccarezza
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • A. Aschikhin, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, A. Ferran Pousa, V. Libov, B. Marchetti, A. Martinez de la Ossa, D. Marx, P. Niknejadi, L. Schaper, E.N. Svystun, P.A. Walker, M.K. Weikum, J. Zhu
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • T. Audet, B. Cros, P. Lee, G. Maynard
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
  • A. Beck, F. Massimo, A. Specka
    LLR, Palaiseau, France
  • M. Chen, S.M. Weng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • A. Cianchi
    Università di Roma II Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
  • J.A. Clarke
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.-E. Couprie, A. Ghaith, D. Oumbarek Espinos
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • G. Dattoli, F. Nguyen
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • N. Delerue
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • R.A. Fonseca, L.O. Silva
    Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
  • L.A. Gizzi, G. Toci, P. Tomassini
    INO-CNR, Pisa, Italy
  • A. Helm
    IST-UTL, Lisbon, Portugal
  • B. Hidding
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • S.M. Hooker, R. Walczak
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • M.G. Ibison, M. Vujanovic, C.P. Welsch, J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • D.A. Jaroszynski, F.Y. Li, Z.M. Sheng, S.M. Wiggins, S. Yoffe
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • K.O. Kruchinin, A.Y. Molodozhentsev
    ELI-BEAMS, Prague, Czech Republic
  • L. Labate
    CNR/IPP, Pisa, Italy
  • X. Li
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • F. Mathieu
    LULI, Palaiseau, France
  • Z. Mazzotta
    Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
  • T.J. Mehrling
    LBNL, Berkeley, USA
  • A. Mosnier, C. Simon
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Mostacci
    Rome University La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
  • Z. Najmudin
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • R. Pattathil, D. Symes
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • A.R. Rossi
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
  • T. Silva, J.M. Vieira
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  • M.J.V. Streeter
    JAI, London, United Kingdom
  • D. Terzani
    UniNa, Napoli, Italy
 
  Funding: European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 653782
The EuPRAXIA project aims at designing the world’s first accelerator based on plasma-wakefield advanced technique, which can deliver a 5 GeV electron beam with simultaneously high charge, low emittance and low energy spread to user’s communities. Such challenging objectives can only have a chance to be achieved when particular efforts are dedicated to identify the subsequent issues and to find the way to solve them. Many injection/acceleration schemes and techniques have been explored by means of thorough simulations in more than ten European institutes to sort out the most appropriate ones. The specific issues of high charge, high beam quality and beam extraction then transfer to the user’s applications, have been tackled with many innovative approaches*. This article highlights the different advanced methods that have been employed by the EuPRAXIA collaboration and the preliminary results obtained. The needs in terms of laser and plasma parameters for such an accelerator are also summarized.
*- in 2017: Phys. Plasmas, 24,10,103120; Nat. Commun.8,15705; - in 2018: NIMA, 909,84-89; NIMA, 909,49-53; Phys. Rev.Acc. Beams, 21,111301; NIMA, 909,54-57; Phys. Rev.Acc. Beams, 21,052802; NIMA, 909,282-285
 
slides icon Slides WEZZPLS2 [5.157 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEZZPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 12 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEZZPLS3 Longitudinal-Phase-Space Manipulation for Efficient Beam-Driven Structure Wakefield Acceleration wakefield, linac, electron, simulation 2296
 
  • W.H. Tan, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • A. Zholents, A. Zholents
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is funded by the United States Department of Energy awards DE-SC0018656 with Northern Illinois University and DE-AC02-06CH11357 with Argonne National Laboratory.
Collinear beam-driven structure wakefield acceleration (SWFA) is an advanced acceleration technique that could support the compact generation of high-energy beams for future multi-user x-ray free-electron-laser facilities*. Producing an ideal shaped drive beam through phase space manipulation is crucial for an efficient SWFA. Controlling the final longitudinal-phase space of the drive beam necessitate staged beam manipulations during acceleration. This paper describes the preliminary design of an accelerator beamline capable of producing drive beam with tailored current distribution and longitudinal-phase-space correlation. The proposed design is based on simple analytical models combined in a 1-D longitudinal beam-dynamics simulation tracking program supporting forward and backward (time reversal) tracking.
* A. Zholents, et al., Dielectric wakefield accelerator to drive the future FEL light source
 
slides icon Slides WEZZPLS3 [2.869 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEZZPLS3  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW011 Development of a Silicon Strip Detector for Novel Accelerators at Sinbad electron, detector, simulation, linac 2487
 
  • S. Jaster-Merz, R.W. Aßmann, F. Burkart, U. Dorda, U. Kraemer, E. Panofski, M. Stanitzki
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At the SINBAD facility (DESY Hamburg), novel particle acceleration techniques like dielectric laser acceleration (DLA) structures will be tested using the ARES linac. Due to the small size of these structures, the accelerated electron beams only have a very low (sub-pC) charge. To determine the energy distribution of these beams, a silicon strip detector for the ARES linac spectrometer is currently under development. This detector fulfils the requirements of high spatial resolution for low charge density beams. The detector consists of two 1 cm x 1 cm silicon strip sensors and readout components. The design of the detector, its components and an estimate of its behaviour for a specific electron beam distribution are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW011  
About • paper received ※ 17 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW040 Study of Beam Injection Efficiency in the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at KURNS injection, proton, FFAG, synchrotron 2564
 
  • T. Uesugi, Y. Fuwa, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, H. Okita, K. Suga
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
 
  In the fixed field alternating gradient synchrotron in KURNS, there are serious beam losses. In order to evaluate the efficiencies of beam injection, rf capture, and extraction, separately, a well calibrated electro-static bunch monitor was installed to measure the circulating beam current at each energy region. This paper reports the design of the monitor, calibration, and first results of beam measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW040  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW042 Development of the Longitudinal Beam Monitor with High Time Resolution for a Muon LINAC in the J-PARC E34 Experiment laser, experiment, linac, DTL 2571
 
  • M. Yotsuzuka, K. Inami
    Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
  • K. Futatsukawa, N. Kawamura, T. Mibe, Y. Miyake, M. Otani, K. Shimomura, T. Yamazaki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa, R. Kitamura, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • T. Iijima, Y. Sue
    Nagoya University, Graduate School of Science, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
  • T. Iijima
    KMI, Nagoya, AIchi Prefecture, Japan
  • H. Iinuma, Y. Nakazawa
    Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Kondo
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • H.Y. Yasuda
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
 
  Funding: This work is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP15H03666, JP15H05742, JP16H03987, JP16J07784, JP18H03707 and JP18H05226.
The J-PARC E34 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment and the electric dipole moment with a high precision. In this experiment, ultra-slow muons generated from thermal muonium production and laser resonance ionization are accelerated in a multistage muon linac. In order to satisfy the experimental requirements, a suppression of the emittance growth between different accelerating cavities is necessary, and the transverse and longitudinal beam matching is important. Longitudinal beam monitor has to measure the bunch width with a precision of 1% corresponding to several tens of picoseconds. In addition, the beam monitor should be sensitive to a single muon, because the beam intensity during the commissioning is lower than the designed intensity. Therefore, we are developing a longitudinal beam monitor using a microchannel plate (MCP), and a measurement system using photoelectrons to estimate the performance of the beam monitor. On November 2018, the beam monitor has been successfully used in the muon RF acceleration test at the J-PARC. In this presentation, the results of the performance evaluation for this beam monitor are reported.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW042  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB003 Parametric Pumped Oscillation by Lorentz Force in Superconducting Rf Cavity cavity, feedback, controls, klystron 2798
 
  • K. Fong, R. Leewe
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Mechanical instabilities have been observed in superconducting RF cavities, when multiple cavities are driven by a single klystron and these cavities are regulated by vector-summing the outputs from these cavities. A nonlinear theory has been developed to study the source of this mechanical instability, which is due to the coupling between Lorentz force detuning and mechanical oscillation by parametric pumping. Analytical and numerical analysis of this model show regions of stability, limit cycles and instabilities. These results are in agreement with the observed oscillations by TRIUMF eLinac Acceleration Module.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB003  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB027 Electromagnetic Design and Characterization of an S-band 3-Cell RF Accelerating Cavity cavity, emittance, simulation, electron 2867
 
  • G.R. Montoya Soto
    Universidad de Guanajuato, División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, León, Mexico
  • C. Duarte Galván, C.A. Valerio
    ECFM-UAS, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico
  • B. Yee-Rendón
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  An S-Band (2998 MHz) RF cavity to accelerate electrons was developed taking into account the beam space charge, the relativistic change in velocity of the low energy beam particle distribution through the cavity and the emittance growth. The electromagnetic design and geometry optimization were done using the codes Poisson Superfish and CST Studio. In addition, beam dynamics simulations were done using the program Travel to optimize the emittance and take into account the space charge effect. The machining was done in a CNC machining center. Measurements of the cavity resonance frequencies were carried out and compared with the obtained by the simulations with good agreement between them.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB027  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB029 Design of the Elliptical Superconducting Cavities for the JAEA ADS cavity, superconducting-cavity, SRF, simulation 2873
 
  • B. Yee-Rendón, Y. Kondo, F.M. Maekawa, S.I. Meigo, J. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  The superconducting CW proton linear accelerator for an Accelerator Driven Subcritical System (ADS) proposed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) employs elliptical cavities for the final acceleration of 180 MeV to 1.5 GeV. Since this energy region implies a change of beta from 0.55 to 1, two cavity models were developed using the geometrical betas of 0.68 and 0.89 to improve the acceleration efficiency. The study of the electromagnetic design was simulated using SUPERFISH (SF) code and python program to do variable scan, the results were benchmarked with CST Microwave Studio program (CST).  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB029  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS020 Development of 6D Particle Tracking Code for Particle Therapy System synchrotron, multipole, emittance, operation 3138
 
  • Y. Nakashima, K. Miyata
    Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  For achieving required specifications of a particle therapy system such as beam profile and beam current, it is important to tune system operation parameters to appropriate values before commissioning. We are developing 6d particle tracking code to analyze whole the through beam motion in a synchrotron from multiturn injection to the RF-knock out extraction for the precise tuning. The code includes effects of multipole magnetic fields and space charge effect. We report on the implementation of the code and discuss about the simulation results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS020  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS023 Hamiltonian Formalism of Intense Beams in Drift-Tube Linear Accelerators DTL, quadrupole, space-charge, focusing 3145
 
  • H. Okamoto
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
 
  Starting from the principle of least action, we construct a general Hamiltonian formalism for beam dynamics in drift-tube linear accelerators (DTLs). The Alvarez-type structure is considered here as an example, but the present theory can readily be extended to other types of conventional linacs. The three-dimensional Hamiltonian derived includes the third-order chromatic term as well as the effects from acceleration and space charge. A clear dynamical analogy between the DTL system and compact Paul ion-trap system is pointed out, which indicates that we can conduct a fundamental design study of high-intensity hadron linacs experimentally in a local tabletop environment instead of relying on large-scale machines.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS023  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS055 Energy Modulation of Electron Beam in Corrugated Dielectric Waveguide experiment, simulation, wakefield, electron 3248
 
  • A. Lyapin, S.T. Boogert, S.M. Gibson, K. Lekomtsev
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • A. Aryshev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.A. Tishchenko
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
 
  Energy modulated electron beams have a wide range of applications in accelerator physics, for example they can serve as drivers in resonant wakefield acceleration schemes. A strong wakefield induced energy modulation can be produced using a dielectric lined waveguide, the resultant micro-bunched beam is capable of producing coherent terahertz radiation *. We report on observation of energy modulation due to self-wakefields in a few picosecond duration and ~1 nC charge electron bunches of LUCX facility at KEK. To produce the modulation, we used a corrugated dielectric waveguide with an inner radius of 2 mm and a period of corrugation of 10 mm. In this case, the period of corrugation is longer than the wavelength of the main accelerating mode. We show electromagnetic simulations of on-axis electric fields leading to an optimisation of the corrugation period allowing to enhance the accelerating/decelerating fields compared to dielectric lined waveguides with a constant inner radius.
* S. Antipov et al., Experimental observation of energy modulation in electron beams passing though terahertz dielectric wakefield structures, PRL 108, 144801 (2012).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS055  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXXPLM1 NUCLOTRON Development for NICA Acceleration Complex proton, extraction, injection, target 3396
 
  • E. Syresin, N.N. Agapov, A.V. Alfeev, V. Andreev, A.A. Baldin, A.M. Bazanov, O.I. Brovko, V.V. Bugaev, A.V. Butenko, D.E. Donets, E.D. Donets, E.E. Donets, A.V. Eliseev, V.V. Fimushkin, B.V. Golovenskiy, E.V. Gorbachev, A. Govorov, E.V. Ivanov, V. Karpinsky, V. Kekelidze, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, A. Kirichenko, V.V. Kobets, S.A. Kostromin, A.D. Kovalenko, O.S. Kozlov, K.A. Levterov, D.A. Lyuosev, A.A. Martynov, I.N. Meshkov, V.A. Mikhailov, V.A. Monchinsky, A. Nesterov, A.L. Osipenkov, D.O. Ponkin, S. Romanov, P.A. Rukojatkin, K.V. Shevchenko, I.V. Shirikov, A.A. Shurygin, A.O. Sidorin, V. Slepnev, A.V. Smirnov, G.V. Trubnikov, A. Tuzikov, B. Vasilishin
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • A. Belov
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
  • A.V. Philippov, V. Volkov
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
 
  The Nuclotron is the basic facility of JINR used to generate beams of protons, polarized deuterons and protons, and multi charged ions in the energy range of up to 5.6 GeV/n. Polarized deuteron and proton beams were obtained at the intensity of 2×109 ppp and 108 ppp, respectively. The injection with RF adiabatic capture was used in two last Nuclotron runs where C6+, Xe42+, Kr26+ and Ar16+ ion beams were accelerated. The resonant stochastic extraction (RF knockout technique) was realized. The complex is now used for fixed target experiments with extracted beams and experiments with an internal target. In the near future, the Nuclotron will be the main synchrotron of the NICA collider facility being constructed at JINR. The installation in the Nuclotron of beam injection system from the Booster and of the fast extraction system in the Collider are required for its operation in the NICA complex. In the frame of the Nuclotron injection chain upgrade, a new light ion linac (LILac) for protons and ions will be built.  
slides icon Slides THXXPLM1 [10.806 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXXPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP005 Charge Stripping at High Energy Heavy Ion Linacs heavy-ion, linac, target, ion-source 3452
 
  • W.A. Barth, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • W.A. Barth
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, T. Kulevoy, S.M. Polozov, S. Yaramyshev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.S. Fomichev, L.V. Grigorenko
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • T. Kulevoy
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
 
  For heavy-ion accelerator facilities charge stripping is a key Technology: the stripping charge state, its efficiency to produce ions in the required charge state, and the beam quality after stripping substantially determine the entire accelerator performance. Modern heavy ion accelerator facilities such as the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI provide for high intensity heavy ion beams beyond 200 MeV/u. Heavy ion stripping at a lower energy enables more efficient acceleration up to the final beam energy, compared to acceleration of ions with a low charge state. Due to the high power deposited by the heavy ions in the stripping media and radiation damages if a solid target is used, self-recovering stripper media must be applied. General implementation options for different stripper target media are discussed in this paper, as well as general considerations to optimize the Linac layout through the appropriate choice of stripping medium and stripping energy. The driver Linac for the Dubna Electron-Radioactive Isotope Collider fAcility (DERICA) project, recently initiated by JINR, is foreseen to provide for 100 MeV/u Uranium beam in continuous wave mode. First layout scenarios of a one-step and a two-step DERICA-stripper approach will be also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP005  
About • paper received ※ 22 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP035 Tactile Collider : Accelerator Outreach to Visually Impaired Audiences collider, quadrupole, detector, site 3518
 
  • R.B. Appleby, B. Jeffrey, B.S. Kyle, T.H. Pacey, H. Rafique, S.C. Tygier, R. Watson
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • T. Boyd, A.L. Healy
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • C.S. Edmonds
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.T. Hibberd
    The University of Manchester, The Photon Science Institute, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: STFC (UK)
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has attracted significant attention from the general public. The science of the LHC and Higgs Boson is primarily communicated to school children and the wider public using visual methods. As a result, people with visual impairment (VI) often have difficulty accessing scientific communications and may be culturally excluded from news of scientific progress. Tactile Collider is a multi-sensory experience that aims to communicate particle accelerator science in a way that is inclusive of audiences with VI. These experiences are delivered as a 2-hour event that has been touring the UK since 2017. In this article we present the methods and training that have been used in implementing Tactile Collider as a model for engaging children and adults with science. The event has been developed alongside experts that specialise in making learning accessible to people with VI.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP035  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW004 The Use of an RF Undulator in the Design of an Accelerating Structure proton, focusing, undulator, simulation 3587
 
  • N.V. Avreline
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • P.G. Alexey, S.M. Polozov
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  The idea of accelerating a beam in the accelerating structures based on an RF undulator poses great advantages in high current proton and ions accelerators. The accelerating structure based on an RF undulator uses a combinational wave that consists of the zeroth and the first harmonics for acceleration and focusing. This paper presents the development of this accelerating structure for acceleration of a beam. In particular, we show that this structure is an H-type resonator composed from five coupled sections.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW004  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW006 Avoiding Emittance Degradation When Transferring the Beam From and to a Plasma-Wakefield Stage emittance, plasma, focusing, quadrupole 3594
 
  • A. Chancé, P.A.P. Nghiem
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • X. Li
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
 
  Funding: European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 653782.
The plasma-wakefield acceleration technique is known to provide a very strong accelerating gradient (GV/m), up to three orders of magnitude higher than the conventional RF acceleration technique. The drawback is a relatively higher energy spread and especially a huge beam divergence at the plasma exit, leading to an irremediable and strong emittance degradation right after its extraction from the plasma for transferring it to an application or another plasma stage. In this article, we determine the criteria to be achieved so as to minimize this emittance growth after pointing out all the parameters involved in its mechanism. Then the plasma down ramp profile is studied in a typical configuration of the EuPRAXIA project at 5 GeV. It turns out that no specific profile is needed. For minimizing emittance growth at beam extraction, it is enough to optimize the ramp length so that the Twiss parameter γ is minimized. Finally the design of an optimal transfer line allows showing that the emittance growth can be contained to less than 10% in realistic conditions when transferring the beam to a free electron laser.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW006  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW014 Tolerance Studies and Limitations for Photonic Bandgap Fiber Accelerators laser, photon, simulation, electron 3605
 
  • L. Genovese, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, M. Kellermeier, W. Kuropka, F. Lemery, F. Mayet
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Kuropka, F. Mayet
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Laser-driven hollow core photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers were proposed by Lin in 2001 as high-gradient accelerators. The central defect in the transversely periodic lattice supports an accelerating mode for synchronous acceleration in the ultra-relativistic regime. The optical frequencies in such dielectric laser accelerators motivate a sensitivity and tolerance study to overcome manufacturing imperfections. Finally we discuss the propagation characteristics of Lin-fibers and find that small-bandwidth (~ns) pulses would be needed for efficient acceleration over longer distances.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW014  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW022 The Effect of the Transverse Beam Jitter on the Accelerated Electron Beam Quality in a Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerator with External Injection at SINBAD for ATHENAe plasma, electron, laser, injection 3624
 
  • E.N. Svystun, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, B. Marchetti
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Laser plasma accelerators with external injection of an RF-generated electron beam, providing high accelerating field gradients and increased control over the electron beam injection process, are promising candidates for production electron beams matching the requirements of modern user-applications. The experiments are planned at the SINBAD (Short INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility to test this acceleration technique in the context of the ATHENAe (Accelerator Technology HElmholtz iNfrAstructure) project. In this paper we present numerical studies on the effect of the transverse electron beam jitter on the final quality of a sub-femtosecond, 0.75 pC, 100 MeV electron beam accelerated to 1 GeV energy in the plasma wakefield driven by a 196 TW, 5 J laser pulse.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW022  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW023 Numerical Studies on Electron Beam Quality Optimization in a Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerator with External Injection at SINBAD for ATHENAe plasma, electron, laser, injection 3628
 
  • E.N. Svystun, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, B. Marchetti, A. Martinez de la Ossa
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Nowadays the electron beams produced in plasma-based accelerators (PBAs) are of sufficient energy for multi-GeV applications. However, to allow PBAs to be usable for demanding applications such as Free-Electron Lasers, the quality and stability of plasma-accelerated beams have to be improved. We present numerical studies on accelera-tion of an RF-generated electron beam with a charge of 0.8 pC and initial mean energy of 100 MeV to GeV energies by a laser-plasma accelerator. This acceleration scheme is planned to be tested experimentally within the framework of the ATHENAe (Accelerator Technology HElmholtz iNfrAstructure) project at the SINBAD (Short INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility at DESY, Hamburg. Electron beam injection, acceleration and extraction from the plasma are investigated through start-to-end 3D simulations. The effect of the injection phase on the accelerated beam quality is investigated through tolerance studies on the arrival-time jitter between the electron beam and the external laser.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW023  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW026 Status of the Horizon 2020 EuPRAXIA Conceptual Design Study plasma, laser, electron, site 3638
 
  • M.K. Weikum, A. Aschikhin, R.W. Aßmann, R. Brinkmann, U. Dorda, A. Ferran Pousa, T. Heinemann, F. Jafarinia, A. Knetsch, C. Lechner, W. Leemans, B. Marchetti, A. Martinez de la Ossa, P. Niknejadi, J. Osterhoff, K. Poder, R. Rossmanith, L. Schaper, E.N. Svystun, G.E. Tauscher, P.A. Walker, J. Zhu
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • T. Akhter, S. De Nicola
    INFN-Napoli, Napoli, Italy
  • D. Alesini, M.P. Anania, F.G. Bisesto, E. Chiadroni, M. Croia, A. Del Dotto, M. Ferrario, F. Filippi, A. Gallo, A. Giribono, R. Pompili, S. Romeo, J. Scifo, C. Vaccarezza, F. Villa
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • A.S. Alexandrova, R. Torres, C.P. Welsch, J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • A.S. Alexandrova, A. Beaton, J.A. Clarke, A.F. Habib, T. Heinemann, B. Hidding, P. Scherkl, N. Thompson, R. Torres, D. Ullmann, C.P. Welsch, S.M. Wiggins, J. Wolfenden, G.X. Xia
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • N.E. Andreev, D. Pugacheva
    JIHT RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • N.E. Andreev, D. Pugacheva
    MIPT, Dolgoprudniy, Moscow Region, Russia
  • I.A. Andriyash, M.-E. Couprie, A. Ghaith, D. Oumbarek Espinos
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • T. Audet, B. Cros, G. Maynard
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
  • A. Bacci, D. Giove, V. Petrillo, A.R. Rossi, L. Serafini
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
  • I.F. Barna, M.A. Pocsai
    Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Budapest, Hungary
  • A. Beaton, A.F. Habib, T. Heinemann, B. Hidding, D.A. Jaroszynski, G.G. Manahan, P. Scherkl, Z.M. Sheng, D. Ullmann, S.M. Wiggins
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • A. Beck, F. Massimo, A. Specka
    LLR, Palaiseau, France
  • A. Beluze, F. Mathieu, D.N. Papadopoulos
    LULI, Palaiseau, France
  • A. Bernhard, E. Bründermann, A.-S. Müller
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • S. Bielawski, E. Roussel, C. Szwaj
    PhLAM/CERLA, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
  • F. Brandi, G. Bussolino, L.A. Gizzi, P. Koester, L. Labate, B. Patrizi, G. Toci, P. Tomassini, M. Vannini
    INO-CNR, Pisa, Italy
  • M.H. Bussmann, A. Irman, U. Schramm
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • M. Büscher, A. Lehrach
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  • A. Chancé, P.A.P. Nghiem, C. Simon
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • M. Chen, Z.M. Sheng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • A. Cianchi
    Università di Roma II Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
  • A. Cianchi
    INFN-Roma II, Roma, Italy
  • J.A. Clarke, N. Thompson
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J. Cole, S.M. Hooker, M.J.V. Streeter, R. Walczak
    JAI, London, United Kingdom
  • P. A. Crump, M. Huebner
    FBH, Berlin, Germany
  • G. Dattoli, F. Nguyen
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • N. Delerue, K. Wang
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • J.M. Dias, R.A. Fonseca, J.L. Martins, L.O. Silva, T. Silva, U. Sinha, J.M. Vieira
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  • R. Fedele, G. Fiore, D. Terzani
    UniNa, Napoli, Italy
  • A. Ferran Pousa, T. Heinemann, V. Libov
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Galimberti, P.D. Mason, R. Pattathil, D. Symes
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • L.A. Gizzi, L. Labate
    INFN-Pisa, Pisa, Italy
  • F.J. Grüner, A.R. Maier
    CFEL, Hamburg, Germany
  • F.J. Grüner, O.S. Karger, A.R. Maier
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • C. Haefner, C. Siders
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
  • B.J. Holzer
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S.M. Hooker
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • T. Hosokai
    ISIR, Osaka, Japan
  • C. Joshi
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • M. Kaluza
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • M. Kaluza
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  • M. Kando
    JAEA/Kansai, Kyoto, Japan
  • S. Karsch
    LMU, Garching, Germany
  • E. Khazanov, I. Kostyukov
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • D. Khikhlukha, D. Kocon, G. Korn, K.O. Kruchinin, A.Y. Molodozhentsev, L. Pribyl
    ELI-BEAMS, Prague, Czech Republic
  • O. S. Kononenko, A. Lifschitz
    LOA, Palaiseau, France
  • C. Le Blanc, Z. Mazzotta
    Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
  • X. Li
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • V. Litvinenko
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • V. Litvinenko
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
  • W. Lu
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • O. Lundh
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • V. Malka
    Weizmann Institute of Science, Physics, Rehovot, Israel
  • S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, A. A. Sahai
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • A. Mostacci
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • A. Mostacci
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • C.D. Murphy
    York University, Heslington, York, United Kingdom
  • V. Petrillo
    Universita’ degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
  • M. Rossetti Conti
    Universita’ degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Milano, Italy
  • G. Sarri
    Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
  • C.B. Schroeder
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • C.-G. Wahlstrom
    Lund Institute of Technology (LTH), Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • R. Walczak
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • G.X. Xia
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • M. Yabashi
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
  • A. Zigler
    The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Racah Institute of Physics, Jerusalem, Israel
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under grant agreement No. 653782.
The Horizon 2020 Project EuPRAXIA (European Plasma Research Accelerator with eXcellence In Applications) is producing a conceptual design report for a highly compact and cost-effective European facility with multi-GeV electron beams accelerated using plasmas. EuPRAXIA will be set up as a distributed Open Innovation platform with two construction sites, one with a focus on beam-driven plasma acceleration (PWFA) and another site with a focus on laser-driven plasma acceleration (LWFA). User areas at both sites will provide access to FEL pilot experiments, positron generation and acceleration, compact radiation sources, and test beams for HEP detector development. Support centres in four different countries will complement the pan-European implementation of this infrastructure.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW026  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW029 Crucial Transverse Beam Dynamics of the Racetrack-shape Fixed Field Induction Accelerator for Giant Cluster Ions injection, induction, space-charge, optics 3643
 
  • T. Taufik
    BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • T. Adachi, K. Takayama, M. Wake
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  A racetrack-shape fixed field induction accelerator (RAFFIA) for high energy giant cluster ion acceleration was proposed in 2015*. The RAFFIA employs 4 bending magnets with gradient in the main pole face and reverse field strip at its front side which generate strong focusing in both planes. Beam dynamics properties of the RAFFIA of 140 MeV for C-60 have been evaluated by linear optics. The result has been confirmed with a help of 3D macro-particle computer simulation**. It is identified that the issue of COD generated from field non-uniformity associated with a finite size of the bending magnet is inherent. The programmed COD correction by steering magnets are discussed as well as the importance of uniformity in the magnet field profile. So far it has been unknown what beam current is acceptable in the RAFFIA. In order to estimate space-charge effects in the RAFFIA under design, the 2D core (σ) evolution equation has been derived from the envelope equation perturbed by space-charge fields. Resonant structures and chaotic motion in the phase space of (σ,σ’) have been clarified as a function of beam current. Those results were justified by macro-particle tracking based on a renormalized transfer matrix approach***. As a result, it turns out that the 8+ C-60 beam of 200 uA is acceptable.
* K.Takayama, et. al, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 050101 (2015).
** Taufik, et. al, sub. to Phys. Rev. AB (2018).
*** Taufik, K.Takayama, and T. Adachi, sub. Phys. Rev. AB (2019).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW029  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW033 Numerical Study of Photonic-Crystal-Based Dielectric Accelerators GUI, photon, electron, impedance 3653
 
  • G. Torrisi, L. Celona, S. Gammino, D. Mascali, G. Sorbello
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • C. De Angelis, A. Locatelli
    University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
  • G.S. Mauro
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • G. Sorbello
    University of Catania, Catania, Italy
 
  All-dielectric electromagnetic band gap (EBG) waveguides structures promise significant improvement of accelerating gradient of laser-driven acceleration with the potential to miniaturize the accelerator itself. In this work we study photonic crystal structures designed for acceleration of relativistic electrons. We explore the performance of the all-dielectric EBG accelerating waveguide structures thanks to full wave electromagnetic simulations of couplers and accelerating waveguides. The characteristic interaction impedance, accelerating gradient and all the key parameters that are typically used to characterize linear accelerators are evaluated and used to compare the properties of the accelerating mode field distribution in different geometries.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW033  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW042 Applications of Compact Laser Plasma Accelerator (CLAPA) Beamline in Peking University proton, laser, radiation, plasma 3676
 
  • D.Y. Li, J.E. Chen, Y.X. Geng, X.Y. Hu, C.C. Li, Q. Liao, C. Lin, H.Y. Lu, W.J. Ma, M.J. Wu, X.H. Xu, X.Q. Yan, T. Yang, Y.Y. Zhao, J.G. Zhu, K. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Proton beam with energies less than 10 MeV, <1% energy spread, several to tens of pC charge can be stably produced and transported in Compact LAser Plasma Accelerator (CLAPA) at Peking University. The CLAPA beam line is an object-image point analysing system, which ensures the transmission efficiency and energy selection accuracy for proton beams with initial large divergence angle and energy spread. A spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) is produced with high precision beam control, which is essential for cancer therapy. Other primary application experiments based on laser-accelerated proton beam have also been carried out, such as proton radiograph, stress testing for tungsten, irradiation of semi-conductor sensor to simulate the space irradiation environment and so on.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW042  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW045 A Simple Way to Introduce an Ajustable Femtosecond Pre-Pulse to Enhance Laser-Driven Proton Acceleration target, laser, proton, plasma 3686
 
  • P. J. Wang, Z.X. Cao, Y.X. Geng, D.F. Kong, C. Lin, J B. Liu, H.Y. Lu, W.J. Ma, Z.S. Mei, Z.P. Pan, Y.R. Shou, D. H. Wang, S.R. Xu, X.Q. Yan, Y.Y. Zhao
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • G.Y. Gao
    LMU, Garching, Germany
 
  We demonstrate a simple way to introduce a femtosecond pre-pulse with adjustable intensity and delay without using an additional compressor to enhance laser-driven proton acceleration. Targets with different thicknesses were shoot at normal incidence by varying the pre-pulses. Experimental results show that significant enhancement on the proton energy can be achieved when the intensity of pre-pulse is optimized. Density profile of preplasma was obtained by bydrodynamic simulations. PIC simulations reveal that the preplasma generated by a femtosecond pre-pulse can increase the intensity of main pulse.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW045  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW047 Cylindrical Cavity Design and Particle-Tracking Simulation in Cyclotron Auto-Resonance Accelerator electron, cavity, cyclotron, resonance 3689
 
  • Y.T. Yuan
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • K. Fan
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Jiang
    Yale University, Beam Physics Laboratory, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
 
  The Cyclotron Auto-Resonance Accelerator (CARA) is a novel concept of accelerating continuous-wave (CW) charged-particle beams. This type of accelerator has ap-plications in environment improvement area and genera-tion of high-power microwaves. In CARA, the CW elec-tron beam follows a gyrating trajectory while undergoing the interaction with a rotating TE11-mode RF field and tapered static magnetic field. The cylindrical cavity oper-ating at TE11p-mode is adapted to accelerate electron beam. The cavity size is optimized to obtain a beam with designed energy, then a design method of the TE11p-mode acceleration cavity is described here. Moreover, regard-less of space charge effect, several particle-tracking simu-lations of CARAs are showed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW047  
About • paper received ※ 16 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW059 Laser-Plasma Acceleration Modeling Approach in the Case of ESCULAP Project. plasma, electron, laser, GPU 3723
 
  • V. Kubytskyi, C. Bruni, K. Cassou, V. Chaumat, N. Delerue, D. Douillet, S. Jenzer, H. Purwar, K. Wang
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • E. Baynar, M. Pittman
    CLUPS, Orsay, France
  • J. Demailly, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, B. Lucas, G. Maynard, O. Neveu, D. Ros
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
  • D. Garzella
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • R. Prazeres
    CLIO/ELISE/LCP, Orsay, France
 
  Objective of ESCULAP project is the experimental study of Laser-Plasma Acceleration (LPA) of relativistic electron bunch from photo-injector in 10 cm length plasma cell *. In parallel, numerical tools have been developed in order to optimize the setup configuration and the analysis of the expected results. The most important issue when dealing with numerical simulation over such large interaction distances is to obtain a good accuracy at a limited computing cost in order to be able to perform parametric studies. Reduction of the computational cost can be obtained either by using state-of-the-art numerical technics and/or by introducing adapted approximation in the physical model. Concerning LPA, the relevant Maxwell-Vlasov equations can be numerically solved by Particle-In-Cell (PIC) methods without any additional approximation, but can be very computationally expensive. On the other hand, the quasi-static approximation ***, which yields a drastic reduction of the computational cost, appears to be well adapted to the LPA regime. In this paper we present a detailed comparison of the performance, in terms of CPU, of LPA calculations and of the accuracies of their results obtained either with a highly optimized PIC code (FBPIC **) or with the well known quasi-static code WAKE ***. We first show that, when considering a sufficiently low charge bunch for which the beam loading effect can be neglected, the quasi-static approximation is fully validated in the LPA regime. The case of a higher bunch charge, with significant beam loading effects, has also been investigated using an enhanced version of WAKE, named WAKE-EP. Additionally, a cost evaluation, in terms of used energy per calculation, has also been done using the multi-CPU and multi-GPU versions of FBPIC.
* E. Baynard et al, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 909, 46 (2018)
** R.Lehe et al., Comp. Phys. Com. 203, 66 (2016)
*** P. Mora & A, Jr Th. Antonsen, Phys. of Plasmas 4, 217 (1997)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW087 Transverse Jitter Tolerance Issues for Beam-Driven Plasma Accelerators plasma, emittance, FEL, electron 3774
 
  • G.R. White, T.O. Raubenheimer
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Department of Energy under Contract Number: DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Transverse jitter tolerances are considered for beam-driven plasma accelerators. A simple model for jitter transfer from the drive to witness beam is developed and concrete examples are studied for: high-brightness witness bunch injectors; high-energy boosters for FEL’s; and future Linear Colliders. Compared with an existing PWFA driver facility ([*,**]), the calculated tolerances are 18X ’ 170X tighter than achievable, even considering any upgrades with existing technology.
* Nature 445 741 Feb 2007, Nature 515, Nov. 2014
** FACET-II Technical Design Report, SLAC-R-1072, "The FLASHForward facility at DESY", NIMA Oct., 2015
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW087  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW088 Transformer Ratio Measurements from Ramped Beams in the Plasma Blowout Regime using Emittance Exchange plasma, wakefield, emittance, experiment 3778
 
  • R.J. Roussel, G. Andonian, W.J. Lynn, J.B. Rosenzweig
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, G. Ha, J.G. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • J. Seok
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: Work is supported by DOE contract DE-SC0017648.
We present initial measurements from a UCLA-Argonne Wakefield Accelerator collaborative plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA) experiment aimed at demonstrating the dependence of transformer ratio on longitudinal beam shape. The transformer ratio or the ratio between the maximum acceleration of the witness and the maximum deceleration of the drive beam, is key to a mature, beam-based, plasma wakefield accelerator design. Utilizing the unique capabilities of the emittance exchange (EEX) beamline, we may obtain transformer ratios in excess of six in PWFA. We present the experimental beamline design, relevant beam diagnostics and explore preservation of the longitudinal beam profile.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW088  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB066 Beam Based Measurements of Relative RF Phase cavity, alignment, booster, proton 3950
 
  • S.C.P. Albright
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.D. Kuczynski
    LPCT, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France
 
  The ferrite loaded RF cavities of the CERN Proton Synchrotron Booster will be replaced with FinemetTM loaded cavities during Long Shutdown 2 2019-2020). To fully realise the potential of the new cavities, the relative RF phases must be aligned along the acceleration ramp, where the revolution frequency changes by nearly a factor of 2. A beam based method of measuring the relative phase between the cavities is desired to give the best possible compensation for the frequency dependent phase shift. In this paper we present an operationally viable method to measure the phase shift as a function of RF frequency. The relative phase of the RF cavities can be aligned to within a few degrees, giving an error on the voltage seen by the beam of less than 1%.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB066  
About • paper received ※ 08 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB082 The CERN SPS Low Level RF upgrade Project cavity, LLRF, controls, feedback 4005
 
  • G. Hagmann, P. Baudrenghien, J.D. Betz, J. Egli, G. Kotzian, M. Rizzi, L. Schmid, A. Spierer, T. Włostowski
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • F.J. Galindo Guarch
    Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
 
  The High Luminosity LHC project (HL-LHC) calls for the doubling of the beam intensity injected from the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). This is not possible with the present RF system consisting of four 200 MHz cavities. An upgrade was therefore launched, consisting of the installation of two more cavities during the machine shutdown in 2019-2020 (LS2). Installation of more cavities requires the installation of extra Low Level RF (LLRF) electronics. The present LLRF system consists of the original equipment installed in the 1970s, plus some additions dating from the late 1990s when the SPS was commissioned as LHC injector. The High-Power RF up-grade has motivated a complete renovation of the LLRF during LS2; use of a MicroTCA platform, use of a digital deterministic link for synchronization (the so-called White Rabbit), use of an absolute clock for the processing, new algorithms for reducing the cavity impedance, and a complete re-design of the beam control loops and slip-stacking.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB082  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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