Keyword: betatron
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MOPGW006 Long Range Beam Beam: Towards Faster Computations optics, interaction-region, closed-orbit, lattice 72
 
  • S.R. Koscielniak
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  We outline some features of a program of study toward faster computation of the cumulative effect of a sequence of beam-beam interactions across the interaction region.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW006  
About • paper received ※ 23 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW015 Notes on Linear Theory of Coupled Particle Beams with Equal Eigenemittances emittance, linear-dynamics, synchrotron 98
 
  • V. Balandin, N. Golubeva
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  We consider some aspects of the linear theory of coupled particle beams with equal eigenemittances and compare them with the one dimensional Courant-Snyder theory.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW015  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW031 Analysis and Correction for the Effect of Multipoles with Skewed Errors on IP Beam Dynamics in SuperKEKB luminosity, coupling, MMI, optics 159
 
  • K. Hirosawa
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Funakoshi, H. Koiso, A. Morita, K. Ohmi, Y. Ohnishi, H. Sugimoto, D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The beam dynamics at the interaction point (IP) in the accelerators which has the nano-beam scheme like as SuperKEKB is extremely sensitive for skewed error of final focusing magnets (QCS). As proceeding the beta squeezing in the interaction region (IR), the effect of optics aberrations at IP is enhanced. In the SuperKEKB Phase-2 commissioning, there was the problem come from skewed quadrupole fields in IR. The dominant skew parameters ‘‘R" for this problem is very hard to see directly by using beam position monitors, thus it was corrected by scanning R parameters. In the next commissioning Phase-3 which is just before the operation with the Belle II experiment, it is planned that the IP beta squeezing is going forward to design parameters which is smaller than it achieved in Phase-2 by the factor of 4 (for horizontal beta) and 10 (for vertical beta). Hence the effect of skew error will be considerable larger and it is estimated that skew sextupoles will emerge as a serious cause for the aberration from the orbit. This report is the study of analysis and correction results for the effect of QCS skewed errors in the SuperKEKB commissioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW031  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW059 Dynamic Aperture Limitation in e+ e Colliders due to Synchrotron Radiation in Quadrupoles quadrupole, radiation, synchrotron, synchrotron-radiation 221
 
  • A.V. Bogomyagkov, S.A. Glukhov, E.B. Levichev, S.V. Sinyatkin
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  In a lepton storage ring of very high energy (e.g. in the e+e- Higgs factory) synchrotron radiation from quadrupoles constrains transverse dynamic aperture even in the absence of any magnetic nonlinearities. This was observed in tracking for LEP and the Future Circular e+e- Collider (FCC-ee). Synchrotron radiation in the quadrupoles modulates the particle energy at the double betatron frequency. Energy modulation varies transverse focusing strength at the same frequency and creates a parametric resonance of the betatron oscillations with unusual properties. It occurs at arbitrary betatron frequency and the magnitude of the parameter modulation of the betatron oscillation depends on the oscillation amplitude. Equilibrium between the radiation damping and the resonant excitation gives the boundary of the stable motion. Here we continue comparison of tracking results with analytical calculations of the parametric resonance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW066 Local Impedance Measurements Using the Orbit Bump Method at ALBA impedance, storage-ring, simulation, vacuum 240
 
  • Z. Martí, G. Benedetti, T.F.G. Günzel, U. Iriso
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  The orbit bump technique has been used at the ALBA Storage Ring to characterize with good precision the impedance of single machine elements, like the in-vacuum undulators or the CLIC stripline kicker. The results are compared with theoretical studies, as well as impedance measurements done at ALBA using other methods like the turn by turn betatron phase or from the analysis of the detuning slopes of the Transverse Mode Coupling Instability.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW066  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW096 Beam Dynamics in MBA Lattices with Different Chromaticity Correction Schemes lattice, sextupole, emittance, storage-ring 346
 
  • L. Hoummi, J. Resta-López, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • L. Hoummi, J. Resta-López, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • A. Loulergue, R. Nagaoka
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  Ultra-low emittance lattices are being studied for the future upgrade of the 2.75 GeV SOLEIL storage ring. The candidate baseline lattice was inspired by the ESRF-EBS-type Multi-Bend-Achromat (MBA) lattice, introducing a (-I) transformation to compensate the nonlinear impact of sextupoles thanks to the lattice symmetry and tight control of the betatron phase advance between sextupoles. Whilst the final performance is still being optimized, other types of lattices are being considered for SOLEIL: This includes the so-called High-Order Achromat (HOA) lattice. Though the (-I) scheme provides a large on-momentum transverse dynamic aperture in 4D, its off-momentum performance is rather limited. 6D studies reveal intrinsic off-momentum transverse oscillations which are likely to result from a nonlinear increase in path length. This contribution presents the effects from the inhomogeneous sextupole distribution in the (-I) scheme and compares them with the HOA lattice.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW096  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW125 Lossless Crossing of 1/2 Resonance Stopband by Synchrotron Oscillations resonance, experiment, lattice, storage-ring 410
 
  • G.M. Wang, Y. Li, J. Rose, T.V. Shaftan, V.V. Smaluk
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: DOE under contract No.DE-AC02- 98CH10886
Modern high performance circular accelerators require sophisticated corrections of nonlinear lattices. The beam betatron tune footprint may cross many resonances, reducing dynamic aperture and causing particle loss. However, if particles cross a resonance reasonably fast, the beam deterioration may be minimized. In this paper, we present the experiments with the beam passing through a half-integer resonance stopband via chromatic tune modulation by exciting synchrotron oscillations. This is the first time that beam dynamics have been kept under precise control while the beam crosses a half-integer resonance. Our results convincingly demonstrate that particles can cross the half-integer resonance without being lost if the passage is reasonably fast and the resonance stopband is sufficiently narrow.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW125  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP027 Second Order Dispersion Measurements in LHC optics, dipole, coupling, quadrupole 496
 
  • J. Keintzel, M. Hofer
    TU Vienna, Wien, Austria
  • J. M. Coello De Portugal - Martinez Vazquez, J. Dilly, E. Fol, A. Garcia-Tabares, M. Hofer, J. Keintzel, E.H. Maclean, L. Malina, T. H. B. Persson, R. Tomás, A. Wegscheider
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The quadratic dependence of the orbit on the relative momentum offset, also known as second order dispersion, is analysed for the first time for the LHC. In this paper, the measurement and analysis procedure are described. Results and implications on future optics are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP027  
About • paper received ※ 02 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP029 Analysis on Bunch-by-Bunch Beam Losses at 6.5 TeV in the Large Hadron Collider luminosity, beam-losses, operation, collider 500
 
  • K. Paraschou, G. Iadarola, N. Karastathis, S. Kostoglou, Y. Papaphilippou, L. Sabato
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S. Kostoglou
    National Technical University of Athens, Zografou, Greece
  • K. Paraschou
    AUTH, Thessaloniki, Greece
 
  In 2018, a large fraction of the physics data taking at the Large Hadron Collider has been performed with a beam energy of 6.5 TeV, the nominal bunch spacing of 25 ns and beta functions at the high luminosity interaction points of 30 cm. In order to maximize the integrated luminosity, the crossing angles are gradually reduced as the beam intensity reduces due to luminosity burn-off. In these conditions the beam lifetime is visibly affected by collective effects and in particular by beam-beam interaction and electron cloud effects. By analyzing the beam losses at a bunch-by-bunch level, it is possible to disentangle the contributions from different effects and to assess the impact on the losses of changes applied to the machine configuration.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP029  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP036 Machine Protection Experience from Beam Tests with Crab Cavity Prototypes in the CERN SPS cavity, machine-protect, beam-losses, operation 520
 
  • B. Lindstrom, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, A.C. Butterworth, R. Calaga, L.R. Carver, V. Kain, T.E. Levens, G. Papotti, R. Secondo, J.A. Uythoven, M. Valette, G. Vandoni, J. Wenninger, D. Wollmann, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Work supported by the High Luminosity LHC project.
Crab cavities (CCs) constitute a key component of the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project. In case of a failure, they can induce significant transverse beam offsets within tens of microseconds, necessitating a fast removal of the circulating beam to avoid damage to accelerator components due to losses from the displaced beam halo. In preparation for the final design to be employed in the LHC, a series of tests were conducted on prototype crab cavities installed in the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at CERN. This paper summarizes the machine protection requirements and observations during the first tests of crab cavities with proton beams in the SPS. In addition, the machine protection implications for future SPS tests and for the use of such equipment in the HL-LHC are discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP036  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP046 Mitigation of Persistent Current Effects in the RHIC Superconducting Magnets dipole, quadrupole, sextupole, injection 548
 
  • C. Liu, D. Bruno, A. Marusic, M.G. Minty, P. Thieberger
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • X. Wang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Persistent currents in superconducting magnet introduce errors in the magnetic fields especially at low operating currents. In addition, their decay cause magnetic field variations therefore drifts of beam orbits, tunes and chromaticities. To reduce field errors and suppress magnetic field variations, new magnetic cycles were proposed for low energy beam operation at RHIC. In the new magnetic cycles, the magnet current oscillates around the operating current with diminishing amplitude a few times before it settles. The new magnetic cycle has been demonstrated experimentally to reduce field errors and the amplitude of magnetic field variations significantly and is essential for the ongoing RHIC Beam Energy Scan II (BES-II) program. This article will present beam-based experimental studies of the persistent current effects with the new magnetic cycle, and discuss its application in RHIC and accelerators based on superconducting magnet in general.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP046  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB019 Beam Optics Study on FFA-MERIT Ring injection, target, proton, acceleration 613
 
  • H. Okita, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, Y. Ono, A. Taniguchi, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • N. Ikeda, Y. Yonemura
    Kyushu University, Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Fukuoka, Japan
  • M. Kinsho, K. Okabe, M. Yoshimoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • Y. Miyake
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Muto
    New Affiliation Request Pending, -TBS-, Unknown
  • A. Sato
    Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was funded by ImPACT Program of Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (Cabinet Office, Government of Japan).
Intense negative muon source MERIT (Multiplex Energy Recovery Internal Target) for the nuclear transformation to mitigate the long lived fission products from nuclear plants has been proposed. For the purpose of proof-of-principle of MERIT scheme, FFA ring has been developed. The results of beam optics study for MERIT ring will be reported in this conference.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB019  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB032 Interaction Section Lattice Design for a STCF Project sextupole, interaction-region, quadrupole, luminosity 646
 
  • W.W. Gao, J.Q. Lan
    Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Luo
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Super Tau-Charm Factory (STCF) planning in China is characterized with high luminosity, wide energy range and high longitudinal polarized electron beam. In order to achieve high luminosity, this project will adopt the recently proposed collision scheme based on Large Piwinski angle and Crab Waist. In this paper, a preliminary lattice design of interaction region meeting the above collision scheme is described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB032  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB074 Using an Energy Scan to Determine the Tunes and Orbit in the First FFA Girder of CBETA linac, cryomodule, MMI, lattice 742
 
  • C.M. Gulliford, N. Banerjee, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, P. Quigley
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  This work reports the results of performing a scan of the beam energy performed during the Fractional Arc Test of the CBETA machine, a multi-pass SRF ERL featuring a non-scaling FFA return loop. The FFA arc consists of identical doublets that are designed to have an energy acceptance from 42 to 150 MeV, with a betatron phase advance (i.e., tune) per cell and periodic orbit position that depends on energy. In the CBETA fractional arc test, we transport the beam through 4 such cells (the first girder), and are capable of injecting beam in to the arc with energies as high as 59 MeV. By creating betatron oscillations in the arc, we can compute the phase advance per cell and periodic orbit position as a function of energy within that range. In addition, because the phase advance varies as a function of energy, the computation also provides an estimate of the offsets of the BPMs in that arc.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB074  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB077 Results From the CBETA Fractional Arc Test linac, cavity, MMI, emittance 751
 
  • C.M. Gulliford, N. Banerjee, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, P. Quigley
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  We report on commissioning experiments of the Cornell Brookhaven Energy Recovery Test Accelerator Fractional Arc Test. The beam from the injector is accelerated by a linac with a 36 MeV design energy gain, is transported through a splitter line that uses conventional magnets, and finally into a four cell permanent magnet based fixed field alternating (FFA) gradient arc. We measure beam properties in the injector, calibrate the energy gain and phase of the linac cavities using time of flight to a BPM at the end of the linac. We scan individual cavity phases and pass beam through the cavities to determine the transverse offset of the individual cavities. We scan the beam position in the splitter BPMs to estimate and correct the nonlinearity in the BPM response. We tested our path length adjustment mechanism. We measure the dispersion and R56 in the FFA arc.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB077  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB106 3D Theory of Microbunched Electron Cooling for Electron-Ion Colliders electron, hadron, kicker, simulation 814
 
  • G. Stupakov, P. Baxevanis
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The Microbunched Electron Cooling (MBEC) * is a promising cooling technique that can find applications in future hadron and electron-ion colliders. A 1D model of MBEC has been recently developed in Ref. **. This model predicts the cooling time below two hours for eRHIC 255 GeV proton beams, when two amplification sections are used in the cooling system. In this work, we go beyond the 1D model of Ref. * and develop a realistic 3D theory of MBEC. Our approach is based on the analysis of the dynamics of microscopic 3D fluctuations in the electron and hadron beams during their interaction and propagation through the system. We derive an analytical expression for the cooling rate and optimize it for the parameters of eRHIC. Our analytical results are in reasonable agreement with simulations.
* D. Ratner. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 084802 (2013).
** G. Stupakov. PRAB 21, 114402 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB106  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS011 Spin Motion Perturbation Effect on the EDM Statistic in the Frequency Domain Method polarization, dipole, storage-ring, lattice 861
 
  • A.E. Aksentyev
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  • A.E. Aksentyev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.E. Aksentyev, V. Senichev
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
 
  The spin precession axis of a particle involved in betatron motion precesses about the invariant spin axis defined on the closed orbit (CO). This precession can be observed in polarization data as a rapid, small-amplitude oscillation on top of the major effect oscillation caused by the precession of spin about the CO axis. The frequency of this latter oscillation is used in the Frequency Domain (FD) methodology as the EDM observable. [*] It is estimated by fitting polarimetry data by a sine function; the rapid oscillations, therefore, constitute a model specification error. This model error might introduce a bias into the frequency estimate. In the present work we investigate the effect of the spin precession axis motion on measurement data and fit quality, and conclude that it is not only insignificant (with regard to data perturbation) compared to spin tune variation, but is also controllable via the application of a Spin Wheel.
[*] Senichev Y, Aksentev A, Ivanov A, Valetov E. Frequency domain method of the search for the deuteron electric dipole moment in a storage ring with imperfections. arXiv:171106512. 2017 Nov 17
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS011  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS012 Spin Decoherence in the Frozen Spin Storage Ring Method of Search for a Particle EDM sextupole, storage-ring, lattice, simulation 864
 
  • A.E. Aksentyev
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  • A.E. Aksentyev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.E. Aksentyev, V. Senichev
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
 
  Spin coherence refers to a measure of preservation of polarization in an initially polarized beam. The spin vector of a particle injected into a storage ring starts to precess about the vertical magnetic field vector in accordance with the Thomas-BMT equation. The precession frequency is dependent on the equilibrium-level energy, which differs across the beam particles. This does not pose a problem when the initial polarization is vertical; however, the Frozen Spin Storage Ring EDM search method [*] requires beam polarization along the momentum vector, i.e., in the horizontal plane. In the present work we analyze the source of decoherence, and investigate the way it can be suppressed in the horizontal plane in a perfectly aligned ring by means of sextupole fields. We also consider the case of an imperfect ring: transference of decoherence into the vertical plane induced by vertical plane spin precession, and the effect of sextupole fields.
* D. Anastassopoulos et al. AGS Proposal: Search for a permanent electric dipole moment of the deuteron nucleus at the 10 −29 e · cm level. BNL report, 2008.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS012  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS045 The Betatron Equation with the Synchro-Betatron Coupling Term and Suppression of the Coupled Bunch Mode synchrotron, coupling, closed-orbit, dipole 957
 
  • K. Jimbo
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
 
  The synchrotron oscillation, which is both longitudinal and horizontal oscillations, occurs under a constant longitudinal velocity of revolving particle. The synchrotron and betatron equations for revolving particles are derived from the improved Hamiltonian. The betatron equation accompanys the shinchro-betatron resonant coupling term. The coherent synchrotron oscillation frequency of the bunch is defined from the integrated phase. Taking advantage of the resonant coupling term, an experiment to suppress magnetically the destabilized coupled-bunch mode of the synchrotron oscillation is proposed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS045  
About • paper received ※ 17 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS068 Beam Commissioning Experience of CSNS/RCS injection, MMI, quadrupole, closed-orbit 1012
 
  • S.Y. Xu
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based science facility. CSNS is designed to accelerate proton beam pulses to 1.6 GeV kinetic energy, striking a solid metal target to produce spallation neutrons. CSNS has two major accelerator systems, a linear accelerator (80 MeV Linac) and a 1.6 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The Beam commissioning of CSNS/RCS has been commissioned recently. Beam had been accelerated to 1.6 GeV at CSNS/RCS on January 18, 2018 with the injection energy of 80 MeV. The machine parameters are measured and optimized. The beam power is increased step by step. The beam power achieved 50kW in January, 2019. In this paper, the commissioning experiences are introduced.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS068  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS090 Beam-Based Measurement of the Skew-Sextupolar Component of the Radio Frequency Field of a HL-LHC-Type Crab-Cavity cavity, sextupole, damping, experiment 1066
 
  • M. Carlà, A. Alekou, H. Bartosik, L.R. Carver
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Two High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (LHC) type crab-cavities have been installed in the CERN SPS for testing purposes. An attempt to characterize the skew-sextupolar component of the radio frequency field of the crab-cavity (a3) has been carried out by means of beam-based techniques using turn-by-turn monitoring of the betatron motion. The skew nature of a3 couples the horizontal and vertical betatron motions through a non-linear term. Therefore by exciting the horizontal betatron motion it was possible to observe a spectral line in the vertical beam motion driven by the non-linear coupling at the characteristic frequency 2Qx. A measurement of the magnitude of a3 was thus obtained by characterizing amplitude and phase of such line. The results of the measurements are discussed here.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS090  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS100 Transverse Emittance Measurement in the CERN Proton Synchrotron in View of Beam Production for the High-Luminosity LHC emittance, brightness, proton, optics 1106
 
  • E. Senes, J. Emery, V. Forte, M.A. Fraser, A. Guerrero, A. Huschauer, F. Roncarolo, J.L. Sirvent, P.K. Skowroński, F. Tecker
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the framework of the LHC Injectors Upgrade project the improvements required to achieve the parameters of the future beams for the High-Luminosity LHC are being studied and implemented. In order to deliver high brightness beams, control over the beam intensity and emittance is fundamental. Therefore, a highly accurate and reliable transverse emittance measurement is essential. Presently at the CERN Proton Synchrotron, the only operationally available emittance monitors not impacting the facility beam production are the flying wire scanners used to measure the circulating beam profile. The wire scanners will be replaced with a new generation in the next two years and a prototype is already installed. The prototype has been commissioned with beams featuring a wide range of intensities and emittances. This paper evaluates the performance of the prototype with respect to the present system via beam-based measurements. The transverse emittance measurement is discussed, considering the different potential error contributions to the measurement, such as knowledge of the machine optics and the dispersive contribution to the beam size.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS100  
About • paper received ※ 02 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS102 Linear and Non-Linear Optics Measurements in PS using Turn-by-Turn BPM Data injection, optics, coupling, sextupole 1114
 
  • P.K. Skowroński, M. Giovannozzi, A. Huschauer
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  For the first time, the optics of the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS) was measured using turn-by-turn BPM data of forced betatron oscillations excited with an AC dipole. We report results of phase advance and beta beating measurements. Linear coupling was globally minimized along the machine by measuring and correcting coupling resonance driving terms. Finally, non-linear properties of the ring were probed looking at third and fourth order resonance driving terms and amplitude detuning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS102  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUZPLM2 Optics Measurements at SuperKEKB Using Beam Based Calibration for BPM and BBA quadrupole, optics, emittance, coupling 1198
 
  • H. Sugimoto, H. Koiso, K. Mori, A. Morita, Y. Ohnishi, M. Tejima
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The beam-based calibration(BBC) technique for Beam-Position-Monitor(BPM) is applied in order to establish reliable optics measurement. In the BBC, a response model between beam position, charge and output signals of the BPM electrodes are introduced to calibrate the relative gain of the BPM electrodes. The gains are adjusted by total squares fitting so that the model reproduces the measured BPM signals. The Beam-Based Alignment(BBA) is also performed to determine the magnetic center of a quadrupole. Using BBC and BBA, the performance of the BPM system and optics correction are successfully improved. This talk presents what we experienced during the beam commissioning focusing on beam optics measurement and some details on the beam-based calibration scheme for BPM system.  
slides icon Slides TUZPLM2 [15.911 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUZPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW043 Simulation of Model Independent Analysis to HEPS Storage Ring optics, simulation, quadrupole, storage-ring 1504
 
  • D. Ji, Y. Jiao, H.Z. Ma, J.H. Yue
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Model Independent Analysis (MIA) is a beam analysis method applied for Turn-by-Turn (TBT) Beam Position Monitor (BPM) data. To develop the commissioning method of the HEPS storage ring, we simulate application of MIA on HEPS storage error model to measure and cor-rect the optics parameters. Difficulties and limitations of the MIA method are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW043  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW071 Optimization and Measurements on the Double Mini-Betay Lattice in the TPS Storage Ring lattice, injection, storage-ring, dynamic-aperture 1567
 
  • M.-S. Chiu, B.Y. Chen, C.H. Chen, J.Y. Chen, Y.-S. Cheng, P.C. Chiu, P.J. Chou, T.W. Hsu, K.H. Hu, J.C. Huang, P.Y. Huang, C.-C. Kuo, T.Y. Lee, C.Y. Liao, W.Y. Lin, Y.-C. Liu, H.-J. Tsai, F.H. Tseng
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) is capable of operat-ing in multi-bunch and single-bunch mode. To operate in a hybrid mode as requested by users, we developed a lattice with chromaticities of 0.8/2 (x/y) to provide higher single bunch currents. Beam dynamics simulations and lattice characterizations including dynamic aperture, frequency map analysis, tune shift with energy, tune shift with amplitude, and betatron coupling will be discussed in this report.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW071  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB081 Beam Motion and Photon Flux Dips during Injection at the Taiwan Photon Source injection, kicker, photon, vacuum 1848
 
  • C.H. Huang, H.-P. Chang, C.H. Chen, Y.-S. Cheng, P.C. Chiu, C.-S. Fann, K.T. Hsu, K.H. Hu, C.Y. Liao, Y.-C. Liu, C.Y. Wu
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan photon source (TPS) is a 3 GeV synchrotron light source now in routine operation at the NSRRC. At the beginning of beam commissioning, significant photon flux dips could be observed at injection due to a blow-up of the beam size. To eliminate this transient effect, all four kickers were rematched. The leakage field was shielded and the induced current loops at vacuum chambers in the injection area were also eliminated. These efforts reduced the horizontal betatron oscillations and orbit distortions to around one-tenth. In order to decrease the recovery time of photon dips during injection, the operational chromaticity was reduced to improve incoherent effects. After all those improvements, the photon flux dips during injection dropped to 30 % and the recovery time to less than 1 msec.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB081  
About • paper received ※ 17 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS110 Scanning the AC Dipole Resonance Proximity Parameter in the AGS Booster dipole, resonance, booster, simulation 2179
 
  • K. Hock, H. Huang, F. Méot, P. Oddo, N. Tsoupas
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
An ac dipole system is installed in the AGS Booster in view of acceleration of polarized helion for RHIC and the eRHIC EIC. The amplitude of the vertical coherent oscillations induced by the ac dipole depends greatly on the resonance proximity parameter, δm, which is the distance between resonance tune and driving tune. Due to the non-zero momentum spread, particles with different momenta will have different value of δm. The rapid acceleration rate of the booster would cause δm to sweep, the amount of which would depend on the energy and the duration of the ac dipole cycle. These effects are simulated using zgoubi, which set a range of δm values suitable for both high spin flip efficiency and minimizing emittance growth, and the results of the simulations are discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS110  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP025 Matching Studies Between CERN PSB and PS Through Multi-Turn Beam Profile Acquisitions emittance, injection, optics, operation 2367
 
  • M.A. Fraser, Y. Dutheil, V. Forte, A. Guerrero, A. Huschauer, A. Oeftiger, S. Ogur, F. Roncarolo, E. Senes, F. Tecker
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the framework of the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) project, the investigation and quantification of the optics mismatch between the CERN Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) and PS is a crucial step in understanding the source of horizontal emittance growth between the two machines. Extensive studies were carried out to estimate the mismatch from single-pass measurements in the transfer line and to rematch the transfer line to reduce the dispersive mismatch at PS injection while keeping the betatron matching unaltered. This paper presents the results of the data analysis of more recent multi-turn measurements, which profited from a new turn-by-turn beam profile monitor in the PS ring, to assess the achieved level of matching and corresponding emittance growth. The results confirm the improved matching and demonstrate the feasibility of the multi-turn technique as a fundamental tool that will be important for the recommissioning of the renovated transfer line after Long Shutdown 2.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP025  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB115 Development of RF Interlock and Diagnostics Systems in SOLARIS Storage Ring network, cavity, storage-ring, synchrotron 3082
 
  • M.A. Knafel, M. Madura
    Solaris National Synchrotron Radiation Centre, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • A.I. Wawrzyniak
    SOLARIS, Kraków, Poland
 
  The purpose of this document is to describe and asses the operation of various devices that have been developed, constructed and tested by RF team in NSRC SOLARIS . One of those devices is used as additional safety interlock for the tuning mechanism of main 100MHz active cavities. The other is a stripline feeding network, that in cooperation with BPM receiving network will excite the beam providing the diagnostics group with a new option for tune measurement. Each device shall have its principle of operation explained and construction details revealed. Finally, all devices will be assesed over their operational lifetime in our facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB115  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS022 Stability Tune Diagram of a High-Intensity Hadron Ring resonance, emittance, space-charge, lattice 3141
 
  • H. Okamoto, K. Kojima, Y. Tokashiki
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
 
  To date, the optimum operating point of a high-intensity hadron ring has been determined on the basis of the conventional incoherent picture. It is generally chosen on the tune diagram such that the so-called "incoherent tune spread" of a stored beam does not overlap with low-order "single-particle resonance" lines. We here propose a new approach to construct the stability tune diagram on the basis of the self-consistent coherent picture. The betatron resonance condition recently conjectured from one-dimensional Vlasov predictions is employed for this purpose, which predicts the existence of twice as many resonance stop bands as expected from the well-known incoherent resonance condition at high beam density *,**. The proposed general rules for the stability-chart construction are very simple and free from any model-dependent unobservables like space-charge-depressed incoherent tunes. As an example, we apply the present rules to the lattice of the rapid cycling synchrotron at J-PARC and explain why the operating bare tunes of this machine have been chosen slightly below 6.5 in both transverse directions.
* K. Ito et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 20, 064201 (2017).
** H. Okamoto and K. Yokoya, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 482, 51 (2002).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS022  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS024 Tune Shifts and Optics Modulations in the High Intensity Operation at J-PARC MR space-charge, simulation, sextupole, quadrupole 3148
 
  • T.Y. Yasui
    The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo, Japan
  • S. Igarashi, T. Koseki, K. Ohmi, Y. Sato, K. Satou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This study is supported by the MEXT program "Advanced Leading Graduate Course for Photon Science (ALPS)"
J-PARC Main Ring (MR) is the intensity-frontier proton accelerator. The beam intensity of 2.6×1014 protons per pulse has been achieved for the current user operation. In this high-intensity operation, the tune spread caused by the space-charge is one of the main reasons for beam loss. The modulation of the betatron function and the tune shift were simulated with a PIC algorithm calculation code*. The simulation results showed that the space-charge effects were dominant in small particle action, and the sextupole fields effects were dominant in large particle action. Because sextupole strength is large in MR, sextupole fields induce substantial tune shifts. At the benchmark of the space-charge simulation, the simulation results matched the analytical space-charge calculations performed without sextupoles. It was found that the betatron function was modulated at most 6% by the space-charge effects and at most 8% by the effects of sextupoles in J-PARC MR. These effects to the injection beam optics matching and to the beam aperture will be investigated.
* K. Ohmi et al., "Study of Halo Formation in J-PARC MR", Proceedings of the 22nd Particle Accelerator Conf. (PAC’07), Albuquerque, NM, USA, Jun. 2007, paper THPAN040, pp. 3318-3320.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS024  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS078 Chaos Indicators for Studying Dynamic Aperture in the IOTA Ring with Protons space-charge, dynamic-aperture, lattice, simulation 3301
 
  • K. Hwang, C.E. Mitchell, R.D. Ryne
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) is a novel storage ring under commissioning at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory designed (in part) to investigate the dynamics of beams in the presence of highly nonlinear transverse focusing fields that generate integrable single-particle motion. In this study, we explore the sensitivity of the lattice dynamic aperture to the presence of nonlinear space charge. For this purpose, two distinct chaos indicators are compared (frequency map analysis and forward-backward integration). Because the integrability of motion requires integer betatron tune advance between passes through the nonlinear magnetic element, a large role is played by space-charge-induced tune spread. As a result, these tools are also applied to a toy model of the IOTA lattice to investigate the sensitivity of dynamic aperture to violations of the integer tune advance condition.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS078  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP010 Implementation of RF-KO Extraction at CNAO extraction, synchrotron, kicker, resonance 3469
 
  • S. Savazzi, E. Bressi, G. Debernardi, L. Falbo, V. Lante, C. Priano, M. G. Pullia
    CNAO Foundation, Pavia, Italy
  • P. Meliga
    University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • G. Russo
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
 
  The National Centre for Oncological Hadrontherapy (CNAO) is a synchrotron based particle therapy facility. Both protons and carbon ions can be used for treatments. The main extraction system is based on ’amplitude-momentum selection’ driven by a betatron core, but RF-KO (Radio-Frequency Knock Out) is being implemented as an alternative extraction scheme, being more suitable for a future implementation of a ’multi energy extraction’ operation of the accelerator. With a double extraction possibility, CNAO would allow an interesting theoretical and experimental evaluation of the relative merits of the two extraction schemes. The RF deflector is already installed and the RF power generation is under commissioning. Extraction simulations and first results of the system are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP010  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP026 Mobile Accelerator Based on Ironless Pulsed Betatron for Dynamic Objects Radiographing electron, radiation, ion-source, target 3500
 
  • V.A. Fomichev, A.A. Chinin, S.G. Kozlov, Yu.P. Kuropatkin, V.I. Nizhegorodtsev, I.N. Romanov, K.V. Savchenko, V.D. Selemir, O.A. Shamro, E.V. Urlin
    RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhniy Novgorod region, Russia
 
  The paper concerns a mobile accelerator based on the ironless pulsed betatron. The accelerator has a possibility to obtain up to three frames in a single pulse and is aimed to radiograph dynamic objects with a large optical thickness. The block diagram of the accelerator, the temporal diagram of its separate systems operation and oscillograms of the betatron output parameters are provided. The testing powering in a single frame mode was carried out in 2018. The capacitance of the storage of the betatron electromagnet pulsed powering system that defines the electron beam energy was equal to 1800 μF. The following test results have been obtained. The thickness of the lead test object examined with X-rays reached 140 mm at 4 m from the tantalum target of the betatron. The full width of the output gamma pulse at half maximum in a single frame mode was equal to 120 ns; the dimension of the radiation source was 6 mm x 3 mm; the dimension of the tantalum target was 6 mm x 6 mm. The application of these accelerators within the radiographic complex* enables the optimization of the hydrodynamic experiments geometry resulting in the increase of the test efficiency.
* Pat. 2548585 C1 RU MPK G03B 42/02. D.I. Zenkov and others. «Mobile radiographic complex and radiation source of betatron type for radiographic complex» (in Russian), 2015.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP026  
About • paper received ※ 25 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP027 Concept of Radiographic Complex Based on Ironless Pulsed Betatrons for Small-Angle Tomography radiation, experiment, collimation, ion-source 3503
 
  • O.A. Shamro, A.A. Chinin, V.A. Fomichev, Yu.P. Kuropatkin, V.I. Nizhegorodtsev, K.V. Savchenko, V.D. Selemir
    RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhniy Novgorod region, Russia
 
  The active research complexes intended for the radiography of dynamic objects with a high optical density are reviewed. The concept of a multi-beam radiographic complex for a small-angle tomography based on ironless pulsed betatrons is proposed*. It is possible to use up to 18 compact facilities in a complex; they are located in three horizontal planes. The test object is placed in the explosion-proof chamber. Each facility consists of two typical units: an accelerator unit, and a unit of the electromagnet pulsed powering system. The output parameters of the facility are the maximum translucent capacity of 200 mm of the lead at 1 m from the betatron target, the resolution of less than 1 mm, the gamma-pulse full width at half maximum of 100 ns in a single frame mode, the gamma-pulse full width at half maximum of 150 ns in a three-frame mode. The complex will be able to obtain up to 54 frames in one hydrodynamic experiment at the operation of each facility in a three-frame mode. The complex is compact. Its diameter with a service area will be 20 m.
* Pat. 2515053 С1 RU МPK G03B 42/02. Yu.P. Kuropatkin, others. «Method of Radiograph. Image Form. of Fast Processes in Inhomogeneity and Radiograph. Complex for its Implementation», 2014.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP027  
About • paper received ※ 25 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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