Keyword: cryomodule
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MOZZPLM1 Beam Commissioning of the Demonstrator Setup for the Superconducting Continuous Wave HIM/GSI-Linac cavity, linac, heavy-ion, solenoid 33
 
  • M. Miski-Oglu, K. Aulenbacher, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, F.D. Dziuba
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, A. Rubin, A. Schnase, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, S. Yaramyshev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • M. Basten, M. Busch, T. Conrad, H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  During successful beam commissioning of the superconducting 15-gap Crossbar H-mode cavity at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung heavy ions up to the design beam energy have been accelerated. The design acceleration gain of 3.5 MeV inside a length of less than 70 cm has been reached with full transmission for heavy ion beams of up to 1.5 particle mueA. The measured beam parameters confirm sufficient beam quality. The machine beam commissioning is a major milestone of the R&D for the superconducting heavy ion continuous wave linear accelerator HELIAC of Helmholtz Institute Mainz (HIM) and GSI developed in collaboration with IAP Goethe-University Frankfurt. The next step is the procurement and commissioning of so called ’Advanced Demonstrator’ - the first of series cryo module for the entire accelerator HELIAC. Results of further Demonstrator beam tests, as well as the status of the Advanced demonstrator project will be reported.  
slides icon Slides MOZZPLM1 [3.088 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOZZPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW004 Microphonics Suppression in ARIEL ACM1 Cryomodule cavity, GUI, linac, pick-up 65
 
  • Y. Ma, K. Fong, J.J. Keir, D. Kishi, S.R. Koscielniak, D. Lang, R.E. Laxdal, R.S. Sekhon
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Now the stage of the 30MeV portion of ARIEL (The Advanced Rare Isotope Laboratory) e-Linac is under commissioning which includes an injector cryomodule (ICM) and the 1st accelerator cryomodule (ACM1) with two cavities configuration. The two ACM1 cavities are driven by a single klystron with vector-sum control and running in CW mode. During the commissioning, the ACM1 cavities gradient and stability was limited by ponderomotive effect. Acoustic noise from the environment vibration generated by cooling water system, cryogenic system and vacuum system have been identified to certain external source and some damping has been installed. In this paper, the progress of the microphonics suppression of ACM1 is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW004  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW025 Beam Breakup Simulations for the Mainz Energy Recovering Superconducting Accelerator MESA cavity, HOM, simulation, operation 135
 
  • C.P. Stoll, F. Hug
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: This work is supported by DFG through PRISMA+ cluster of excellence EXC 2118/2019, RTG 2128 and by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730871.
MESA is a two pass energy recovery linac (ERL) currently under construction at the Johannes Gutenberg-University in Mainz. MESA uses four 1.3 GHz TESLA type cavities with 12.5 MV/m of accelerating gradient in two modified ELBE type cryomodule with improved thermal connection of the HOM antennas and cw operation. In the first stage of MESA operation 1mA of beam current is foreseen, which will later be upgraded to 10mA. One potential limit to maximum beam current in ERLs is the transverse beam breakup (BBU) instability induced by dipole Higher Order Modes (HOMs). These modes can be excited by bunches passing through the cavities off axis. Following bunches are then deflected by the HOMs, which results in even larger offsets for recirculated bunches. This feedback can even lead to beam loss. Simulation results for HOM spectra of a single TESLA cavity are available for example in *. It was possible to measure the HOM spectra in the cold, not tuned cavities at DESY and in the cold string tuned to the 1.3 GHz fundamental mode at Mainz. Results for the maximum beam current for MESA, limited by BBU, for the various HOM spectra are presented.
* "Eigenmode Calculations for the TESLA Cavity Considering Wave-Propagation Losses through Fundamental and Higher-Order Mode Couplers", W. Ackermann, H. De Gersem, C. Liu, and T. Weiland
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW025  
About • paper received ※ 16 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP007 Design of a Compact Power Distribution System for the ILC cavity, ECR, acceleration, collider 436
 
  • B. Du, N. Liu
    Sokendai - Hayama, Hayama, Japan
  • T. Matsumoto, S. Michizono, T. Miura, F. Qiu
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Matsumoto, T. Miura, F. Qiu
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Local power distribution system (LPDS) of the In-ternational Linear Collider (ILC) is constructed to transmit RF power from the 10 MW klystron to 39 cavi-ties. Each eight or nine 9-cell cavities is assembled in one cryomodule. The variable hybrid is used to adjust the power dividing ratio due to the different required power of each cavity and the variable phase shifter is used to compensate the phase drift caused by the variable hybrid. More compact LPDS is expected to be integrated on the cryomodule decreasing financial cost. We re-design the shorter variable hybrid with a margin of power ratio of ±25% and phase shifter of total phase range being 35° for compensating hybrid and on-crest searching. Fixed phase shifters are designed to adjust the phase difference between adjacent cavities for beam acceleration. Simu-lated results of total compact LPDS can meet the re-quirements of ILC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP007  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB074 Using an Energy Scan to Determine the Tunes and Orbit in the First FFA Girder of CBETA betatron, linac, MMI, lattice 742
 
  • C.M. Gulliford, N. Banerjee, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, P. Quigley
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  This work reports the results of performing a scan of the beam energy performed during the Fractional Arc Test of the CBETA machine, a multi-pass SRF ERL featuring a non-scaling FFA return loop. The FFA arc consists of identical doublets that are designed to have an energy acceptance from 42 to 150 MeV, with a betatron phase advance (i.e., tune) per cell and periodic orbit position that depends on energy. In the CBETA fractional arc test, we transport the beam through 4 such cells (the first girder), and are capable of injecting beam in to the arc with energies as high as 59 MeV. By creating betatron oscillations in the arc, we can compute the phase advance per cell and periodic orbit position as a function of energy within that range. In addition, because the phase advance varies as a function of energy, the computation also provides an estimate of the offsets of the BPMs in that arc.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB074  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB078 Beam Based Measurements of the CBeta Main Linac Cavity Alignment cavity, linac, survey, acceleration 755
 
  • C.M. Gulliford, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, P. Quigley
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work was funded by NYSERDA, the New York State Energy Research and Development Agency.
Initial attempts at steering the beam through the CBETA main linac indicated the cavities were vertically offset with respect to the BPMs on either side of the linac.  In particular, manual alignment of the beam in the first and last cavities suggested a vertical offset of roughly 5 mm.  This work presents the results of beam based measurements of the individual cavity offsets taken during the CBETA Fractional Arc Test.  With only a single cavity powered at a time, beam was injected at several different vertical offsets, the RF phase was scanned over 360 degrees, and the beam position was measured at the end of the cryomodule. We analyzed the data in two ways. We first compute the RMS spread in the measurements at a given position, and considered the offset with the minimum RMS spread to be the cavity offset. We also fit the measurements at a given phase to a line as a function of initial displacement, and use a model for the transfer matrix of the cavity and downstream drift to compute the offset. The two methods agree well, resulting in an average vertical offset of the main linac cavities of 4.0 plus/minus 1 mm.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB078  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS003 Superconducting LINAC Design Upgrade in View of the 100 MeV MYRRHA Phase I linac, cavity, lattice, emittance 837
 
  • F. Bouly, M.A. Baylac
    LPSC, Grenoble Cedex, France
  • A. Gatera
    SCK•CEN, Mol, Belgium
  • D. Uriot
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
 
  Funding: Part of this work supported by the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) H2020 Programme under grant agreement n°662186 (MYRTE project).
The goal of the MYRRHA project is to demonstrate the technical feasibility of transmutation in a 100 MW Accelerator Driven System (ADS) by building a new flexible irradiation complex at Mol (Belgium). The MYRRHA facility requires a 600 MeV accelerator delivering a maximum proton current of 4 mA in continuous wave operation, with an additional requirement for exceptional reliability. Supported by SCK•CEN and the Belgium government the project has entered in its phase I: which consists in the development and the construction of the linac first part, up to 100 MeV. We review the design updates of the superconducting linac, with its enhanced fault-tolerance capabilities. The linac capabilities at 100 MeV (Phase I) and 600 MeV (ADS operation) are exposed and discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS003  
About • paper received ※ 23 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS007 SARAF Equipped Cavity Test Stand (ECTS) at CEA cavity, cryogenics, controls, EPICS 852
 
  • O. Piquet, C. Boulch, D. Chirpaz-Cerbat, G. Ferrand, F. Gohier, T.J. Joannem, G. Monnereau, Th. Plaisant
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Braud, P. Carbonnier, P. Guiho, L. Maurice, J. Plouin, P. Sahuquet, N. Solenne
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • F. Gouit, A. Pérolat
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  CEA is committed to delivering a Medium Energy Beam Transfer line and a Super Conducting Linac (SCL) for SARAF accelerator in order to accelerate 5mA beam of either protons from 1.3MeV to 35MeV or deuterons from 2.6 MeV to 40.1MeV. The SCL consists in 4 cryomodules separated by warm section housing beam diagnostics. The two first identical cryomodules hosts respectively 6 and 7 half-wave resonator (HWR) low beta (0.091) cavities 176MHz. In order to test the cavity with its tuner and coupler and validate some design consideration, the Equipped Cavity Test Stand (ECTS) has been designed and will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS007  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS059 The Status of CiADS Superconducting LINAC linac, cavity, proton, operation 994
 
  • Z.J. Wang, Y. He, G. Huang, S.H. Liu, T. Tan, Y.Q. Wan, F.F. Wang, W.M. Yue
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  CiADS (China initiative Accelerator Driven System) approved by Chinese government at 2016 aims to build the first ADS experimental facility to demonstrate the nuclear waste transmutation. The CiADS driving linac can accelerate 5 mA proton beam to 500 MeV at the beam power up to 2.5 MW with the state-of-the-art accelerator technologies. The challenging programs include beam loss control-oriented physics design, high performance CW operated superconducting cavities, SRF cryomod-ules, and highly efficient RF amplifier system. As the driving linac of the ADS system, the RAMI characters will serve as the design philosophy to guide the physics design and the choice of technical routes. The physics design and key technologies of the high-power machine are descried in the paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS059  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS092 Numerical and Experimental Evaluation of the DQW Crab Cavity Cryomodule Thermal Budget cavity, HOM, radiation, experiment 1074
 
  • F. Carra, K. Brodzinski, E. Cano-Pleite, O. Capatina
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project
One of the key devices of the HL-LHC project are SRF Crab Cavities. A cryomodule with two Double Quarter Wave (DQW) crab cavities has been fabricated at CERN in 2017 and successfully tested with beam in the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) in 2018. The aim of the present study is to present and compare the estimation of the thermal budget for the different components of the cryomodule, performed with numerical and semi-analytical methods, with the experimental measurements carried out on the cryomodule after installation in the SPS.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS092  
About • paper received ※ 12 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUXXPLM2 SRF Cavity Fault Classification Using Machine Learning at CEBAF cavity, SRF, operation, GUI 1167
 
  • A.D. Solopova, A. Carpenter, T. Powers, Y. Roblin, C. Tennant
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • K.M. Iftekharuddin, L. Vidyaratne
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
 
  The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab is the first large high power CW recirculating electron accelerator which makes use of SRF accelerating structures configured in two antiparallel linacs. Each linac consists of twenty C20/C50 cryomodules each containing eight 5-cell cavities and five C100 upgrade cryomodules each containing eight 7-cell cavities. Accurately classifying the source of cavity faults is critical for improving accelerator performance. In addition to archived signals sampled at 10 Hz, a cavity fault triggers a waveform acquisition process where 16 waveform records sampled at 5 kHz are recorded for each of the 8 cavities in the effected cryomodule. The waveform record length is sufficiently long for transient microphonic effects to be observable. Significant time is required by a subject matter expert to analyze and identify the intra-cavity signatures of imminent faults. This paper describes a path forward that utilizes machine learning for automatic fault classification. Post-training identification of the physical origins of faults are discussed, as are potential machine-trained model-free implementations of trip avoidance procedures. These methods should provide new insights into cavity fault mechanisms and facilitate intelligent optimization of cryomodule performance  
slides icon Slides TUXXPLM2 [4.404 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUXXPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP006 Cryogenic Tests of the SPIRAL2 LINAC Systems cavity, cryogenics, linac, operation 1240
 
  • A. Ghribi, P.-E. Bernaudin, R. Ferdinand, A.V. Vassal
    GANIL, Caen, France
 
  Two full cool-down of the SPIRAL2 superconducting LINAC have been performed in 2017 and 2018 respectively, followed by a total of around 5 months of tests at 4 K. Several cool-down strategies were tested, in order to minimize 100 K effect on the SC cavities. Helium bath regulations (level and pressure) have been tested and optimized. Effects of pressure instabilities and coupling with the cryogenic plant have also been observed. Cryogenic performances of each cryomodule have been measured. Low-level RF measurements were also performed on all cavities and showed unidentified modulations at frequencies around 5Hz. These turned out to be thermoacoustic oscillations (TAO) on the cryogenic lines, which generate important pressure instabilities. Several solutions to remove TAO and cure these instabilities have been tested and one has been successfully deployed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP006  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW008 PERLE: A High Power Energy Recovery Facility cavity, linac, injection, gun 1396
 
  • W. Kaabi, I. Chaikovska, A. Stocchi, C. Vallerand
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, J.W. McKenzie, B.L. Militsyn, P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • S.A. Bogacz, A. Hutton, F. Marhauser, R.A. Rimmer, C. Tennant
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • S. Bousson, D. Longuevergne, G. Olivier, G. Olry
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • O.S. Brüning, R. Calaga, L. Dassa, F. Gerigk, E. Jensen, P.A. Thonet
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • B. Hounsell, M. Klein, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • E.B. Levichev, Yu.A. Pupkov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  PERLE is a proposed high power Energy Recovery Linac, designed on multi-turn configuration, based on SRF technology, to be hosted at Orsay-France in a col-laborative effort between local laboratories: LAL and IPNO, together with an international collaboration involv-ing today: CERN, JLAB, STFC ASTeC Daresbury, Liverpool University and BINP Novosibirsk. PERLE will be a unique leading edge facility designed to push advances in accelerator technology, to provide intense and highly flexible test beams for component development. In its final configuration, PERLE provides a 500 MeV elec-tron beam using high current (20 mA) acceleration during three passes through 801.6 MHz cavities. This presenta-tion outlines the technological choices, the lattice design and the main component descriptions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW008  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW102 CBETA - Novel Superconducting ERL electron, linac, MMI, operation 1651
 
  • R.J. Michnoff, J.S. Berg, S.J. Brooks, J. Cintorino, Y. Hao, C. Liu, G.J. Mahler, F. Méot, S. Peggs, V. Ptitsyn, T. Roser, P. Thieberger, S. Trabocchi, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J.E. Tuozzolo, F.J. Willeke, H. Witte
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • N. Banerjee, J. Barley, A.C. Bartnik, I.V. Bazarov, D.C. Burke, J.A. Crittenden, L. Cultrera, J. Dobbins, S.J. Full, F. Furuta, R.E. Gallagher, M. Ge, C.M. Gulliford, B.K. Heltsley, G.H. Hoffstaetter, D. Jusic, R.P.K. Kaplan, V.O. Kostroun, Y. Li, M. Liepe, W. Lou, J.R. Patterson, P. Quigley, D.M. Sabol, D. Sagan, J. Sears, C.H. Shore, E.N. Smith, K.W. Smolenski, V. Veshcherevich, D. Widger
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • D. Douglas
    Douglas Consulting, York, Virginia, USA
  • M. Dunham, C.E. Mayes
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: New York State Research&Development Authority - NYSERDA agreement number 102192
We are successfully commissioning a unique Cornell University and Brookhaven National Laboratory Electron Recovery Linac (ERL) Test Accelerator ’CBETA’ [1]. The ERL has four accelerating passes through the supercon-ducting linac with a single Fixed Field Alternating Linear Gradient (FFA-LG) return beam line built of the Halbach type permanent magnets. CBETA ERL accelerates elec-trons from 42 MeV to 150 MeV, with the 6 MeV injec-tor. The novelties are that four electron beams, with ener-gies of 42, 78, 114, and 150 MeV, are merged by spreader beam lines into a single arc FFA-LG beam line. The elec-tron beams from the Main Linac Cryomodule (MLC) pass through the FFA-LG arc and are adiabatically merged into a single straight line. From the straight section the beams are brought back to the MLC the same way. This is the first 4 pass superconducting ERL and the first single permanent magnet return line.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW102  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS006 Tests at High RF Power of the ESS Medium Beta Cryomodule Demonstrator cavity, cryogenics, linac, status 1940
 
  • P. Bosland, C. Arcambal, F. Ardellier, S. Berry, A. Bouygues, E. Cenni, G. Devanz, T. Hamelin, X. Hanus, O. Piquet, J.P. Poupeau, B. Renard, P. Sahuquet
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • C. Darve
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • P. Michelato
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • G. Olivier, J.P. Thermeau
    IPN, Orsay, France
 
  CEA is in charge of the 30 elliptical medium and high-beta cryomodules to be installed in the ESS tunnel in Lund, Sweden. Before launching the assembly of the series cryomodules, CEA developed a medium-beta cryomodule technology demonstrator in a collaboration with IPNO, LASA and ESS. This paper briefly presents the cryomodule assembly and summarizes the main results of the high RF power tests performed in 2018 in a dedicated test stand in CEA Saclay. The main ESS requirements were reached: Eacc = 16.7 MV/m in cavities, Pforward = 1.1 MW in power couplers, RF pulses length = 3.6 ms at 14 Hz. The piezo tuners efficiently compensated the Lorentz forces detuning and could stabilize the accelerating field better than 1% over the full length of the expected ESS 2.86 ms beam pulse without any LLRF regulation system. Following this successful validation CEA started the assembly of the first ESS medium-beta series cryomodule  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS006  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS112 Stand-alone Accelerator System Based on SRF Quarter-wave Resonators SRF, operation, cavity, vacuum 2185
 
  • S.V. Kutsaev, R.B. Agustsson, R.D. Berry, D. Chao
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • Z.A. Conway
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contracts DE-SC0017101 and DE-AC02-06CH11357. This research used resources of DOE ANL’s ATLAS facility.
Superconducting accelerators are large and complex systems requiring a central refrigerator and distributed transfer systems to supply 2-4 K liquid helium. Stand-alone, cryocooler-based systems are of interest both to scientific facilities and industrial applications, as they do not require large cryogenic infrastructure and trained specialists for operation. Here we present our approach to the challenge of using low-power commercially available cryocoolers to operate niobium superconducting resonators at 4.4 K with high accelerating voltages and several watts of heating. Engineering and design results from RadiaBeam Systems, collaborating with Argonne National Laboratory, for a stand-alone liquid-cooled cryomodule with 10 Watts of 4.4 K cooling capacity housing a 72.75 MHz quarter-wave resonator operating at 2 MV for synchronous ions travelling at 7.7% of speed of light will be discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS112  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB009 Validation of the Series Power Couplers of the LIPAc SRF Linac operation, SRF, vacuum, linac 2811
 
  • H. Jenhani, N. Bazin, C. Boulch, S. Chel, G. Devanz, G. Disset, C. Servouin
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • I. Kirpitchev, J. Mollá, P. Méndez, D. Regidor, C. de la Morena
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
 
  In the framework of the IFMIF/EVEDA project, the cryomodule of the Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc) will be assembled then tested at Rokkasho in 2019. Eight Series Power Couplers (PC) operating at 175 MHz were manufactured under a CEA contract, in order to equip this Cryomodule. They were all successfully RF conditioned up to 100 kW CW in TW and SW configurations. All the high RF power tests were performed under CIEMAT responsibility in BTESA Company premises, according to the CEA requirements. In order to fix difficulties encountered during the fab process, manufacturing and quality control have been analyzed in depth. Thanks to the corrective actions implemented, every PC reached the performances targeted for qualification. This paper will give details about this manufacturing phase and provide an overview of the obtained RF test results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB009  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB023 Vertical Test of ESS Medium Beta Cavities cavity, HOM, vacuum, linac 2852
 
  • A. Bosotti, M. Bertucci, A. Bignami, P. Michelato, L. Monaco, R. Paparella, D. Sertore
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • D. Reschke, A.A. Sulimov, M. Wiencek
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The Medium beta (β=0.67) section of the European Spallation Source (ESS) Linac is composed of 36 six-cell elliptical superconducting (SC) cavities. As a part to the in kind contribution of Italy to the ESS project, INFN-LASA is in charge of the development and of the industrial production of the whole set of 36 resonators plus two spares. The production activity is now ongoing at ZANON. To qualify the cavities power tests in vertical cryostat has been committed to DESY. During the qualification tests, where the cavities provided with He tanks are pushed to their electromagnetic limits, recording their main electromagnetics parameters such as quality factor Q0 vs Eacc. In this paper we report about the qualification tests performed on the first part of the quality production.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB023  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB061 The Integration and RF Conditioning of the ESS Double-Spoke Prototype Cryomodule at FREIA cavity, vacuum, software, proton 2952
 
  • H. Li, K. Fransson, K.J. Gajewski, L. Hermansson, A. Miyazaki, R.J.M.Y. Ruber, R. Santiago Kern
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
 
  ESS, the European Spallation Source, will adopt a single family of double-spoke cavities for accelerating the proton beam from the normal conducting section to the first family of the elliptical superconducting cavities. They will be the first double-spoke cavities in the world to be commissioned for a high power proton accelerator. The first double-spoke cavity cryomodule for the ESS project is under high power test at Uppsala University. This paper presents the integration, RF conditioning and experience of this prototype cryomodule.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB061  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB097 Understanding and Mitigation of Field Emission in CEBAF SRF Linacs cavity, linac, operation, vacuum 3039
 
  • R.L. Geng, A. Freyberger, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
We will present current understanding of field emission in two 1.1 GeV CW SRF linacs at CEBAF and its mitigation for improved CEBAF energy reach and operation reliability. This contribution will provide a review of CEBAF gradient evolution since 2014, the impact of field emission, the effort in understanding the root cause of field emission in operational SRF cavities including the recently installed C100 cavities. We will evaluate the effect of initial mitigations implemented since 2016, aimed at reducing generation and transportation of new field emitting particulates. Effects of cavity thermal cycling aimed at abating activation of settled field emitting particulates will be evaluated as well. Remaining issues toward predictable control of field emission in operational SRF cavities will be discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB097  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB111 Development of Nb3Sn Multicell Cavity Coatings cavity, niobium, HOM, factory 3070
 
  • G.V. Eremeev
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • U. Pudasaini
    The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Co-Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. Based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics.
Nb3Sn films have the potential to augment niobium in SRF cavities. Besides single-cell cavity efforts to improve Nb3Sn films, we are working to replicate single-cell results onto the practical 5-cell CEBAF cavities. High quality factors (1011 at 2.0K and 10zEhNZeHn at 4.3 K) have been measured, but the cavities are typically limited by strong low-field Q-slopes and early quenches. Two of the cavities were selected to be assembled into a ’mock-up’ cavity pair unit, the standard step before installation into a cryomodule. Comparison of test results between VTA and pair test offered the first glimpse into post-processing effects on the cavity performance.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB111  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS010 Beam Dynamics Errors Studies for the IFMIF-DONES SRF-LINAC linac, SRF, solenoid, cavity 3103
 
  • N. Chauvin, N. Bazin, J. Plouin
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • S. Chel, L. Du
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The goal of the IFMIF-DONES (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility-DEMO Oriented Neutron Source) project is to build an irradiation facility that will provide a sufficient neutron flux to study and characterize structure materials foreseen for future fusion power plant. In order to accelerate the required 125mA/40 MeV continuous deuteron beam from 5 MeV to 40 MeV, a superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) linac, housed in five cryomodules, is proposed. The design is based on two beta families (β=0.11 and β=0.17) of half-wave resonators (HWR) at 175MHz. The transverse focusing is achieved using one solenoid coil per focusing period. This paper presents the extensive multiparticle beam dynamics simulations that have been performed to adapt the beam along the SRF-linac in such a high space charge regime. As one of the constraints of the IFMIF linac is a low level of beam losses, specific optimizations have been done to minimize the beam occupancy in the line (halo). A Monte Carlo error analysis has also been carried out to study the effects of misalignments or field imperfections (static errors) and also vibrations or power supplies ripple (dynamic errors). The results of these errors studies are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS010  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB012 Toward Autonomous Phasing of ISAC Heavy Ion LINACs cavity, ISAC, linac, controls 3827
 
  • O. Shelbaya, R.A. Baartman, O.K. Kester, S. Kiy
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Ongoing development work at TRIUMF aims to implement a model-based tuning approach for accelerators, with the goal of automation of tuning tasks and minimizing tuning times. As a part of this, work is underway toward the development of an analytical model of the linacs using the methodology of Hamiltonian based beam envelope dynamics. The TRIUMF High-Level Applications (HLA) project has been developing software that allows direct interfacing with the control system. The envelope code TRANSOPTR is now being extended to simulate the ISAC-II Superconducting Linac. Within the emerging HLA framework, this will allow for automated phasing and tuning of the linac. The steps of the model development will be presented in this contribution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB012  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB019 Collimation of Target Induced Halo Following MAGIX at MESA target, simulation, beam-losses, experiment 3839
 
  • B. Ledroit
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: Supported by the DFG through GRK 2128
The Mainz Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator (MESA) will be an electron accelerator allowing operation in energy-recovery linac (ERL) mode. It provides the opportunity to operate scattering experiments at energies of ~100 MeV with thin gas-targets. The MESA Internal Gas Target Experiment (MAGIX) aims to operate windowless jet targets and different gases up to Xenon to search for possible dark photon interactions, to precisely measure the magnetic proton radius and astrophysical S-factors. Investigations on the impact of the target on beam dynamics and beam losses are required for machine safety and to examine limits to ERL operation. The goal of this work is to understand target induced halo in the different experimental setups, track halo particles through downstream sections to examine beam losses and include a suitable collimation system and shielding into the accelerator layout to protect the machine from direct and indirect damage through beam losses and radiation. The present status of the investigations is presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB019  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS116 The SARAF-LINAC Project 2019 Status linac, MEBT, cavity, status 4352
 
  • N. Pichoff, R.D. Duperrier, G. Ferrand, B. Gastineau, F. Gougnaud, M. Jacquemet, C. Madec, O. Piquet, Th. Plaisant, F. Senée, D. Uriot
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Berkovits, J. Luner, A. Perry, E. Reinfeld
    Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel
 
  SNRC and CEA collaborate to the upgrade of the SARAF accelerator to 5 mA CW 40 MeV deuteron and proton beams (Phase 2). CEA is in charge of the design, construction and commissioning of the MEBT line and the superconducting linac (SARAF-LINAC Project). The prototypes of the 176 MHz NC rebuncher, SC cavities, RF coupler and SC solenoid-Package have been tested recently. Meanwhile, the cryomodules technical specifications have been written and called for tender. This paper presents the status of the SARAF-LINAC Project at April 2019.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS116  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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FRXPLM1 Operations Experience of SNS at 1.4MW and Upgrade Plans for Doubling the Beam Power target, operation, proton, neutron 4380
 
  • J. Galambos
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  In 2018, the SNS begins operation at the design proton beam power of 1.4 MW. This talk will present the critical technical challenges that were overcome in order to take the final step in beam power with a higher than 90% reliability. In addition, the future project of the SNS for doubling the beam power from 1.4 MW to 2.8 MW and construction of second target station will be discussed.  
slides icon Slides FRXPLM1 [22.095 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-FRXPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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