Keyword: injection
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MOPGW008 Transparent Injection for ESRF-EBS kicker, SRF, sextupole, power-supply 78
 
  • S.M. White, N. Carmignani, M. Dubrulle, M. Morati, P. Raimondi
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  The commissioning of the ESRF-EBS storage ring will start in December 2019 ultimately providing a horizontal emittance of 130 pm, 30 times lower than the present one. Due to the reduced beam lifetime top-up operation will be required for all operating modes. Transparent injection, i.e. with negligible perturbations on the stored beam, is necessary to allow continuous data acquisition for beam lines experiments. Several options have been considered at ESRF to reduce these perturbations down to a fraction of the rms beam size: i) new kickers power supplies with slow ramping time to facilitate active compensation are under development and will be implemented in the coming years ii) in parallel, long term solutions using non-linear kickers and longitudinal on-axis injection have been investigated.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW008  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW010 First Application of Online Particle Swarm Optimization at SOLEIL storage-ring, operation, controls, vacuum 82
 
  • A. Bence, L.S. Nadolski
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • J. Li
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  First attempts of online optimisation of SOLEIL using Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) is reported with two major applications. This technique proves to be particularly suitable in a control room and could become a standard operation tool for tuning the accelerators in complement of other techniques. The first optimisation of the injection in the storage ring will be presented using the injection septa and the vertical correctors of the booster to storage ring transfer line. The second work will summarise the results obtained from the optimisation of the transverse on- and off-momentum dynamics in presence of insertion devices. Main results, the implementation and improvements will be presented and discussed thoroughly.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW010  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW036 Studies on Coherent Multi-Bunch Tune Shifts with Different Bunch Spacing at the J-PARC Main Ring space-charge, proton, impedance, operation 167
 
  • A. Kobayashi, S. Igarashi, Y. Sato, T. Shimogawa, Y. Sugiyama, T. Toyama, M. Yoshii
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  At a high-power proton synchrotron, betatron tune shifts induced by space charge effects cause beam loss which limits the beam intensity. To achieve further high beam intensity at the main ring of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, precise control of the tune shift is indispensable. When carrying out multi-bunch measurements, we observed that the dependence of the tune shift intensity on the number of bunches follow opposite slope trends for the horizontal and vertical directions. The influence of the bunch spacing was also observed. We report on a simplified tune shift model reconstruction for understanding the origin of these phenomena and present a correction of the tune shifts for reducing beam loss up to 30 %.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW036  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW037 Dynamic Variation of Chromaticity for Beam Instability Mitigation in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC simulation, emittance, extraction, impedance 171
 
  • P.K. Saha, H. Harada, H. Hotchi, Y. Shobuda, T. Takayanagi, F. Tamura, Y. Watanabe
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
 
  We have studied many other dynamic approaches from that reported in the IPAC 2018 for transverse beam instability mitigation in the presence of strong space charge in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC. One of such a method is the introduction of an excess of chromaticity from that of natural chromaticity by reversing the sextupole magnetic fields from the middle of the acceleration cycle. The benifits of this method are twofold. It allows to utilize sextupole for chromaticty correction at lower energy and also mitigate the beam instability at higher energy because of introducing higher chromaticity. We first carried out numerical simulations by using ORBIT code, experimentally verified and then applied for the machine operation. The detail of simulation and measurements results are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW037  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW044 Off-Energy Off-Axis Injection with Pulsed Multipole Magnet Into the HALS Storage Ring storage-ring, kicker, lattice, multipole 187
 
  • G. Liu, Z.H. Bai, W. Li, L. Wang, P.N. Wang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  As a future Diffraction-Limited Storage Ring (DLSR) at NSRL, the Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) has been proposed and has a great progress in the lattice optimization. The nonlinear dynamics is well designed and shows good performance, which makes it easier for beam injection and gives us more choices to design a more suitable injection scheme. In this paper, a new off-energy off-axis pulsed multipole injection scheme is proposed. The off-energy beam is off-axis injected into the acceptance of the storage ring with one or several pulsed multipole kickers and meanwhile the stored beam is almost unaffected during the injection. The injection acceptance of the storage ring is analyzed and the injection scheme is preliminary designed. A series of tracking simulations are carried out and the results are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW044  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW052 The Study of Single-Bunch Instabilities in the Ramping Process in the HEPS Booster booster, impedance, simulation, lattice 206
 
  • H.S. Xu, Y.M. Peng, N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The booster of High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is proposed to ramp the beam energy from 500 MeV to 6 GeV, and to deliver the required charge to the storage ring. However, the transverse single-bunch instability may limit the reachable bunch charge in the booster. The study of the transverse single-bunch instability has been carried out for the HEPS booster at both 500 MeV and 6 GeV to double check whether the required single-bunch charge can be achieved. Furthermore, the energy ramping process was recently included in the study. We concentrate in the analyses of the simulation results with the consideration of energy ramping process in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW052  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW069 Recent Beam Performance Achievements with the Pb-Ion Beam in the SPS for LHC Physics Runs target, optics, luminosity, flattop 250
 
  • H. Bartosik, R. Alemany-Fernández, T. Argyropoulos, T. Bohl, H. Damerau, V. Kain, G. Papotti, G. Rumolo, A. Saá Hernández, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  In the SPS, which is the last accelerator in the LHC ion injector chain, multiple injections of the Pb-ion beam have to be accumulated. On this injection plateau the beam suffers from considerable degradation such as emittance growth and losses. This paper summarises the achievements on improving the beam parameters and maximising the performance of the Pb-ion beam for the LHC physics run in 2018. The results are discussed in view of the target beam parameters of the LHC injectors upgrade project, which is being deployed during the presently ongoing long shutdown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW069  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW074 New Spiral Beam Screen Design for the FCC-hh Injection Kicker Magnet kicker, impedance, coupling, vacuum 270
 
  • A. Chmielinska, M.J. Barnes
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The injection kicker system for the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) must satisfy demanding requirements. To achieve low pulse ripple and fast field rise and fall times, the injection system will use ferrite loaded transmission line type magnets. The beam coupling impedance of the kicker magnets is crucial, as this can be a dominant contribution to beam instabilities. In addition, interaction of the high intensity beam with the real part of the longitudinal beam coupling impedance can result in high power deposition in the ferrite yoke. This gives a significant risk that the ferrite yoke will exceed its Curie temperature: hence, a suitable beam screen will be a critical feature. In this paper, we present a novel concept - a spiral beam screen. The fundamental advantage of the new design is a significant reduction of the maximum voltage induced on the screen conductors, thus decreased probability of electrical breakdown. In addition, the longitudinal beam coupling impedance is optimized to minimize power deposition in the magnet.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW074  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW080 Optics Measurements in the CERN PS Booster Using Turn-by-Turn BPM Data optics, MMI, booster, software 285
 
  • A. Garcia-Tabares, P.K. Skowroński, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Garcia-Tabares
    Universidad Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain
 
  As part of the LHC Injector Upgrade Project the injection of the CERN PS Booster will be changed to increase intensity and brightness of the delivered beams. The new injection scheme is likely to give rise to beta beating above the required level of 5\% and new measurements are required. Achieving accurate optics measurements in PSB lattice is a challenging task that has involved several improvements in both hardware and software. This paper summarizes all the improvements that have been performed in the optics measurement acquisition system together with a brief summary of the first results obtained.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW080  
About • paper received ※ 11 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW091 Capture and Flat-Bottom Losses in the CERN SPS beam-loading, emittance, impedance, feedback 327
 
  • M. Schwarz, A. Lasheen, G. Papotti, J. Repond, E.N. Shaposhnikova, H. Timko
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Particle losses on the flat bottom of the SPS, the last accelerator in the injector chain of the LHC at CERN, are a strong limitation for reaching the high intensities required by the high luminosity upgrade of the LHC. Two contributions to these losses are investigated in this paper. The first losses occur during the PS-to-SPS bunch-to-bucket transfer, since the bunch rotation in the PS creates halo particles and the bunch does not completely fit into the SPS RF-bucket. The effect of longitudinal shaving in the PS on the beam transmission was recently tested. At high intensities, further capture losses are caused by beam loading in the traveling wave RF system of the SPS, which is partially compensated by the LLRF system, in particular by one-turn delay feedback. While the feedforward system reduces the capture losses, it also increases the losses along the flat bottom due to the RF noise.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW091  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW092 Design Status of DESY IV – Booster Upgrade for PETRA IV booster, emittance, insertion, linac 331
 
  • H.C. Chao
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  In PETRA IV project the on-axis injection scheme is preferred since there is no sufficient dynamic aperture for off-axis injection in ultra low emittance storage rings. The challenge is to prepare the injected bunches with the smaller emittance and larger intensity. The current injector complex including the accumulator and booster does not fulfill the requirements and thus will need refurbishments. The injector upgrade option chosen will be composed of an upgraded electron gun, a higher energy LINAC, and the new booster synchrotron DESY IV which has smaller emittance. DESY IV will be located in the existing tunnel of the current booster DESY II. The design of the lattice and some simulation results are addressed in this article.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW092  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP001 Optic Corrections for FCC-hh quadrupole, insertion, dipole, coupling 417
 
  • D. Boutin
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • A. Chancé, B. Dalena
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B.J. Holzer, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. The evaluation of the various magnets mechanical error and field error tolerances in the arc sections of FCC-hh, as well as an estimation of the required correctors strengths, are important aspects of the collider design. In this study the mechanical tolerances, dipole and quadrupole field error tolerances for the arc sections of FCC-hh are evaluated. The consolidated correction schemes of the linear coupling (with skew quadrupoles) and of the beam tunes (with normal quadrupoles) are presented. The integration of the different ring insertions (interaction region, collimation, injection, etc) is also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP001  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP004 Consolidated Lattice of the Collider FCC-hh dipole, quadrupole, optics, insertion 428
 
  • A. Chancé, D. Boutin, B. Dalena
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • W. Bartmann, M. Hofer, R. Martin, D. Schulte
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Funding: The European Circular Energy-Frontier Collider Study (EuroCirCol) project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant No 654305.
The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. The latest changes brought to the lattice of the FCC-hh collider are commented: impact of the new intra-beam distance, efforts to increase the beam stay clear in the dispersion suppressors, tuning procedures, and updates on the insertions.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP004  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP014 NICA Accelerator Complex at JINR booster, collider, dipole, proton 452
 
  • E. Syresin, O.I. Brovko, A.V. Butenko, E.E. Donets, A.R. Galimov, E.V. Gorbachev, A. Govorov, V. Karpinsky, V. Kekelidze, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, S.A. Kostromin, A.D. Kovalenko, O.S. Kozlov, I.N. Meshkov, A.V. Philippov, A.O. Sidorin, V. Slepnev, A.V. Smirnov, G.V. Trubnikov, A. Tuzikov, V. Volkov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  Status of the project of NICA accelerator complex, which is under construction at JINR (Dubna, Russia), is presented. The main goal of the project is to provide ion beams for experimental studies of hot and dense baryon-ic matter and spin physics. The NICA collider will pro-vide heavy ion collisions in the energy range of √sNN=4/11 GeV at average luminosity of L=1.1027cm−2·s−1 for 197Au79+ nuclei and polarized proton collisions in energy range of √sNN=12/27 GeV at lumi-nosity of L ≥ 1031cm−2·s−1. NICA accelerator complex will consist of two injector chains, 578 MeV/u supercon-ducting (SC) booster synchrotron, the existing SC syn-chrotron (Nuclotron), and the new SC collider that has two storage rings each of 503 m circumference. Con-structing facility is based on Nuclotron-technology of SC magnets with iron yoke. Hollow SC cable cooled by two-phase He-flux used for operation with 10 kA currents and 1Hz cycling rate. Both stochastic and electron cooling methods are used for the beam accumulation and its stability maintenance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP014  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP015 Longitudinal Particle Dynamics in NICA Collider bunching, collider, accumulation, acceleration 455
 
  • E. Syresin, A.V. Eliseev, A.V. Smirnov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • N. Mityanina, V.M. Petrov, E. Rotov, A.G. Tribendis
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  A specific feature of the NICA acceleration complex is high luminosity of colliding beams. Three types of RF stations will be used in the NICA Collider to reach the necessary beam parameters. The first one is for accumulation of particles in the longitudinal phase space with the moving burrier buckets under action of stochastic and/or electron cooling systems. The second and third RF stations are for formation of the final bunch size in the colliding regime. This report presents numerical simulations of longitudinal beam dynamics which taken into account the longitudinal space charge effect during the accumulation and bunching procedures. Influence of space effects leads to some decrease in the accumulation efficiency and requires special manipulation with the 2nd and 3rd RF stations during the adiabatic capture and bunching procedures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP015  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP020 Smooth and Beta-Beating-Free Optics Transitions for HL-LHC optics, quadrupole, insertion, operation 472
 
  • R. De Maria, M. Solfaroli
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the CERN LHC, optics transitions are mainly required to control the beam size at the four experimental interaction points. The current method, based on linearly-interpolated optics functions over a small set of matched optics and parabolic time-domain segments, introduces non-zero beta-beating and it is not optimal in time. This contribution presents an alternative approach, based on continuously-matched optics solutions distributed in time domain by using a realistic model of the superconducting circuits, which optimises the overall process duration. This method requires a change in the paradigm used in the control system and it is proposed for the future High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP020  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP023 Dynamic Aperture at Injection Energy for the HE-LHC dipole, lattice, dynamic-aperture, collider 480
 
  • M. Hofer, M. Giovannozzi, J. Keintzel, R. Tomás, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  As part of the Future Circular Collider study, the High Energy LHC (HE-LHC) is a proposed hadron collider situated in the already existing LHC tunnel. It aims at achieving a center of mass energy of 27 TeV, almost doubling the design c.o.m. energy of the LHC. This increase in energy relies on the use of 16 T Nb3Sn dipoles to be developed for the FCC-hh. The field quality of these dipoles is expected to have a big impact on the Dynamic Aperture (DA) at injection energy and subsequently tracking studies are conducted to evaluate the impact of magnetic field errors on the beam dynamics. In the following the results of these studies for the different injection energies considered for the HE-LHC are presented and a possible strategy for increasing the DA are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP023  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP025 Moving Long-range Beam-beam Encounters in Heavy-ion Colliders proton, emittance, collider, acceleration 488
 
  • M.A. Jebramcik, J.M. Jowett
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Asymmetric ion beam collisions like proton-lead in the LHC or gold-deuteron in RHIC have become major components of heavy-ion physics programmes. The injection and ramp of two different ion species with the same magnetic rigidity and consequently unequal revolution frequencies generate moving long-range beam-beam encounters in the interactions regions of the collider. These encounters led to fast beam losses and can cause emittance blow-up as observed in RHIC in the early 2000s and, more recently, in 2015. Yet such effects are absent at the LHC so the difference between the two colliders requires explanation. Tools and models have been developed to describe the beam dynamics of moving long-range beam-beam encounters and to predict the evolution of emittance and other beam parameters. Besides presenting results for RHIC and the LHC we give an outlook for the HL-LHC and potential operational restrictions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP025  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP031 Operation and Performance of the Cern Large Hadron Collider During Proton Run 2 luminosity, operation, proton, emittance 504
 
  • R. Steerenberg, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernández, T. Argyropoulos, E. Bravin, G.E. Crockford, J.-C. Dumont, K. Fuchsberger, R. Giachino, M. Giovannozzi, G.H. Hemelsoet, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, M. Lamont, E. Métral, D. Nisbet, G. Papotti, M. Pojer, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua, M. Schaumann, M. Solfaroli, R. Suykerbuyk, G. Trad, J.A. Uythoven, S. Uznanski, D.J. Walsh, J. Wenninger, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Run 2 of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was successfully completed on 10th December 2018, achieving largely all goals set in terms of luminosity production. Following the first two-year long shutdown and the re-commissioning in 2015 at 6.5 TeV, the beam performance was increased to reach a peak luminosity of more than twice the design value and a colliding beam time ratio of 50%. This was accomplished thanks to the increased beam brightness from the injector chain, the high machine availability and the performance enhancements made in the LHC for which some methods and tools, foreseen for the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) were tested and deployed operationally. This contribution provides an overview of the operational aspects, main limitations and achievements for the proton Run 2.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP031  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP037 Updated High-Energy LHC Design emittance, proton, impedance, damping 524
 
  • F. Zimmermann, D. Amorim, S. A. Antipov, S. Arsenyev, M. Benedikt, R. Bruce, M.P. Crouch, S.D. Fartoukh, M. Giovannozzi, B. Goddard, M. Hofer, J. Keintzel, R. Kersevan, V. Mertens, J. Molson, Y. Muttoni, J.A. Osborne, V. Parma, V. Raginel, S. Redaelli, T. Risselada, I. Ruehl, B. Salvant, D. Schoerling, E.N. Shaposhnikova, L.J. Tavian, E. Todesco, R. Tomás, D. Tommasini, F. Valchkova-Georgieva, V. Venturi, D. Wollmann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J.L. Abelleira, A. Abramov, E. Cruz Alaniz, H. Pikhartova, A. Seryi, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • A. Apyan
    ANSL, Yerevan, Armenia
  • J. Barranco García, L. Mether, T. Pieloni, L. Rivkin, C. Tambasco
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • F. Burkart
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • Y. Cai, Y.M. Nosochkov
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • G. Guillermo Cantón
    CINVESTAV, Mérida, Mexico
  • K. Ohmi, K. Oide, D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported in part by the European Commission under the HORIZON 2020 project ARIES no.730871, and by the Swiss Accelerator Research and Technology collaboration CHART.
We present updated design parameters for a future High-Energy LHC. A more realistic turnaround time has led to a revision of the target peak luminosity, as well as a choice of a larger IP beta function, and longer physics fills. Pushed parameters of the Nb3Sn superconducting cable together with a modified layout of the 16 T dipole magnets resulted in revised field errors, updated dynamic-aperture simulations, and an associated re-evaluation of injector options. Collimators in the dispersion suppressors help achieve satisfactory cleaning performance. Longitudinal beam parameters ensure beam stability throughout the cycle. Intrabeam scattering rates and Touschek lifetime appear benign.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP037  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP046 Mitigation of Persistent Current Effects in the RHIC Superconducting Magnets dipole, quadrupole, sextupole, betatron 548
 
  • C. Liu, D. Bruno, A. Marusic, M.G. Minty, P. Thieberger
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • X. Wang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Persistent currents in superconducting magnet introduce errors in the magnetic fields especially at low operating currents. In addition, their decay cause magnetic field variations therefore drifts of beam orbits, tunes and chromaticities. To reduce field errors and suppress magnetic field variations, new magnetic cycles were proposed for low energy beam operation at RHIC. In the new magnetic cycles, the magnet current oscillates around the operating current with diminishing amplitude a few times before it settles. The new magnetic cycle has been demonstrated experimentally to reduce field errors and the amplitude of magnetic field variations significantly and is essential for the ongoing RHIC Beam Energy Scan II (BES-II) program. This article will present beam-based experimental studies of the persistent current effects with the new magnetic cycle, and discuss its application in RHIC and accelerators based on superconducting magnet in general.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP046  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP048 LHC Doubler: CIC Dipole Technology May Make It Feasible and Affordable dipole, multipole, collider, hadron 552
 
  • P.M. McIntyre
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
  • J. Breitschopf, J.N. Kellams, A. Sattarov
    ATC, College Station, Texas, USA
  • D.C.V. Chavez
    Universidad de Guanajuato, División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, León, Mexico
 
  There is new physics-driven interest in the concept of an LHC doubler with collision energy of 30 TeV and high luminosity. The cost-driver challenge for its feasibility is the ring of 16 T dual dipoles. Recent developments in cable-in-conduit (CIC) technology offer significant benefit for this purpose. The CIC windings provide robust stress management at the cable level and facilitate forming of the flared ends without degradation. The CIC windings provide a basis for hybrid windings, in which the innermost layers that operate in high field utilize Bi-2212, the center layers utilize Nb3Sn, and the outer layers utilize NbTi. Cryogen flows through the interior of all cables, so that heat transfer can be optimized throughout the windings. The design of the 18 T dipole and the 23 kA CIC conductor will be presented. Particular challenges for integration in an LHC doubler will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP048  
About • paper received ※ 18 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP049 6 T Cable-in-conduit Dipole to Double the Ion Energy for JLEIC dipole, electron, collider, luminosity 556
 
  • P.M. McIntyre, J. Breitschopf, J. Gerity
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
  • J. Breitschopf, D.C.V. Chavez, J.N. Kellams, A. Sattarov
    ATC, College Station, Texas, USA
 
  The proposed electron-ion collider JLEIC would make high-luminosity collisions of polarized ions and polarized electrons with electron energy up to 12 GeV and ion energy up to 40 GeV/u. Both the luminosity and the collision energy could be increased by doubling the dipole field in the ion ring from 3 T to 6 T, and the enhanced performance would access the full range of parameters for the physics objectives of the project. The Texas A&M group has developed the large-aperture 3 T dipoles for the baseline project, based upon a novel superconducting cable-in-conduit. (CIC). A closely similar 6 T design is being developed, utilizing a 2-layer CIC. Details of the magnet design and development of the 2-layer CIC will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP049  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB005 Study of Higher-Order Achromat Lattice as an Alternative Option for the SOLEIL Storage Ring Upgrade lattice, sextupole, storage-ring, octupole 586
 
  • R. Nagaoka, A. Bence, P. Brunelle, L. Hoummi, A. Loulergue, A. Nadji, L.S. Nadolski, M.-A. Tordeux, A. Vivoli
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Gamelin
    LAL, Orsay, France
 
  A ring composed of 20 symmetrical 7BA cells in which of a pair of chromaticity correcting sextupoles placed around horizontal dispersion bumps à la ESRF-EBS was developed as a baseline lattice for the SOLEIL storage ring upgrade (presented at IPAC2018). The strict phase relation between the two dispersion bumps provides an efficient way of optimizing the (on-momentum) nonlinear optics with a limited number of sextupoles. As an alternative, a scheme known as Higher-Order Achromat (HOA) develops a MBA (Multi-Bend Achromat) lattice where chromaticity correcting sextupoles are distributed in each M unit cell with a strict phase relation cell-wise such as to cancel basic geometric and chromatic resonance driving terms. The beam dynamics in a 20-fold 7BA HOA ring is compared with those of the baseline lattice, with focus on off-momentum properties such as Touschek lifetime, which are important for medium energy rings like SOLEIL. The robustness against errors, the reduction of the ring symmetry by introducing 4 longer straight sections, as well as a horizontal dispersion bump to cope with longitudinal on-axis injection scheme are also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB005  
About • paper received ※ 22 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB019 Beam Optics Study on FFA-MERIT Ring target, proton, betatron, acceleration 613
 
  • H. Okita, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, Y. Ono, A. Taniguchi, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • N. Ikeda, Y. Yonemura
    Kyushu University, Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Fukuoka, Japan
  • M. Kinsho, K. Okabe, M. Yoshimoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • Y. Miyake
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Muto
    New Affiliation Request Pending, -TBS-, Unknown
  • A. Sato
    Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was funded by ImPACT Program of Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (Cabinet Office, Government of Japan).
Intense negative muon source MERIT (Multiplex Energy Recovery Internal Target) for the nuclear transformation to mitigate the long lived fission products from nuclear plants has been proposed. For the purpose of proof-of-principle of MERIT scheme, FFA ring has been developed. The results of beam optics study for MERIT ring will be reported in this conference.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB019  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB043 Two-Beam Operation in DESIREE pick-up, detector, experiment, ion-source 659
 
  • A. Källberg, M. Björkhage, M. Blom, H. Cederquist, P. Reinhed, S. Rosén, H.T. Schmidt, A. Simonsson, H. Zettergren
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
 
  The current status of DESIREE is described, with special emphasis on the setup for collision experiments with ions in both the two electrostatic rings - negative ions in one ring and positive in the other. By measuring the kinetic energy released in mutual neutralization reactions be-tween the two ions at collision energies close to zero eV in 3D, the population of different reaction channels has been obtained. The different steps necessary to set up the beams to get well controlled experimental properties are described as well as the principles behind our automatic optimization routines, which are extensively used with consistent result.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB043  
About • paper received ※ 02 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB046 Status of the ESSnuSB Accumulator Design linac, space-charge, simulation, target 666
 
  • Y. Zou, T.J.C. Ekelöf, M. Olvegård, R.J.M.Y. Ruber
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • E. Bouquerel, M. Dracos
    IPHC, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
  • M. Eshraqi, B. Gålnander
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • H.O. Schönauer, E.H.M. Wildner
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: This project is supported by the COST Action CA15139 EuroNuNet. It has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 777419.
The 2.0 GeV, 5 MW proton linac for the European Spallation Source, ESS, will have the capacity to accelerate additional pulses and send them to a neutrino target, providing an excellent opportunity to produce an unprecedented high performance neutrino beam, the ESS neutrino Super Beam, ESSnuSB, to measure, with precision, the CP violating phase at the 2nd oscillation maximum. In order to comply with the acceptance of the target and horn systems that will form the neutrino super beam, the long pulses from the linac must be compressed by about three orders of magnitude with minimal particle loss, something that will be achieved through multi-turn charge-exchange injection in an accumulator ring. This ring will accommodate over 2·1014 protons, which means that several design challenges are encountered. Strong space charge forces, low-loss injection with phase space painting, efficient collimation, a reliable charge stripping system, and e-p instabilities are some of the important aspects central to the design work. This paper presents the status of the accumulator ring design, with multi-particle simulations of the injections procedure.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB046  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB055 First Partially Stripped Ions in the LHC (208Pb81+) experiment, collimation, factory, operation 689
 
  • M. Schaumann, R. Alemany-Fernández, H. Bartosik, T. Bohl, R. Bruce, G.H. Hemelsoet, S. Hirlaender, J.M. Jowett, V. Kain, M.W. Krasny, J. Molson, G. Papotti, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, H. Timko, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Gamma Factory initiative proposes to use partially stripped ion (PSI) beams as drivers of a new type of high intensity photon source. As part of the ongoing Physics Beyond Collider studies, initial beam tests with PSI beams have been executed at CERN. On 25 July 2018 lead ions with one remaining electron (208Pb81+) were injected and accelerated in the LHC for the first time. After establishing the injection and circulation of a few 208Pb81+ bunches, beam lifetimes of about 50 hours could be established at 6.5 TeV proton equivalent energy. This paper describes the setup of the beam tests and observations made.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB055  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB063 Longitudinal Tomography in a Scaling FFA synchrotron, cavity, experiment, proton 719
 
  • D.J. Kelliher, C. Brown, J.-B. Lagrange, S. Machida, C.R. Prior, C.T. Rogers
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, H. Okita, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • S.L. Sheehy
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  In a synchrotron the rate of acceleration is limited by the ramp rate of the bending field. There is no such constraint in a Fixed Field alternating gradient Accelerator (FFA), allowing a much higher repetition rate and novel modes of operation such as beam stacking. It is of interest to obtain a picture of the longitudinal phase space from experimental data in order to diagnose the response of the beam to various RF programmes. Longitudinal tomography, already well established in synchrotrons, involves reconstructing the phase space using bunch monitor data obtained for a sufficient number of turns in a synchrotron oscillation. Here we reconstruct the longitudinal phase space using data from the 150 MeV scaling FFA at KURNS, Osaka, Japan.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB063  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS001 Operational Experience with a Sled and Multibunch Injection at the Australian Synchrotron linac, klystron, operation, cavity 830
 
  • M.P. Atkinson, G. LeBlanc
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
  • K. Zingre
    ASCo, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
 
  The Australian third generation 3 GeV Synchrotron Light Source was originally commissioned with a 100 MeV linear accelerator (LINAC) fed by two 37 MW S band pulsed klystrons. A pulse compressor in form of a SLED cavity was added later to enable single klystron operation for redundancy in case of a modulator failure. The SLED was successfully commissioned in May 2017 including remote selection of single klystron with SLED operation without degradation of beam energy. Two years on there have been some unexpected operational benefits including reduced phase sensitivity and drift allowing repeatable injection based solely on diagnostic phase read backs. Temperature stabilised power amplifiers based on S band GaN radar technology are being trialed in the meantime with a goal to set and inject with minimal operator adjustment. The results from the SLED cavity upgrade are shown and the latest S band radar technology designs are outlined.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS017 Status of Operation With Negative Momentum Compaction at KARA optics, operation, quadrupole, sextupole 878
 
  • P. Schreiber, T. Boltz, M. Brosi, B. Härer, A. Mochihashi, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, M. Schuh
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: We are supported by the DFG-funded ’Karlsruhe School of Elementary and Astroparticle Physics: Science and Technology’ and European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (No 730871)
For future synchrotron light source development novel operation modes are under investigation. At the Karlsruhe Research Accelerator (KARA) an optics with negative momentum compaction has been proposed, which is currently under commissioning. In this context, the collective effects expected in this regime are studied with an initial focus on the head-tail instability and the micro-bunching instability resulting from CSR self-interaction. In this contribution, we will present the proposed optics and the status of implementation for operation in the negative momentum compaction regime as well as a preliminary discussion of expected collective effects.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS017  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS068 Beam Commissioning Experience of CSNS/RCS MMI, quadrupole, betatron, closed-orbit 1012
 
  • S.Y. Xu
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based science facility. CSNS is designed to accelerate proton beam pulses to 1.6 GeV kinetic energy, striking a solid metal target to produce spallation neutrons. CSNS has two major accelerator systems, a linear accelerator (80 MeV Linac) and a 1.6 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The Beam commissioning of CSNS/RCS has been commissioned recently. Beam had been accelerated to 1.6 GeV at CSNS/RCS on January 18, 2018 with the injection energy of 80 MeV. The machine parameters are measured and optimized. The beam power is increased step by step. The beam power achieved 50kW in January, 2019. In this paper, the commissioning experiences are introduced.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS068  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS086 Identification and Compensation of Betatronic Resonances in the Proton Synchrotron Booster at 160 Mev resonance, space-charge, proton, emittance 1054
 
  • A. Santamaría García, S.C.P. Albright, F. Antoniou, F. Asvesta, H. Bartosik, G.P. Di Giovanni, B. Mikulec
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • F. Asvesta
    NTUA, Athens, Greece
  • H. Rafique
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  The Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) is the first circular accelerator in the injector chain to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and accelerates protons from 50 MeV to 1.4 GeV. The PSB will need to deliver two times the current brightness after the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) in order to meet the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) beam requirements. At the current injection energy a large incoherent space charge tune spread limits the brightness of the beams, which is one of the main motivations to increase the injection energy to 160 MeV with the injection provided by Linac4, a new H linear accelerator. The higher injection energy will allow doubling the beam intensity while maintaining a space charge tune spread similar to current values. The degradation of the beam brightness due to the tune spread can be minimized with a proper choice of working point and an efficient compensation of resonances. In this paper, we present the measurement of the betatronic resonances in the four rings of the PSB at 160 MeV before the Long Shutdown 2, as well as the results of a proposed compensation scheme.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS086  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS087 Transverse Emittance Studies at Extraction of the CERN PS Booster emittance, optics, operation, booster 1058
 
  • F. Antoniou, S.C.P. Albright, F. Asvesta, H. Bartosik, G.P. Di Giovanni, V. Forte, M.A. Fraser, A. Garcia-Tabares, A. Huschauer, B. Mikulec, T. Prebibaj, A. Santamaría García, P.K. Skowroński
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • F. Asvesta
    NTUA, Athens, Greece
  • T. Prebibaj
    National Technical University of Athens, Zografou, Greece
 
  Transverse emittance discrepancy in the beam transfer between the Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) and the Proton Synchrotron (PS) is observed in operational conditions for the LHC beams at CERN. The ongoing LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) project requires a tight budget for beam degradation along the injector chain and therefore the reason for this emittance discrepancy needs to be understood. Systematic measurements have been performed for various beam characteristics (beam intensity, transverse and longitudinal emittance). In this paper, a comparison between the emittance measurements using all available beam instrumentation with different emittance computation algorithms is presented. The results are compared to measurements at PS injection. Furthermore, the impact on the LIU project requirements for the emittance preservation along the LHC Injectors Complex is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS087  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS089 Transverse Beam Dynamics Studies With High Intensity LHC Beams in the SPS octupole, emittance, impedance, electron 1062
 
  • M. Carlà, H. Bartosik, M.S. Beck, L.R. Carver, V. Kain, G. Kotzian, K.S.B. Li, G. Rumolo, C. Zannini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In order to reach the target beam parameters of the LHC injectors upgrade (LIU), about twice the presently operational intensity of LHC type beams has to be achieved. Although the planned upgrade of the main RF system will occur during the long shutdown, a series of measurements have been performed to assess the beam dynamics challenges with these very high intensity beams on the long SPS injection plateau. Bunch-by-bunch transverse emittance blow-up measurements suggested the presence of electron-cloud. After a period of running with the high intensity beam for a couple of days, a clear improvement of beam quality was observed which is attributed to scrubbing. In addition, a horizontal headtail instability is encountered for the usual operational settings of chromaticity and transverse damper. The stability limit as a function of chromaticity and Landau octupole settings has been explored and will be discussed, together with possible sources of the instability and mitigation strategies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS089  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS097 Updates on Alternative Pre-Booster Ring Design and Wiggler Magnet Considerations of SPS for the FCC e+e Injector damping, wiggler, emittance, extraction 1094
 
  • O. Etisken
    Ankara University, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
  • F. Antoniou, Y. Papaphilippou, T. Tydecks
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • A.K. Çiftçi
    Izmir University of Economics, Balçova/Izmir, Turkey
 
  The Future Circular e+e Collider (FCC- e+e) injector complex needs to produce and to transport a high-intensity e+e beam at a fast repetition rate for topping up the collider at its collision energy. Two different options are under consideration as pre-accelerator before the bunches are transferred to the high-energy booster: using the existing SPS and designing a completely new ring. The purpose of this paper is to explore the needs and parameters of the existing SPS, to investigate wiggler magnet options for SPS, and provide an updated study of alternative accelerator ring design with injection and extraction energies of 6 and 20 GeV, respectively. In this study, the parameters of both choices are established, including the optics design, layout update and considerations for non-linear dynamics optimization.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS097  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS098 A Primary Electron Beam Facility at CERN linac, electron, emittance, proton 1098
 
  • Y. Papaphilippou, R. Corsini, Y. Dutheil, L.R. Evans, B. Goddard, A. Grudiev, A. Latina, S. Stapnes
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • T.P.Å. Åkesson
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Lund, Sweden
 
  This paper describes the concept of a primary electron beam facility at CERN, to be used for dark gauge force and light dark matter searches. The electron beam is produced in three stages: A Linac accelerates electrons from a photo-cathode up to 3.5 GeV. This beam is injected into the Super Proton Synchrotron, SPS, and accelerated up to a maximum energy of 16 GeV. Finally, the accelerated beam is slowly extracted to an experiment, possibly followed by a fast dump of the remaining electrons to another beamline. The beam parameters are optimized using the requirements of the Light Dark Matter eXperiment, LDMX, as benchmark.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS098  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS102 Linear and Non-Linear Optics Measurements in PS using Turn-by-Turn BPM Data optics, coupling, sextupole, betatron 1114
 
  • P.K. Skowroński, M. Giovannozzi, A. Huschauer
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  For the first time, the optics of the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS) was measured using turn-by-turn BPM data of forced betatron oscillations excited with an AC dipole. We report results of phase advance and beta beating measurements. Linear coupling was globally minimized along the machine by measuring and correcting coupling resonance driving terms. Finally, non-linear properties of the ring were probed looking at third and fourth order resonance driving terms and amplitude detuning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS102  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUZZPLM1 Operational Results of LHC Collimator Alignment Using Machine Learning alignment, software, collimation, MMI 1208
 
  • G. Azzopardi, A. Muscat, G. Valentino
    University of Malta, Information and Communication Technology, Msida, Malta
  • S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  A complex collimation system is installed in the Large Hadron Collider to protect sensitive equipment from unavoidable beam losses. The collimators are positioned close to the beam in the form of a hierarchy, which is guaranteed by precisely aligning each collimator with a precision of a few tens of micrometers. During past years, collimator alignments were performed semi-automatically*, such that collimation experts had to be present to oversee and control the alignment. In 2018, machine learning was introduced to develop a new fully-automatic alignment tool, which was used for collimator alignments throughout the year. This paper discusses how machine learning was used to automate the alignment, whilst focusing on the operational results obtained when testing the new software in the LHC. Automatically aligning the collimators decreased the alignment time at injection by a factor of three whilst maintaining the accuracy of the results.
*G.Valentino et al., "Semi-automatic beam-based LHC collimator alignment", PRSTAB, no.5, 2012.
 
slides icon Slides TUZZPLM1 [6.060 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUZZPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUZZPLS2 Beam Dynamics, Injection and Impedance Studies for the Proposed Single Pulsed Nonlinear Injection Kicker at the Australian Synchrotron impedance, kicker, synchrotron, storage-ring 1219
 
  • R. Auchettl, R.T. Dowd, Y.E. Tan
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  The Australian Synchrotron are currently investigating the use of a single pulsed nonlinear injection kicker (NLK) to free floor space within the ring for future beamline development. The NLK has a zero and flat magnetic field at the stored beam to leave the stored beam undisturbed but has a maximum field off-axis where the injected beam is located. After the kick, the injected beam is stored. While NLKs have been prototyped at many facilities around the world, injection efficiency and heat loading have been the main impediment to deployment of the NLK. The wakefields that pass through the ceramic chamber aperture can cause severe heat loading and impedance. Despite achieving impressive injection efficiencies, a previous prototype at BESSY II * showed that strong interactions of the stored beam resulted in high heat load causing the thin 5µm Titanium coated ceramic chamber to reach temperatures > 500 °C and fail. To avoid beam induced heat loads, this paper presents studies of the wake impedance and thermal behaviour for our proposed NLK design. Injection simulations and future considerations for installation and operation at the Australian Synchrotron will be discussed.
* T. Atkinson et al., "Development of a non-linear kicker system to facilitate a new injection scheme for the Bessy II storage ring", in Proc. IPAC’11, 2011, THPO024, pp. 3394-3396.
 
slides icon Slides TUZZPLS2 [1.588 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUZZPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP013 New Design of Vacuum Chambers for Radiation Shield Installation at Beam Injection Area of J-PARC RCS vacuum, radiation, damping, flattop 1255
 
  • J. Kamiya, K. Kotoku, Y. Shobuda, T. Takayanagi, K. Yamamoto, T. Yanagibashi
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • K. Horino, N. Miki
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
 
  One of the issues in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron is the high residual radiation dose around the beam injection point. A radiation shield is necessary to reduce radiation exposure of workers when maintenance is performed there. A space to install the radiation shield should be secured by newly designing a structure of the vacuum chamber at the injection point and the alumina ceramics beam pipes for the shift bump magnets. To make the space for the shield, the chamber is lengthened along the beam line and the cross-sectional shape is changed from circle to rectangle. The displacement and inner stress of the vacuum chamber due to atmospheric pressure was evaluated to be enough small by the calculation. For the ceramics beam pipe’s rf-shield, the damping resistor was effective to reduce the induced modulation voltages by the pulsed magnetic field.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP013  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW001 Improvements to Injector System Efficiency at the Australian Synchrotron linac, booster, synchrotron, klystron 1378
 
  • M.P. Lafky, M.P. Atkinson, L.N. Hearder
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
  • P.J. Giansiracusa
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
 
  Funding: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
New instrumentation, software, and hardware upgrades have allowed Operations personnel to increase the overall injector system efficiency from 50% to 80% at the Australian Synchrotron. This paper will provide an overview of the methods used to achieve this result.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW004 Cls 2.2: Ultra-Brilliant Round Beams Using Pseudo Longitudinal Gradient Bends quadrupole, lattice, emittance, coupling 1385
 
  • L.O. Dallin
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
 
  A preliminary design for a new storage for the Canadian Light Source was presented at IPAC’18 (Dallin). More recently a reconfigured lattice was presented at the 6th DLSR workshop. This lattice employed large βy and small βx in the straights. This has several advantages including: increased transverse coherence and brighter beams at small coupling; round beams at small coupling; flatter βy through the straights; and possible off-axis vertical injection at small amplitudes. Most recently longitudinal gradients in the dipoles have been implemented. This has lead to the unit cell bends being replaced by a ’pseudo longitudinal gradient’ bend array: bend1-bend2-bend1. This results in smaller emittance with simple magnet designs while maintaining adequate dynamic aperture for off-axis injection.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW004  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW005 Preparation of the EBS Beam Commissioning SRF, MMI, storage-ring, controls 1388
 
  • S.M. Liuzzo, N. Carmignani, A. Franchi, T.P. Perron, K.B. Scheidt, E.T. Taurel, L. Torino, S.M. White
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  In 2020 the ESRF storage ring will be upgraded to a Hybrid Multi Bend Achromat (HMBA) lattice. The commissioning of the new ring will require dedicated tools, either updated from the existing ones or newly developed. Most of the software and procedures were tested on the existing storage ring before its decommissioning. In particular we present experiments on first-turn steering and beam accumulation, check of magnet polarity and calibration, and injection tuning. The use of a control-system simulator proved to be crucial for the debugging of the software and the development of the new control system, as far as beam measurements and manipulations are concerned.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW005  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW008 PERLE: A High Power Energy Recovery Facility cavity, linac, cryomodule, gun 1396
 
  • W. Kaabi, I. Chaikovska, A. Stocchi, C. Vallerand
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, J.W. McKenzie, B.L. Militsyn, P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • S.A. Bogacz, A. Hutton, F. Marhauser, R.A. Rimmer, C. Tennant
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • S. Bousson, D. Longuevergne, G. Olivier, G. Olry
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • O.S. Brüning, R. Calaga, L. Dassa, F. Gerigk, E. Jensen, P.A. Thonet
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • B. Hounsell, M. Klein, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • E.B. Levichev, Yu.A. Pupkov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  PERLE is a proposed high power Energy Recovery Linac, designed on multi-turn configuration, based on SRF technology, to be hosted at Orsay-France in a col-laborative effort between local laboratories: LAL and IPNO, together with an international collaboration involv-ing today: CERN, JLAB, STFC ASTeC Daresbury, Liverpool University and BINP Novosibirsk. PERLE will be a unique leading edge facility designed to push advances in accelerator technology, to provide intense and highly flexible test beams for component development. In its final configuration, PERLE provides a 500 MeV elec-tron beam using high current (20 mA) acceleration during three passes through 801.6 MHz cavities. This presenta-tion outlines the technological choices, the lattice design and the main component descriptions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW008  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW009 THE ESRF FROM 1988 TO 2018, 30 YEARS OF INNOVATION AND OPERATION operation, SRF, vacuum, emittance 1400
 
  • J.-L. Revol, L. Farvacque, L. Hardy, P. Raimondi
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  In 1988, eleven European countries joined forces to build the European Synchrotron Facility in Grenoble [France]. The ESRF was the first third-generation light source worldwide. After 30 years of innovation and user operation, the present storage ring was shut down to leave room for a new and brighter source. This paper describes the evolution of the facility from its origin to the Ex-tremely Bright Source (EBS). Firstly, the operational aspects including reliability and beam modes are consid-ered. This is followed by the presentation of the progress of lattice and the implementation of top-up. Finally, the development of the radio frequency and vacuum systems are discussed. To conclude, the lessons learned from 30 years operation are summarized, especially in view of EBS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW009  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW016 New Operation Regimes at the Storage Ring KARA at KIT lattice, optics, operation, simulation 1422
 
  • A.I. Papash, E. Blomley, T. Boltz, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, S. Casalbuoni, J. Gethmann, E. Huttel, B. Kehrer, A. Mochihashi, A.-S. Müller, R. Ruprecht, M. Schuh, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  The storage ring Karlsruhe Research Accelerator (KARA) at KIT operates in a wide energy range from 0.5 to 2.5 GeV. Initially, the ring was designed to serve as a Light Source for synchrotron radiation facility ANKA. Since then different operation modes have been implemented at KARA: in particular, the double bend achromat (DBA) lattice with non-dispersive straight sections, the theoretical minimum emittance (TME) lattice with distributed dispersion, and different versions of low compaction factor optics with highly stretched dispersion function. Short bunches of a few ps pulse width are available at KARA. Low alpha optics have been tested and implemented in a wide operational range of the ring and are now routinely used at 1.3 GeV for studies of CSR-induced beam dynamics and THz bursting in the micro-bunching instability. Different non-linear effects, in particular, residual high order components of magnetic fields generated in insertion devices have been studied and cured. A new operation mode at high vertical tune implemented at KARA essentially improves beam performance during user operation as well as at low alpha regimes.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW016  
About • paper received ※ 23 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW020 Non-Linear Features of the cSTART Project storage-ring, quadrupole, sextupole, lattice 1437
 
  • B. Härer, E. Bründermann, A.B. Kaiser, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, R. Ruprecht, J.M. Schaefer, M. Schuh
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  The compact storage ring for accelerator research and technology (cSTART) is being designed and will be realized at the Institute for Beam Physics and Technology (IBPT) of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). One important goal of the project is to demonstrate injection and storage of a laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA) beam in a storage ring. As a first stage the compact linear accelerator FLUTE will serve as an injector of 50 MeV bunches to test the ring’s performance. A highly non-linear lattice of DBA-FDF type was studied extensively. The specific features of ring optics are reported. A special transfer line from FLUTE to cSTART including bunch compressor and non-linear elements is presented that maintains the ultra-short bunch length of FLUTE.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW020  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW021 An Accelerator Toolbox (AT) Utility for Simulating the Commissioning of Storage-Rings MMI, lattice, simulation, alignment 1441
 
  • T. Hellert, Ph. Amstutz, C. Steier, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  We present the development of an AT-based toolkit, which allows for realistic commissioning simulations of storage ring light sources by taking into account a multitude of error sources as well as diligently treating beam diagnostic limitations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW021  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW022 Commissioning Simulation Study for the Accumulator Ring of the Advanced Light Source Upgrade MMI, lattice, quadrupole, simulation 1445
 
  • T. Hellert, Ph. Amstutz, M.P. Ehrlichman, S.C. Leemann, C. Steier, C. Sun, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The Advanced Light Source Upgrade (ALS-U) to a diffraction-limited soft x-rays light source requires the construction of an Accumulator Ring (AR) to enable swap-out, on-axis injection. The AR lattice is a Triple-Bend-Achromat lattice similar to that of the current ALS but to minimize the magnet sizes the vacuum chamber will be significantly narrower hence requiring a careful evaluation of the magnets’ field quality. This work presents the results of a detailed error tolerance study including a complete simulation of the commissioning process.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW022  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW029 The Injection System and the Injector Complex for PETRA IV emittance, kicker, gun, booster 1465
 
  • J.X. Zhang, I.V. Agapov, H. Ehrlichmann, X.N. Gavaldà, M. Hüning, J. Keil, F. Obier, M. Schmitz, R. Wanzenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  PETRA IV project is to upgrade PETRA III to a synchrotron radiation source with an ultra-low emittance. Due to the small dynamic aperture of the PETRA IV storage ring, a horizontal on-axis injection is prepared. In this paper, the preliminary study of the injection scheme is described. To meet the requirements of the on-axis injection, a plan of a new injector complex, including the Gun, the LINAC and the accumulator is shown in this paper. Several options are discussed in this paper, too.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW029  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW035 A Highly Brilliant Compact 3 GeV Light Source Project in Japan emittance, cavity, storage-ring, linac 1478
 
  • N. Nishimori
    National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Sayo-cho, Japan
  • H. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Watanabe
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo, Japan
 
  A highly brilliant compact 3 GeV light source project was proposed in Japan. The light source would be constructed in Sendai, north-east part of Japan. It provides brilliant soft X-ray beam to widely cover wavelengths ranging from EUV to hard X-ray in Japan together with SPring-8. The accelerator system is now mostly designed except for several linac components and so on. We have chosen a 4-bend achromat lattice to achieve a low emittance keeping a small circumference with a rather relaxed space issue. The number of cells is 16 and the ring circumference is about 350 m. Number of available beam lines are 26 including short straight sections for multi-pole wigglers. Horizontal emittance is expected to be around 1.1 nmrad, and the maximum brilliance may exceed 1021 at 1 - 3 keV region with a stored current of 400 mA. The designs of many components such as vacuum chambers, magnets and monitors are employed from those studied for SPring-8 upgrade project. A full energy injector linac equipped with a thermionic gun and C-band accelerating structures is employed to produce sufficiently low emittance beams for efficient beam injections. The C-band system is adopted from those developed for XFEL SACLA with some modifications. In the future, the injector would be upgraded as an electron driver for SXFEL. Details of the project and accelerator system will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW035  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW046 Progress of Lattice Design and Physics Studies on the High Energy Photon Source lattice, storage-ring, booster, photon 1510
 
  • Y. Jiao, X. Cui, Z. Duan, Y.Y. Guo, P. He, X.Y. Huang, D. Ji, C. Li, J.Y. Li, X.Y. Li, C. Meng, Y.M. Peng, Q. Qin, S.K. Tian, J.Q. Wang, N. Wang, Y. Wei, G. Xu, H.S. Xu, F. Yan, C.H. Yu, Y.L. Zhao
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is an ul-tralow-emittance, kilometer-scale storage ring light source to be built in China. In this paper we will introduce the progress of the physics design and related studies of HEPS over the past year, covering issues in storage ring lattice design, injection and injector design, insertion device effects, error study and lattice calibration, collective effects, etc.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW046  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW048 Simulation of Injection Efficiency for the High Energy Photon Source booster, storage-ring, kicker, extraction 1514
 
  • Z. Duan, J. Chen, Y.Y. Guo, D. Ji, Y. Jiao, C. Meng, Y.M. Peng, Xu. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (No.11605212).
A ’high-energy accumulation’ scheme [1] was proposed to deliver the full charge bunches for the swap-out injec- tion of the High Energy Photon Source. In this scheme, the depleted storage ring bunches are recovered via merging with small charge bunches in the booster, before being refilled into the storage ring. In particular, the high charge bunches are transferred twice between the storage ring and the booster, and thus it is essential to maintain a near per- fect transmission efficiency in the whole process. In this paper, major error effects affecting the transmission efficiency are analyzed and their tolerances are summarized, injection simulations indicate a satisfactory transmission efficiency is achievable for the present baseline lattice.
* Z. Duan, et al., "The swap-out injection scheme for the High Energy Photon Source", Proc. IPAC’18, THPMF052
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW048  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW052 STUDY OF THE RAMPING PROCESS FOR HEPS BOOSTER booster, storage-ring, damping, lattice 1521
 
  • Y.M. Peng, J.Y. Li, C. Meng, H.S. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is a 6-GeV, ul-tralow-emittance storage ring light source to be built in Huairou District, Beijing, China. The beam energy ramps from 500 MeV to 6 GeV in 400 ms, during which the RF voltage increases accordingly to keep the momentum acceptance large enough. The booster is designed to operate at 1 Hz repetition frequency. In this paper the energy ramping curve, RF choice, beam parameters changing curves and eddy current effect in HEPS booster will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW052  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW053 Simulations of the Injection Transient Instabilities for the High Energy Photon Source feedback, simulation, lattice, storage-ring 1524
 
  • Z. Duan, N. Wang, H.S. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (No.11605212).
A "charge recovery in booster" scheme* was proposed to deliver the full charge bunches for the swap-out injection of the High Energy Photon Source. In this scheme, the booster is employed also as a full energy accumulator ring to capture the high charge bunch extracted from the storage ring via merging with the small charge bunch accelerated in the booster, after enough damping in the booster for about 20 ms, the recovered full charge bunch is re-injected into the storage ring. This scheme avoids the challenges to accelerate a bunch charge of ~ 15 nC, and is cost effective compared to building a dedicated 6 GeV accumulator ring. However, there will be a period of time during injection that one bunch is missing in the storage ring, which inevitably introduces some injection transients. Since "transparency" to the user experiments is a desired feature of injection schemes for next generation diffraction-limited storage rings, the injection transient effects are simulated for the proposed injection scheme, and how it would affect the user experiments are carefully evaluated.
* Z. Duan, et al., "The swap-out injection scheme for the High Energy Photon Source", Proc. IPAC’18, THPMF052
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW053  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW061 First Study for an Upgrade of the ALBA Lattice lattice, emittance, optics, dipole 1544
 
  • G. Benedetti, U. Iriso, Z. Martí, F. Pérez
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  ALBA has started a study that will produce the design of a new lattice for a diffraction limited photon source. The baseline lattice should preserve the present circumference and energy, and keep the insertion device beamline source points as much as possible unchanged. The first solution is a 16-fold periodic ring based on a 7BA cell with dispersion bump, paired sextupoles and anti-bends. An emittance of 155 pm·rad would be reached without longitudinal gradient in the dipole magnets.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW061  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW063 Studying the Dynamic Influence on the Stored Beam From a Coating in a Multipole Injection Kicker emittance, operation, kicker, simulation 1547
 
  • J. Kallestrup, Å. Andersson, J. Breunlin, D.K. Olsson, P.F. Tavares
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • P. Alexandre, R. Ben El Fekih
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The MAX IV 3 GeV ring is the first synchrotron light source utilizing the Multi-Bend Achromat scheme to achieve a low horizontal bare-lattice emittance of 328 pm rad providing high brilliance x-rays for users. A novel Multipole Injection Kicker (MIK) designed and constructed by SOLEIL is used to allow top-up operation with only minor disturbances to the stored beam, i.e., the users. We investigate the stored beam perturbations due to quadrupole fields arising during the MIK pulse, originating from its inner coating. Maximum bunch emittance growth of §I{21}{πco\meter\radian} was found in simulations. Measurements of the stored beam impact are performed and found to be in good agreement with simulations. We conclude that the MIK at MAX IV 3 GeV has the potential to deliver quasi-transparent injections with good capture efficiency.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW063  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW071 Optimization and Measurements on the Double Mini-Betay Lattice in the TPS Storage Ring lattice, betatron, storage-ring, dynamic-aperture 1567
 
  • M.-S. Chiu, B.Y. Chen, C.H. Chen, J.Y. Chen, Y.-S. Cheng, P.C. Chiu, P.J. Chou, T.W. Hsu, K.H. Hu, J.C. Huang, P.Y. Huang, C.-C. Kuo, T.Y. Lee, C.Y. Liao, W.Y. Lin, Y.-C. Liu, H.-J. Tsai, F.H. Tseng
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) is capable of operat-ing in multi-bunch and single-bunch mode. To operate in a hybrid mode as requested by users, we developed a lattice with chromaticities of 0.8/2 (x/y) to provide higher single bunch currents. Beam dynamics simulations and lattice characterizations including dynamic aperture, frequency map analysis, tune shift with energy, tune shift with amplitude, and betatron coupling will be discussed in this report.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW071  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW072 Design and Optimization of Full Energy Injector Linac for Siam Photon Source II linac, storage-ring, emittance, simulation 1570
 
  • T. Chanwattana, P. Klysubun, T. Pulampong, P. Sudmuang
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  The new Thailand synchrotron light source, Siam Photon Source II (SPS-II), has been designed based on a 3 GeV storage ring with a Double-Triple Bend Achromat (DTBA) lattice and a full energy injector linac. The linac consists of an S-band photocathode RF gun, C-band accelerating structures and two magnetic chicanes. In addition to its main function as the storage ring injector, the linac is capable of producing sub-picosecond electron bunches for additional short-pulse beamlines at the end of the linac. The linac also has a potential to become a driver of a soft X-ray Free Electron Laser (FEL) operating adjacent to the storage ring. In this paper, start-to-end simulations of the full energy linac are presented. Optimization was performed in order to fulfil requirements for both storage ring injection and short pulse generation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW072  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW088 Removal and Installation Planning for the Advanced Light Source - Upgrade Project storage-ring, MMI, vacuum, shielding 1609
 
  • D. Leitner, P.W. Casey, K. Chow, D.F. Fuller, M. Leitner, A.J. Lodge, M. Lopez, J. Niu, P. Novak, C. Steier, S.P. Virostek, W.L. Waldron
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The ALS-U project is a proposed upgrade to the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Berkeley Lab that aims to deliver diffraction limited performance in the soft x-ray range. By lowering the horizontal emittance to about 70 pm rad, the brightness for soft x-rays will increase two orders of magnitude compared to the current ALS. The design utilizes a nine-bend achromat lattice, with reverse bending magnets and on-axis swap-out injection utilizing an accumulator ring. This paper will describe the preliminary plans for the installation of the new three-bend achromat accumulator ring (AR) in the existing tunnel and for replacing the current storage ring with the new nine-bend achromat lattice. The AR will be installed during regular maintenance shutdowns while the ALS continues to operate. The SR will be replaced during a nine months installation period followed by three months of commissioning during the twelve darktime period.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW088  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW106 Present Status of the PF-ring and PF-AR Operations operation, photon, undulator, ECR 1654
 
  • R. Takai, T. Honda, Y. Kobayashi, S. Nagahashi
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Photon Factory at KEK has been managing two synchrotron radiation sources, the PF-ring and PF-AR, for over 30 years. Although their operation time has been decreasing in recent years for budget reasons, continuous efforts to improve their performance have been made. In this paper, the operational status of these light sources for FY2018 is described. At the PF-ring, a first-generation undulator was renewed with the beamline components. A vacuum chamber for the new undulator was applied the NEG coating on the inner surface. This is the first attempt in Japanese light sources that the NEG-coated chamber is used for undulators. At the PF-AR, the top-up injection using the direct beam transport line was introduced to the user operation for the first time. Since modification of the beam injector LINAC for enabling simultaneous injection to the four different rings (the PF-ring, PF-AR, SuperKEKB HER and LER) was completed, this top-up operation no longer disturbs the operation of the other three rings. A low-energy operation of the PF-AR was also tested to secure more operation time within the limited budget.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW106  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB001 Nanosecond Pulsing for Tandem Accelerator controls, bunching, linac, experiment 1673
 
  • P. Linardakis, N.R. Lobanov, D.C. Tempra
    Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capitol Territory, Australia
 
  Funding: The Australian Federal Government Superscience/EIF funding under the NCRIS mechanism
A pulsed system capable of delivering up to a few microampere bursts of ions with mass range M=1 - 100 amu with a duration of approximately 1 ns is described. The system consists of a negative ion source, three frequency harmonic buncher - which uses the entire tandem electrostatic accelerator as a drift path to produce bunched ion bursts at the targets or linac entry - and high energy choppers. The buncher consists of a single acceleration gap with aligned retractable grids.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB081 Beam Motion and Photon Flux Dips during Injection at the Taiwan Photon Source kicker, photon, betatron, vacuum 1848
 
  • C.H. Huang, H.-P. Chang, C.H. Chen, Y.-S. Cheng, P.C. Chiu, C.-S. Fann, K.T. Hsu, K.H. Hu, C.Y. Liao, Y.-C. Liu, C.Y. Wu
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan photon source (TPS) is a 3 GeV synchrotron light source now in routine operation at the NSRRC. At the beginning of beam commissioning, significant photon flux dips could be observed at injection due to a blow-up of the beam size. To eliminate this transient effect, all four kickers were rematched. The leakage field was shielded and the induced current loops at vacuum chambers in the injection area were also eliminated. These efforts reduced the horizontal betatron oscillations and orbit distortions to around one-tenth. In order to decrease the recovery time of photon dips during injection, the operational chromaticity was reduced to improve incoherent effects. After all those improvements, the photon flux dips during injection dropped to 30 % and the recovery time to less than 1 msec.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB081  
About • paper received ※ 17 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS008 The Pulsing Chopper-Based System of the Arronax C70XP Cyclotron cyclotron, controls, solenoid, proton 1948
 
  • F. Poirier
    CNRS - DR17, RENNES, France
  • G. Blain, M. Fattahi, F. Haddad, J. Vandenborre
    SUBATECH, Nantes, France
  • F. Bulteau-harel, X. Goiziou, C. Koumeir, A. Letaeron, F. Poirier
    Cyclotron ARRONAX, Saint-Herblain, France
 
  Funding: This work is, in part, supported by a grant from the French National Agency for Research called "Investissements d’Avenir", Equipex Arronax-Plus noANR-11-EQPX-0004 and LabexIRON noANR-11-LABX-18-01.
The Arronax Public Interest Group (GIP) uses a multi-particle cyclotron to perform irradiation from a few pA up to hundreds of uA on various experiments and targets *. To support further low intensity usage and extend the beam time structure required for experiments such as pulsed experiments studies (radiolysis, proton therapeutic irradiation) and high intensity impact studies, it has been devised a pulsing system in the injection of the cyclotron. This system combines the use of a chopper, low frequency switch, and a control system based on the new extended EPICS network. This paper details the pulsing system adopted at Arronax, the last results in terms of time structure, various low intensity experimental studies performed with alpha and proton beams and the dedicated photon diagnostics.
* F.Poirier et al., "Studies and Upgrades on the C70 Cyclotron Arronax", CYC16, September 2016, TUD02.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS008  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS023 A CENTRAL REGION UPGRADE OF THE k800 SUPERCONDUCTING CYCLOTRON AT INFN-LNS cyclotron, extraction, simulation, acceleration 1975
 
  • G. D’Agostino, L. Calabretta, D. Rifuggiato
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • W.J.G.M. Kleeven
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
 
  The Superconducting Cyclotron (CS) at INFN-LNS in Catania is currently under an upgrade process. The plan is to deliver beams of ions with mass number 𝐴 ≤ 40 with power up to 10 kW. This ambitious goal can be achieved increasing the efficiency of the injection and extraction processes. An extraction efficiency close to 100% is expected by extracting the specific ion beams from the CS by stripping and no longer by electrostatic deflectors. The beams are injected axially and bent onto the median plane with a spiral inflector. Currently, the injection efficiency stays around 15%, also including the effect of a drift buncher placed in the axial injection line. In order to increase the injection efficiency, the study of an upgraded CS central region is ongoing at INFN-LNS. In this paper, the results of simulations of beam tracking through the cyclotron axial bore, the spiral inflector, the central region and further up to the extraction system are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS023  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS028 Extraction System of Upgraded AVF Cyclotron of RCNP proton, extraction, cyclotron, septum 1993
 
  • M. Nakao, M. Fukuda, S. Hara, T. Hara, K. Hatanaka, K. Kamakura, H. Kanda, H.W. Koay, S. Morinobu, Y. Morita, K. Nagayama, T. Saito, K. Takeda, H. Tamura, Y. Yasuda, T. Yorita
    RCNP, Osaka, Japan
 
  The AVF cyclotron of RCNP have been utilized for the purposes of basic research in physics, RI production for medicine and industrial applications as well as injector of ring cyclotron. Increasing beam intensity without decreasing beam quality can make improvements in all purposes. The improvement and repair of the AVF cyclotron are being carried out currently. We designed the new LEBT, injection, acceleration and extraction systems and we report on the extraction system here. High extraction efficiency is indispensable when increasing the beam intensity since beam loss causes activation of apparatus. New extraction system consists of deflector electrodes and two gradient correctors and probes. One gradient corrector causes a horizontally focus effect on the beam and the other causes horizontally defocus effect to avoid spreading of the beam with strong defocus effect caused by the main cyclotron magnetic field. Simulation study confirmed that 10 MeV proton, 65 MeV proton and 140 MeV alpha particles with 2 mm × 3 mrad could pass through the newly designed extraction system and the existing beam transport line. Beam simulation has been performed by utilizing SNOP* and OPAL** codes.
* SNOP V.L. Smirnov, S.B. Vorozhtsov, Proc. of RUPAC2012 TUPPB008 325 (2012)
** The OPAL (Object Oriented Parallel Accelerator Library) Framework, Andreas Adelmann et al., PSI-PR-08-02, (2008-2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS028  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS033 J-PARC RCS: High-Order Field Components Inherent in the Injection Bump Magnets and Their Effects on the Circulating Beam During Multi-Turn Injection resonance, simulation, sextupole, operation 2009
 
  • H. Hotchi, H. Harada, T. Takayanagi
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  The J-PARC RCS utilizes four sets of pulsed dipole magnets for the formation of injection orbit bump. The injection bump magnets have a large aspect ratio (gap length/core length), so there are other high-order field components inherent in their magnetic fields in addition to the main dipole component. The high-order field components, which locally exist in the injection section not following the lattice super-periodicity, have a significant influence on the circulating beam during multi-turn injection via the excitation of high-order random betatron resonances. This paper discusses the detailed mechanism of emittance growth and beam loss caused by the high-order field components of the injection bump magnets including its correction scenario on the basis of numerical simulation and experimental results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS033  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS048 Preliminary Study on the Injection System Upgrade for CSNS-II simulation, linac, power-supply, neutron 2037
 
  • S. Wang, M.Y. Huang, S.Y. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. U1832210)
The first phase of the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS-I) had completed the national acceptance in August, 2018. The physics design of the second phase (CSNS-II) has already begun. The CSNS-II accelerator upgrade contains three main components, including the Linac energy upgrade from 80 MeV to 300 MeV, injection system upgrade, and new Magnetic Alloy dual-harmonic cavity. In this paper, a preliminary study on the injection system upgrade had been done. A preliminary upgrade scheme for the injection system would be given. Furthermore, some preliminary simulation and calculation for the upgrade injection system had been carried out. The analysis results showed that most injection parameters can preliminarily meet the requirements of accelerator power upgrade.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS048  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS068 Progress on Design Studies for the ISIS II Upgrade lattice, proton, synchrotron, neutron 2075
 
  • J.-B. Lagrange, D.J. Adams, C. Brown, H.V. Cavanagh, I.S.K. Gardner, P.T. Griffin-Hicks, B. Jones, D.J. Kelliher, A.P. Letchford, S. Machida, B.G. Pine, C.R. Prior, C.T. Rogers, J.W.G. Thomason, C.M. Warsop, R.E. Williamson
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak, J.K. Pozimski
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak, J.K. Pozimski
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • G.H. Rees
    STFC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  ISIS, the spallation neutron source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK, uses a 50 Hz, 800 MeV proton RCS to provide a beam power of 0.2 MW, delivered in 0.4 us long pulses. Detailed studies are now under way for a major upgrade. Accelerator designs using FFAs, conventional accumulator and synchrotron rings are being considered for the required MW beam power. This paper summarises the scope of the different research incorporating results from recent target studies and user consultations. Preliminary results for Fixed Field Alternating gradient (FFA) rings and conventional rings located in the existing ISIS synchrotron hall are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS068  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS086 SNS Proton Power Upgrade Status klystron, power-supply, DTL, linac 2124
 
  • M.A. Plum, D.E. Anderson, C.N. Barbier, M.S. Champion, M.S. Connell, J. Galambos, M.M. Harvey, M.P. Howell, S.-H. Kim, J. Moss, B.W. Riemer, R. W. Steffey
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  Funding: Work performed at (or work supported by) Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy.
The Proton Power Upgrade (PPU) project at the Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source aims to double the beam power capability of the accelerator, from 1.4 to 2.8 MW. This will be done by a 30% increase in beam energy (from 1.0 to 1.3 GeV), and a 50% increase in beam current (from 25 to 38 mA averaged over a macropulse). The project is now well underway, after receiving approval to start preliminary design in April 2018. In this paper we will discuss recent technical developments in the project, including the warm linac RF system upgrade, a new topology for the high voltage converter modulators, an engineering review of the power capability of the injection dump, and a 2-MW-capability for the existing target station.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS086  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEXXPLS1 Magnetron R&D for High Efficiency CW RF Sources of Particle Accelerators cavity, electron, controls, klystron 2233
 
  • H. Wang, R.M. Nelson, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • B.R.L. Coriton, C.P. Moeller
    GA, San Diego, California, USA
  • A. Dudas, M.L. Neubauer
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177, DOE OS/NP STTR Grant DE-SC0013203 and DOE OS/HEP Accelerator Stewardship award 2019-2021.
The scheme of using a high efficiency magnetron to drive a superconducting or normal conducting radio frequency accelerator cavity needs not only injection phase locking but also amplitude modulation to compensate for the cavity’s microphonics, frequency change, variations of cavity voltage and beam current. To be able to do a fast and efficient modulation and to compensate the frequency pushing effect due to the anode current change, the magnetron’s magnetic field has to be trimmed by an external coil*. To facilitate this, a low eddy current magnetron body has been designed and built**. This paper will present the experimental results of such modulation on a conventional 2.45 GHz magnetron at the R&D test stand. In addition, the progresses on the injection lock test to a new 1497 MHz, 13kW magnetron prototype aimed for the CEBAF klystron replacement with newly built low level RF (LLRF) controller for the amplitude modulation will be reported. Based on these R&D results, a 915MHz, 2×75kW CW industrial heating type magnetron system is being developed to be used for the high efficiency (>80%) RF source to the electron accelerator for industrial applications.
* H. Wang, et al,THPAL145, proceedings of IPAC 2018.
** M. Neubauer, et al,THPAL042, proceedings of IPAC 2018.
 
slides icon Slides WEXXPLS1 [8.033 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEXXPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEYPLM1 Status of Circular Electron-Positron Collider and Super Proton-Proton Collider collider, luminosity, booster, cavity 2244
 
  • C.H. Yu, S. Bai, X. Cui, J. Gao, H. Geng, D.J. Gong, D. Ji, Y.D. Liu, C. Meng, Q. Qin, J.Y. Tang, D. Wang, N. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, J.Y. Zhai, Y. Zhang, H.J. Zheng, Y.S. Zhu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Circular electron-positron collider (CEPC) is a dedi-cated project proposed by China to research the Higgs boson. The collider ring provides e+ e collision at two interaction points (IP). The luminosity for the Higgs mode at the beam energy of 120GeV is 3*1034 cm-2s-1 at each IP while the synchrotron radiation (SR) power per beam is 30MW. Furthermore, CEPC is compatible with W and Z experiments, for which the beam energies are 80 GeV and 45.5 GeV respectively. The luminosity at the Z mode is higher than 1.7*1035 cm-2s-1 per IP. Top-up operation is available during the data taking of high energy physics. Super Proton-Proton Collider (SPPC) is envisioned to be an extremely powerful machine, with centre mass energy of 75 TeV, a nominal luminosity of 1.0*1035 cm-2s-1 per IP, and an integrated luminosity of 30 ab-1 assuming 2 interaction points and ten years of running. The status of CEPC and SPPC will be introduced in detail in this paper.  
slides icon Slides WEYPLM1 [11.814 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEYPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEYYPLS1 Muon G-2: An Interplay between Beam Dynamics and a Muon Decay Experiment at the Precision Frontier experiment, storage-ring, proton, detector 2266
 
  • M.J. Syphers
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work has been partially funded by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics.
The Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab (E989) will use the higher proton flux delivered by the Fermilab accelerator complex and improvements to the experimental apparatus to measure the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon to unprecedented precision. In addition to the increased statistics beyond the most recent measurement, the experiment relies on detailed understanding of the beam dynamics in the experiment’s storage ring as well as the incoming muon beam properties for proper assessments of systematic errors in the data analysis. Modeling and measurements of beam and storage ring properties, from proton targeting to muon storage, produce a unique unification of particle beam physics with a high energy physics experiment. Here the beam dynamics issues and analysis techniques essential to the g-2 experiment are presented and discussed.
 
slides icon Slides WEYYPLS1 [12.990 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEYYPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEZZPLS2 EuPRAXIA, a Step Toward a Plasma-Wakefield Based Accelerator With High Beam Quality plasma, laser, acceleration, emittance 2291
 
  • P.A.P. Nghiem, A. Chancé
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Alesini, E. Chiadroni, M. Croia, A. Del Dotto, M. Ferrario, A. Giribono, R. Pompili, S. Romeo, V. Shpakov, A. Stella, C. Vaccarezza
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • A. Aschikhin, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, A. Ferran Pousa, V. Libov, B. Marchetti, A. Martinez de la Ossa, D. Marx, P. Niknejadi, L. Schaper, E.N. Svystun, P.A. Walker, M.K. Weikum, J. Zhu
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • T. Audet, B. Cros, P. Lee, G. Maynard
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
  • A. Beck, F. Massimo, A. Specka
    LLR, Palaiseau, France
  • M. Chen, S.M. Weng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • A. Cianchi
    Università di Roma II Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
  • J.A. Clarke
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.-E. Couprie, A. Ghaith, D. Oumbarek Espinos
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • G. Dattoli, F. Nguyen
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • N. Delerue
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • R.A. Fonseca, L.O. Silva
    Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
  • L.A. Gizzi, G. Toci, P. Tomassini
    INO-CNR, Pisa, Italy
  • A. Helm
    IST-UTL, Lisbon, Portugal
  • B. Hidding
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • S.M. Hooker, R. Walczak
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • M.G. Ibison, M. Vujanovic, C.P. Welsch, J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • D.A. Jaroszynski, F.Y. Li, Z.M. Sheng, S.M. Wiggins, S. Yoffe
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • K.O. Kruchinin, A.Y. Molodozhentsev
    ELI-BEAMS, Prague, Czech Republic
  • L. Labate
    CNR/IPP, Pisa, Italy
  • X. Li
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • F. Mathieu
    LULI, Palaiseau, France
  • Z. Mazzotta
    Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
  • T.J. Mehrling
    LBNL, Berkeley, USA
  • A. Mosnier, C. Simon
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Mostacci
    Rome University La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
  • Z. Najmudin
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • R. Pattathil, D. Symes
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • A.R. Rossi
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
  • T. Silva, J.M. Vieira
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  • M.J.V. Streeter
    JAI, London, United Kingdom
  • D. Terzani
    UniNa, Napoli, Italy
 
  Funding: European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 653782
The EuPRAXIA project aims at designing the world’s first accelerator based on plasma-wakefield advanced technique, which can deliver a 5 GeV electron beam with simultaneously high charge, low emittance and low energy spread to user’s communities. Such challenging objectives can only have a chance to be achieved when particular efforts are dedicated to identify the subsequent issues and to find the way to solve them. Many injection/acceleration schemes and techniques have been explored by means of thorough simulations in more than ten European institutes to sort out the most appropriate ones. The specific issues of high charge, high beam quality and beam extraction then transfer to the user’s applications, have been tackled with many innovative approaches*. This article highlights the different advanced methods that have been employed by the EuPRAXIA collaboration and the preliminary results obtained. The needs in terms of laser and plasma parameters for such an accelerator are also summarized.
*- in 2017: Phys. Plasmas, 24,10,103120; Nat. Commun.8,15705; - in 2018: NIMA, 909,84-89; NIMA, 909,49-53; Phys. Rev.Acc. Beams, 21,111301; NIMA, 909,54-57; Phys. Rev.Acc. Beams, 21,052802; NIMA, 909,282-285
 
slides icon Slides WEZZPLS2 [5.157 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEZZPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 12 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP001 Proposed Nonlinear Injection Kicker for the Australian Synchrotron kicker, synchrotron, storage-ring, vacuum 2300
 
  • R. Auchettl, Y.E. Tan
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  Future beamline development at the Australian Synchrotron requires free floor space within the straights for a short undulator and relocation of diagnostics. Our current injection method uses a four-dipole kicker configuration that perturbs the stored beam during injection while also taking up approximately 4 meters of valuable space. To free this valuable space and provide transparent injections to the beamlines, a single pulsed nonlinear magnetic field kicker (NLK) will be deployed. The NLK has a flat and zero field at the stored beam but maximum field where the injected beam is located off-axis. NLKs deflect only the injected beam, leaving the stored beam undisturbed. NLKs have been extensively prototyped by many facilities around the world already and can produce injection efficiencies of 99 % (see e.g. *). This paper presents the preliminary magnet design for installation of a NLK at the Australian Synchrotron. We discuss the beam dynamics and thermal transfer constraints on kicker placement, field-flatness and the magnet and ceramic chamber design for adaptation to our 3 GeV beam. Installation plans and other constraints for future deployment are also outlined.
* T. Pulampong and R. Bartolini, "A Non-linear Injection Kicker for Diamond Light Source", in: Proc. IPAC’13, pp. 2268-2270.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP009 Renovation of Off-Axis Beam Injection Scheme for Next-Generation Photon Sources septum, vacuum, kicker, photon 2318
 
  • S. Takano, K. Fukami, C. Kondo, M. Masaki, M. Oishi, M. Shoji, K. Tamura, T. Taniuchi, T. Watanabe, K. Yanagida
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • H. Akikawa, K. Sato
    Nihon Koshuha Co. Ltd, Yokohama, Japan
  • K. Fukami, T. Hara, T. Inagaki, C. Kondo, M. Oishi, S. Takano, H. Tanaka, T. Watanabe
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan
  • K. Hamato, J. Kataoka, K. Kusano, K. Ogata, Y. Saito
    TOKIN, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by Ministry of education, culture, sports, science and technology JAPAN (MEXT).
Photon sources are looking for performance upgrades by pursuing higher photon brilliance and coherence these years. The trend is pushing the lattice design to lower the beam emittance, which naturally results in the narrower dynamic aperture. One bottleneck in the upgrades is a beam injection system capable of accumulating required beam intensity and keeping top-up operations with such narrow apertures. Beam injection with a nonlinear kicker and transverse/longitudinal on-axis injections are now in the limelight. However, these techniques still need time to be put into practical use. We take an alternative approach for the SPring-8 upgrade, SPring-8-II, renovating the off-axis beam injection scheme to address the following requirements for the coming diffraction-limited storage rings (DLSRs): minimizing of both injection beam amplitude and perturbation to stored beam, and topping-up functionality. This presentation will overview the renewed off-axis beam injection scheme and report the development status of the following three key components: 1) permanent magnet based DC septum magnet, 2) in-vacuum pulse septum magnet, and 3) twin kickers driven by a single solid state pulser.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP009  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP010 8 Gev Slow Extraction Beam Test for Muon to Electron Conversion Search Experiment at J-PARC kicker, extraction, timing, electron 2322
 
  • M. Tomizawa, Y. Arakaki, Y. Fukao, Y. Hashimoto, Y. Igarashi, T. Kimura, S. Mihara, M. Moritsu, S. Murasugi, R. Muto, H. Nishiguchi, K. Okamura, Y. Shirakabe, K. Ueno, E. Yanaoka
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Fujii
    Monash University, Faculty of Science, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
  • F. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  A muon to electron conversion search experiment (COMET) planned at J-PARC needs 8 GeV bunched proton beams with a continuous 1 MHz pulse structure. In this experiment, an intensity ratio of the residual to the main pulsed beam, which is expressed as extinction, should be less than the level of 10-10. In RUN78 (Jan. to Feb., 2018), we have succeeded in slow extraction of 8 GeV protons with 7.3×1012 ppp, satisfies the COMET phase-I requirement, and the extinction derived from a timing measurement of secondary particles from the target shows a promising result. A mechanism to explain the measured extinction will be also described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP010  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP011 Residual Orbits Estimation of the Injection Painting Bumps for CSNS MMI, neutron, dipole, operation 2326
 
  • M.Y. Huang, S. Wang, S.Y. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. U1832210)
There are three bumps (one chicane bump and two painting bumps) in the injection system of the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). They are the core parts of the injection system and the important guarantee that the Linac beam injecting into the rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). During the beam commissioning, to check the effect of the residual orbits of the three bumps in the injection region was an important problem. In this paper, the residual orbits of BH and BV painting bumps were studied and estimated in the beam commissioning. The data analysis results showed that the residual orbits of BH and BV painting bumps were very small and they didn’t need to be corrected.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP011  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP012 Beam Loss and the Stripping Efficiency Measurement for CSNS Injection System operation, MMI, neutron, proton 2329
 
  • M.Y. Huang, S. Wang, S.Y. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. U1832210)
The injection beam loss is the main beam loss of the rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) for the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). After the optimization of injection system during the beam commissioning, the current injection beam loss for CSNS/RCS is approximately 1%. There are several sources of injection beam loss. In order to distinguish these different sources, the stripping efficiency of the main stripping foil should be studied and measured accurately. In this paper, a scheme for the accurate measurement of the stripping efficiency for CSNS will be proposed and studied. It can not only reduce the injection beam loss, but also be used to estimate the operation state and lifespan of the main stripping foil accurately. This method will be applied in future beam commissioning.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP012  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP015 Status of the R&D for HALS Injection System kicker, septum, storage-ring, vacuum 2335
 
  • L. Shang, W. Liu, Y. Lu, F.L. Shang, W.B. Song, Z.B. Sun
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) is a diffraction-limited synchrotron radiation source proposed by the NSRL. A comprehensive R&D program funded by the local government was initiated in the end of 2017. The program focuses on the key technologies including the injection, magnets, vacuum, mechanics, RF, etc. The formal construction of HALS is estimated to begin in 2020. This paper presents the R&D of the injection system, including the fast kicker, nanosecond pulser, NLK (non-linear kicker) and the septum magnet. Test results of the prototype fast kicker, pulsed power and the NLK are given and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP015  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP017 A New Nonlinear Kicker Design and Measurement kicker, storage-ring, lattice, simulation 2342
 
  • W.B. Song, W. Liu, Y. Lu, F.L. Shang, L. Shang, Z.B. Sun
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFA0402000) and Pre-research Project of Hefei Advanced Light Source
For the beam injection of HALS, a feasible injection scheme is proposed and a single-pulse nonlinear kicker has been designed for off-axis injection. The kicker has been improved on the basis of the previous designed one, and the structure of the kicker was simulated by OPERA, and the prototype has been processed and measured. The results showed that the kicker designed in this paper has less influence on stored beam and lower difficulty in location.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP017  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP018 A Novel Non-Linear Strip-Line Kicker Driven by Fast Pulser in Common Mode kicker, impedance, dynamic-aperture, multipole 2345
 
  • J. Chen, Z. Duan, L. Huo, Y. Li, H. Shi, G. Wang, L. Wang, N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The next generation storage ring-based light sources adopt multi-bend achromat lattices to achieve a low emittance. The dynamic apertures of these machines are usually less than 10 mm so that the traditional pulsed local bump injection is difficult to achieve. Off-axis injection with a pulsed multipole or a non-linear kicker could be a viable solution which requires a moderate dynamic aperture of a few mm. In this paper, a novel non-linear kicker design is presented. Unlike pulsed sextupole or nonlinear kicker magnet, the nonlinear kicker we proposed is a traveling wave kicker with 2 strip-line electrodes driven by a nanosecond-level fast pulser in common mode. The disturbance to the stored beam is minimal since the perturbation is limited to the target bunch alone.
Work support by NSFC(11475200 and 11675194).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP018  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP019 Physical Design of HEPS Low Energy Transport Line booster, linac, dipole, lattice 2349
 
  • Y.M. Peng, C. Meng, H.S. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  he High Energy Photon Source (HEPS), a kilometre-scale storage ring based light source, with emittance less than 60 pm.rad, will be constructed in Beijing, China. It con-sists of a 500 MeV linac, a 500 MeV low energy transport line, a full energy booster synchrotron, two 6- GeV transport lines, a 6 GeV ultra-low emittance storage ring, and the beam line experimental stations. The low energy transport line connecting the linac and the booster. Based on the construction layout restrictions, the beam enve-lopes of the linac and the booster should be matched, and the beam produced by the linac is high efficiently trans-mitted to the booster injection point. HEPS low energy transport line has three functional sections, the achromat injection matching section, the optics matching section and the output matching section. In order to correct the error effects on the beam, 8 BPM are set in the low energy transport line. There are also 6 horizontal correctors and 6vertical correctors for beam trajectory correction. This paper will show the detailed design of HEPS low energy transport line.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP019  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP021 Frequency Modulated Capture of Cooled Coasting Ion Beams emittance, low-level-rf, operation, simulation 2356
 
  • S.C.P. Albright, M.E. Angoletta
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Transverse space charge effects in the Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) at CERN have been shown to be a major source of particle losses, which can be mitigated with a larger RMS longitudinal emittance. However, due to electron cooling during the injection plateau, the longitudinal density is very high prior to RF capture. In addition there is an uncontrolled cycle to cycle variation in the revolution frequency of the coasting beam on the flat bottom, which degrades the beam quality at capture. In this paper we show that applying an RF frequency modulation during the capture process allows both a controlled blow-up of the longitudinal emittance and a very good reproducibility in the longitudinal distribution, which in turn improves beam transmission through the machine.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP021  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP025 Matching Studies Between CERN PSB and PS Through Multi-Turn Beam Profile Acquisitions emittance, optics, betatron, operation 2367
 
  • M.A. Fraser, Y. Dutheil, V. Forte, A. Guerrero, A. Huschauer, A. Oeftiger, S. Ogur, F. Roncarolo, E. Senes, F. Tecker
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the framework of the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) project, the investigation and quantification of the optics mismatch between the CERN Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) and PS is a crucial step in understanding the source of horizontal emittance growth between the two machines. Extensive studies were carried out to estimate the mismatch from single-pass measurements in the transfer line and to rematch the transfer line to reduce the dispersive mismatch at PS injection while keeping the betatron matching unaltered. This paper presents the results of the data analysis of more recent multi-turn measurements, which profited from a new turn-by-turn beam profile monitor in the PS ring, to assess the achieved level of matching and corresponding emittance growth. The results confirm the improved matching and demonstrate the feasibility of the multi-turn technique as a fundamental tool that will be important for the recommissioning of the renovated transfer line after Long Shutdown 2.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP025  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP030 LHC Injection Losses and Trajectories During Run 1 and 2 and Outlook to Injection of HL-LHC Beams extraction, kicker, operation, emittance 2387
 
  • W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, B. Goddard, F.M. Velotti, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The LHC turn-around time is impacted by the control of injection losses and trajectories. While shot-to-shot trajectory variations dominated the injection efficiency during LHC Run 1, several improvements of hardware and operational settings allowed for a high rate of successful injections during Run 2. Injection losses and trajectories are analysed and presented for the high intensity proton runs, as well as for different beam types used from the injectors. Based on this analysis, an outlook is shown for the HL-LHC era, where double the bunch intensity will have to be injected.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP030  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP039 The New Injection Region of the CERN PS Booster linac, proton, emittance, booster 2414
 
  • W.J.M. Weterings, C. Bracco, L.O. Jorat, M. Meddahi, R. Noulibos, P. Van Trappen
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  During the Long Shutdown 2 (LS2) at CERN, the new Linac4 (L4) accelerator will be connected to the PS Booster (PSB) to inject 160 MeV H beam into the 4 superposed PSB rings. In order to achieve this, we have designed, built and pre-assembled a completely new H charge-exchange injection chicane system, with a carbon stripping foil unit to convert the negative hydrogen ions into protons by stripping off the electrons. In parallel, we have built and installed a test stand in the L4 transfer line enabling us to gain valuable experience with operation of the stripping foil system and to evaluate different foil types during the L4 reliability runs. This paper describes the final design of the new PSB injection region and reports on the important test results obtained with the stripping foil test stand.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP039  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP041 Damping Bunch Oscillations Due to Off-Axis Injection optics, wiggler, damping, radiation 2422
 
  • F. Zimmermann, O. Etisken, N. Mounet, A. Oeftiger, S. Ogur, Y. Papaphilippou, B. Salvant
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the European Commission under the HORIZON 2020 project ARIES, grant agreement no. 730871.
In the FCC-ee pre-injector complex, a slightly modified SPS can serve as pre-booster. The baseline design foresees injecting the low-emittance electron and positron bunches off-axis into the SPS, and deploying strong wigglers to greatly enhance the radiation damping at the injection energy. We here compare the damping of large injection oscillations by means of radiation damping with the effect of other possible damping mechanisms such as a fast bunch-by-bunch feedback system and/or head-tail damping via nonzero chromaticity. As a by-product, we investigate the transverse beam stability.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP041  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP042 Reduction of Stored Beam Oscillations During Injection at Diamond Light Source kicker, simulation, storage-ring, timing 2426
 
  • R.T. Fielder, M. Apollonio, R. Bartolini, C. Bloomer, I.P.S. Martin
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 
  At Diamond injection is performed by means a of a four kicker off-axis system, relying on a perfect timing and amplitude setting to produce a closed bump. Ageing of some of the kicker vessel components has progressively spoiled the performance of the system, causing oscillations in the stored beam. Various schemes to control these oscillations have been considered including introducing an additional compensating kicker, and installing a non-linear injection kicker. Results of simulations analysing these schemes are presented, along with measurements taken in the storage ring using an existing pinger magnet. The effects of the reduction on the quality of beam seen by beamlines is also considered.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP042  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP043 Injection Studies for the Proposed Diamond-II Storage Ring booster, kicker, septum, storage-ring 2430
 
  • I.P.S. Martin, R. Bartolini, H. Ghasem, J.P. Kennedy, B. Singh
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 
  The baseline design for the Diamond-II storage ring consists of a Modified-Hybrid 6-Bend Achromat, combining the ESRF-EBS low-emittance cell design with the DDBA mid-straight concept*,**. This cell design provides sufficient dynamic aperture to permit an off-axis injection scheme, provided the emittance of the injected beam is sufficiently low. In this paper we present simulations of an injection scheme using the anti-septum concept***, along with the design of an upgrade to the existing booster synchrotron. Alternate injection strategies are also discussed.
*ESRF Technical Design Study, ’The Orange Book’, (2014)
**R. Bartolini et al., PRAB 21, 050701, (2018)
***C. Gough, M. Aiba, Proc. IPAC 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark, paper MOPIK104, (2017)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP043  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP052 Proposed Hadron Injection into the Future eRHIC Collider dipole, septum, hadron, kicker 2451
 
  • N. Tsoupas, F. Méot, C. Montag, V. Ptitsyn, D. Trbojevic, F.J. Willeke, W. Zhang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: *Work Supported by the US Department of Energy.
The future eRHIC collider * will collide 5, 10, and 18 GeV polarized electrons with 250 GeV polarized protons, 210 GeV/u polarized 3He ions and other heavy ion species which are already produced by the RHIC accelerator. To increase the luminosity during collisions the number of circulating hadron bunches will increase to 330 and this requires a modification of the injection hadrons into the RHIC accelerator. This paper describes this injection scheme which is compatible with a design option which uses two hadron rings, one ring for accelerating the hadron beam and the other ring for storing the circulating beam to increase even further the integrated luminosity of the electron-hadron collisions. This two-hadron-rings option will be presented in the conference.
tsoupas@bnl.gov
* ICFA BD Newsletter No. 74 http://icfa-bd.kek.jp/
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP052  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW001 Characterising Injected Beam Dynamics in the Australian Synchrotron Storage Ring kicker, synchrotron, storage-ring, multipole 2458
 
  • P. Bennetto
    ASCo, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
 
  The injected beam trajectory at the Australian Synchrotron needs to be studied to assess the suitability of non-linear kicker installation. To achieve this, multiple diagnostics including cameras and radiochromic films were used to determine the position at several points inside the storage ring tunnels. This was used to infer the momentum data, and then simulated to model the new kicker installation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW001  
About • paper received ※ 22 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW029 The Design of the Control System for the SACLA/SPring-8 Accelerator Complex to Use the LINAC of SACLA for a Full-Energy Injector of SPring-8 controls, database, operation, storage-ring 2529
 
  • T. Fukui
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Innovative Light Sources Division, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Hara, N. Hosoda, T. Inagaki, H. Maesaka, T. Ohshima, H. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Hasegawa, O. Morimoto, Y. Tajiri, S. Tanaka, M. Yoshioka
    SES, Hyogo-pref., Japan
  • S. Matsubara, K. Okada
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • M. Yamaga
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken, Japan
 
  At the SPring-8 site, the X-ray free electron laser facili-ty, SACLA, and the third-generation light source, SPring-8 storage ring, have been operated. On the SPring-8 up-grade project we have a plan to use the linac of SACLA as a full-energy injector of the storage ring. To achieve the SACLA’s user operation and the beam injection to the storage ring in parallel, it is necessary to control the beam energy and the peak current on a pulse by pulse. The demand for an injection occurs anytime during the top-up operation of the storage ring. For this purpose, two accel-erators should be controlled seamlessly and the SACLA has to provide the low emittance electron beam to gener-ate X-ray laser and to be an injector of the storage ring simultaneously. Because SACLA has to control the beam energy and peak current on a pulse by pulse, we are de-signing a system to meet these requirements. A master controller stores a pattern of parameters required for the low-level RF controllers. Each pattern consists of 60 rows which correspond to the parameters for one second with a beam repetition rate of the SACLA, 60Hz. The master sends the parameters to the controllers with reflective memory. We can select the pattern every second on de-mand and it is flexible enough for the top-up operation of the storage ring. Also the data of low-level RF and beam position monitor are stored into the database with a beam repetition rate. In this paper, we report the design of con-trol system for SACLA/SPring-8 to control the beam energy and the peak current on a pulse by pulse.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW029  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW032 Evaluation of 2-D Transverse Beam Profile Monitor Using Gas Sheet at J-PARC LINAC linac, simulation, factory, experiment 2539
 
  • J. Kamiya, Y. Hikichi, M. Kinsho, K. Moriya, N. Ogiwara, K. Okabe
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • K. Wada
    Tokyo Electronics Co. Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
  • I. Yamada
    Doshisha University, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto, Japan
 
  A transverse beam profile monitor, which detects ions or luminescence generated by the interaction between the beam and the gas molecules distributed in a sheet shape, has been developed in the J-PARC LINAC. To know about the gas density distribution of the sheet-shaped gas, which affects the intensity distribution of the detected signal, the calculation by the Monte Carlo simulation code was performed. The calculation results showed that the gas with a narrow width along beam direction distributes enough uniformly within a realistic beam cross-sectional size. In addition, the unsaturated region against the MCP voltage and the injected gas pressure are evaluated based on the measurement with a beam. The results showed that the measurement in the low injected gas pressure with the appropriate applied voltage range is important to measure the beam profile in the unsaturated region.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW032  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW036 Archive System of Beam Injection Information at SuperKEKB background, operation, kicker, linac 2550
 
  • H. Kaji, T. Obina
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Hirose
    KIS, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iitsuka
    EJIT, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The archive system is one of the most important tools for the modern accelerators. It records the machine parameters during the operation so that we can retrieve and review the status of machine anytime later. SuperKEKB develops the injection archiver system. This system records the injection related parameters, pulse-by-pulse*. The information related with beam injections is fully recorded and it can be utilize to understand the condition of injection operation. Besides, the recorded data can be utilized also for the understanding of beam background related with injections.
* "Archive System for Injection Current at SuperKEKB", in Proc. of 15th Annual Meeting of PASJ, Nagaoka, Japan.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW036  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW038 Beam Control and Monitors for the Spiral Injection Test Experiment experiment, electron, solenoid, site 2557
 
  • M.A. Rehman
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Furukawa, H. Hisamatsu, T. Mibe, H. Nakayama, S. Ohsawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Iinuma
    Ibaraki University, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  A new experiment at J-PARC (E34) is under construction in order to measure the muon’s g-2 to unprecedented precision of 0.1 ppm and electric dipole moment up to the sensitivity of 10-21 e.cm in order to explore new physics beyond the standard model. A novel three-dimensional spiral injection scheme has been devised to inject and store the beam into a small diameter MRI-type storage magnet for E34. The new injection scheme features smooth injection with high storage efficiency for the compact storage magnet. However, spiral injection scheme is an unproven idea, therefore, a Spiral Injection Test Experiment (SITE) is underway to establish this injection scheme. The SITE is consist of 80 keV thermionic electron gun, two-meter-long beamline, and a solenoidal storage magnet. In order to match the beam with the solenoidal field, several optical elements have been placed on the beamline to control the beam phase space. The DC electron beam spiral track has been confirmed by the de-excitation of the nitrogen gas in the vacuum chamber of the storage magnet. A current monitor system has been developed in order to extract the beam current and geometrical information of three-dimensional trajectory. An electric chopper system to produce the pulsed beam and beam monitors to detect the pulsed beam will also be discussed in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW038  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW040 Study of Beam Injection Efficiency in the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at KURNS proton, FFAG, synchrotron, acceleration 2564
 
  • T. Uesugi, Y. Fuwa, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, H. Okita, K. Suga
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
 
  In the fixed field alternating gradient synchrotron in KURNS, there are serious beam losses. In order to evaluate the efficiencies of beam injection, rf capture, and extraction, separately, a well calibrated electro-static bunch monitor was installed to measure the circulating beam current at each energy region. This paper reports the design of the monitor, calibration, and first results of beam measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW040  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW041 Development of a Gas Distribution Measuring System for Gas Sheet Beam Profile Monitor electron, experiment, detector, simulation 2567
 
  • I. Yamada
    Doshisha University, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto, Japan
  • Y. Hikichi, J. Kamiya, M. Kinsho
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • N. Ogiwara
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  The beam profile monitor is needed for measuring one of the beam parameters of high intensity accelerator to avoid radioactivating the systems. A monitor with sheet-shaped gas that can measure the beam profile nondestructively in two dimensions is developing. One of issues to introduce the monitor in accelerator is that the gas distribution is not uniform. Obtaining correct beam profile data needs to measure the gas distribution data because signal from the monitor is in proportion to beam intensity and gas distribution. A system analyzing distribution of ions produced from the gas using electron beam to measuring gas distribution in three dimensions is developing. An electron gun that produces ideal narrow beam, electrodes that forms parallel electric field toward micro-channel plate(MCP), and phosphor constitute the system. The electron beam that ionizes the gas which needs to be measured, produced ions are induced to MCP, and image on phosphor gives gas distribution data. In preliminary experiment for inspecting the measuring principle, experimental results agreed with simulation. The details of this system and the results of gas measuring experiment are reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW041  
About • paper received ※ 28 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW064 Machine Learning Application in Bunch Longitudinal Phase Measurement network, synchrotron, damping, SRF 2625
 
  • X.Y. Xu, Y.M. Zhou
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.B. Leng
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  High resolution bunch-by-bunch longitudinal phase measurement has been realized at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). In order to fully exploit the potency of the bunch phase monitor, the transient state during injection is being further studied. A longitudinal phase fitting method was used to study the synchrotron damping oscillation in injection events, where we can get the energy offsets between the injector and the storage ring, refilled bunch arrived time and the synchrotron damping time. However, manual multi-parameter fitting of nonlinear functions is awfully complex and slow. Machine learning algorithms, such as gradient descent and artificial neural network (ANN) is more suitable to do this fitting. Through these methods, we can quickly obtain more accurate fitting parameters and further realize online measurement of the refilled charge arrived time, energy offsets between the injector and storage ring, and the synchrotron damping time.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW064  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW067 The Study of Beam-Beam Effects on BINP Electron-Positron Colliders electron, positron, detector, luminosity 2629
 
  • V.M. Borin, G.V. Karpov, O.I. Meshkov, D.N. Shatilov, D.B. Shwartz, M.V. Timoshenko
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • V.L. Dorokhov
    BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  The beam-beam effects depending on the beams current and energy were studied at electron-positron colliders VEPP-2000 and VEPP-4M by the set of different diagnostics: the streak camera, optical dissector, BPM. The beam transverse profiles as well as longitudinal motion were acquired from the moment of a first collision of the beams in the interaction point up to the establishment of an equilibrium state. The spectra of the beams oscillation during this process as well as influence of the transverse feedback were studied. The obtained results are compared with a numerical simulations and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW067  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW072 Evaluation of Pilot-Tone Calibration Based BPM System at Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste electronics, electron, FPGA, diagnostics 2638
 
  • P. Leban, M. Žnidarčič
    I-Tech, Solkan, Slovenia
  • G. Brajnik, R. De Monte
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  Stable and reliable beam position measurement is of paramount importance for the present and future light sources. Stabilization with a pilot-tone technique was developed by Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste and supported in the commercial BPM electronics Libera Spark. Both system components (the pilot-tone front-end and BPM electronics) are controlled through a common software interface which is compatible with TANGO, EPICS and LabVIEW/MATLAB clients. The system provides a reliable self-diagnostics, cable and button diagnostics and drift compensation. This paper presents results from beam measurements under different environmental and beam conditions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW072  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW084 Measuring Beamsize with the LHC Beam Gas Vertex Detector emittance, detector, proton, luminosity 2680
 
  • B. Würkner, A. Alexopoulos, C. Barschel, E. Bravin, G. Bregliozzi, N. Chritin, B. Dehning, M. Ferro-Luzzi, M. Giovannozzi, R. Jacobsson, L.K. Jensen, O.R. Jones, V. Kain, R. Kieffer, R. Matev, M.N. Rihl, V. Salustino Guimaraes, R. Veness, S. Vlachos
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Bay, F. Blanc, S. Gianì, O. Girard, G.J. Haefeli, P. Hopchev, A. Kuonen, T. Nakada, O. Schneider, M. Tobin, Z. Xu
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • R. Greim, T. Kirn, S. Schael, M. Wlochal
    RWTH, Aachen, Germany
 
  The Beam Gas Vertex detector (BGV) is an innovative beam profile monitor being developed as part of the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project at CERN. The goal is to continually measure the transverse beam size by reconstructing beam-gas interaction vertices using high precision tracking detectors. To confirm the feasibility of such a device, a demonstrator based on eight modules of scintillating fiber detectors has been constructed, installed in the LHC and operated for the past 3 years. It will be shown that using the BGV the average transverse beam size can be obtained with a statistical accuracy of better than 5µm (for a gaussian beam with a σ of 200µm). This precision is obtained with an integration time of less than one minute. In addition, the BGV measures the size of individual bunches with a statistical accuracy of better than 5% within 5 minutes. The results obtained from all the data gathered over the past 3 years will be presented and compared to measurements from other beam profile monitors. Some ideas for improvements for the final HL-LHC instrument will also be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW084  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW104 The CBETA Beam Position Monitor (BPM) System Design and Strategy for Measuring Multiple Simultaneous Beams in the Common Beam Pipe timing, hardware, electron, MMI 2736
 
  • R.J. Michnoff, R.L. Hulsart
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • J. Dobbins
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
CBETA, a 4-pass electron Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) is presently under construction at Cornell University and is a collaboration between Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Cornell University. Beam commissioning began in March 2019 with a single pass ERL configuration. Commissioning of the complete 4-pass machine is scheduled to begin in fall 2019. The fixed field alternating gradient (FFA) return loop for CBETA uses Halbach permanent magnets with a common beam pipe for seven different energy beams (4 accelerating energies and 3 decelerating energies). One of the most challenging requirements for the CBETA BPM system is to independently measure the position of each of these beams. The overall design of the CBETA BPM system and the techniques planned to measure the position of each energy beam will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW104  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW111 Design of Booster-to-Accumulator Transfer Line for Advanced Light Source Upgrade quadrupole, storage-ring, optics, booster 2756
 
  • C. Sun, Ph. Amstutz, T. Hellert, J.-Y. Jung, S.C. Leemann, J.R. Osborn, M. Placidi, C. Steier, C.A. Swenson, M. Venturini, W. Wan
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Director Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
For the Advanced Light Source Upgrade, an on-axis swap-out injection is applied to exchange bunch trains between the storage ring and the accumulator ring. To replenish the accumulator ring before the swap-out injection, an electron beam from Linac is first injected into the ALS booster to ramp up the energy, and then transported to the accumulator through the Booster-to-Accumulator (BTA) transfer line. The design of the BTA transfer line is a challenging task as it has to fit within a tight space while accommodating the booster and accumulator rings at different elevations. Moreover, the BTA design needs to meet the optics boundary conditions and ideally minimize the size requirements of vacuum-chamber apertures. In this paper, we will present a design option of the BTA transfer line, which meets both space limitations and beam physics requirements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW111  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB001 The Effect of the SLED Installation on Extracted and Lost Beam at the Australian Synchrotron Linac. linac, synchrotron, network, klystron 2794
 
  • P.J. Giansiracusa, T.G. Lucas, R.P. Rassool, M. Volpi
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • M.J. Boland
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • M.P. Lafky
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  A recent upgrade to the high power RF network of the linac at the Australian Synchrotron included a SLED Type 1 Pulse Compressor allowing for the operation of its 100 MeV linac using a single klystron. We explore the effects of the SLED installation on the properties of the beam extracted from the linac with a particular focus on the energy spread and bunch train profile. Additionally, the optical fibre beam loss monitor (oBLM), also recently commissioned, was employed to provide shot-by-shot feedback on loss location and intensity to investigate the change in beam losses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS040 Energy Dependence of the Reproducibility and Injection Efficiency of the LINAC3-LEIR Complex linac, cavity, bunching, operation 3188
 
  • S. Hirlaender
    ATI, Vienna, Austria
  • H. Bartosik, G. Bellodi, N. Biancacci, V. Kain, A. Saá Hernández, R. Scrivens
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  High intensities in the CERN Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) are achieved by stacking several multi-turn injections from the pre-accelerator LINAC3. Up to seven consecutive 200 μs long, 200 ms spaced pulses are injected from LINAC3 into LEIR. An inclined septum magnet combined with a collapsing horizontal orbit bump allows a 6-D phase space painting via a linearly ramped mean momentum along with the LINAC3 pulse and injection at high dispersion. The injected energy distribution measured by the LEIR longitudinal Schottky is correlated with the obtained injection efficiency in this paper. Studies in 2018 revealed that the achievable accumulated intensity of LEIR strongly depends on the longitudinal distribution from LINAC3, which does not stay constant. This paper summarises the experimental results and means to further improve reproducibility and high injection efficiency.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS040  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS042 Detailed Characterisation of the LEIR Intensity Limitations for a Pb Ion Beam emittance, resonance, simulation, sextupole 3196
 
  • Á. Saá Hernández, H. Bartosik, N. Biancacci, S. Hirlaender, D. Moreno Garcia, M. Zampetakis
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The equilibrium emittance of the Pb beam in the CERN Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) results from the interplay of electron cooling and heating processes, as intra-beam scattering and space charge. In this paper we present the measurements of the emittance evolution as a function of intensity, working point and resonance excitation, and compare them with the simulations of the heating processes. Optimum settings for normal and skew sextupoles have been found for the compensation of resonances excited by the lattice.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS042  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS052 Electron Cloud Build-Up Simulations in the Two-Beam Common Chamber of the HL-LHC TDIS With Nonuniform Surface Properties electron, simulation, vacuum, operation 3236
 
  • G. Skripka, C. Bracco, G. Iadarola, A. Perillo-Marcone
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The segmented injection protection absorber (TDIS) foreseen for the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project is designed to protect the machine in case of injection kicker malfunctioning. Since the current LHC injection protection absorber has suffered from vacuum issues possibly induced by electron multipacting, numerical studies were done to estimate the electron flux expected on the internal surfaces of the TDIS. This device will consist of three pairs of movable absorbing blocks above and below one beam and a beam screen surrounding the second circulating beam. The build-up of electron cloud in the TDIS was simulated accounting for the presence of two counter-rotating beams, for the configuration of the jaws and for the different materials used for the different surfaces in the device. The simulation studies have also investigated the possibility of coating the most critical surfaces with amorphous carbon in order to mitigate the multipacting.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS052  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS105 Simulation of Sirius Booster Commissioning MMI, booster, simulation, closed-orbit 3366
 
  • M.B. Alves, L. Liu, F.H. de Sá
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
 
  Sirius is the new 3 GeV fourth-generation low emittance light source under construction at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory. In order to study strategies forthe commissioning, different scenarios were studied by tracking simulations on lattice models with realistic alignment and magnet excitation errors, taking into account the finite precision of the beam diagnostic devices. We developed a commissioning algorithm that provides an efficient adjustment of the on-axis injection parameters, trajectory and closed orbit corrections and tuning of the RF parameters. With this algorithm it was possible to obtain a stable beam for thousands of turns in all the random machines simulated. The algorithms allows for partially automated commissioning procedures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS105  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXPLM1 LHC Injectors Upgrade Project: Towards New Territory Beam Parameters target, proton, operation, extraction 3385
 
  • M. Meddahi, R. Alemany-Fernández, H. Bartosik, G. Bellodi, J. Coupard, H. Damerau, G.P. Di Giovanni, F. B. Dos Santos Pedrosa, A. Funken, B. Goddard, K. Hanke, A. Huschauer, V. Kain, A.M. Lombardi, B. Mikulec, S. Prodon, G. Rumolo, R. Scrivens, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The LHC injectors Upgrade (LIU) project aims at increasing the intensity and brightness in the LHC injectors in order to match the challenging requirements of the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, while ensuring high availability and reliable operation of the injectors complex up to the end of the HL-LHC era (ca. 2035). This requires extensive hardware modifications and new beam dynamics solutions in the entire LHC proton and ion injection chains: the new Linac4, the Proton Synchrotron Booster, the Proton Synchrotron the Super Proton Synchrotron together with the ion PS injectors (the Linac3 and the Low Energy Ion Ring). All hardware modifications will be implemented during the 2019-2020 CERN accelerators shutdown. This talk would analyze the various project phases, share the lessons learned, and conclude on the expected beam parameter reach, together with the related risks.  
slides icon Slides THXPLM1 [20.029 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXXPLM1 NUCLOTRON Development for NICA Acceleration Complex acceleration, proton, extraction, target 3396
 
  • E. Syresin, N.N. Agapov, A.V. Alfeev, V. Andreev, A.A. Baldin, A.M. Bazanov, O.I. Brovko, V.V. Bugaev, A.V. Butenko, D.E. Donets, E.D. Donets, E.E. Donets, A.V. Eliseev, V.V. Fimushkin, B.V. Golovenskiy, E.V. Gorbachev, A. Govorov, E.V. Ivanov, V. Karpinsky, V. Kekelidze, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, A. Kirichenko, V.V. Kobets, S.A. Kostromin, A.D. Kovalenko, O.S. Kozlov, K.A. Levterov, D.A. Lyuosev, A.A. Martynov, I.N. Meshkov, V.A. Mikhailov, V.A. Monchinsky, A. Nesterov, A.L. Osipenkov, D.O. Ponkin, S. Romanov, P.A. Rukojatkin, K.V. Shevchenko, I.V. Shirikov, A.A. Shurygin, A.O. Sidorin, V. Slepnev, A.V. Smirnov, G.V. Trubnikov, A. Tuzikov, B. Vasilishin
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • A. Belov
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
  • A.V. Philippov, V. Volkov
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
 
  The Nuclotron is the basic facility of JINR used to generate beams of protons, polarized deuterons and protons, and multi charged ions in the energy range of up to 5.6 GeV/n. Polarized deuteron and proton beams were obtained at the intensity of 2×109 ppp and 108 ppp, respectively. The injection with RF adiabatic capture was used in two last Nuclotron runs where C6+, Xe42+, Kr26+ and Ar16+ ion beams were accelerated. The resonant stochastic extraction (RF knockout technique) was realized. The complex is now used for fixed target experiments with extracted beams and experiments with an internal target. In the near future, the Nuclotron will be the main synchrotron of the NICA collider facility being constructed at JINR. The installation in the Nuclotron of beam injection system from the Booster and of the fast extraction system in the Collider are required for its operation in the NICA complex. In the frame of the Nuclotron injection chain upgrade, a new light ion linac (LILac) for protons and ions will be built.  
slides icon Slides THXXPLM1 [10.806 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXXPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXXPLS1 Status of the Carbon Commissioning and Roadmap Projects of the MedAustron Ion Therapy Center Accelerator proton, MMI, synchrotron, extraction 3404
 
  • M.T.F. Pivi, L. Adler, A. De Franco, F. Farinon, N. Gambino, G. Guidoboni, G. Kowarik, M. Kronberger, C. Kurfürst, H.T. Lau, S. Myalski, S. Nowak, C. Schmitzer, I. Strašík, P. Urschütz, A. Wastl
    EBG MedAustron, Wr. Neustadt, Austria
  • L.C. Penescu
    Abstract Landscapes, Montpellier, France
 
  The synchrotron-based MedAustron Particle Therapy Accelerator MAPTA located in Austria, delivers proton beams for medical treatment in the energy range 62-252 MeV/n since the year 2016 and is in preparation to provide C6+ carbon ions in the range 120-400 MeV/n to two of the three clinically used ion therapy irradiation rooms. In addition, carbon and proton beams, the latter with up to 800 MeV, will be provided to a fourth room dedicated to research. After beam generation and pre-acceleration to 7MeV, a 77m long synchrotron accelerates particles up to the requested energy for clinical treatment. A third-order resonance extraction method is used to extract the particles from the synchrotron in a slow controlled process and then transfer the particles to the 4 irradiation rooms with a spill time of 0.1-10 seconds to facilitate the control of the delivered radiation dose during clinical treatments. Presently, proton beams are delivered to the horizontal and vertical beam lines of three rooms. Commissioning of the accelerator with carbon ions has been completed for one beam line. In parallel, the installation of the beam line magnets for the proton Gantry is ongoing. A review of the accelerator and the status of the carbon commissioning, ongoing in parallel with clinical operations, and an outlook to future roadmap projects are presented.  
slides icon Slides THXXPLS1 [17.863 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXXPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THYYPLM2 Two Orbit Operation at Bessy II - During a User Test Week resonance, electron, experiment, operation 3419
 
  • P. Goslawski, F. Andreas, F. Armborst, T. Atkinson, J. Feikes, A. Jankowiak, J. Li, T. Mertens, M. Ries, A. Schälicke, G. Schiwietz, G. Wüstefeld
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  Operating a storage ring close to a horizontal resonance and manipulating the transverse non-linear beam dynamics can generate stable Transverse Resonance Island Buckets (TRIBs), which give a 2nd stable orbit in the ring. Both orbits can be populated with different electron bunch filling patterns and provide two different radiation sources to the user community. Such a machine setting has been established at BESSY II and was tested under realistic user conditions in a first ’TRIBs/Two Orbit User Test Week’ in February 2018. Results and user feedback will be discussed in this contribution.  
slides icon Slides THYYPLM2 [64.754 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THYYPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THYYPLM3 High-Charge Injector for on-Axis Injection Into A High-Performance Storage Ring Light Source booster, synchrotron, storage-ring, emittance 3423
 
  • K.C. Harkay, I.A. Abid, T.G. Berenc, W. Berg, M. Borland, A.R. Brill, D.J. Bromberek, J.M. Byrd, J.R. Calvey, J. Carvelli, J.C. Dooling, L. Emery, T. Fors, G.I. Fystro, A. Goel, D. Hui, R.T. Keane, R. Laird, F. Lenkszus, R.R. Lindberg, T.J. Madden, B.J. Micklich, L.H. Morrison, S.J. Pasky, V. Sajaev, N. Sereno, H. Shang, T.L. Smith, J.B. Stevens, Y. Sun, G.J. Waldschmidt, J. Wang, U. Wienands, K.P. Wootton, A. Xiao, B.X. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Yao
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • A. Blednykh
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • A.H. Lumpkin
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Next-generation, high-performance storage ring light sources based on multibend achromat optics will require on-axis injection because of the extremely small dynamic aperture. Injectors will need to supply full-current bunch replacement in the ring with high single-bunch charge for swap-out. For upgrades of existing light sources, such as the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade (APS-U), it is economical to retain the existing injector infrastructure and make appropriate improvements. The challenges to these improvements include achieving high single-bunch charge in the presence of instabilities, beam loading, charge stability and reliability. In this paper, we discuss the rationale for the injector upgrades chosen for APS-U, as well as backup and potential alternate schemes. To date, we have achieved single-bunch charge from the injectors that doubles the original design value, and have a goal to achieve about three times the original design value.
 
slides icon Slides THYYPLM3 [1.499 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THYYPLM3  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THYYPLS1 On-Demand Beam Route and RF Parameter Switching System for Time-Sharing of a Linac for X-ray Free-Electron Laser as an Injector to a 4th-Generation Synchrotron Radiation Source linac, FEL, electron, controls 3427
 
  • H. Maesaka, T. Fukui, T. Hara, T. Inagaki, H. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Hasegawa, O. Morimoto, Y. Tajiri, S. Tanaka, M. Yoshioka
    SES, Hyogo-pref., Japan
  • N. Hosoda, S. Matsubara, T. Ohshima
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • C. Kondo, K. Okada, M. Yamaga
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
 
  We have an upgrade plan of the SPring-8 storage ring to provide much more brilliant X-rays with a low-emittance electron beam. Since the upgraded ring requires a low-emittance injection beam, we are planning to timeshare the linac of the X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) facility, SACLA, as an injector for the upgraded ring. The SACLA linac delivers low-emittance and short-bunch electron beams to two XFEL beamlines with a 60 Hz repetition rate. The beam route is right now equally changed by a kicker magnet at a switchyard. The beam parameter is also optimized for each XFEL beamline by changing RF parameters pulse-by-pulse with simple software at this moment*. Since the number of beam injection shots to the storage ring is much less frequent than XFEL shots, one of the XFEL shots must be overridden by an injection with on-demand basis. In addition, the beam quality, such as 1 mm mrad normalized emittance, 10 fs bunch length and 10 kA peak current, must be maintained not to deteriorate the XFEL performance. Therefore, we have developed an on-demand beam route and RF parameter switching system with sufficient speed, precision and reliability. A beam route data is transmitted to each accelerator unit by a reflective memory network, and special software changes the parameters of each accelerator unit pulse-by-pulse according to the received data. We tested the on-demand switching system at a test bench and the SACLA linac. The beam parameters were appropriately controlled with a negligible failure rate. The user service of the beam injection from SACLA to SPring-8 is scheduled in 2020 and the on-demand switching system is almost ready for the time-sharing operation of multiple XFEL beamlines and a SPring-8 injection.
* T. Hara et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 21, 040701 (2018).
 
slides icon Slides THYYPLS1 [8.519 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THYYPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP036 Beam Dynamics of Novel Hybrid Ion Mass Analysers detector, target, site, experiment 3522
 
  • R.B. Appleby, T. Rose
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • M.R. Green, P. Nixon, K. Richardson
    Waters Corporation, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  Fourier transform (FT) mass spectrometers achieve high resolution using relatively long transient times by trapping ions and measuring the frequency of their motion (inductively) inside an electrostatic potential. By contrast, time-of-flight (ToF) mass spectrometers measure the time of flight between an initiation pulse and contact with a destructive detector positioned on a plane of space focus after flying along a predetermined route. These devices have relatively short flight times and, generally, lower resolution. A class of hybrid analysers have been proposed and studied, utilising a quadro-logarithmic potential to reflect ions multiple times past an inductive detector, with the potential for the short transient of ToF devices - and the high resolution of FT devices. In this paper we compute the ion dynamics inside such devices, tracking bunches of ions and studying induced signals.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP036  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW022 The Effect of the Transverse Beam Jitter on the Accelerated Electron Beam Quality in a Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerator with External Injection at SINBAD for ATHENAe plasma, electron, laser, acceleration 3624
 
  • E.N. Svystun, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, B. Marchetti
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Laser plasma accelerators with external injection of an RF-generated electron beam, providing high accelerating field gradients and increased control over the electron beam injection process, are promising candidates for production electron beams matching the requirements of modern user-applications. The experiments are planned at the SINBAD (Short INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility to test this acceleration technique in the context of the ATHENAe (Accelerator Technology HElmholtz iNfrAstructure) project. In this paper we present numerical studies on the effect of the transverse electron beam jitter on the final quality of a sub-femtosecond, 0.75 pC, 100 MeV electron beam accelerated to 1 GeV energy in the plasma wakefield driven by a 196 TW, 5 J laser pulse.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW022  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW023 Numerical Studies on Electron Beam Quality Optimization in a Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerator with External Injection at SINBAD for ATHENAe plasma, electron, laser, acceleration 3628
 
  • E.N. Svystun, R.W. Aßmann, U. Dorda, B. Marchetti, A. Martinez de la Ossa
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Nowadays the electron beams produced in plasma-based accelerators (PBAs) are of sufficient energy for multi-GeV applications. However, to allow PBAs to be usable for demanding applications such as Free-Electron Lasers, the quality and stability of plasma-accelerated beams have to be improved. We present numerical studies on accelera-tion of an RF-generated electron beam with a charge of 0.8 pC and initial mean energy of 100 MeV to GeV energies by a laser-plasma accelerator. This acceleration scheme is planned to be tested experimentally within the framework of the ATHENAe (Accelerator Technology HElmholtz iNfrAstructure) project at the SINBAD (Short INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility at DESY, Hamburg. Electron beam injection, acceleration and extraction from the plasma are investigated through start-to-end 3D simulations. The effect of the injection phase on the accelerated beam quality is investigated through tolerance studies on the arrival-time jitter between the electron beam and the external laser.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW023  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW029 Crucial Transverse Beam Dynamics of the Racetrack-shape Fixed Field Induction Accelerator for Giant Cluster Ions acceleration, induction, space-charge, optics 3643
 
  • T. Taufik
    BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • T. Adachi, K. Takayama, M. Wake
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  A racetrack-shape fixed field induction accelerator (RAFFIA) for high energy giant cluster ion acceleration was proposed in 2015*. The RAFFIA employs 4 bending magnets with gradient in the main pole face and reverse field strip at its front side which generate strong focusing in both planes. Beam dynamics properties of the RAFFIA of 140 MeV for C-60 have been evaluated by linear optics. The result has been confirmed with a help of 3D macro-particle computer simulation**. It is identified that the issue of COD generated from field non-uniformity associated with a finite size of the bending magnet is inherent. The programmed COD correction by steering magnets are discussed as well as the importance of uniformity in the magnet field profile. So far it has been unknown what beam current is acceptable in the RAFFIA. In order to estimate space-charge effects in the RAFFIA under design, the 2D core (σ) evolution equation has been derived from the envelope equation perturbed by space-charge fields. Resonant structures and chaotic motion in the phase space of (σ,σ’) have been clarified as a function of beam current. Those results were justified by macro-particle tracking based on a renormalized transfer matrix approach***. As a result, it turns out that the 8+ C-60 beam of 200 uA is acceptable.
* K.Takayama, et. al, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 18, 050101 (2015).
** Taufik, et. al, sub. to Phys. Rev. AB (2018).
*** Taufik, K.Takayama, and T. Adachi, sub. Phys. Rev. AB (2019).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW029  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW030 Towards the First Beams from the ADIGE Injector for the SPES Project plasma, ECR, ion-source, instrumentation 3647
 
  • A. Galatà, L. Bellan, J. Bermudez, G. Bisoffi, D. Bortolato, M. Comunian, A. Conte, M. De Lazzari, P. Francescon, F. Gelain, D. Marcato, M.O. Miglioranza, M.F. Moisio, E. Munaron, S. Pavinato, D. Pedretti, A. Pisent, M. Roetta, C. R. Roncolato, M. Rossignoli, G. Savarese
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • V. Andreev
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • J. Angot, D. Bondoux, T. Thuillier
    LPSC, Grenoble Cedex, France
  • M.A. Bellato
    INFN- Sez. di Padova, Padova, Italy
 
  The ADIGE (Acceleratore Di Ioni a Grande carica Esotici) injector of the SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project is now in an advanced phase of installation. Its main components have been designed following particular needs of the project: first, an Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR)-based Charge Breeder (SPES-CB), to boost the charge states of the radioactive ions produced at SPES and allow their post-acceleration. Then, a stable 1+ source and a complete electrostatic beam line to characterize the SPES-CB. Finally, a unique Medium Resolution Mass Spectrometer (MRMS, R=1/1000), mounted on a high voltage platform downstream the SPES-CB, to clean the radioactive beam from the contaminants induced by the breeding stage. This contribution describes the status of the injector, in particular the installation of the platform housing the MRMS, the access and safety system adopted and the first beams to be extracted from the stable 1+ source.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW030  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW037 Hybrid Yb/Nd Laser System for RF Gun in SuperKEKB Phase II and Phase III Commissioning laser, electron, gun, MMI 3663
 
  • R. Zhang, Y. Honda, M. Yoshida, X. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H.K. Kumano, N. Toyotomi
    Mitsubishi Electric System & Service Co., Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan
 
  SuperEKKB phase II commissioning has been finished in the summer of 2018. By use of Ytterbium doped fiber and Nd:YAG hybrid laser system, 2.3 nC electron beam with low emittance has been achieved at the end of linac, which is generated by RF gun. The electron beam is injected and stored in High Energy Ring successfully. Basing on these operation experiences, the Nd:YAG laser system will be used for the early stages of SuperKEKB phase III commissioning. After the update of laser system during 2018 summer maintenance, about 5.3 nC electron charge is generated by RF gun. Beside this, the laser spatial and temporal reshaping experiment has been being done in order to realize the electron beam with low emittance and low energy spread. Meanwhile, a perspective towards the next step Yb:YAG laser system is also introduced in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW037  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW048 Temporal Characterization of Electron Bunches From Self-Injection and Ionization Injection in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator electron, laser, plasma, radiation 3693
 
  • J. Zhang, Y.X. He, J.F. Hua, D.X. Liu, W. Lu, Y. Ma, C.H. Pai, Y.P. Wu
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Z. Nie, Q. Su
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
 
  Plasma based accelerators (PBAs) have a proven capability to generate high energy electron beams with ultrashort duration (~ 10 fs) and high peak current (~ 10 kA), which opens the opportunity for compact free electron lasers. To meet the requirements of such challenging applications, controllable injection is highly needed to produce high-quality and highly stable electron beams. As we know, the beam parameters,including the current profile, strongly depend on the injection process. To explore the underlying physics and optimize beam parameters in PBAs, a temporal characterization is highly required for different injection schemes. Based on coherent transition radiation(CTR) method, the preliminary experiment to measure beam temporal profiles from both self-injection and ionization injection schemes in a single-shot mode has been performed at Tsinghua University. And the simulations using the similar experimental parameters have been performed to interpret the different injection processes, which show some agreement with the experimental results, especially for the features of bunch durations  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW048  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB001 Applications of Online Optimization Algorithms for Injection at the Australian Synchrotron quadrupole, synchrotron, storage-ring, optics 3795
 
  • R. Auchettl, R.T. Dowd
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  At the Australian Synchrotron, accelerator tuning predominantly occurs via manual optimization or traditional optimization techniques such as the Linear Optics from Closed Orbits (LOCO) algorithm. While we have had distinct success with the implementation of LOCO* and manual tuning, these strategies are not without their downsides. Some situations (such as the optimization of synchrotron beam dynamics) produce a design space too large and multifaceted for manual tuning while implementing LOCO can be computationally expensive. Also, without sufficient diagnostic systems, both LOCO and manual tuning do not necessarily guarantee that the optimal solution will be found. Motivated by the successful implementation of online optimization algorithms at SPEAR3**, this paper outlines the application of online optimization algorithms to improve the performance of the Australian Synchrotron injection system. We apply the efficient Robust Conjugate Direction Search (RCDS) Algorithm to reduce beam loss along the Booster-to-Storage ring (BTS) Transfer line and Storage Ring and compare against the LOCO method.
* R. Dowd et al. (2011), Phys. Rev. ST: AB, 14, 012804.
** X. Huang et al. (2013), Nucl. Instr. Meth. A., vol. 726, pp. 77-83.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB022 Sensitivity Analysis of Feedforward Beam Current Compensation for Improved Beam Loading Robustness cavity, emittance, controls, simulation 3850
 
  • D. Mihailescu Stoica, D. Domont-Yankulova
    RMR, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • D. Domont-Yankulova, H. Klingbeil
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. Klingbeil, D.E.M. Lens
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The planned SIS100 heavy ion synchrotron at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany will possess twenty ferrite accelerating cavities in its final stage of extension. During the intended acceleration cycles, the cavities will encounter significant beam loading effects, which have to be handled by the control systems. As both the generator- and beam-current act on the same system input, a feedforward disturbance compensation can be a promising approach to improve beam qualities and suppress instabilities induced by the beam current. Particle tracking simulations, incorporating twenty ferrite cavities and their attached LLRF control systems, are performed to analyse the sensitivity of the beam quality with respect to errors in the feedforward beam current compensation. The main focus lies on the time after injection from a pre-accelerator, where most cavities in the SIS100 do not provide any gap voltage and thus are particularly sensitive to induced voltages by beam currents if the cavities are not or only partly short-circuited.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB022  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB026 A 300 mm Long Prototype Strip-Line Kicker for the Heps Injection System kicker, vacuum, impedance, simulation 3864
 
  • L. Wang, J. Chen, L. Huo, P. Liu, H. Shi, X.L. Shi, G. Wang, N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  In the High Energy Photon Source (HEPS), the dynamic aperture of machine is not large enough for off-axis injec-tion for its baseline 7BA lattice design. So, a group of superfast kickers with about 12 ns pulse bottom width are needed for on-axis swap out injection scheme. The design about a couple sets of 300 mm long strip-line kickers is presented. Five kickers as a module are placed in a stain-less steel vacuum vessel to solve the problem of longitu-dinal space restriction in injection area. So far, the proto-type development of strip-line kicker was completed. The results of time-domain reflectometer (TDR) test and high voltage pulse test show that the strip-line kicker can meet the requirement of the HEPS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB026  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB031 Operational Performance of the Machine Protection Systems of the Large Hadron Collider During Run 2 and Lessons Learnt for the LIU/HL-LHC Era operation, machine-protect, optics, experiment 3875
 
  • M. Zerlauth, A. Antoine, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, E. Carlier, Z. Charifoulline, R. Denz, B. Goddard, A. Lechner, N. Magnin, C. Martin, R. Mompo, S. Redaelli, I. Romera, B. Salvachua, R. Schmidt, J.A. Uythoven, A.P. Verweij, J. Wenninger, C. Wiesner, D. Wollmann, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has successfully completed its second operational run of four years length in December 2018. Operation will be stopped during two years for maintenance and upgrades. To allow for the successful completion of the diverse physics program at 6.5 TeV, the LHC has been routinely operating with stored beam energies close to 300 MJ per beam during high intensity proton runs as well as being frequently reconfigured to allow for special physic runs and important machine developments. No significant damage has incurred to the protected accelerator equipment throughout the run thanks to the excellent performance of the various machine protection systems, however a number of important observations and new failure scenarios have been identified, which were studied experimentally as well as through detailed simulations. In this contribution, we provide an overview of the performance of the machine protection systems throughout Run 2 as well as the important lessons learnt that will impact consolidation actions and the upgrade of the machine protection systems for the LIU/HL-LHC era.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB031  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB034 Timing Synchronization System for Beam Injection from the SACLA Linac to the SPring-8 Storage Ring timing, linac, storage-ring, laser 3882
 
  • T. Ohshima, N. Hosoda, S. Matsubara
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • N. Hosoda, H. Maesaka, T. Ohshima
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
 
  We developed a timing synchronization system for beam injections from the linac of the X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL), SACLA, to the current SPring-8 storage ring. This injection scheme is beneficial for the next upgraded ring, SPring-8-II, where low emittance injection beams is required. The developed timing system aims at synchronizing the timing between the RF frequencies of the two accelerators which do not have a common subharmonic frequency. An important point is to keep the high performance of the current timing system which provides stable XFEL operation at SACLA. For this purpose, we designed and constructed a MicroTCA.4 system comprised of a high-speed ADC and an RF front-end for the synchronization. The RF signal of SACLA is digitized by the ADC whose clock is synchronized to SPring-8. A digital down-converter in the FPGA on the ADC module gives the phase difference instantaneously and a feedback logic applies a frequency modulation (FM) to the master oscillator of SACLA so as to synchronize SACLA with SPring-8. A bench test result showed that the timing jitter between the two frequency at injection timing was 1.2 ps rms, which was sufficient for the required value of 3 ps rms for the beam injection to the ring. In this presentation, we report an overview of the synchronization system, details of the developed electronics and the system performance obtained by a beam injection experiment from SACLA to SPring-8.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB034  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB036 Development of Injection and Extraction Kickers for SuperKEKB Damping Ring kicker, extraction, power-supply, damping 3890
 
  • M. Tawada, M. Kikuchi, Y. Sakamoto, H. Someya
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Tenjin, A. Tokuchi
    Pulsed Power Japan Laboratory Ltd., Kusatsu-shi Shiga, Japan
 
  SuperKEKB is a double ring asymmetric collider to study the B meson physics, which is an upgrade project of KEKB. The 7 GeV electron (HER) and the 4 GeV positron ring (LER) collides at an interaction point. The positron beam produced by linac cannot meet the dynamic aperture restrictions of LER. Damping ring (DR) is required to reduce its injection emittance. Damping ring (DR) for SuperKEKB has two kicker magnets for the injection and the extraction, respectively. These kickers are required to meet the following specifications: (1) rise and fall time does not exceed 100 ns, (2) two bunches which are 96 ns apart must be kicked by single pulse, (3) the stability of peak current for the extraction kickers must be less than 0.1 %. Kicker magnets are designed as a conventional kicker with a ferrite core. The pulse shape is a double half sine for the two bunch injection. In order to achieve short rise time, a saturable inductance is used. The design and performance of kicker magnets and the power supplies are reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB036  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB043 Design and Simulation of Thin Eddy-Current Septum for Injection of Diffraction Limited Storage Ring septum, simulation, HOM, storage-ring 3908
 
  • J. Tong, M. Gu, B. Liu, Y.F. Liu, R. Wang
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China(Grant No.2016YFA0402002)
Ultra-low emittance in Diffraction Limited Storage Ring (DLSR) usually has small Dynamic Aperture (DA), which makes the traditional off-axis injection inadequate. Fast kickers together with thin septum magnets or direct current lambertsons could support on-axis injection for closely-spaced bunches with small DA. Thin eddy-current septum prototype had been designed for injection with laminated silicon steel sheets as magnet core. Theoretical analysis and transient simulation had been carried out within OPERA software. Due to the minimum thickness of the septa is only 1 mm , several optimization approaches had been applied, such as shielding with strongly paramagnetic material and exciting with full cycle driving pulse, to satisfy the requirement that the leakage field is less than 0.1% with respect to the main one.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB043  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB059 Radiation Safety at SOLARIS 1.5 GeV Storage Ring radiation, storage-ring, electron, MMI 3940
 
  • M.B. Jaglarz
    SOLARIS, Kraków, Poland
  • A.I. Wawrzyniak, J. Wikłacz
    Solaris National Synchrotron Radiation Centre, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
 
  Radiation measurements at Solaris are continuously performed by using 9 radiation monitor stations (RMS) located around the storage ring and the beamlines area. 4 of RMS are connected to the Personal Safety System and in case of exceeding alarm level dump the beam or close safety shutters. Moreover thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs) are used to registered doses in the classified areas according to the Polish regulation. Measurements are performed since 2015 when the commissioning of the storage ring has started. Since that time several improvements to the radiation shielding was done to fulfill the ALARA principle. Moreover the electron beam optimizations during the injection, ramping and operation were performed to decrease the electrons losses and the radiation level. This presentation will report on radiation measurements results obtained before and after the chopper installation. Additionally problems with radiation level while the beam current is increasing to the designed 500mA value will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB059  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB072 Operational Experience of a Prototype LHC Injection Kicker Magnet with a Low SEY Coating and Redistributed Power Deposition kicker, operation, vacuum, electron 3974
 
  • M.J. Barnes, C. Bracco, G. Bregliozzi, A. Chmielinska, L. Ducimetière, B. Goddard, G. Iadarola, T. Kramer, V. Vlachodimitropoulos, W.J.M. Weterings
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Chmielinska
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • L. Vega Cid
    ETSII UPM, Madrid, Spain
 
  Funding: This research was supported by the HL-LHC project
In the event that it is necessary to exchange an LHC injection kicker magnet (MKI), the newly installed kicker magnet would limit HL-LHC operation for a few hundred hours due to dynamic vacuum activity. A surface coating with a low secondary electron yield, applied to the inner surface of an alumina tube to reduce dynamic vacuum activity without increasing the probability of UFOs, and which is compatible with the high voltage environment, was included in a prototype MKI installed in the LHC during the 2017-18 Year End Technical Stop. In addition, this MKI included an upgrade to relocate a significant portion of beam induced power from the yoke to a ’damping element’: this element is not at pulsed high voltage. The effectiveness of the upgrades has been demonstrated during LHC operation, hence a future version will include water cooling of this ’damping element’. This paper reviews dynamic vacuum around the MKIs and summarizes operational experience of the upgraded MKI.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB072  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB074 Studies Towards the New Beam Screen System of the LHC Injection Kicker Magnet for HL-LHC Operation kicker, operation, vacuum, simulation 3982
 
  • V. Vlachodimitropoulos, M.J. Barnes, A. Chmielinska, L. Ducimetière, L. Vega Cid, W.J.M. Weterings
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Chmielinska
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • L. Vega Cid
    ETSII UPM, Madrid, Spain
 
  Although no heating issues were observed in the Large Hadron Collider’s (LHC) injection kicker magnets (MKIs) during Run 2, simulations suggest that for operation with the high intensity beams of the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, the magnet’s ferrite yokes will reach their Curie temperature, thus leading to long turnaround times before a new beam can be safely injected into the machine. To safely enter the HL-LHC era, a campaign to redesign the kicker’s beam screen was launched. An improved beam-screen has already been implemented in an upgraded MKI, that was installed in the LHC tunnel in the Year End Technical Stop (YETS) 17/18, and has been successfully tested during 2018 operation. However, the improved design alone is not expected to be enough for HL-LHC operation, and further modifications are required. In this work, the approach to the design from an electromagnetic point of view is presented and different considered options are reported, emphasising the final design of the new beam screen system that is currently being implemented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB074  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB075 Transverse Impedance Measurements and Simulations of the LHC Injection Kicker Magnet impedance, simulation, kicker, coupling 3986
 
  • V. Vlachodimitropoulos, M.J. Barnes, A. Chmielinska, L. Ducimetière
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Chmielinska
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
 
  Kicker magnets contribute significantly to the total impedance budget of many accelerators. Of particular interest, from a beam stability point of view, is the transverse beam coupling impedance (TBCI) that is used to determine intensity limitations of a machine. Until recently, no conclusive TBCI data for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) injection kicker magnets (MKIs) was available. However, in view of the upgrade of the MKIs for the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, the TBCI of the existing design needed to be estimated to be used as reference for an upgraded version. To that end, electromagnetic simulations were carried out to determine the dipolar and quadrupolar components of the TBCI in the two transverse planes. To validate the simulations, test bench measurements were performed using standard RF measurement techniques. In the present work, the results from TBCI simulations and measurements are reported and compared. Detailed descriptions of the methods and techniques used as well as the realization of the experimental set-up are also given.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB075  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB078 Performance Validation of the Existing and Upgraded PS Injection Kicker kicker, flattop, simulation, operation 3994
 
  • A. Ferrero Colomo, N. Ayala, A. Chmielinska, V. Forte, M.A. Fraser, T. Kramer, L. Sermeus
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The CERN PS injection kicker KFA45 will be upgraded in the framework of the LHC Injector Upgrade (LIU) project to allow for injection of 2 GeV proton beams. This paper summarizes the recent efforts to validate beam based waveform measurements, Pspice simulations and current waveform measurements by direct magnetic field measurements in the aperture of the existing system. The magnetic probe, associated measurement hardware design and measurements results are discussed. The paper concludes with a performance comparison and an outlook to future waveform tuning possibilities.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB078  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB112 Commission of the Transverse Bunch-by-Bunch Feedback at SPEAR3 feedback, kicker, vacuum, GUI 4081
 
  • K. Tian, W.J. Corbett, X. Huang, N. Kurita, D.J. Martin, J.A. Safranek, J.J. Sebek
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • D. Teytelman
    Dimtel, San Jose, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by US Department of Energy Contract DE-AC03-76SF00515.
Driven by the demand of suppressing transverse beam instabilities and developing novel short pulse operation modes in SPEAR3 storage ring, a wide-band transverse bunch-by-bunch feedback system has been recently commissioned for SPEAR3 storage ring. The system was demonstrated to be sufficient to suppress the transverse coupled bunch instabilities caused by trapped RF modes in one of the in vacuum insertion devices. A new function of beam instability interlock has been developed and is part of machine protection system for the in vacuum insertion device. In addition, the bunch-by-bunch feedback system serves as a indispensable diagnostic tool that enables us to measure machine parameters, beam impedance, and characteristics of the beam instability modes. In this paper, we describe the scheme and performance of the bunch-by-bunch feedback system at SPEAR3.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB112  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS027 Accelerator Implementing Development of Ceramics Chamber with Integrated Pulsed Magnet for Beam Test kicker, vacuum, dipole, power-supply 4164
 
  • C. Mitsuda, Y. Kobayashi, S. Nagahashi, T. Nogami, T. Obina, R. Takai, H. Takaki, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Honiden, T. Nakanishi
    SES, Hyogo-pref., Japan
  • A. Sasagawa, A. Yokoyama, T. Yokoyama
    KYOCERA Corporation, Higashiomi-city, Shiga, Japan
 
  We advance the development of Ceramics Chamber Integrated Pulsed Magnet (CCIPM) of air-core type as the application to low emittance ring with a narrow bore of light source accelerator in the future. The CCIPM is composed of ceramics cylinder of 60 mm diameter and four copper coils, which are implanted in the groove penetrated on the ceramic thickness along 30 cm length by silver brazing*. In addition to this structure, we succeeded in the implementations of cable connecting base that mechanically connect the coils and power supply with feeder lines and the pattern shape coating inside the ceramic cylinder. Improved brazing technique made it possible to braze the coil and the base on the coil at the same time that the coils are implanted in the ceramic thickness. Newly developed functional coating can reduce the eddy current caused by main magnetic field and pass the alternate component of beam wall current by capacitance structure. We report the details about the performance from the viewpoint of vacuum, magnetic field, insulation on the accelerator implementation with the approach to new technical development, and the preparation progress of beam test in beam-transport line.
* C. Mitsuda, et al., in Proc. IPAC2015, Richmond, VA, USA, p. 2879
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS027  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS028 Recent Improvements and Future Upgrades of the J-PARC Main Ring Kicker Systems kicker, operation, power-supply, extraction 4167
 
  • T. Sugimoto, K. Ishii, H. Matsumoto, T. Shibata
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  J-PARC Main Ring provides 500kW proton beam to the long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment (T2K). In order to increase the beam intensity to improve the sensitivity of the CP violation study in neutrino sector, shorter repetition cycle and higher beam current are required. As part of the upgrade project, both injection and fast-extraction (Fx) kicker magnet systems have been improved. Air-cooled non-inductive ceramic resistors are used as the impedance-matching terminator for the injection kicker magnet. Power consumption and temperature rise of the termination resistor due to the beam induced current was simulated to optimize the number of parallel of the resistors. Efficiency of cooling fans was also simulated to improve the cooling ability. For the Fx kicker magnet, a fast charging power supply of the modulator was developed and deployed to shorten the charging period from 1.4 sec to 0.2 sec. This paper represents the simulation results, performance of the charging unit and future upgrade plans.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS028  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS052 Beam Loss Suppression by Beam Matching in Klystron klystron, simulation, gun, beam-losses 4218
 
  • S.J. Park, Y.J. Park
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • S.C. Cha, D.H. Kim, D.H. Yu
    VITZRONEXTECH, Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang
    POSTECH, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: The work was supported by the National R&D Program (grant number: 2016R1A6B2A01016828) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea.
High power klystrons usually employ large cathodes to generate high currents which are compressed inside the gun to provide optimum beam sizes at the cavity section. We compress the beam by using electrostatic and magnetostatic focusing fields which are established by gun electrodes and external magnets respectively. The geometry of the gun elecrodes and the external magnet is carefully designed to meet the matching condition which results in scalloping-free beam. We have established a systematic design procedures to achieve the beam matching condition at arbitrary beam sizes. In this article we report on the beam-matching design and simulation results with an example case of the 80-MW S-band klystron in the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS052  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS069 A Monitoring System for TPS Linac linac, PLC, controls, operation 4272
 
  • C.L. Chen, H.-P. Chang, C.-S. Fann, K.L. Tsai
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Abstract Since 2014, TPS Linac system has been operating regularly. In order to keep a high stability during a long operating time, it is important to develop a monitoring system to monitor all sub-systems, parameters, including setting values, reading values, control inputs and outputs. This system is not only recording all above mentioned parameters, but also provides an efficient diagnosis in case of troubleshooting. Because the controlling system in TPS Linac is using Siemens S7-300 PLCs, Simatic WinCC is utilized to develop a historical archiving, operational analyses, and operator activities in operation. This paper attempts to show a complete solution for the integrated software structure and its resulting process analysis.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS069  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS090 Injection Locked 1497 MHz Magnetron klystron, status, cathode, operation 4322
 
  • M.L. Neubauer, M.A. Cummings, A. Dudas, R.P. Johnson, S.A. Kahn, G.M. Kazakevich, M. Popovic
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • R.A. Rimmer, H. Wang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Muons, In is building an amplitude modulated phase-locked magnetron to replace the klystrons in CEBAF. To do that requires changing the magnetic field at a rate that would induce eddy currents in the standard magnetron. We report on the status of the project to make a stainless steel anode with copper elements to minimize heating while the stainless steel reduces eddy current effects. The construction of the magnetron is two months from completion, while the test stand is ready for delivery of the magnetron  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS090  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS091 Phase and Frequency Locked 350 MHz Magnetron cathode, operation, status, vacuum 4325
 
  • M.L. Neubauer, A. Dudas, R.P. Johnson, S.A. Kahn, G.M. Kazakevich, M. Popovic
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
 
  The 120kW 350 MHz magnetron is being developed for a number of RF systems, chiefly among them, Niowave’s 10 MeV accelerator. Industri-al applications of the magnetron have also been explored. The CW magnetron can be operated in the pulse mode by a novel injection locking system. We report on the status of the program and progress to date  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS091  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS100 Measurements of Decay and Snapback in Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets at Fermilab dipole, quadrupole, sextupole, luminosity 4342
 
  • G. Velev, G. Ambrosio, G. Chlachidze, J. DiMarco, S. Stoynev, T. Strauss
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
In recent years, Fermilab has been executing an inten-sive R&D program on Nb3Sn accelerator magnets. This program has included dipole and quadrupole models and demonstrators for various programs and projects, including the HL-LHC accelerator upgrade project. A systematic study of the field decay and snapback during the injection portion of a simulated accelerator cycle was executed at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility. This paper summarizes the recent measurements of the MQXFS1 short quadrupole model and discusses the results of some previously measured Nb3Sn magnets at CERN
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS100  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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