Keyword: quadrupole
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MOYPLM3 Progress with the High Luminosity LHC Project at CERN luminosity, cavity, operation, collider 17
 
  • L. Rossi, O.S. Brüning
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project aims at upgrading the LHC by increasing the peak luminosity by a factor five, to allow to collect 3000 fb-1 for ATLAS and CMS experiments, each, which is ten times more than what is foreseen in the LHC. The upgrade is based on multiple factors. One factor is doubling the beam current, also thanks to the injector upgrade (LIU) project, and another one is operation in levelling mode. The most critical upgrade is the deploying of a stronger inner quadrupole triplet in the low-beta insertions with more than twice-larger aperture w.r.t. present LHC triplet, thanks to the use of Nb3Sn superconductor, a world first for accelerators, with almost 12 T peak field in the coils. The novel concept of ATS optics allows to utilise the increased aperture efficiently by generating β* values 3 to 4 times below the nominal values of the LHC. We will make use of compact crab cavities for hadrons (also a novelty in accelerators) to allow almost head-on collisions despite the larger crossing angle. We are developing new collimator insertions in the dispersion suppressor region to handle the losses in the cold part of the machine (the beam halo stores 30 MJ) thanks to the use of a few 11 T dipoles based on Nb3Sn technology. We also aim at reducing drastically the impedance contribution of collimators by utilizing new materials and coating techniques. Many other technologies are developed for HL-LHC like new SC links of 100 kA: HL-LHC is critical as a technology turning point for HEP colliders as it is for Physics reach. The technologies developed for HL-LHC, namely (but not only) the high field superconducting magnets, are critical for the post-LHC hadron collider, like a High Energy LHC or the 100 km Future Circular Collider  
slides icon Slides MOYPLM3 [21.679 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOYPLM3  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW012 Study of Fringe Fields Effects from Final Focus Quadrupoles on Beam Based Measured Quantities multipole, optics, dynamic-aperture, simulation 90
 
  • T. Pugnat, B. Dalena
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • L. Bonaventura, A. Simona
    Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
  • R. De Maria, V.K.B. Olsen
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Accelerator physics needs advanced modeling and simulation techniques, in particular for beam stability studies. A deeper understanding of the effects of magnetic fields non-linearities will greatly help in the improvement of future colliders design and performance. In *, a new tracking method was proposed to study the effect of the longitudinal dependency of the harmonics on the beam dynamics. In this paper, the study will focus on the effects on observable quantities in beam based measurements, for the case of HL-LHC Inner Triplet and with possible tests in LHC.
* T. Pugnat et al., "Accurate and Efficient Tracking in Electromagnetic Quadrupoles", in Proc. IPAC’18, Vancouver, Canada, June 2018, paper THPAK004, pp. 3207.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW012  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW014 Developing Beam Optics for the BESSY VSR Project optics, storage-ring, lattice, cavity 94
 
  • F. Andreas, M. Abo-Bakr, F. Armborst, P. Goslawski
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  At BESSY II due to the continuously increasing interest in short pulse operation, a major upgrade of the ring will enable simultaneous storage of long and short bunches. This Variable pulse-length Storage Ring (VSR) will be achieved by the installation of additional superconducting high gradient cavities. The cavities will be assembled into one cryomodule in one of the straights of the storage ring. As this module needs more space then initially assumed, one possible solution is to remove two quadrupoles to gain available installation length. The quadrupoles were switched off in simulations and the lattice was optimized with regard to the linear order. The best solution found was transferred to the storage ring, where storage of high current with reasonable injection efficiency and lifetime was possible. The proposed optics has to be further optimized in terms of nonlinear beam dynamics, but has shown that an available installation length can be increased.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW014  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW016 Straightness Correction of Ballistic Trajectories FEL, alignment, undulator, focusing 101
 
  • V. Balandin, W. Decking, N. Golubeva, M. Scholz
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  We describe procedure for straightness correction of ballistic trajectories in the presence of BPM noise and unknown BPM offsets. We also discuss applicability of this method to the beam based alignment of the European XFEL undulators.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW016  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW023 An Algorithm for Automated Lattice Design of Transfer Lines lattice, focusing, dipole, target 127
 
  • S. Reimann, M. Droba, O. Meusel, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Since the last 20 years, modern heuristic algorithms and machine learning have been increasingly used for several purposes in accelerator technology and physics. Since computing power has become less and less of a limiting factor, these tools have become part of the physicist community’s standard toolkit. This paper describes the construction of an algorithm that can be used to generate an optimised lattice design for transfer lines under the consideration of restrictions that usually limit design options in reality. The developed algorithm has been applied to the existing SIS18 to HADES transfer line in GSI.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW023  
About • paper received ※ 28 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW024 Measurements of the GSI Transfer Beam Lines Ion Optics extraction, experiment, emittance, storage-ring 131
 
  • M. Sapinski, O. Geithner, S. Reimann, P. Schütt, M. Vossberg, B. Walasek-Höhne
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • C. Heßler
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  GSI High Energy Beam Transfer lines (HEST) link the SIS18 synchrotron with two storage rings (Experimental Storage Ring and Cryring) and six experimental caves. The recent upgrades to HEST beam instrumentation enables precise measurements of beam properties along the lines and allow for faster and more precise beams setup on targets. Preliminary results of some of the measurements performed during runs in 2018 and 2019 are presented here. The focus is on response matrix measurements and quadrupole scans performed on HADES beam line. The errors and future improvements are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW024  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW026 Transfer Line Optics Design Using Machine Learning Techniques target, simulation, optics, operation 139
 
  • D.M. Vilsmeier
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • M. Bai, M. Sapinski
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Optimization of transfer line optics is essential for delivering high quality beams to the experimental areas. This type of optimization is usually done by hand and relies on the experience of operators. The nature of this task is repetitive though highly complex. Besides optimizing the beam quality at the experiments this task is often accompanied by secondary objectives or requirements such as keeping the beam losses below an acceptable threshold. In the past years Deep Learning algorithms have experienced a rapid development and gave rise to various advanced software implementations which allow for straightforward usage of corresponding techniques, such as automatic differentiation and gradient backpropagation. We investigate the applicability and performance of these techniques in the field of transfer line optics optimization, specifically for the HADES beamline at GSI, in form of gradient-based differentiable simulators. We test our setup on results obtained from MADX simulations and compare our findings to different gradient-free optimization methods. Successfully employing such methods relieves operators from the tedious optimization tasks.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW026  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW059 Dynamic Aperture Limitation in e+ e Colliders due to Synchrotron Radiation in Quadrupoles radiation, synchrotron, betatron, synchrotron-radiation 221
 
  • A.V. Bogomyagkov, S.A. Glukhov, E.B. Levichev, S.V. Sinyatkin
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  In a lepton storage ring of very high energy (e.g. in the e+e- Higgs factory) synchrotron radiation from quadrupoles constrains transverse dynamic aperture even in the absence of any magnetic nonlinearities. This was observed in tracking for LEP and the Future Circular e+e- Collider (FCC-ee). Synchrotron radiation in the quadrupoles modulates the particle energy at the double betatron frequency. Energy modulation varies transverse focusing strength at the same frequency and creates a parametric resonance of the betatron oscillations with unusual properties. It occurs at arbitrary betatron frequency and the magnitude of the parameter modulation of the betatron oscillation depends on the oscillation amplitude. Equilibrium between the radiation damping and the resonant excitation gives the boundary of the stable motion. Here we continue comparison of tracking results with analytical calculations of the parametric resonance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW063 Beam Dynamics Optimization in Drift Tube Linear Accelerator With Permanent Quadrupole Magnets lattice, rfq, cavity, DTL 234
 
  • I. Skudnova
    Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 
  The research concerns the design of a drift tube linear accelerator (DTL) with permanent quadrupole magnets (PMQ) placed inside some of the drift tubes for focusing. The study was conducted using Comsol Multiphysics software, where electromagnetic fields and particle dy-namics in the cavity were calculated. The proton beam is accelerated up to 10 MeV. Initial beam is assumed to come from Radio Frequency Quadrupole accelerator (RFQ). Mathematical methods of control theory are used for particles dynamics optimization. Different focusing lattices are examined and variations of the gradient of the magnetic lenses are analyzed with respect to output beam parameters. Effectiveness of the optimization is estimated by the transmission rate and the emittance growth.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW063  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW077 Impedance Reduction in the CERN SPS Through Element Layout Optimisation impedance, coupling, extraction, cavity 277
 
  • A. Farricker, C. Vollinger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The CERN accelerator complex is currently in its long shutdown while the LHC Injector Upgrade is being carried out. The upgrade of the SPS includes but is not limited to: the relocation of the beam dumping system, upgrade of the RF system, replacement of the electrostatic septa and impedance reduction. These major upgrades present an opportunity to perform additional impedance reduction in areas not normally modified due to the large amount of work being performed across the accelerator complex. In this paper, we look at the impedance minimization in the sections near the large aperture quadrupoles of the extraction regions in the CERN SPS. By optimizing the locations of existing equipment and the introduction of a new, more impedance optimised type of bellows, significant reductions in the beam-coupling impedance can be achieved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW077  
About • paper received ※ 08 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW093 Optics Calibration for Routine Operations In Taiwan Photon Source optics, lattice, operation, coupling 335
 
  • F.H. Tseng, C.H. Chen, P.J. Chou
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  To ensure a stable performance of Taiwan Photon Source (TPS), we perform the calibration of accelerator optics using LOCO (Linear Optics from Closed Orbit) technique every month. After the optics and coupling corrections, the rms beta beatings in both planes are reduced to less than 1%. The emittance coupling ratio is also restored to within the design value.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW093  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW097 SOLEIL Storage Ring Upgrade Performance in Presence of Lattice Imperfections lattice, sextupole, closed-orbit, dipole 350
 
  • A. Vivoli, A. Bence, P. Brunelle, A. Gamelin, L. Hoummi, A. Loulergue, L.S. Nadolski, R. Nagaoka, M.-A. Tordeux
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The design for the upgrade of the SOLEIL third generation light source is progressing. At the present stage, different lattices are evaluated as possible candidates for the storage ring upgrade and an important factor for the comparison of their performances is the robustness against lattice imperfections. The strategy for this study consists in defining a set of misalignments of the lattice elements and field errors of the magnets that are expected to be attained after the commissioning, applying them to the lattice models and correcting them using response matrix based techniques. A dedicated algorithm was developed in Accelerator Toolbox in order to accomplish this procedure and compare the different lattices. In this paper the results of this study at the current state are presented, including the considered lattice imperfections, the correction method applied and the final performance of the lattices.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW097  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW114 Bayesian Approach for Linear Optics Correction optics, lattice, GUI, distributed 390
 
  • Y. Li, W.X. Cheng, R.S. Rainer
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  With a Bayesian approach, the linear optics correction algorithm for storage rings is revisited. In modern ring-based accelerators, optics corrections are determined from repetitive measurements which help identify systematic and random quadrupole errors in presence of various measurement noises. This process is a multivariate nonlinear regression problem driven by either a completed lattice model or a Jacobian matrix. Starting from the Bayes’ theorem, ’likelihood functions’ and ’prior probability’ distributions are extracted from a complete linear optics model. Under some assumptions, the least square algorithm and then the Jacobian matrix approach can be re-derived. The coherence of the correction algorithm is ensured through specifying a self-consistent regularization coefficient to prevent overfitting. Optimal weights for different correction objectives are obtained based on their measurement noise level. A new technique has been developed to resolve degenerated quadrupole errors when observed at a few select BPMs. A necessary condition of being distinguishable is that their optics response vectors seen at these specific BPMs should be near-orthogonal.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW114  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW123 Electromagnetic Study and Measurements of the iRCMS Cell focusing, optics, proton, extraction 403
 
  • N. Tsoupas, P.N. Joshi, F. Méot, D. Trbojevic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • D.T. Abell
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • V.L. Bailey, J.P. Lidestri
    Best Medical International, Springfield, USA
  • M. Sinnott
    Everson Tesla Inc., Nazareth, Pennsylvania, USA
 
  Funding: BNL Contract TSA-NF-18-80
The ion Rapid Cycle Medical Synchrotron (iRCMS) * will provide proton and C ion bunches with maximum energy 270 MeV and 450 MeV/u respectively at a frequency of 15 Hz for treating cancerous tumors. One of the six cells of the iRCMS has been designed, built and magnetic field measurements have been performed. We will present results from the static and AC electromagnetic study of the iRCMS cell and compare the measured magnetic fields with those calculated using the OPERA computer code **. In addition the beam optics of the cell will be calculated based on the experimental fields using the zgoubi computer code *** and compared with the designed beam optics.
* D. Trbojevic, iRCMS Magnet Review, BNL, Sept. 6, 2012 (unpublished)
** OPERA computer code https://operafea.com/
*** The zgoubi computer code https://www.bnl.gov/isd/documents/79375.pdf
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW123  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP001 Optic Corrections for FCC-hh injection, insertion, dipole, coupling 417
 
  • D. Boutin
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • A. Chancé, B. Dalena
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B.J. Holzer, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. The evaluation of the various magnets mechanical error and field error tolerances in the arc sections of FCC-hh, as well as an estimation of the required correctors strengths, are important aspects of the collider design. In this study the mechanical tolerances, dipole and quadrupole field error tolerances for the arc sections of FCC-hh are evaluated. The consolidated correction schemes of the linear coupling (with skew quadrupoles) and of the beam tunes (with normal quadrupoles) are presented. The integration of the different ring insertions (interaction region, collimation, injection, etc) is also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP001  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP004 Consolidated Lattice of the Collider FCC-hh dipole, injection, optics, insertion 428
 
  • A. Chancé, D. Boutin, B. Dalena
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • W. Bartmann, M. Hofer, R. Martin, D. Schulte
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Funding: The European Circular Energy-Frontier Collider Study (EuroCirCol) project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant No 654305.
The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. The latest changes brought to the lattice of the FCC-hh collider are commented: impact of the new intra-beam distance, efforts to increase the beam stay clear in the dispersion suppressors, tuning procedures, and updates on the insertions.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP004  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP006 Magnetic Measurement With Single Stretched Wire Method on SuperKEKB Final Focus Quadrupoles solenoid, detector, controls, interaction-region 432
 
  • Y. Arimoto, K. Egawa, T. Kawamoto, M. Masuzawa, Y. Ohsawa, N. Ohuchi, R. Ueki, X. Wang, H. Yamaoka, Z.G. Zong
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • J. DiMarco, J.M. Nogiec, G. Velev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Superconducting-final-focus-quadrupole magnet system (QCS) were installed on an interaction region (IR) of SuperKEKB on Feb. 2017. The QCS consists of eight quadrupole magnets and four compensation solenoids; these magnets are contained in the two cryostats and are installed into Belle II detector which generates a solenoid field of 1.5 T. We determined the quadrupole centers with respect to accelerator beam lines with a single stretched wire (SSW) method. Here the results of the magnetic measurement with SSW are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP006  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP017 Beam Orbit Correction in the CLIC Main Linac Using a Small Subset of Correctors linac, emittance, collider, ground-motion 461
 
  • N. Blaskovic Kraljevic, D. Schulte
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Beam orbit correction in future linear colliders, such as the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC), is essential to mitigate the effect of accelerator element misalignment due to ground motion. The correction is performed using correctors distributed along the accelerator, based on the beam position monitor (BPM) readout from the preceding bunch train, with a train repetition frequency of 50 Hz. This paper presents the use of the MICADO algorithm* to select a subset of N ~ 10 correctors (from a total of 576) to be used for orbit correction in the designed 380 GeV centre-of-mass energy first-stage of CLIC. The optimisation of the number N of correctors, the algorithm’s gain and the corrector step size is described, and the impact of a number of BPMs and correctors becoming unavailable is addressed. The application of a MICADO algorithm to perform dispersion free steering, by reducing the beam orbit difference between two beams with different energies, is discussed.
* B. Autin & Y. Marti, "Closed orbit correction of A.G. machines using a small number of magnets", CERN-ISR-MA/73-17, 1973.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP017  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP020 Smooth and Beta-Beating-Free Optics Transitions for HL-LHC optics, injection, insertion, operation 472
 
  • R. De Maria, M. Solfaroli
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the CERN LHC, optics transitions are mainly required to control the beam size at the four experimental interaction points. The current method, based on linearly-interpolated optics functions over a small set of matched optics and parabolic time-domain segments, introduces non-zero beta-beating and it is not optimal in time. This contribution presents an alternative approach, based on continuously-matched optics solutions distributed in time domain by using a realistic model of the superconducting circuits, which optimises the overall process duration. This method requires a change in the paradigm used in the control system and it is proposed for the future High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP020  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP022 K-Modulation in Future High Energy Colliders luminosity, collider, optics, power-supply 476
 
  • M. Hofer, F.S. Carlier, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  K-Modulation of the quadrupoles closest to the interaction point (IP) has been an indispensable tool to accurately measure the beta-function in the interaction point (β*) in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. K-Modulation may become even more important to control the lower β* and reach the design luminosities in the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) and the Future Circular Collider (FCC). K-Modulation results also provide important input for the luminosity calibration and help in the identification and correction of errors in the machines. This paper presents a method for determining β* using K-Modulation adapted to the characteristic layout of both colliders. Using the latest models for the HL-LHC and the FCC-hh, estimated uncertainties on the measurements are presented. The results are compared to the accuracy of an alternative modulation scheme using a different powering scheme.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP022  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP026 HE-LHC Optics Design Options dipole, lattice, hadron, optics 492
 
  • J. Keintzel, M.P. Crouch, M. Hofer, T. Risselada, R. Tomás, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Hofer, J. Keintzel
    TU Vienna, Wien, Austria
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  The High Energy Large Hadron Collider (HE-LHC), a possible successor of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) aims at reaching a centre-of-mass energy of about 27 TeV using basically the same 16 T dipoles as for the hadron-hadron Future Circular Collider FCC-hh. Designing the HE-LHC results in a trade off between energy reach, beam stay clear as well as geometry offset with respect to the LHC. In order to best meet the requirements, various arc cell and dispersion suppressor options have been generated and analysed, before concluding on two baseline options, which are presented in this paper. Merits of each design are highlighted and possible solutions for beam stay clear minima are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP026  
About • paper received ※ 02 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP027 Second Order Dispersion Measurements in LHC optics, dipole, coupling, betatron 496
 
  • J. Keintzel, M. Hofer
    TU Vienna, Wien, Austria
  • J. M. Coello De Portugal - Martinez Vazquez, J. Dilly, E. Fol, A. Garcia-Tabares, M. Hofer, J. Keintzel, E.H. Maclean, L. Malina, T. H. B. Persson, R. Tomás, A. Wegscheider
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The quadratic dependence of the orbit on the relative momentum offset, also known as second order dispersion, is analysed for the first time for the LHC. In this paper, the measurement and analysis procedure are described. Results and implications on future optics are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP027  
About • paper received ※ 02 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP040 US Contributions to the High Luminosity LHC Upgrade - Focusing Quadrupoles and Crab Cavities cavity, luminosity, HOM, SRF 536
 
  • G. Apollinari, G. Ambrosio, R.H. Carcagno, SF. Feher, L. Ristori
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  In the early 2000’s, the US High Energy Physics community contributing to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) launched the LHC Accelerator R&D Program) (LARP), a long-vision focused R&D program, intended to bring the Nb3Sn and other technologies to a maturity level that would allow applications in HEP machines. Around 2015, the technologies developed by LARP were mature enough to allow the spin-off of a major upgrade project to the LHC complex, the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). This paper will focus on the US contribution to HL-LHC, namely the large-aperture low-beta focusing Nb3Sn quadrupoles and the Radio Frequency Dipole (RFD) Crab Cavities, located in close proximity to the ATLAS and CMS experiments. This contribution, called the HL-LHC Accelerator Upgrade Project (HL-LHC AUP), focuses on production of these quadrupoles and cavities by sharing the work among a consortium of US Laboratories (FNAL, LBNL, BNL and SLAC) and Universities and in close connection with the CERN-led HL-LHC Collaboration. The collaboration achieved commonality of specifications and uniformity of performance. Final development of design, construction and first results from the prototypes are described to indi-cate the status of these critical components for HL-LHC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP040  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP046 Mitigation of Persistent Current Effects in the RHIC Superconducting Magnets dipole, sextupole, injection, betatron 548
 
  • C. Liu, D. Bruno, A. Marusic, M.G. Minty, P. Thieberger
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • X. Wang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Persistent currents in superconducting magnet introduce errors in the magnetic fields especially at low operating currents. In addition, their decay cause magnetic field variations therefore drifts of beam orbits, tunes and chromaticities. To reduce field errors and suppress magnetic field variations, new magnetic cycles were proposed for low energy beam operation at RHIC. In the new magnetic cycles, the magnet current oscillates around the operating current with diminishing amplitude a few times before it settles. The new magnetic cycle has been demonstrated experimentally to reduce field errors and the amplitude of magnetic field variations significantly and is essential for the ongoing RHIC Beam Energy Scan II (BES-II) program. This article will present beam-based experimental studies of the persistent current effects with the new magnetic cycle, and discuss its application in RHIC and accelerators based on superconducting magnet in general.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP046  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB001 Low Emittance Tuning of FCC-ee emittance, coupling, lattice, sextupole 574
 
  • T.K. Charles
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • S. Aumon, B.J. Holzer, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The FCC-ee project studies the design of a future 100 km e+/e circular collider for precision studies and rare decay observations in the range of 90 to 350 GeV center of mass energy with luminosities in the order of 1036 cm-2s-1. In order to reach these luminosity requirements, extreme focusing is needed in the interaction regions. For the Z energy (45.6 GeV) lattice, the maximum beta value is 8322 m, and the vertical beta function is 0.8 mm at the IP. These aspects of the FCC-ee lattice make it particularly susceptible to misalignments and field errors, and therefore present an appreciable challenge for emittance tuning. A challenging correction scheme is proposed to reduce the coupling and the vertical emittance. We describe a comprehensive correction strategy used for the low emittance tuning. The strategy includes special programs, that had been developed to optimise the lattice based on Dispersion Free Steering, linear coupling compensation based on Resonant Driving Terms and beta beat correction utilising response matrices. Thousands of misalignment and field error random seeds were introduced in MADX simulations and the final corrected lattices are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 09 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 19 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB032 Interaction Section Lattice Design for a STCF Project sextupole, betatron, interaction-region, luminosity 646
 
  • W.W. Gao, J.Q. Lan
    Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Luo
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Super Tau-Charm Factory (STCF) planning in China is characterized with high luminosity, wide energy range and high longitudinal polarized electron beam. In order to achieve high luminosity, this project will adopt the recently proposed collision scheme based on Large Piwinski angle and Crab Waist. In this paper, a preliminary lattice design of interaction region meeting the above collision scheme is described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB032  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB062 nuSTORM Decay Ring lattice, resonance, closed-orbit, emittance 716
 
  • J.-B. Lagrange
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • R.B. Appleby, S.C. Tygier
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
 
  Precise neutrino cross section measurements and search for sterile neutrinos can be done with neutrino beams produced from muons decaying in a storage ring due to its precisely known flavour content and spectrum. In the proposed nuSTORM facility pions would be directly injected into a racetrack storage ring, where circulating muon beam would be captured. The storage ring has three options: a FODO solution with large aperture quadrupoles, a racetrack FFA (Fixed Field Alternating gradient) using the recent developments in FFAs and a hybrid solution of the two previous options. Machine parameters, linear optics design and beam dynamics of the hybrid solution are discussed in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB062  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB092 Symplectic and Exact Tracking of Low Energy 197Au78+ in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider electron, simulation, storage-ring, lattice 791
 
  • Y. Luo, W. Fischer, F. Méot, G. Robert-Demolaize
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
In the coming RHIC low energy scan, the electron cooling technique is to be used to cool the ions 197Au79+ with its energy range between 3.85~GeV/nucleon to 5.75~GeV/nucleon. To overlap the electron beam and the 197Au79+ beam at the cooling section, a recombination monitor is to be used to detect the maximum flux of 197Au78+ ions generated in the cooling section. In the previous studies, we tracked 197Au78+ ions through the RHIC lattice defined with 197Au79+ with an equivalent momentum deviation. In the article, we explode different symplectic ways to track 197Au78+ ions exactly. We calculate and compare the trajectories and loss map of 197Au78+ ions through the RHIC ring.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB092  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB100 An Improved eRHIC Interaction Region Design Without High Field Nb3Sn Magnets electron, hadron, dipole, proton 799
 
  • B. Parker, R.B. Palmer, H. Witte
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
The IR magnets for the eRHIC Collider proposed at BNL must provide strong fields for the high momentum hadron beam and yet protect the nearby electron beam focusing channel from these fields. In our initial design the electron and hadron magnets were staggered so their respective cold masses did not overlap; however, this restricts the longitudinal space for the first hadron quadrupole and led to the challenge of making a high-field Nb3Sn main coil structure fit inside limited radial space within an external field active shield coil. In our new layout the crossing angle increased from 22 to 25 mrad and the electron and hadron cold masses are now side-by-side. This layout allows longer magnetic lengths for reducing the coil peak fields; NbTi conductor can now be used everywhere. Of course we must take care to control magnetic cross talk between neighboring apertures. One trick we will use to accomplish this is to maximize the yoke material thickness between the beams by tapering (i.e. change coil radius as a function of longitudinal position) some of the electron coils. The new eRHIC IR layout and magnet design is reported in this paper along with ongoing R&D to wind tapered coils.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB100  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB105 Measurement and Analysis of Beam Phase-space Distributions for the Fermilab Muon Campus accelerator complex emittance, framework, experiment, simulation 810
 
  • A. Ramirez
    University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
  • D. Stratakis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is tasked with measuring the muon’s anomalous magnetic moment with high precision. Since the experiment requires large amounts of muons, it is imperative to systematically study the behavior of the beam along the transport line. Unfortunately, the available diagnostics only provide beam information in X-Y space. For a complete evaluation, information of the phase-space is required. This paper demonstrates a technique to measure the beam phase-space distribution by using a set of beam profiles. First, we establish the theoretical framework that describes the principle of the technique. Next, we apply the technique at four different locations along the accelerator delivery line. Finally, we compare our findings to predictions from tracking simulations. Our results indicate that the beam phase-space volume is conserved, along the beam delivery line, suggesting minimal loses and linear transport as expected by design. Compared to the simulations, there is good agreement in both horizontal and vertical plane with the former being at the 4% level while the latter being in the 15% level. Our proposed technique is expected to provide a promising approach for optimizing injection and thereby improving the performance of the Muon g-2 Experiment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB105  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS015 FoS Cavity of the Alvarez 2.0 DTL as FAIR Injector DTL, cavity, operation, linac 871
 
  • M. Heilmann, X. Du, L. Groening, S. Mickat, C. Mühle, A. Rubin, V. Srinivasan
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The Alvarez 2.0 DTL will be the new post-stripper DTL of the UNILAC at GSI. The existing GSI with its LINAC and SIS18 comprise the main operation injector chain for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR. The new Alvarez-DTL has an operation frequency of 108.4 MHz, an input energy of 1.358 MeV/u and the output energy is 11.4 MeV/u with a total length of 55 m. The presented FoS section will be part of the first cavity of the Alvarez 2.0 DTL. The FoS-cavity with 11 drift tubes (including quadrupole singlets) and a total length of 1.9 m will be copper plated in GSI for high power tests. The design of the quadrupole singlet magnet is finalized; a prototype of a fully functional magnet with drift tube and stems will be fabricated within a design study. Empty drift tubes and all components of the tank shall be delivered 2019 for first low level RF investigations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS015  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS017 Status of Operation With Negative Momentum Compaction at KARA optics, operation, injection, sextupole 878
 
  • P. Schreiber, T. Boltz, M. Brosi, B. Härer, A. Mochihashi, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, M. Schuh
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: We are supported by the DFG-funded ’Karlsruhe School of Elementary and Astroparticle Physics: Science and Technology’ and European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (No 730871)
For future synchrotron light source development novel operation modes are under investigation. At the Karlsruhe Research Accelerator (KARA) an optics with negative momentum compaction has been proposed, which is currently under commissioning. In this context, the collective effects expected in this regime are studied with an initial focus on the head-tail instability and the micro-bunching instability resulting from CSR self-interaction. In this contribution, we will present the proposed optics and the status of implementation for operation in the negative momentum compaction regime as well as a preliminary discussion of expected collective effects.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS017  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS024 Reconstruction of the Longitudinal Phase Portrait for the SC CW Heavy Ion HELIAC at GSI heavy-ion, linac, cavity, proton 898
 
  • S. Lauber, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, F.D. Dziuba
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, P. Forck, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu, A. Rubin, T. Sieber, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  At the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, the HElmholtz LInear ACcelerator (HELIAC) is currently under construction. The HELIAC comprises superconducting multigap Crossbar H-mode (SC CH) cavities. The input beam is delivered by an already existing High Charge Injector (HLI). For the further development of the accelerator a detailed knowledge of the input beam parameters to the SC section is necessary. A method for beam reconstruction is incorporated, which provides for longitudinal beam characteristics using measurements with a beam shape monitor and a particle simulation code. This finalizes the investigations on 6D beam parameters, following previous measurements in transversal phase space. The reconstruction of the longitudinal phase portrait is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS024  
About • paper received ※ 24 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS040 Beta Beating and Coupling Correction of the ILSF Storage Ring coupling, lattice, closed-orbit, alignment 946
 
  • A.M. Mash’al, E. Ahmadi, S. Dastan, J. Rahighi
    ILSF, Tehran, Iran
  • F.D. Dabbagh Kashani
    IUST, Narmac, Tehran, Iran
 
  The Iranian Light Source Facility (ILSF) is a 3 GeV synchrotron radiation facility, which is in the design stage. Inevitable errors like imperfection of magnetic field and misalignment of magnets will introduce various destructive effects on the performance of the machine. The possibility of correcting the errors should be thoroughly examined before settling the design. In this paper, the correction process of beta beating and coupling with LOCO is described. The rms beta beating in horizontal and vertical planes after correction are reduced to 1% and 2% respectively. The average coupling ratio of lattice for 100 random error distribution is corrected to 0.2%.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS040  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS043 ESS Related Activities at Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste linac, dipole, target, MMI 953
 
  • A. Fabris, D. Caiazza, D. Castronovo, M. Cautero, S. Cleva, R. De Monte, R. Fabris, M. Ferianis, A. Gubertini, T. N. Gucin, R. Laghi, G. Loda, C. Pasotti, R. Visintini, S. dr. Grulja
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste Research Center (Elettra) is one the Italian Institutions, together with Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), committed to the realization of the Italian in-kind contributions for the European Spallation Source. Elettra contributions are concentrated on the proton accelerator and more specifically they concern the construction of the conventional iron-dominated electro-magnets and related power converters to be installed in the superconducting part of the linac and in the High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT), the RF power stations for the superconducting spoke cavity linac section and the wire scanner acquisition system for the beam diagnostics. This paper provides a description of the contributions and an overview of the status of the construction activities.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS043  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS068 Beam Commissioning Experience of CSNS/RCS injection, MMI, betatron, closed-orbit 1012
 
  • S.Y. Xu
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based science facility. CSNS is designed to accelerate proton beam pulses to 1.6 GeV kinetic energy, striking a solid metal target to produce spallation neutrons. CSNS has two major accelerator systems, a linear accelerator (80 MeV Linac) and a 1.6 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The Beam commissioning of CSNS/RCS has been commissioned recently. Beam had been accelerated to 1.6 GeV at CSNS/RCS on January 18, 2018 with the injection energy of 80 MeV. The machine parameters are measured and optimized. The beam power is increased step by step. The beam power achieved 50kW in January, 2019. In this paper, the commissioning experiences are introduced.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS068  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS079 Design of 1.5 GeV Compact Storage Ring for the EUV and Soft X-rays storage-ring, synchrotron, resonance, focusing 1028
 
  • J.Y. Lee, I.G. Jeong
    Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, Y.J. Joo, H.R. Lee
    University of Science and Technology of Korea (UST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, Y.J. Joo, Y. Kim, H.R. Lee, S. Lee
    KAERI, Jeongeup-si, Republic of Korea
 
  Recently, there has been discussions about the need for the next-generation synchrotron light source facility in Korea. The facility in consideration is composed of a super-conducting linear accelerator for the injector, a storage ring for the EUV and soft X-rays, and a main storage ring for hard X-rays. In this study, design concepts of the soft X-ray storage ring is presented. To effectively utilize the small space allocated for the soft X-ray storage ring, a compact storage ring is taken into account. The compact storage ring is a synchrotron accelerator of which diameter is shorter than the length of injector beamline. In this paper, we report design concepts and optimization of the compact storage ring for the EUV and soft X-ray users. The lattice of the storage ring is modelled by utilizing ELEGANT simulation code to optimize beam parameters and performance of the ring.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS079  
About • paper received ※ 24 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS081 Design of the Transferline to the ESS Target and Beam Dump at Reduced Beam Energy target, linac, ECR, ion-source 1034
 
  • Y.S. Qin, M. Eshraqi, Y. Levinsen, R. Miyamoto
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) linac transfer-lines to the target and beam dump are designed for the 2 GeV beam energy. The commissioning and operation of the accelerator will start at a reduced energy of 571 MeV with the high beta part of the linac unpowered. The beam power at this energy is still above 1 MW and a proper transport from the last accelerating cavity to the target is essential. Beam dynamics design of the High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT) and Accelerator to Target (A2T) are studied based on this reduced energy in this paper, including phase advance optimization and rematch. Among the factors which are analyzed are the envelope and beam size on the target which are kept close to their values at 2 GeV and losses along the linac and the transfer lines.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS081  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS105 The High Brightness Photo-injector for THz CUR/VUV FEL at NSRRC radiation, electron, emittance, linac 1125
 
  • A.P. Lee, M.C. Chou, H.P. Hsueh, J.-Y. Hwang, W.K. Lau
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • P. Wang
    NTHU, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  A high brightness photo-injector has been build for THz coherent undulator radiation and VUV free electron laser test facility at NSRRC. In the first phase, the photo-injector was used to produce ultra-short electron bunches for THz CUR generation. The electron beam is generated form a photocathode rf gun followed by a solenoid for emittance compensation. Then A 5.2 m S-band linac accelerates the electron beam and compresses the beam by velocity bunching. Since the beam emittance will grow during the velocity bunching process, a solenoid system was installed to reduce the emmitance growth. Downstream the linac, a quadruple magnet was use for emittance measurement by quadruple scan method and the bunch length was measured by the coherent transition radiation. Finally, the ultra-short electron bunch with about few hundreds picoseconds passes through a U100 planer undulator can produce THz coherent undulator radiation. The instrument setup and results of measurement are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS105  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS111 Primary Beam Dynamics Design of a Heavy-Ion IH-DTL With Electromagnetic Quadrupoles DTL, focusing, rfq, cavity 1140
 
  • P.F. Ma, X. Guan, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, X.D. Yu, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  A new IH-DTL beam dynamics scheme, IH-EMQ (ElectroMagnetic Quadrupole) is presented to obtain a large longitudinal acceptance. In this scheme, electromagnetic quadrupoles are installed inside the drift tubes of IH-DTL. A large-longitudinal-acceptance heavy-ion IH-DTL design is described in this paper. With the limit current of 25 mA, the 90% normalized longitudinal acceptance reaches 87.8 pi.deg. MeV for the 60 MeV 107Au30+, which is 8 times of the input emittance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS111  
About • paper received ※ 09 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS112 Matrix Approach to Decouple Transverse-Coupled Beams coupling, emittance, solenoid, DTL 1144
 
  • P.F. Ma, X. Guan, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, X.D. Yu, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.H. Pu, J. Qiao, C.P. Wang, X.C. Xie, F. Yang
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant number 2016YFC0105408).
Transverse emittances, especially vertical emittance, are strictly required in the synchrotrons with multi-loop injection. Transverse emittances easily grow up if transverse beam phase spaces are coupled. The growth of the transverse emittance can be restained by decoupling the beam phase spaces. Based on the transfer matrix calculation, it can be theoretically proved that the decoupling can be implemented for general situations. A minimum number of rotated quadrupoles required for decoupling is given. Two quadrupoles can decouple the beam and suppress its emittance growth to 1% in the coupling DTL case.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS112  
About • paper received ※ 28 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUZPLM2 Optics Measurements at SuperKEKB Using Beam Based Calibration for BPM and BBA optics, betatron, emittance, coupling 1198
 
  • H. Sugimoto, H. Koiso, K. Mori, A. Morita, Y. Ohnishi, M. Tejima
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The beam-based calibration(BBC) technique for Beam-Position-Monitor(BPM) is applied in order to establish reliable optics measurement. In the BBC, a response model between beam position, charge and output signals of the BPM electrodes are introduced to calibrate the relative gain of the BPM electrodes. The gains are adjusted by total squares fitting so that the model reproduces the measured BPM signals. The Beam-Based Alignment(BBA) is also performed to determine the magnetic center of a quadrupole. Using BBC and BBA, the performance of the BPM system and optics correction are successfully improved. This talk presents what we experienced during the beam commissioning focusing on beam optics measurement and some details on the beam-based calibration scheme for BPM system.  
slides icon Slides TUZPLM2 [15.911 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUZPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP002 Overview of Sirius Power Supply System controls, power-supply, dipole, synchrotron 1230
 
  • C. Rodrigues, G.O. Brunheira, B.E. Limeira, R.J. Marcondeli, M.G. Martins, G.R. Oliveira, A.R.D. Rodrigues, G.M. Rogatto, A.P.A. Silva, A.R. Silva, H. Sousa
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
 
  Sirius is a 4th generation synchrotron light source designed and under construction by Brazilian Syn-chrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), which first beam is scheduled to operate in 2019. Almost a thousand Pow-er supplies (PS) will be needed to feed all magnets of the magnetic lattice, with outputs ranging from 10A to 1.1kA and 50W to 333kW. Almost all power supplies were designed at LNLS. Only three families of power modules were de-signed: low power (FBP), high power (FAP) and AC (FAC). Each PS can have up to 8 modules in a parallel or/and series association, in order to reach the rated output values. All PS are digitally controlled by the same hardware and firmware, also developed by LNLS, called Digital Regulation System (DRS), but with different parameter settings. The DRS is also responsible by the communi-cation with other systems, PS monitoring, data man-agement, etc. This work presents an overview of this system, showing the PS specifications, family topologies and results of tests.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP002  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP012 Power Converters for the ESS Warm Magnets: Procurement Status linac, dipole, status, neutron 1251
 
  • R. Visintini, M. Cautero, T. N. Gucin
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  • C.A. Martins
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  In the frame of the Italian In-Kind collaboration for the construction of the European Spallation Source (ESS), Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste research center is in charge, among all, of the provision of the power converters for the warm magnets of the superconducting part of the linear accelerator and of the proton beam transport line. The procurement process is running for all types of power converters. The first components have been delivered to ESS already in March 2018, while the Dipole and Quadrupole power converters are under construction. The first batches have been factory tested and shipped to Lund. The corrector power converters have been manufactured and are currently tested and calibrated at Elettra before their delivery to ESS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP012  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP016 New Power Supply of Main Magnets for J-Parc Main Ring Upgrade controls, extraction, operation, proton 1266
 
  • T. Shimogawa, Y. Kurimoto, K. Miura, Y. Morita, D. Naito
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Sagawa
    Universal Engineering, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  It is plans that the proton beam power provided to experimental facilities increase with shortening repetition period in J-PARC Main Ring (MR). As the shorten repetition period, the replacement of the power converters for main magnets in J-PARC MR is necessary to cope with issues such as power fluctuation of the main grid and increase of the output voltage. We have considered and developed the power converters with a 10 MW class which have the capacitor banks with the large capacitance. In the end of 2017, the first new power converter for a bending magnets family, which is the largest power converter in this upgrade plan, was installed in J-PARC site and the power test is ongoing using a dummy and a real load. In this report, the first new power converter for a bending magnets family in J-PARC MR is reported including the test results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP016  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP035 Design of the Vacuum System of the FCC-ee Electron-Positron Collider collider, vacuum, photon, dipole 1319
 
  • R. Kersevan, C. Garion
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Future Circular Collider (FCC) Design Study includes the twin storage ring (FCC-ee) where electrons and positrons are stored and made to collide inside two detectors. The vacuum system of FCC-ee must be designed in order to deal with a lower-energy (45.6 GeV), high-current (1390 mA) Z-pole machine and at a later stage with a higher-energy (182.5 GeV) low-current (5.4 mA). The former machine is the most challenging one from the point of view of vacuum, since the photon-stimulated desorption (PSD) generated by the copious synchrotron radiation (SR) fans is quite large. While several concepts have been considered at the beginning, the design retained for the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) is one where the cross-section of the vacuum chamber (VC) in the arcs is a scaled-down version of the one implemented in the SUPERKEKB collider. Contrary to SUPERKEKB tough, the SR fans are absorbed by many short absorbers, with average spacing of 5.8 m. This allow a localization of the PSD gas load and to place lumped pumps in front of the SR absorbers, to maximize the pumping efficiency. The VC design is compatible with the design of the common-yoke dipoles and quadrupoles. The VC material is copper alloy. Optimization of the pressure profiles has been carried out by means of extensive coupled montecarlo simulations, for SR and molecular flow. For the higher energy versions of the machine, for which the SR spectra are characterized by critical energies well above the Compton edge, the localized absorbers facilitate also shielding the tunnel and any radiation-sensitive machine components from X-ray photon damage, by installing short high-Z material around the absorbers. The major features of the CDR relevant for vacuum will be highlighted in the paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP035  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW004 Cls 2.2: Ultra-Brilliant Round Beams Using Pseudo Longitudinal Gradient Bends injection, lattice, emittance, coupling 1385
 
  • L.O. Dallin
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
 
  A preliminary design for a new storage for the Canadian Light Source was presented at IPAC’18 (Dallin). More recently a reconfigured lattice was presented at the 6th DLSR workshop. This lattice employed large βy and small βx in the straights. This has several advantages including: increased transverse coherence and brighter beams at small coupling; round beams at small coupling; flatter βy through the straights; and possible off-axis vertical injection at small amplitudes. Most recently longitudinal gradients in the dipoles have been implemented. This has lead to the unit cell bends being replaced by a ’pseudo longitudinal gradient’ bend array: bend1-bend2-bend1. This results in smaller emittance with simple magnet designs while maintaining adequate dynamic aperture for off-axis injection.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW004  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW020 Non-Linear Features of the cSTART Project storage-ring, sextupole, lattice, injection 1437
 
  • B. Härer, E. Bründermann, A.B. Kaiser, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, R. Ruprecht, J.M. Schaefer, M. Schuh
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  The compact storage ring for accelerator research and technology (cSTART) is being designed and will be realized at the Institute for Beam Physics and Technology (IBPT) of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). One important goal of the project is to demonstrate injection and storage of a laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA) beam in a storage ring. As a first stage the compact linear accelerator FLUTE will serve as an injector of 50 MeV bunches to test the ring’s performance. A highly non-linear lattice of DBA-FDF type was studied extensively. The specific features of ring optics are reported. A special transfer line from FLUTE to cSTART including bunch compressor and non-linear elements is presented that maintains the ultra-short bunch length of FLUTE.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW020  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW022 Commissioning Simulation Study for the Accumulator Ring of the Advanced Light Source Upgrade MMI, injection, lattice, simulation 1445
 
  • T. Hellert, Ph. Amstutz, M.P. Ehrlichman, S.C. Leemann, C. Steier, C. Sun, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The Advanced Light Source Upgrade (ALS-U) to a diffraction-limited soft x-rays light source requires the construction of an Accumulator Ring (AR) to enable swap-out, on-axis injection. The AR lattice is a Triple-Bend-Achromat lattice similar to that of the current ALS but to minimize the magnet sizes the vacuum chamber will be significantly narrower hence requiring a careful evaluation of the magnets’ field quality. This work presents the results of a detailed error tolerance study including a complete simulation of the commissioning process.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW022  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW039 Error Study and Correction of Hefei Advanced Light Source lattice, optics, closed-orbit, coupling 1492
 
  • D.R. Xu, Z.H. Bai, W. Li
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) is a future diffraction limited storage ring. The machine performance under all kinds of magnet errors is a vital component in physical design. In this paper, we present our work on the closed orbit correction, the linear beam optics compensation and the coupling control in HALS. After correction, the dynamical aperture can suffice the injection scheme.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW039  
About • paper received ※ 23 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW041 Super-Period Locally Symmetric Lattices for Designing Diffraction-Limited Storage Rings lattice, storage-ring, emittance, sextupole 1498
 
  • Z.H. Bai, W. Li, G. Liu, L. Wang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Li
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  To achieve better nonlinear dynamics performance for a diffraction-limited storage ring, previously we proposed a locally symmetric multi-bend-achromat (MBA) lattice concept, where beta functions are locally symmetric about two mirror planes of each lattice cell. To have both high-beta long straight sections for beam injection and low-beta ones for higher brightness of insertion device radiation, many storage ring light sources use super-period lattices. The locally symmetric MBA lattice can be naturally extended to the super-period case. In the super-period locally symmetric (SP-LS) lattice, many nonlinear dynamics effects can be effectively cancelled out within one super-period lattice cell, and also there are many knobs to be used for further nonlinear optimization. As examples, two SP-LS lattices have been designed towards diffraction-limited emittances.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW041  
About • paper received ※ 20 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW043 Simulation of Model Independent Analysis to HEPS Storage Ring optics, simulation, storage-ring, betatron 1504
 
  • D. Ji, Y. Jiao, H.Z. Ma, J.H. Yue
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Model Independent Analysis (MIA) is a beam analysis method applied for Turn-by-Turn (TBT) Beam Position Monitor (BPM) data. To develop the commissioning method of the HEPS storage ring, we simulate application of MIA on HEPS storage error model to measure and cor-rect the optics parameters. Difficulties and limitations of the MIA method are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW043  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW057 A Ten-Bend Achromat Lattice with Interleaved Dispersion Bumps for a Diffraction-Limited Storage Ring lattice, emittance, storage-ring, sextupole 1538
 
  • P.H. Yang, Z.H. Bai, J.J. Tan, L. Wang, J.H. Xu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Recently, a multi-bend achromat (MBA) lattice concept, called the MBA with interleaved dispersion bumps (IDB-MBA), was proposed to design the HALS storage ring, which presented better performance of both on- and off-momentum nonlinear dynamics. Since the beam emittance scales inversely with the third power of the number of bending magnets, in this paper we will study a new IDB-MBA lattice with more bending magnets. It is feasible to satisfy the requirement of the IDB-MBA concept in a 10BA lattice, and an IDB-10BA lattice is then designed for a storage ring light source with an energy of 2.4 GeV. The designed lattice has an ultra-low natural emittance of 81 pm·rad, and a dynamic aperture of about 6 mm and a large dynamic momentum aperture of 6% are achieved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW057  
About • paper received ※ 24 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW076 Early Commissioning Simulation of the Diamond Storage Ring Upgrade MMI, simulation, optics, closed-orbit 1577
 
  • H. Ghasem, M. Apollonio, R. Bartolini, J.P. Kennedy, I.P.S. Martin
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 
  A low beam emittance lattice has been designed for up-grade of the Diamond storage ring. Due to the use of strong focusing elements and rather small vacuum cham-ber and considering the required short dark time, commis-sioning of the designed storage ring becomes very chal-lenging. This paper briefly explains the progress of early commissioning simulations of the storage ring, gives the required engineering tolerances, presents the first simula-tion results and discusses the non-linear beam dynamics (NLBD) issues after successful commissioning with and without insertion devices (IDs).  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW076  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW091 Lattice Measurements of the APS Injector Rings emittance, booster, lattice, dipole 1619
 
  • V. Sajaev, C. Yao
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02- 06CH11357
APS Upgrade will feature an entirely new storage ring but will keep the existing injector complex consisting of the linear accelerator, Particle Accumulator Ring (PAR) and Booster. Due to small dynamic aperture of the APS Upgrade lattice, swap-out injection is adapted when an entire old bunch is replaced with a new bunch. This injection requires Booster to provide high-charge bunches with up to 17 nC in a single bunch. An extensive work is being carried out on characterizing the existing injector rings to ensure future high-charge operation. In this paper, we will present results of the lattice measurement using the response matrix fit. We will show the analysis of the achievable lattice measurement accuracy in the APS Booster and describe fit parameter modifications required to achieve good fit accuracy for the PAR.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW091  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW094 First Attempts at Applying Machine Learning to ALS Storage Ring Stabilization experiment, storage-ring, operation, emittance 1631
 
  • S.C. Leemann, Ph. Amstutz, M.P. Ehrlichman, T. Hellert, A. Hexemer, S. Liu, M. Marcus, C.N. Melton, H. Nishimura, G. Penn, F. Sannibale, D.A. Shapiro, C. Sun, D. Ushizima, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, USA
 
  Funding: This research is funded by US Department of Energy (BES & ASCR Programs), and supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract No. DEAC02-05CH11231.
The ALS storage ring operates multiple feedbacks and feed-forwards during user operations to ensure that various source properties such as beam position, beam angle, and beam size are maintained constant. Without these active corrections, strong perturbations of the electron beam would result from constantly varying ID gaps and phases. An important part of the ID gap/phase compensation requires recording feed-forward tables. While recording such tables takes a lot of time during dedicated machine shifts, the resulting compensation data is imperfect due to machine drift both during and after recording of the table. Since it is impractical to repeat recording feed-forward tables on a more frequent basis, we have decided to employ Machine Learning techniques to improve ID compensation in order to stabilize electron beam properties at the source points.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW094  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB054 The Beam-Based Alignment Simulation and Preliminary Experiment at SXFEL electron, FEL, alignment, undulator 1804
 
  • L. Zeng, H.X. Deng, C. Feng, D. Gu, B. Liu, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • G.L. Wang
    DICP, Dalian, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Shanghai soft X-ray Free-electron Laser facility (SXFEL) is now serving as an experimental platform for fundamental free-electron laser (FEL) principle tests. The machine puts very tight tolerance on the straightness of the electron beam orbit. It is hard to achieve the required trajectory due to the off-axis field of the misaligned quadrupoles and undulator segments especially for the SXFEL driven by low energy linac (840MeV). This tight requirement on electron beam straightness can only be met through the beam-based alignment (BBA) technology which achieved great success at LCLS, PAL-XFEL, European-XFEL and SCALA with high electron beam energies. But there has been no report about satisfactory BBA experiment results on soft X-ray FEL facility driven by relatively low energy linacs (on the order of 2 GeV or less) up to now. Here, we report the simulation results and preparatory experiment progress of the BBA at SXFEL with the method of dispersion-free steering (DFS). The experiment results show some improvements of the electron beam orbit and the phenomenon of the dispersion-free. The entire BBA experiment and a feedback system of electron beam trajectory may also be included.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB054  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB105 Realizing Low-Emittance Lattice Solutions With Complex Bends emittance, lattice, dipole, sextupole 1906
 
  • V.V. Smaluk, T.V. Shaftan
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Department of Energy Contract No. DE-SC0012704
A concept of new lattice element called "Complex Bend" is recently proposed at NSLS-­II. Replacing the regular dipoles in the Double­-Bend Achromat lattice by Complex Bends significantly reduces the beam emittance. The first attempt of lattice design for potential NSLS-­II upgrade based on Complex Bend, is described. Compared with the current NSLS­-II lattice, the new solution modifies only three of the six girders per cell. The linear optics has been matched keeping unchanged the lattice parameters at the straight sections, where the light­-generating insertion devices are located. The Complex Bend gradient is limited by 250 T/m assuming possible use of permanent magnets. The lattice provides 65 pm emittance without damping wigglers, use of which results in further decrease of the emittance
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB105  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB113 Dynamic Aperture of JLEIC Electron Collider Ring with Errors and Correction alignment, electron, multipole, optics 1920
 
  • Y.M. Nosochkov, Y. Cai
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • F. Lin, V.S. Morozov, Y. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: * This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, and Office of Nuclear Physics under Contracts DE-AC05-06OR23177, DE-AC02-06CH11357, and DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Design of the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) includes low-beta Interaction Region (IR) and spin rotator optics for high luminosity and polarization. Magnet errors, especially in the high-beta final focus quadrupoles, result in optics perturbations which need to be corrected in order to attain sufficient dynamic aperture (DA). We present design of orbit correction system for the electron ring and evaluate its performance. The DA is then studied including misalignment, magnet strength errors, non-linear field errors, and corrections.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB113  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS005 Advanced Beam Transport Solutions for ELIMAIA: A User Oriented Laser-Driven Ion Beamlines laser, proton, dipole, permanent-magnet 1936
 
  • F. Schillaci, D. Margarone, V. Scuderi
    ELI-BEAMS, Prague, Czech Republic
  • L. Andò, G.A.P. Cirrone, G. Cuttone, G. Milluzzo, J. Pipek, F. Romano, A.D. Russo
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • M. Maggiore
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
 
  Laser-target acceleration represents a promising alternative to standard accelerators for several potential applications, especially medical ones, but some extreme features make laser-driven ion beams not directly usable. Therefore, a large effort has been recently devoted to development of beam-transport solutions to obtain controlled and reproducible beams. In this framework, a collaboration has been established between INFN-LNS (IT) and Eli-Beamlines-IoP (CZ) to realize a complete transport beam-line, named ELIMED, dedicated to the transport, diagnostics and dosimetry of laser-driven ion beams. The transport beamline is made by three sections: a set of high field gradient permanent magnet quadrupoles with large acceptance is used to collect and inject ions in the selection section; a magnetic chicane made of C-shaped resistive dipoles is able to select beams with high resolution and to work as an active energy modulator. The final beam shaping is done by two resistive quadrupoles. In this contribution the status of the beamline is described together with the tests performed with conventional accelerators at INFN-LNS. Feasibility study of possible upgrades are also reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS005  
About • paper received ※ 15 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP022 Design and Construction of the CERN SPS Extraction Protection Elements for LIU extraction, vacuum, simulation, brightness 2359
 
  • B. Balhan, C. Baud, J.C.C.M. Borburgh, M.A. Fraser, M. Hourican, L.O. Jorat, F.-X. Nuiry, S. Pianese
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  At CERN, the SPS synchrotron is equipped with two fast extraction channels towards the LHC. As a part of the LHC injector upgrade project (LIU), the protection devices upstream of the septa in both extraction channels will be upgraded. Various failure scenarios have been studied and presented in the past, but the definitive approach for the equipment protection upgrade for each channel has now been determined. This paper describes the consequences of the most significant failure scenarios and the impact of the heat deposition in the diluter. The resulting material stresses are evaluated. The detailed layout for the extraction protection equipment for each extraction channel is outlined. The final layout consists of a extended diluter in Long Straight Section (LSS) 6 (TPSG6) and the installation of an additional movable absorber (TPSC4) upstream of the quadrupole in front of the existing protection equipment in LSS 4. The detailed mechanical design of the TPSC4 and the construction status of both TPSC4 and TPSG6 are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP022  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP027 Update on Beam Transfer Line Design for the SPS Beam Dump Facility target, proton, experiment, extraction 2375
 
  • Y. Dutheil, J. Bauche, L.A. Dougherty, M.A. Fraser, B. Goddard, C. Heßler, V. Kain, J. Kurdej, J.A. Uythoven, F.M. Velotti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The SPS Beam Dump Facility (BDF) being studied as part of the Physics Beyond Colliders (PBC) CERN project has recently reached an important milestone with the completion of the comprehensive feasibility study. The BDF is a proposed fixed target facility to be installed in the SPS North Area, to accommodate experiments such as SHiP (Search for Hidden Particles), which is most notably aiming at studying hidden sector particles. This experiment requires a high intensity slowly extracted 400 GeV proton beam with 4·1013 protons per 1 s spill to achieve 4·1019 protons on target per year. The extraction and transport scheme will make use of the first 600 m of the existing North Area extraction line. This contribution presents the status of the design work of the new transfer line and discusses the challenges identified. Aperture studies and failure scenarios are treated and the results discussed. In particular, interlock systems aiming at protecting critical components against the uncontrolled loss of the high energy proton beam are considered. We also present the latest results and implications of the design of a new laminated Lambertson splitter magnet to provide fast switching between the current North Area experiments and the BDF.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP027  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP029 Systematic Optics Studies for the Commissioning of the AWAKE Beamline electron, optics, plasma, experiment 2383
 
  • C. Bracco, B. Goddard, I. Gorgisyan, M. Turner, F.M. Velotti, L. Verra
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Aiba
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  The commissioning of the AWAKE electron beam line was successfully completed in 2018. Despite a modest length of about 15 m, this low-energy line is quite complex and several iterations were needed before finding satisfactory agreement between the model and the measurements. The work allowed to precisely predict the size and positioning of the electron beam at the merging point with the protons inside the plasma cell, where no direct measurement is possible. All the key aspects and corrections which had to be included in the model, precautions and systematic checks to apply for the correct setup of the line are presented. The sensitivity of the ~18 MeV electron beam to various perturbations, like different initial optics parameters and beam conditions, energy jitter and drifts, earth’s magnetic field etc., is described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP029  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP034 Characterisation of SPS Slow Extraction Spill Quality Degradation dipole, flattop, target, extraction 2403
 
  • F.M. Velotti, H. Bartosik, M.C.L. Buzio, K. Cornelis, V. Di Capua, M.A. Fraser, B. Goddard, V. Kain
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The main physics users of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) are the experiments installed in the North Area (NA). They are supplied with slowly extracted protons or heavy ions, exploiting a third integer slow extraction to provide a 4.8 s spill. High duty cycle and constant particle flux are the main requirements. Frequent super cycle changes induce variation of the spill macro structure which directly deteriorate the final spill quality. In this paper, the source of such an effect are investigated. Results of both beam based measurements and direct magnetic measurements on the SPS reference magnets are presented. Finally, a possible strategy to counteract this effect is discussed, in order to try to remove the super cycle changes variation as cause for spill quality deterioration.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP034  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP049 Simulations of Beam Shaping for Dark Matter Experiments at LCLS-II electron, experiment, FEL, optics 2443
 
  • Y.M. Nosochkov, C. Hast, T.W. Markiewicz, L.Y. Nicolas, T.O. Raubenheimer, M. Santana-Leitner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: * Work supported by the U.S. DOE Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
A new transfer beamline, called S30XL, and an experimental facility are proposed to be built at SLAC, taking advantage of the LCLS-II free electron laser (FEL) under construction. The S30XL will operate parasitically to the FEL by extracting the unused low intensity 4-GeV LCLS-II bunches into the existing A-line and the End Station-A (ESA). This provides a unique capability of multi-GeV nearly continuous electron beam for a variety of HEP experiments, in particular the dark matter search experiments. The latter require a very low beam current ranging from pA to micro-A, as well as a large beam spot at the detector. The necessary beam shaping will be performed using spoilers and collimators in the A-line, and by optimizing the optics. FLUKA and elegant codes are used to generate and track the beam into the ESA.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP049  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW004 Wire Scanner for High Intensity Ion Beam* focusing, electron, LEBT, vacuum 2466
 
  • A. Beller, D. Bondoux, F. Bouly
    LPSC, Grenoble Cedex, France
 
  Funding: Part of this work supported by the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) H2020 Program under grant agreement n°662186 (MYRTE project).
The goal of the project is to develop a Wire-Scanner compatible with low energy - high intensity ion beams and adaptable to various beam chamber diameters. The purpose is to obtain the 2D beam profile by passing measurement wires through the beam. Thanks to a high speed passage of measurement wires, it allows to avoid "disrupting" the beam passage, and can be considered as a non-destructive diagnosis. Wires heating and measuring issues have been solved by using tungsten wires kept in tension by a mechanical system. All driving and signal measurements are performed by a PXI based system. The synchronization of the measurements is guaranteed by an analog input board recovering the wires current and the translator position, the latter being carried out by a laser sensor. Besides this technological aspect, an optimization algorithm for beam profile reconstruction from measured data under Gaussian hypothesis has been developed. The standalone system and first experimental results are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW004  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW006 Development of a Beam Loss Monitor and Transverse Beam Dynamics Studies at ARRONAX C70XP Cyclotron cyclotron, experiment, radiation, operation 2470
 
  • A. Sengar, X. Goiziou, F. Gomez Serito, C. Koumeir, F. Poirier
    Cyclotron ARRONAX, Saint-Herblain, France
  • F. Haddad
    SUBATECH, Nantes, France
 
  Funding: "Investissements d’Avenir", Equipex Arronax-Plus, Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics from the National Scientific Research center (CNRS) and the Regional Council of Pays de la Loire, France.
The ARRONAX Interest Public Group uses a multi-particle, high energy and high intensity industrial accelerator which has several beamlines used for various purposes. For improvement of operations, ARRONAX has foster and installed robust air-based Beam Loss Monitors (BLMs) outside the beam pipes. BLMs consist of four active detecting plates and are integrated within the experimental physics and industrial control system (EPICS) monitoring and data acquisition system. Each BLM has been tested for the pre-commissioning phase with beams at low intensity (600pA to 6nA on target). Comparative studies and selection of the BLMs has led to their installation at high intensity beam lines. BLMs are now used in beam dynamics studies to investigate transverse characteristics while in regular operation. They support present and future operations extension foreseen at ARRONAX. The results from experimental studies on BLMs at low beam intensity and status of beam dynamics studies at high intensity (A) are presented here. Keywords: BLM, beam dynamics, EPICS, Gas ionization detector, cyclotron, proton.
*F. Poirier, S. Girault, STUDIES AND UPGRADES ON THE C70 CYCLOTRON ARRONAX, Proceedings of Cyclotrons 2016, Zurich, Switzerland
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW006  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW007 Progress of the Machine Control Upgrade at COSY/JüLICH controls, EPICS, operation, experiment 2473
 
  • V. Kamerdzhiev, I. Bekman, C. Böhme, R. Gebel, B. Lorentz, P. Niedermayer, M. Simon, M. Thelen
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  • R. Modic, ’. Oven
    Cosylab, Ljubljana, Slovenia
 
  The Cooler Synchrotron COSY operated at the Research Center Jülich is undergoing staged machine control upgrades driven by the requirements of the JEDI (Jülich Electric Dipole moment Investigations) collaboration. The upgrades aim towards better beam control e.g. beam orbit, tune, and chromaticity control improvements. A better orbit control was achieved through the upgrade of BPM electronics and migration from initial Tcl/Tk based control system to Control System Studio (CSS) utilizing EPICS. Currently, a design for improved beam tune control is in development. The main part of work is the transition towards a faster and less restrictive magnet control. It further includes improved tune measurement tools as well as the migration of control for quadrupole magnets to EPICS. Ultimately the control of all systems should be centralized around EPICS to enable ease of operation, automation, setup of services, etc. The decision path, technical details of the upgrade and performance of the upgraded sub-systems are presented. We also showcase how the COSY team’s physics and research goals are complemented by Cosylab’s technical design and implementation to form a synergetic collaboration.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW007  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW025 High Level Software for Beam 6D Phase Space Characterization simulation, emittance, diagnostics, gun 2522
 
  • V. Martinelli, D. Alesini, M. Ferrario, A. Giribono, S. Pioli, C. Vaccarezza, A. Variola
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • A. Bacci
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
 
  Operation of modern particle accelerators require high qualitity beams and conseguently sensitive diagnostic system in order to monitories and characterize the beam during the acceleration and transport. A turn-key high level software BOLINA (Beam Orbit for Linear Accelerators) has been developed to fully characterise the 6D beam phase space in order to help operator during commissioning with an easily scalable suite for any high brightness LINAC. In this work will be presented the diagnostic toolkit is presented as designed for the ELI-NP Gamma Beam System (GBS) a radiation source based on the Compton back scattering effect able to provide tunable gamma rays in the 0.2-20 MeV range with narrow bandwidth (0.3% and a high spectral density (104 photons/sec/eV) by the Compton backscattering effect. BOLINA suite is design to be machine independent, thanks to the file exchanges with the EPICS based control system. Simulation of raw data of the ELI-NP-GBS accelerator has been used to test the capabilities of the diagnostic toolkit.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW025  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW059 A Preliminary Feasibility Study of Measurement of Quadrupolar Beam Oscillations at CSNS RCS pick-up, space-charge, kicker, synchrotron 2611
 
  • Y. Yuan, P. Li, S.Y. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  In high intensity proton synchrotrons, linear and nonlinear betatron resonances cause beam loss. When the betatron tune spreads over a resonance line, the betatron oscillation amplitude will get larger, causing large beam loss. In the quadrupolar beam transfer function, the coherent space-charge tune shift of quadrupolar beam oscillations is used to determine the incoherent tune shift. China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is a high intensity accelerator based facility consists of linear accelerator and the Rapid Cycle Synchrotron (RCS). A system of quadrupolar pick-up and kicker can be used for evaluating tune shifts and spreads. This paper will present already existing beam diagnostic instrumentation on CSNS/RCS, and discuss feasibility study of measurement of quadrupolar beam oscillations through adding a quadrupolar-type beam pick-up.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW089 Calibration of the AWAKE Electron Spectrometer with Electrons Derived from a Partially Stripped Ion Beam electron, proton, plasma, experiment 2694
 
  • D. A. Cooke, M. Cascella, J. Chappell, S. Jolly, F. Keeble, M. Wing
    UCL, London, United Kingdom
  • R. Alemany-Fernández, J. Bauche, I. Gorgisyan, E. Gschwendtner, V. Kain, M.W. Krasny, S. Mazzoni, A.V. Petrenko
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • P. La Penna, M. Quattri
    ESO, Garching bei Muenchen, Germany
 
  The energy distribution of electrons accelerated in the wake of a self-modulated proton beam is measured using a magnetic spectrometer at AWAKE. The spectrometer was commissioned in 2017 and ran successfully throughout 2018. Imaging properties of the spectrometer system are studied via a combination of simulations and linear optics models and validated using mono-energetic electrons stripped from the partially stripped ion beam in the AWAKE beamline at CERN. These and other details of the calibration and performance will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW089  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW102 Investigation on Mysterious Long-Term Orbit Drift at NSLS-II accumulation, storage-ring, operation, power-supply 2728
 
  • Y. Hidaka, W.X. Cheng, L. Doom, R.P. Fliller, G. Ganetis, J. Gosman, C. Hetzel, R. A. Hubbard, D. Padrazo Jr, B. Podobedov, J. Rose, T.V. Shaftan, S.K. Sharma, V.V. Smaluk, T. Tanabe, Y. Tian, G.M. Wang, C.H. Yu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: The study is supported by U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-SC0012704.
Over a few months in 2018, we observed occasional episodes of relatively quick accumulation of correction strengths for the fast correctors (used by the fast orbit feedback) near Cell 4 (C04) region at NSLS-II Storage Ring. We immediately started investigating the problem, but the cause remained unclear. However, after coming back from the Fall shutdown, we experienced even faster drifts, at a rate of as much as 10 urad per day in terms of orbit kick angle accumulation. The risk of damage on the ring vacuum chambers by the continuing orbit drift without explanation eventually forced us to take emergency study shifts and temporarily lock out the C04 IVU beamline. After extensive investigation by many subsystem experts in Accelerator Division, ruling out many suspicious sources one by one, we were finally able to conclude the cause to be the localized ground motion induced by large temperature jumps of the utility tunnel right underneath the C04 straight section. We report the details of this incident.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW102  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW111 Design of Booster-to-Accumulator Transfer Line for Advanced Light Source Upgrade injection, storage-ring, optics, booster 2756
 
  • C. Sun, Ph. Amstutz, T. Hellert, J.-Y. Jung, S.C. Leemann, J.R. Osborn, M. Placidi, C. Steier, C.A. Swenson, M. Venturini, W. Wan
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Director Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
For the Advanced Light Source Upgrade, an on-axis swap-out injection is applied to exchange bunch trains between the storage ring and the accumulator ring. To replenish the accumulator ring before the swap-out injection, an electron beam from Linac is first injected into the ALS booster to ramp up the energy, and then transported to the accumulator through the Booster-to-Accumulator (BTA) transfer line. The design of the BTA transfer line is a challenging task as it has to fit within a tight space while accommodating the booster and accumulator rings at different elevations. Moreover, the BTA design needs to meet the optics boundary conditions and ideally minimize the size requirements of vacuum-chamber apertures. In this paper, we will present a design option of the BTA transfer line, which meets both space limitations and beam physics requirements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW111  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW113 Propose a Non-Destructive Stern-Gerlach Apparatus for Measuring the Spin Polarization of Electron Beam electron, polarization, simulation, software 2763
 
  • W. Liu, E. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Mott polarimeter is used for measuring the spin polarization of <10 MeV electron beam destructively. We propose a nondestructive spin polarization measurement device for electron beam based on Stern-Gerlach effect, which include a magnetic quadrupole, Lorenz force compensated electric quadrupole and Beam position monitor. The magnetic quadrupole provides a spin-magnetic interaction force (or Stern-Gerlach force) for the spin polarized electrons. The electric quadrupole provides an electric field force for electrons to offset the Lorentz force induced by the magnetic quadrupole. So that the polarized electron beam only experience the gradient force in the device, which has ability to split the spin polarized electron beam. By measuring the split spin polarized electrons using high resolution beam position monitor, the polarization of electron beam can be calculated. We will present the theoretical analysis and calculation of electron motion in this device.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW113  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW120 Fluorescence-Based Imaging Diagnostic for High Average Power Deuteron Beam neutron, diagnostics, target, photon 2777
 
  • R.A. Marsh, S.G. Anderson, D.J. Gibson, J. Hall, B. Rusnak
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is developing an intense, high-brightness fast neutron source to create sub-millimeter-scale resolution neutron radiographs and imag-es. An intense source (1011 n/s/sr at 0 degrees) of fast neutrons (10 MeV) will be produced using a pulsed 7 MeV, 300μAmp average-current commercial deuteron accelerator producing a small (1.5 mm diameter) beam spot size to achieve high resolution. The high average power beam is a challenge for diagnostics, and a precise full power emittance measurement is critical to benchmark the system performance. A fluorescence-based beam profiling diagnostic has been selected, and this paper presents the design for the system including chamber layout, light yield calculations, and imaging system details.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW120  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW121 Update on the JLEIC Electron Collider Ring Design electron, collider, optics, solenoid 2780
 
  • F. Lin, V.S. Morozov, Y. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • Y. Cai, Y.M. Nosochkov
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, and Office of Nuclear Physics under Contracts DE-AC05-06OR23177 and DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The design concept of electron collider ring in the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) is based on a small beam size at the interaction point (IP) to boost the luminosity. With a chosen beta-star at the IP, electron beam size is determined by the equilibrium emittance obtained from the linear optics design. In this paper, we present an update on the lattice design of the electron ring considering not only preservation of low beam emittance, but also optimization of geometric arrangement. In particular, recent development of the lattice design has been focused on incorporating the vertical dogleg, which brings the electron beam to the ion beam plane for collisions, in the spin rotator design. The vertical dogleg is designed with no horizontal emittance growth, controlled vertical emittance and no first-order effect on the electron polarization.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW121  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB024 Low Power RF Test of a Quadrupole-free X-Band Mode Launcher for High Brightness Applications GUI, brightness, simulation, electron 2856
 
  • G. Torrisi, L. Celona, S. Gammino, O. Leonardi, G. Sorbello
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • G. Castorina
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • V.A. Dolgashev
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • L. Faillace
    INFN-Milano, Milano, Italy
  • G.S. Mauro
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • G. Sorbello
    University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • B. Spataro
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
 
  In this work we present the low power RF characterization of a novel TM01 X-band mode launcher for the new generation of high brightness RF photo-injectors. The proposed mode launcher exploits a fourfold symmetry which minimizes both the dipole and the quadrupole fields in order to mitigate the emittance growth in the early stages of the acceleration process. Two identical aluminum mode launchers have been assembled and measured in back-to-back configurations for three different central waveguide lengths. From the back-to-back results we infer the performance of each mode launcher. The low power RF test, performed at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (INFN-LNS), validate both the numerical simulations and the quality of fabrication. An oxygen-free high-conductivity copper version of the device is being manufactured for high power and ultra high vacuum tests that are planned to be conducted at SLAC  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB024  
About • paper received ※ 09 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB105 Design of an X-Band Constant Impedance LINAC for Compact Light Project simulation, linac, impedance, framework 3055
 
  • J.M. Arnesano, A. Mostacci, L. Palumbo
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • M. Diomede, M. Marongiu
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
  • L. Ficcadenti
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
 
  Within the framework of Horizon 2020 project, Compact Light, in order to provide a high performance, high-gradient X-band technology, for the new generation of hard X-ray FEL, a travelling wave (TW) Linac, working on 2pi/3 mode at 11.9952 GHz, fed by two types of asymmetrically couplers, has been designed. The design was performed using CST Microwave Studio frequency domain solver. First, simulations have been conduct in order to obtain the best trade-off between single cell’s parameters, varying iris aperture. Then, the both couplers, with and without pumping port, has been tuned to avoid reflections at the input port. Finally, the entire structure, with 5 cells, was simulated. The main structure parameters will be present and we will also show and discuss the acceleranting gradient obtained vary with linac lenght and input power.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB105  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS005 Long Range Beam-Beam Tune Shifts & Wire Compensation site, beam-beam-effects, closed-orbit, dipole 3092
 
  • S.R. Koscielniak
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The weak-strong model subjects the test particle in the weak beam to transverse impulses from the strong beam, resulting in betatron tune shifts. We give analytic formulae for small amplitude and asymptotic shifts for three cases: short-range, long-range, and wire compensation; and optimize the latter to minimize the non-linear tune spreads.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS005  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS018 Experimental Observation of Low-Order Collective Oscillation Modes in a Strong-Focusing Lattice plasma, resonance, dipole, experiment 3130
 
  • K. Ito, H. Higaki, H. Okamoto
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • T. Kurauchi
    Hiroshima University, Faculty of Science, Higashi-Hirosima, Japan
 
  In a conventional linear Paul trap (LPT), four electrode rods are placed symmetrically around the trap axis to generate a radio-frequency quadrupole field for transverse ion confinement. The periodic nature of the external focusing potential can give rise to serious ion losses under a specific condition. The loss mechanism is essentially the same as the coherent betatron resonance well-known in intense beam dynamics[*,**]. In fact, the collective motion of an ion plasma in the LPT is shown equivalent to that of a charged-particle beam traveling through an alternating-gradient focusing lattice. In the present study, we perform the direct measurement of low-order coherent oscillation modes in the LPT by detecting image currents induced on the electrodes’ surfaces. The four-rod structure of the LPT allows us to pick up feeble signals of the dipole and quadrupole oscillations of a plasma bunch. These signals are Fourier analyzed to evaluate the coherent oscillation tune at different initial ion densities. The time evolution of the coherent motion is also discussed in this paper.
* K. Moriya et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams Vol.19, 114201 (2016).
** K. Ito et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams Vol. 20, 064201 (2017).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS018  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS019 Accumulating Laser-Coolable Ions in a Linear Paul Trap for Ultrahigh-Density Beam Dynamics Experiment experiment, plasma, laser, accumulation 3134
 
  • K. Ito, H. Higaki, T. Masuda, H. Okamoto
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
 
  An ion plasma confined in a linear Paul trap (LPT) exhibits the dynamic behavior physically equivalent to that of a charged-particle beam in an alternating-gradient transport channel. The Simulator of Particle Orbit Dynamics (S-POD) is a compact apparatus designed on the basis of this fact for diverse beam-physics experiments. We have so far employed Ar+ ions that can readily be produced from neutral Ar gas atoms through the electron bombardment process. A space-charge-induced tune shift of up to about 20% of the bare tune can be achieved in Ar+ plasmas [*]. We are now preparing for future S-POD experiment to explore even higher beam-density regions. For this purpose, a large number of Ca+ ions need to be stored in the LPT. Since S-POD is equipped with a powerful laser cooler for Ca+, the use of this ion species vastly expands the density range we can survey. The production of an intense bunch of Ca+ ions is, however, not so easy because of some technical reasons. By optimizing the operating condition of a multi-sectioned LPT, we succeeded in increasing the number of accumulated Ca+ ions to the level comparable to Ar+ ion plasmas. This paper reports on updated results of the experiment.
* K. Ito et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams Vol. 20, 064201 (2017).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS019  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS023 Hamiltonian Formalism of Intense Beams in Drift-Tube Linear Accelerators DTL, space-charge, acceleration, focusing 3145
 
  • H. Okamoto
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
 
  Starting from the principle of least action, we construct a general Hamiltonian formalism for beam dynamics in drift-tube linear accelerators (DTLs). The Alvarez-type structure is considered here as an example, but the present theory can readily be extended to other types of conventional linacs. The three-dimensional Hamiltonian derived includes the third-order chromatic term as well as the effects from acceleration and space charge. A clear dynamical analogy between the DTL system and compact Paul ion-trap system is pointed out, which indicates that we can conduct a fundamental design study of high-intensity hadron linacs experimentally in a local tabletop environment instead of relying on large-scale machines.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS023  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS024 Tune Shifts and Optics Modulations in the High Intensity Operation at J-PARC MR space-charge, simulation, betatron, sextupole 3148
 
  • T.Y. Yasui
    The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo, Japan
  • S. Igarashi, T. Koseki, K. Ohmi, Y. Sato, K. Satou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This study is supported by the MEXT program "Advanced Leading Graduate Course for Photon Science (ALPS)"
J-PARC Main Ring (MR) is the intensity-frontier proton accelerator. The beam intensity of 2.6×1014 protons per pulse has been achieved for the current user operation. In this high-intensity operation, the tune spread caused by the space-charge is one of the main reasons for beam loss. The modulation of the betatron function and the tune shift were simulated with a PIC algorithm calculation code*. The simulation results showed that the space-charge effects were dominant in small particle action, and the sextupole fields effects were dominant in large particle action. Because sextupole strength is large in MR, sextupole fields induce substantial tune shifts. At the benchmark of the space-charge simulation, the simulation results matched the analytical space-charge calculations performed without sextupoles. It was found that the betatron function was modulated at most 6% by the space-charge effects and at most 8% by the effects of sextupoles in J-PARC MR. These effects to the injection beam optics matching and to the beam aperture will be investigated.
* K. Ohmi et al., "Study of Halo Formation in J-PARC MR", Proceedings of the 22nd Particle Accelerator Conf. (PAC’07), Albuquerque, NM, USA, Jun. 2007, paper THPAN040, pp. 3318-3320.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS024  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS056 Can a Paul Ion Trap Be Used to Investigate Nonlinear Quasi-Integrable Optics? octupole, lattice, optics, experiment 3251
 
  • L. Martin, S.L. Sheehy
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • D.J. Kelliher
    STFC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  Here we describe the design of an experimental setup using the IBEX Paul trap to test nonlinear quasi-integrable optics, an accelerator lattice design to create stable high intensity beams. In 2010 Danilov and Nagaitsev found a realisable nonlinear potential which can create integrable optics in an accelerator when embedded in a linear lattice that provides round beams. This concept will be tested in the IOTA ring at Fermilab. It is important to further test this concept over a wide parameter range, preferably in a simplified experimental setup such as IBEX. The IBEX Paul trap is capable of replicating the transverse dynamics of a high intensity accelerator without dispersion or chromaticity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS056  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS060 Multi-objective Optimization of 3D Beam Tracking in Electrostatic Beamlines simulation, experiment, lattice, storage-ring 3263
 
  • V. Rodin, J.R. Hunt, J. Resta-López, B. Veglia, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J.R. Hunt, J. Resta-López, V. Rodin, B. Veglia, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: *This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 721559.
After CERN’s Long Shutdown 2 (LS2) the Extra Low Energy Antiproton (ELENA) ring will begin providing extremely low energy (100 keV) antiproton beams to the antimatter experiments in the AD hall. To allow for simultaneous operation and guarantee maximum efficiency, all transfer lines will be based on electrostatic optics and short pulse (∼100 ns) deflectors. Currently, only a limited number of simulation codes allow a realistic representation of these elements, limiting the capabilities for beam quality optimization. In this contribution methods for modelling realistic electrostatic optical elements and perform 3D tracking studies through these are presented. A combination of finite element methods and experimental measurements are used along with a modified version of the G4Beamline and BMAD codes. Multi-objective optimization techniques are then applied to optimize beam transfer and beam quality at various points along the transfer lines.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS060  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS090 Suppression of Microbunching Instability Through Dispersive Lattice bunching, electron, linac, simulation 3325
 
  • J. Qiang, B. Li
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 and used computer resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center.
The microbunching instability from the initial small modulation such as shot-noise can be amplified by longitudinal space-charge force and causes significant electron beam quality degradation at the exit of accelerator for the next generation x-ray free electron laser. In the paper, we present analytical and numerical simulation studies of a novel method using dispersion leakage from some quadrupoles inside a chicane.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS090  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS094 Generation High-Charge of Flat Beams at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator emittance, solenoid, electron, experiment 3337
 
  • T. Xu, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • M.E. Conde, G. Ha, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • M. Kuriki
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. DOE contracts No. DESC0017750, DE-SC0018656 with NIU, and No. DE-AC02-06CH11357 with ANL.
Beams with large transverse emittance ratios (flat beams)have received renewed interest for their possible applications in future linear colliders and advanced accelerators. A flat beam can be produced by generating a magnetized beam and then repartitioning its emittance using three skew quadrupoles. In this paper, we report on the experimental generation of∼1nC flat beams at the Argonne WakefieldAccelerator (AWA). The emittance ratio of the flat beam is demonstrated to be continuously variable by adjusting the magnetic field on the cathode.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS094  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS103 Optimization of a Low-Alpha Lattice for the HLS-II Storage Ring lattice, storage-ring, dynamic-aperture, sextupole 3360
 
  • S.W. Wang, Y.G. Wang, W. Xu, K. Xuan
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
  • J.Y. Li
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  To generate terahertz radiation at HLS-II, a low-alpha lattice scheme is proposed. The new lattice can reduce the bunch length in the storage ring, thus enhancing the coherent synchrotron radiation in the THz region. In this paper, the design and optimization of a low-alpha lattice is reported. The new lattice preserves the symmetry of nominal lattice and reduces the first and second order momentum factor at the cost of increasing maximum beta function and natural emittance. The bunch length is tracked and the result shows that the low-alpha lattice can effectively compress bunches in the storage ring. The performance of this low-alpha lattice can be further studied and improved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS103  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP017 Design and Development of the Beamline System for a Proton Therapy Facility dipole, kicker, proton, optics 3488
 
  • B. Qin, Q.S. Chen, M. Fan, K.F. Liu, X. Liu, J. Yang, Z.F. Zhao
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • W.J. Han, D. Li, Z.K. Liang
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work was supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China, with grant No. 2016YFC0105305; and by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11375068).
A proton therapy facility with multiple treatment rooms based on superconducting cyclotron scheme is under development in HUST (Huazhong University of Science and Technology). Design features and overview of development progress for the beamline system will be presented in this paper, which mainly focuses on prototype beamline magnets, a kicker magnet for fast beam switch, and the gantry beamline using image optics.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP017  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP020 Single-Shot Cascade High Energy Electron Radiography based on Strong Permanent Magnet Quadrupole Composed Imaging Lens electron, experiment, simulation, optics 3491
 
  • Z. Zhou, Y.-C. Du, W.-H. Huang
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  High energy electron imaging, an extension of conventional transmission electron microscopy, is suitable for imaging of thicker objects and expected to be a promising tool for diagnostics of high energy density physics (HEDP). A cascade high energy electron imaging system using two-stage imaging lenses based on strong permanent magnet quadrupoles is designed, optimized and finally installed at Tsinghua university. Encouraging result of 1.6-μm space resolution is obtained in our primary experiments, along with the clear imaging of a spherical capsule as a substitute of the targets used in inertial confinement fusion. Successful implement of cascade high energy electron imaging system is necessary for reaching better resolving power of the imaging system, and well matching of design, simulation with experimental results paves the way to high energy electron microscopy to provide full capacities for diagnostics of HEDP with sub-um and picosecond spatiotemporal resolutions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP020  
About • paper received ※ 07 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP035 Tactile Collider : Accelerator Outreach to Visually Impaired Audiences collider, acceleration, detector, site 3518
 
  • R.B. Appleby, B. Jeffrey, B.S. Kyle, T.H. Pacey, H. Rafique, S.C. Tygier, R. Watson
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • T. Boyd, A.L. Healy
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • C.S. Edmonds
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.T. Hibberd
    The University of Manchester, The Photon Science Institute, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: STFC (UK)
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has attracted significant attention from the general public. The science of the LHC and Higgs Boson is primarily communicated to school children and the wider public using visual methods. As a result, people with visual impairment (VI) often have difficulty accessing scientific communications and may be culturally excluded from news of scientific progress. Tactile Collider is a multi-sensory experience that aims to communicate particle accelerator science in a way that is inclusive of audiences with VI. These experiences are delivered as a 2-hour event that has been touring the UK since 2017. In this article we present the methods and training that have been used in implementing Tactile Collider as a model for engaging children and adults with science. The event has been developed alongside experts that specialise in making learning accessible to people with VI.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP035  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP053 Tuning Quadrupoles for Brighter and Sharper Ultra-fast Electron Diffraction Imaging electron, focusing, experiment, solenoid 3571
 
  • X. Yang, L. Doom, M.G. Fedurin, Y. Hidaka, J.J. Li, D. Padrazo Jr, T.V. Shaftan, V.V. Smaluk, G.M. Wang, L.-H. Yu, Y. Zhu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • W. Wan
    ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: BNL LDRD
We report our proof-of-principle design and experi-mental commissioning of broadly tunable and low-cost transverse focusing lens system for MeV-energy electron beams at the ultra-fast electron diffraction (UED) beam-line of the Accelerator Test Facility II of BNL. We exper-imentally demonstrate the independent control over the size and divergence of the electron beam at the sample via tunable quadrupoles. By applying online optimiza-tion, we achieve minimum beam sizes 75 µm from 1 to 13 pC, two orders of magnitude higher charge density than previously achieved using conventional solenoid tech-nique. Finally, we experimentally demonstrate Bragg-diffraction image (BDI) with significant improvement up to 3 times brighter and 2 times sharper BDI peaks via the optimized quadrupoles, improvement larger with higher charge. The result could be crucial for the future single-shot ultra-fast electron microscope development.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP053  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW006 Avoiding Emittance Degradation When Transferring the Beam From and to a Plasma-Wakefield Stage emittance, plasma, acceleration, focusing 3594
 
  • A. Chancé, P.A.P. Nghiem
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • X. Li
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
 
  Funding: European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 653782.
The plasma-wakefield acceleration technique is known to provide a very strong accelerating gradient (GV/m), up to three orders of magnitude higher than the conventional RF acceleration technique. The drawback is a relatively higher energy spread and especially a huge beam divergence at the plasma exit, leading to an irremediable and strong emittance degradation right after its extraction from the plasma for transferring it to an application or another plasma stage. In this article, we determine the criteria to be achieved so as to minimize this emittance growth after pointing out all the parameters involved in its mechanism. Then the plasma down ramp profile is studied in a typical configuration of the EuPRAXIA project at 5 GeV. It turns out that no specific profile is needed. For minimizing emittance growth at beam extraction, it is enough to optimize the ramp length so that the Twiss parameter γ is minimized. Finally the design of an optimal transfer line allows showing that the emittance growth can be contained to less than 10% in realistic conditions when transferring the beam to a free electron laser.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW006  
About • paper received ※ 09 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW024 Beam-based Alignment at the Cooler Syncrotron (COSY) dipole, alignment, experiment, synchrotron 3632
 
  • T. Wagner, J. Pretz
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
 
  There is a matter-antimatter asymmetry observed in the universe that can not be explained by the Standard Model of particle physics. To resolve that problem additional CP violating phenomena are needed. A candidate for an additional CP violating phenomenon is a non-vanishing Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) of subatomic particles. Since permanent EDMs violate parity and time reversal symmetries, they also violate CP if the CPT-theorem holds. The Jülich Electric Dipole moment Investigation (JEDI) Collaboration works on a direct measurement of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of protons and deuterons using a storage ring. The JEDI experiment requires a small beam orbit RMS in order to measure the EDM. Therefore an ongoing upgrade of the Cooler Syncrotron (COSY) is done in order to improve the precision of the beam position. One of part of this upgrade is to determine the magnetic center of the quadrupoles with respect to the beam position monitors. This can be done with the so called beam-based alignment method. The first results of the beam-based alignment measurement performed in February 2019 will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW024  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW067 Progress Towards a Single-Shot Emittance Measurement Technique at AWAKE emittance, plasma, dipole, electron 3742
 
  • J. Chappell, D. A. Cooke, L.C. Deacon, S. Jolly, F. Keeble, M. Wing
    UCL, London, United Kingdom
 
  Externally injected electrons are captured and accelerated in the plasma wake of a self-modulated proton beam at the Advanced Wakefield Experiment (AWAKE) at CERN. The energy distribution of the accelerated electron beam is measured using a dipole spectrometer in combination with a scintillator screen, with two upstream quadrupoles providing energy-dependent focusing. Measuring the vertical beam size variation with horizontal position along the scintillator screen, and therefore energy, results in an effective quadrupole scan permitting single shot vertical geometric emittance measurements. Limitations of the method due to effects such as imperfect beam focusing and finite resolution are explored via simulations using the beam tracking code BDSIM.
james.chappell.17@ucl.ac.uk
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW067  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB001 Applications of Online Optimization Algorithms for Injection at the Australian Synchrotron synchrotron, injection, storage-ring, optics 3795
 
  • R. Auchettl, R.T. Dowd
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  At the Australian Synchrotron, accelerator tuning predominantly occurs via manual optimization or traditional optimization techniques such as the Linear Optics from Closed Orbits (LOCO) algorithm. While we have had distinct success with the implementation of LOCO* and manual tuning, these strategies are not without their downsides. Some situations (such as the optimization of synchrotron beam dynamics) produce a design space too large and multifaceted for manual tuning while implementing LOCO can be computationally expensive. Also, without sufficient diagnostic systems, both LOCO and manual tuning do not necessarily guarantee that the optimal solution will be found. Motivated by the successful implementation of online optimization algorithms at SPEAR3**, this paper outlines the application of online optimization algorithms to improve the performance of the Australian Synchrotron injection system. We apply the efficient Robust Conjugate Direction Search (RCDS) Algorithm to reduce beam loss along the Booster-to-Storage ring (BTS) Transfer line and Storage Ring and compare against the LOCO method.
* R. Dowd et al. (2011), Phys. Rev. ST: AB, 14, 012804.
** X. Huang et al. (2013), Nucl. Instr. Meth. A., vol. 726, pp. 77-83.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB077 Optics Corrections Using Machine Learning in the LHC optics, network, simulation, controls 3990
 
  • E. Fol, J.M. Coello de Portugal, R. Tomás
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • G. Franchetti
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Optics corrections in the LHC are based on a response matrix approach between available correctors and observables. Supervised learning has been applied to quadrupole error prediction at the LHC giving promising results in simulations and surpassing the performance of the traditional approach. A comparison of different algorithms is given and it is followed by the presentation of further possible concepts to obtain optics corrections using machine learning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB077  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS009 High-Current Emittance Measurements at MAMI emittance, electron, experiment, simulation 4121
 
  • S. Heidrich, K. Aulenbacher, M. Dehn, P. Heil
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • M.W. Bruker
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF-Verbundforschung Verbundprojekt 05H2015UMRB1, R&D Beschleuniger (Positronenquellen)
The effects of high beam currents and different types of electron sources on the emittance of the beam at the 3.5 MeV beamline of the Mainzer Microtron MAMI were observed. A thermionic BaO source and a GaAs-based photo-source that allows spin polarization were used. In order to measure the beam size, a new type of wire scanner was utilized. The results show maximum normalized emittance values in the order of a few hundred nmrad for both sources, which lies distinctly within the acceptance of the higher energy stages of the accelerator.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS009  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS010 Start of the Series Production for the Cryogenic Magnet Corrector Modules of FAIR dipole, operation, sextupole, superconducting-magnet 4124
 
  • E.S. Fischer, A. Bleile, V.I. Datskov, V. Marusov, J.P. Meier, P.J. Spiller
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The fast cycling superconducting synchrotron SIS100 has to deliver high intensity beams for the FAIR project at GSI, Darmstadt. The main dipoles will ramp with 4 T/s up to a maximum magnetic field of 1.9 T where the field gradient of the main quadrupole will reach 27.77 T/m. The integral magnetic field length of the horizontal/vertical steerer and of the chromaticity sextupole will provide 0.403/0.41 m and 0.383 m respectively. We present the status of the first magnets test results as well as the overall procedure of production and testing of the complete series of the cryomagnetic corrector modules.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS010  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS011 Design, Production, and Testing of Superconducting Magnets for the Super-FRS dipole, cryogenics, octupole, superconducting-magnet 4128
 
  • H. Müller, E.J. Cho, G. Golluccio, C. Roux, H. Simon, K. Sugita, M. Winkler
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. Allain, M. Daly, P. Grafin, A. Madur, J.-E. Munoz-Garcia, L. Quettier, H. Reymond
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Borceto, G. Drago, G. Valesi, D. Ventura
    ASG, Genova, Italy
  • J. Lucas
    Elytt Energy, Madrid, Spain
  • L. X. Van Den Boogaard
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Super FRS is a two-stage in flight separator to be built next to the site of GSI, Darmstadt, Germany as part of FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research). Its purpose is to create and separate rare isotope beams and to enable the mass measurement also for very short lived nuclei. Due to its three branches a wide variety of experiments can be carried out in frame of the NUSTAR collaboration. Due to the large acceptance needed, the magnets of the Super-FRS have to have a large aperture and therefore only a superconducting solution is feasible. A superferric design with superconducting coils was chosen in which the magnetic field is shaped by an iron yoke. For the dipoles this iron yoke is at warm and only the coils are incorporated in a cryostat. The multiplets, assemblies of quadrupoles and higher order multipole magnets, are completely immersed in a liquid Helium bath. With the exception of special branching dipoles all superconducting magnets of Super-FRS have been contracted and are being built by Elytt in Spain (dipoles) and ASG in Italy (multiplets). The cold test of all magnets will take place in a dedicated test facility at CERN. This contribution will present the status of manufacturing of dipoles and multiplets, and also gives a short overview on the test facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS011  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS015 Design and Manufacturing of the First Multiplet for the Super-FRS at FAIR sextupole, status, vacuum, alignment 4138
 
  • E.J. Cho, H. Müller, C. Roux, K. Sugita, M. Winkler
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • A. Borceto, G. Drago, G. Valesi, D. Ventura
    ASG, Genova, Italy
 
  The Super-FRS (Superconducting FRagment Separator) at FAIR is a two-stage in flight separator, which aims to produce rare isotopes of all elements up to Uranium and separate them spatially within a few hundred nanoseconds so that a study of very short lived nuclei can be performed efficiently. In total, it is required to construct 24 dipoles and 170 multipole magnets (quadrupole, sextupole, octupole and steering dipole). Due to the limit of space, the multipole magnets will be arranged as a group (2 ~ 9 magnets) in a common cryostat and they are called as a multiplet. The design challenge of the multiplet lies in a strong iron saturation of the quadrupole leading to disturb the field quality and high design pressure of the He vessel (20 bars). The first multiplet for the Super-FRS is constructed. The magnet column consisting of one quadrupole and one sextupole is cooled in a He vessel filled with up-to 800 liters of liquid He. The both magnets are superferric type and have a large warm bore radius of 190 mm. This paper presents the design overview and the manufacturing status of the first multiplet.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS015  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS017 ILSF Ultralow Emittance Storage Ring Magnets dipole, sextupole, storage-ring, multipole 4142
 
  • F. Saeidi, S. Dastan, J. Rahighi, M. Razazian
    ILSF, Tehran, Iran
 
  Iranian Light Source Facility (ILSF) is a 3 GeV synchro-tron which is in the basic design phase. The ILSF storage ring (SR) is based on a Five-Bend Achromat lattice providing a low horizontal beam emittance of 270 pm-rad. The ILSF storage ring consists of 100 combined di-pole magnets of 2 types, 240 quadrupoles in 5 families and also 320 sextupoles in 6 families. In this paper, we present some design features of the SR magnets and dis-cuss the detailed physical design of these electromagnets including electrical and cooling calculations. Using POISSON and OPERA codes [1,2], pole and yoke geome-try was developed for each magnet
farhad.saeidi@ipm.ir.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS017  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS018 ILSF Booster Magnets for the New Low Emittance Lattice booster, sextupole, dipole, multipole 4145
 
  • F. Saeidi, S. Dastan, S. Fatehi, J. Rahighi, M. Razazian
    ILSF, Tehran, Iran
 
  Iranian light source facility is a new 3rd generation light source with a booster which is supposed to work at 150 keV injection energy and guide the electrons to a 3GeV ring. It consists of 50 combined dipole magnets in one type, 50 quadrupoles and 15 sextupoles in one family. Using POISSON and OPERA3D codes[1,2], pole and yoke geometry was designed for each magnet and also cooling and electrical calculations have been done. ILSF has attempted to mechanical design and build prototype magnets which are ongoing at this stage too.
farhad.saeidi@ipm.ir
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS018  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS020 ESS Magnets at Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste ion-source, MMI, framework, vacuum 4148
 
  • D. Castronovo, D. Caiazza, A. Fabris, R. Fabris, A. Gubertini, G. Loda
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste Research Center (Elettra) is one the Italian Institutions committed to the realization of the Italian in-kind contributions for the European Spallation Source. One of these consists in the supply of several conventional iron dominated electro-magnets to be installed in the superconducting part of the linac and in the transfer lines. The total number of magnets amounts to 2 dipoles, 139 quadrupoles, of four different families, and 72 correctors, of three different types. This document reports all related magnetic design and optimisations carried out to meet the required specifications and on the status of production and testing.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS020  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS021 Magnets for Elettra 2.0 sextupole, optics, ion-effects, lattice 4152
 
  • D. Castronovo, E. Karantzoulis
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  After 25 years of faithfully serving the user community with excellent results, Elettra need a major upgrade with a new compact latice that will replace the existing double bend achromat for the reducing of the horizontal emittance and the increasing of the brilliance and coherence of the X-ray beam. This paper report the magnetic design development and optimisations carried out in order to satisfy the layout feasibility and the magnet strengths.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS021  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS024 Magnet Developments and Precise Alignment Schemes for SPring-8-II alignment, multipole, lattice, sextupole 4158
 
  • K. Fukami, T. Aoki, N. Azumi, H. Kimura, S. Matsubara, S. Takano, T. Taniuchi, T. Watanabe, K. Yanagida, C. Zhang
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • N. Azumi, K. Fukami, H. Kimura, S. Matsui, S. Takano, T. Watanabe
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan
  • S.I. Inoue, T. Kai, J. Kiuchi
    SES, Hyogo-pref., Japan
 
  The magnet lattice design of the SPring-8 upgrade, SPring-8-II, is a five bend achromat composed of one normal and four longitudinal gradient bending magnets. Permanent magnet has been chosen for both types of the dipoles, and the high gradient multipole magnets are all electromagnets. This presentation will overview the magnet developments and precise alignment schemes for SPring-8-II, focusing specifically on the following features. Temperature insensitive magnetic circuits with a function of fine magnetic field tuning have been developed for the permanent magnet dipoles. Narrow bore multipole magnets with compact coil assemblies have been designed. We optimized the shimming for enough good field regions, and minimized ohmic loss at the coils for suppressing thermal deformation. To improve the accuracy of vibrating wire magnet alignment, practical wire sag distributions have been quantitatively evaluated. In 2018, a test half-cell was constructed by which the feasibilities of the magnets and the overall alignment precisions including the effects of the thermal deformation of magnets, a repeatability of magnet reassembly has been confirmed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS024  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS040 Preliminary Design of Mechanical Supports for the Booster of Heps booster, dipole, alignment, sextupole 4197
 
  • H. Wang, C.H. Li, C. Meng, H. Qu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Booster of High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is a 454 meters ring with the repeat frequency of 1 Hz. The natural frequency of the magnets and their support as-sembly should be higher than 30 Hz. The alignment re-quirements on quadrupole and sextupole are better than 0.1 mm in x and y direction. This paper will discuss the preliminary design of the mechanical supports in Booster ring, as well as the discussion of finite element analyses results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS040  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS044 Parameter Design of a Rotating Coil Measurement System for Quadrupoles dipole, multipole, focusing, synchrotron-radiation 4207
 
  • Y. Xie, W. Chen
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
  • H. Liang, B. Qin, J. Yang
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work was supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China; and by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11375068).
HUST-PTF is a 5-year National Key Research and Development Program of China which is composed of cyclotron, beamline system, treatment chambers, etc. The beamline system connects the cyclotron and treatment chambers, provides proton beams in adequate size and shape and is crucial to the whole program. Vast dipoles and quadrupoles are employed in the beamline. Aimed at the quadrupoles used in the beamline, this article carried out the research on the high-precision rotating coil magnetic measurements for quadrupoles, including the quadrupole parameters, the principle and structure of the measuring system, measuring procedures and data processing method. Design of the rotating coils and analysis of the main errors are also contained.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS044  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS057 New Small Diameter Rotating Coil Shaft for Characterizing New Generation of Multipolar Magnets controls, alignment, data-acquisition, storage-ring 4234
 
  • J. Marcos, J. Campmany, V. Massana, R. Petrocelli, L.R.M. Ribó
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  The proliferation of ultimate-light source facilities around the world has yielded the need of accurate characterization of small gap magnets. This also applies to multipolar magnets. Clearance diameters down to 10 mm for quadrupoless and sextupoles become to be used and need to be accurately measured. At these small gaps, the high order multipoles influence on electron beam dynamics is high, and it should be well characterized in order to guarantee a feasible operation of the accelerator. To face this challenge, ALBA magnetics measurement laboratory has developed a new rotating coil shaft with a diameter of 10 mm able to be introduced inside narrow-gap multipolar magnets. In this paper we present the design as well as the first characterization of such a device.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS057  
About • paper received ※ 11 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS062 Alternative Proposal for FCC-hh Extraction Septa septum, extraction, vacuum, simulation 4248
 
  • A. Sanz Ull, M.G. Atanasov, B. Balhan, J.C.C.M. Borburgh
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Challenging requirements are set for the FCC extraction septa magnets, notably for the magnetic field level, the septum thickness and the leak field. An alternative to the baseline FCC extraction layout with normal conducting Lambertson septa is proposed, consisting of a Superconducting Shield (SuShi) stage and a Truncated Cosine theta septa stage with the aim of reducing the necessary number of septa and installed length. The principal parameters of the septa are described and the feasibility discussed. Areas for study improvement are identified.
This paper is intended for publication in the PRAB special edition.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS062  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS067 Characterisation of the Radiation Hardness of Cryogenic Bypass Diodes for the HL-LHC Inner Triplet Quadrupole Circuit radiation, neutron, experiment, luminosity 4268
 
  • D. Wollmann, C. Cangialosi, C. Cangialosi, F. Cerutti, G. D’Angelo, S. Danzeca, R. Denz, M. Favre, R. Garcia Alia, D. Hagedorn, A. Infantino, G. Kirby, L. Kistrup, T. Koettig, J. Lendaro, B. Lindstrom, A. Monteuuis, F. Rodriguez-Mateos, A.P. Siemko, K. Stachon, A. Tsinganis, M. Valette, A.P. Verweij, A. Will
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • A. Bernhard, A.-S. Müller
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the HL-LHC Project.
The powering layout of the new HL-LHC Nb3Sn triplet circuits is the use of cryogenic bypass diodes, where the diodes are located inside an extension to the magnet cryostat, operated in superfluid helium and exposed to radiation. Therefore, the radiation hardness of different type of bypass diodes has been tested at low temperatures in CERN’s CHARM irradiation facility during the operational year 2018. The forward characteristics, the turn on voltage and the reverse blocking voltage of each diode were measured weekly at 4.2 K and 77 K, respectively, as a function of the accumulated radiation dose. The diodes were submitted to a dose close to 12 kGy and a 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of 2.2x1014,n/cm2. After the end of the irradiation campaign the annealing behaviour of the diodes was tested by increasing the temperature slowly to 300 K. This paper describes the experimental setup, the measurement procedure and discusses the results of the measurements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS067  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS076 Design and Construction of Sextupole Magnet Prototype for Siam Photon Source II Project sextupole, software, simulation, multipole 4295
 
  • S. Prawanta, B. Boonwanna, P. Klysubun, A. Kwankasem, S. Pongampai, V. Sooksrimuang, P. Sudmuang, P. Sunwong
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  Siam Photon Source II (SPS-II) project in Thailand is the third-generation synchrotron light source. The lattice of the 3 GeV electron storage ring has been designed, consisting of 14 Double Triple Bend Achromat (DTBA) cells with the total circumference of 321.3 m. The storage ring lattice includes 56 bending magnets, 28 combined dipole and quadrupole magnets, 224 quadrupole magnets and 84 multifunction sextupole magnets. This paper presents the design and construction of a sextupole magnet prototype for SPS-II project. Magnet prototype was designed with the magnetic field gradient of 2,030 T/m2 and includes functions of skew-quadrupole, horizontal and vertical correctors. The magnetic core is made of S10C low-carbon steel. A prototype of sextupole magnet has been constructed. All dimensional tolerances are within the range of ±20 µm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS076  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS088 CBETA Permanent Magnet Production Run multipole, permanent-magnet, dipole, undulator 4318
 
  • S.J. Brooks, G.J. Mahler, R.J. Michnoff, J.E. Tuozzolo
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  214 neodymium permanent magnets have been manufactured for the return loop of the CBETA multi-turn ERL being built at Cornell University. There are 5 types of quadrupole and combined-function gradient magnets using a variant of the circular Halbach design. These are made out of NdFeB material and glued into an aluminium housing with water channels for temperature stabilisation. The NdFeB wedges and magnet construction were done by outside companies, while the final "tuning" using inserts containing 64 iron wires per magnet was done at BNL over a period of about 6 months. Average relative field errors of 2.3·10-4 were achieved on the beam region. The magnet strengths vary by type but are of order 10T/m for quadrupole component and up to 0.3T for the dipole. This paper reports on the field quality and timeline achieved in this production process.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS088  
About • paper received ※ 11 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS094 High Gradient Quadrupoles for Low Emittance Synchrtrons dipole, focusing, vacuum, lattice 4332
 
  • S.K. Sharma, T.V. Shaftan, V.V. Smaluk, C.J. Spataro, T. Tanabe, G.M. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • N.A. Mezentsev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  A new lattice design has been proposed recently based on a Complex-Bend concept [1,2] for low emittance syn-chrotrons. The dipoles of a standard DBA lattice are replaced in the Complex Bend by high-gradient (~ 450 T/m) quadrupoles interleaved between discrete dipoles. In another version of the Complex Bend [3] the high gradient quadrupoles are displaced transversely along the beam trajectory to generate the required dipole field. In the latter version the quadrupole strength is reduced to ~ 250 T/m for a lattice that will conform to the layout of the existing NSLS-II 3-GeV storage ring. In this paper we present conceptual designs of a Halbach permanent-magnet (PM) quadrupole, a hybrid PM quadrupole, and a superconducting quadrupole, that can produce the de-sired quadrupole strengths for the Complex Bend appli-cation. REFERENCES [1] T. Shaftan, V. Smaluk and G. Wang, ’The Concept of Com-plex Bend’, NSLS-II Tech note No. 276, Jan 2018. [2] G. Wang et al., ’Complex Bend: Strong-focusing magnet for low emittance synchrotrons’, Physical Review Accelerators and Beams, 21, 100703 (2018). [3] G. Wang et al., ’Complex Bend II’, paper submitted to Physi-cal Review Accelerators and Beams.

 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS094  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS100 Measurements of Decay and Snapback in Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets at Fermilab dipole, injection, sextupole, luminosity 4342
 
  • G. Velev, G. Ambrosio, G. Chlachidze, J. DiMarco, S. Stoynev, T. Strauss
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
In recent years, Fermilab has been executing an inten-sive R&D program on Nb3Sn accelerator magnets. This program has included dipole and quadrupole models and demonstrators for various programs and projects, including the HL-LHC accelerator upgrade project. A systematic study of the field decay and snapback during the injection portion of a simulated accelerator cycle was executed at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility. This paper summarizes the recent measurements of the MQXFS1 short quadrupole model and discusses the results of some previously measured Nb3Sn magnets at CERN
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS100  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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FRXXPLM2 Magnet Design for Siam Photon Source II photon, sextupole, vacuum, multipole 4361
 
  • P. Sunwong, P. Klysubun, T. Phimsen, S. Prawanta, P. Sudmuang
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  Siam Photon Source II project has been approved and detailed technical design of the accelerator system is currently in progress. The Double Triple Bend Achromat (DTBA) lattice is implemented in the storage ring design for low emittance and more space for insertion devices. Magnets with moderate to high field requirements have been designed, including combined function magnet with the field gradient of 27.1 T/m, quadrupole magnets with the field gradient up to 60 T/m and multifunction sextupole magnets. This work presents the magnet requirement and specification, design concept, recent simulation results and analysis of the magnetic field quality. A plan for prototype development is also discussed.  
slides icon Slides FRXXPLM2 [1.475 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-FRXXPLM2  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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