Keyword: solenoid
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MOZZPLM1 Beam Commissioning of the Demonstrator Setup for the Superconducting Continuous Wave HIM/GSI-Linac cavity, linac, heavy-ion, cryomodule 33
 
  • M. Miski-Oglu, K. Aulenbacher, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, F.D. Dziuba
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, A. Rubin, A. Schnase, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, S. Yaramyshev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • M. Basten, M. Busch, T. Conrad, H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  During successful beam commissioning of the superconducting 15-gap Crossbar H-mode cavity at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung heavy ions up to the design beam energy have been accelerated. The design acceleration gain of 3.5 MeV inside a length of less than 70 cm has been reached with full transmission for heavy ion beams of up to 1.5 particle mueA. The measured beam parameters confirm sufficient beam quality. The machine beam commissioning is a major milestone of the R&D for the superconducting heavy ion continuous wave linear accelerator HELIAC of Helmholtz Institute Mainz (HIM) and GSI developed in collaboration with IAP Goethe-University Frankfurt. The next step is the procurement and commissioning of so called ’Advanced Demonstrator’ - the first of series cryo module for the entire accelerator HELIAC. Results of further Demonstrator beam tests, as well as the status of the Advanced demonstrator project will be reported.  
slides icon Slides MOZZPLM1 [3.088 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOZZPLM1  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW028 Study for the Alignment of Focusing Solenoid of ARES RF Gun and Effect of Misalignment of Solenoid on Emittance of Space Charge Dominated Electron Beam alignment, emittance, electron, gun 147
 
  • S. Yamin, R.W. Aßmann, B. Marchetti
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  SINBAD (Short and INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) facility will host multiple experiments relating to ultra-short high brightness beams and novel experiments with ultra-high gradient. ARES (Accelerator Research Experiment at SINBAD) Linac is an S-band photo injector to produce such electron bunches at around 100 MeV. The Linac will be commissioned in stages with the first stage corresponding to gun commissioning. In this paper, we present studies about the scheme adopted for the alignment of focusing solenoid for the ARES gun. The method is bench marked using ASTRA simulations. Moreover the effect of misalignment of the solenoid on the emittance of space charge dominated scheme and its compensation is also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW028  
About • paper received ※ 26 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW046 Proton Beam Steering for the Experimental Muon Source at CSNS proton, target, extraction, neutron 193
 
  • Y.K. Chen, H.T. Jing
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • C. Meng, Y.P. Song, J.Y. Tang, G. Zhao
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Experimental Muon Source (EMuS) is a muon source to be built at China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). The EMuS baseline design adopts a stand-alone target sitting in capture superconducting solenoids, and the muon beam is extracted in the forward direction. In the same time the spent protons are also extracted from the target station and guided to an external. Because there is an angle of 15 degrees between the axis of solenoids and the proton direction, the protons will be deviated by the solenoid field. A pair of correction magnets in front of the solenoids is used to align the incoming proton beam to the target and also guide the spent protons to the beam dump. As the target station is design to work at different field level, this increases the complexity of the proton beam transport.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW046  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW054 Study on Spherical Aberration Correction of Solenoid Lens in Ultrafast Electron Diffraction electron, induction, emittance, focusing 213
 
  • Y.T. Yang, K. Fan, J.J. Li
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Song
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
 
  High electron beam quality is required in Ultrafast Electron Diffraction (UED) to achieve high spatial resolution. However, aberrations mainly induced by solenoid lens will deteriorate the beam quality and limit the resolution. Spherical aberration introduces the largest distortion which is unavoidable in the case of static cylindrically symmetric electromagnetic fields on the basis of Scherzer’s theorem. In order to reduce the spherical aberrations, different models have been designed which are composed of three symmetrical lens and one asymmetrical lens. We obtain the magnetic field distribution and calculate the aberration of each model by OPERA, and the result is that the solenoid without poles has the minimum aberration and meets the design requirement best.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW054  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP006 Magnetic Measurement With Single Stretched Wire Method on SuperKEKB Final Focus Quadrupoles quadrupole, detector, controls, interaction-region 432
 
  • Y. Arimoto, K. Egawa, T. Kawamoto, M. Masuzawa, Y. Ohsawa, N. Ohuchi, R. Ueki, X. Wang, H. Yamaoka, Z.G. Zong
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • J. DiMarco, J.M. Nogiec, G. Velev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Superconducting-final-focus-quadrupole magnet system (QCS) were installed on an interaction region (IR) of SuperKEKB on Feb. 2017. The QCS consists of eight quadrupole magnets and four compensation solenoids; these magnets are contained in the two cryostats and are installed into Belle II detector which generates a solenoid field of 1.5 T. We determined the quadrupole centers with respect to accelerator beam lines with a single stretched wire (SSW) method. Here the results of the magnetic measurement with SSW are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP006  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPMP009 Effect of Initial Parameters on the Super Flat Beam Generation with the Phase-Space Rotation for Linear Colliders emittance, simulation, gun, collider 442
 
  • M. Kuriki, R. Tamura
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • H. Hayano, X.J. Jin, T. Konomi, Y. Seimiya, N. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • S. Kashiwagi
    Tohoku University, Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Sendai, Japan
  • P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • J.G. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • K. Sakaue
    The University of Tokyo, The School of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Washio
    RISE, Tokyo, Japan
 
  Funding: This work is partly supported by Japan-US Cooperative grant for scientific studies, Grant aid for scientific study by MEXT Japan (KAKENHI) Kiban B.
Linear collider is a concept to realize e+e collision beyond the limitation of the ring colliders by the synchrotron radiation. To obtain an enough luminosity, eg. 1.0·10+34 cm-2sec-1, the beam is focused down to nano-meter size with a high aspect ratio. This super flat beam is useful to improve the luminosity and to compensate the beam-beam effect, eg. Beamstrahlung. In a conventional design, the super-flat beam is produced by radiation damping in a storage ring. We propose to produce this super-flat beam with phase-space rotation techniques. We employ both Round to Flat Beam Transformation and Transverse to Longitudinal Emittance eXchange, the super flat beam can be generated by controlling the space-charge effect which spoiled the performance. We present the RFBT performance with respect to the initial conditions, i.e. beam size, initial emittance, solenoid field (strength and profile), etc.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPMP009  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB026 High-Quality Muon Beam Production Based on Superconducting Solenoids target, proton, polarization, experiment 630
 
  • Y. Bao, X. Li, Y. Li, Y.P. Song, X. Tong
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the Science Foundation of The Chinese Academy of Sciences and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11875281)
In labs, muon beams are produced by protons hitting targets. The initial phase space of the muon beam is extremely large. In general, two types of muon collection methods have been used in the world. One is to put the muon production target in a superconducting solenoid, and low-energy muons are collected from the back of the target, then transported through a bent solenoid. In this way, a high-intensity muon beam can be collected, but the energy spread is wide and the beam polarization is low. For most muSR applications a surface muon beam with narrow energy bite and high polarization is required. Most muSR facilities are built with collecting magnets by the side of the target, in this way only a small fraction of muons with low emittance are collected and transported downstream. In this work we outline a muon collection method based on superconducting solenoid. Instead of using bent solenoids, a matching section with a dipole magnet is used to select muons with a certain momentum and match to downstream beamliines. A high-quality muon beam can be achieved with a high intensity and polarization. Such a method can be adapted to the MUSIC, Mu2e, and COMET muon beamlines after their dedicate experiments and convert the beamlines into a high quality muSR facility.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB026  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB041 Spin Resonance Strength in the Transparent Spin Mode of the NICA Collider polarization, resonance, proton, collider 656
 
  • Y. Filatov, S.V. Vinogradov
    MIPT, Dolgoprudniy, Moscow Region, Russia
  • A.M. Kondratenko, M.A. Kondratenko
    Science and Technique Laboratory Zaryad, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.D. Kovalenko
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  To implement the polarization program at the NICA complex (Dubna, Russia) the novel mode of ion polarization control - the transparent spin mode - is planned to use. To set up the transparent spin mode in the NICA collider two solenoidal snakes will be placed in straights of the Multi Purpose Detector (MPD) and the Spin Physics Detector (SPD). The beam polarization at SPD will be controlled by means of ‘‘weak’’ solenoids. The main characteristic of the transparent spin mode is the spin resonance strength, which consists of two parts: a coherent part arising due to additional transverse and longitudinal fields on the beam trajectory deviating from the design orbit and an incoherent part associated with the particles’ betatron and synchrotron oscillations (beam emittances). The resonance strength allows one to formulate requirements on the magnitudes of the control solenoids’ fields. The theoretical analysis, calculation and spin tracking simulation of the spin resonance strength in the whole momentum range of the NICA collider are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB041  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB093 eRHIC Electron Ring Design Status polarization, electron, storage-ring, radiation 794
 
  • C. Montag, M. Blaskiewicz, C. Hetzel, D. Holmes, Y. Li, H. Lovelace III, V. Ptitsyn, K.S. Smith, S. Tepikian, F.J. Willeke, H. Witte, W. Xu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • E. Gianfelice-Wendt
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
For the proposed electron-ion collider eRHIC, an electron storage ring will be installed in the existing RHIC tunnel. To reach the high luminosity of up to 1034 cm-2 sec-1, beam currents up to 2.5A have to be stored. Besides high luminosity the physics program requires spin polarization levels of 70 percent, with both spin "up" and spin "down" orientations present in the fill. This is only feasible by using a full-energy spin polarized injector that replaces bunches faster than the depolarization rate. To limit the repetition rate of that injector to about one hertz, the polarization lifetime in the storage ring has to be maximized by proper spin matching and countermeasures for the machine misalignments. We will give an overview of the electron storage ring design.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB093  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB110 Simulation Study of the Emittance Measurements in Magnetized Electron Beam emittance, cathode, electron, gun 822
 
  • S.A.K. Wijethunga, J.R. Delayen, G.A. Krafft
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • J. F. Benesch, F.E. Hannon, G.A. Krafft, M.A. Mamun, G.G. Palacios Serrano, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman, S. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the Department of Energy, Laboratory Directed Research and Development funding, under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177
Electron cooling of the ion beam is key to obtaining the required high luminosity of proposed electron-ion colliders. For the Jefferson Lab Electron Ion Collider, the expected luminosity of 1034 〖 cm〗-2 s-1 will be achieved through so-called ’magnetized electron cooling’, where the cooling process occurs inside a solenoid field, which will be part of the collider ring and facilitated using a circulator ring and Energy Recovery Linac (ERL). As an initial step, we generated magnetized electron beam using a new compact DC high voltage photogun biased at -300 kV employing an alkali-antimonide photocathode. This contribution presents the characterization of the magnetized electron beam (emittance variations with the magnetic field strength for different laser spot sizes) and a comparison to GPT simulations.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB110  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS073 Bunching System Optimization Based on MOGA bunching, linac, emittance, electron 1018
 
  • S.P. Zhang, J.Y. Li, C. Meng
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Multiobjective Genetic Algorithms (MOGA) is effective in dealing with optimization problems with multiple objectives. The bunching system of the High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) linac adopts a traditional bunching system for compressing electron beams with a pulse charge of 4 nC. The bunching system is optimized using MOGA. The optimization include minimizing the normalized emittance and maximizing transmission efficiency. The optimization results have reached the design target, and are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS073  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS083 Beam Dynamics Simulation with an Updated Model for the ESS Ion Source and Low Energy Beam Transport LEBT, rfq, emittance, simulation 1042
 
  • E. Nilsson, M. Eshraqi, J. F. Esteban Müller, Y. Levinsen, N. Milas, R. Miyamoto
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  Beam dynamics simulation of the ion source (IS) and low energy beam transport (LEBT) of the European Spallation Source (ESS) Linac is conducted with TraceWin and IBSimu code. TraceWin allows multi-particle tracking based on a particle-in-cell space-charge solver and is the standard simulation tool of the whole ESS Linac. IBSimu is based on a Vlasov solver and allows to simulate beam extraction from plasma as well as the beam transport in the LEBT. In preparation for beam commissioning of the IS and LEBT in the ESS Linac tunnel, which started in September 2018 and is ongoing as of the timing of writing this paper, the simulation models of the IS and LEBT in these two codes were updated. This paper reports the effort for these updates, including the beam distribution out of the IS, electromagnetic field map of the LEBT solenoid, more realistic aperture structure in the LEBT, as well as updated LEBT solenoids scan simulation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS083  
About • paper received ※ 17 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS084 ESS Low Energy Beam Transport Tuning During the First Beam Commissioning Stage LEBT, MMI, emittance, rfq 1046
 
  • R. Miyamoto, C.S. Derrez, E. Laface, Y. Levinsen, N. Milas, A.G. Sosa, R. Tarkeshian, C.A. Thomas
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  Beam commissioning of the ion source (IS) and low energy beam transport (LEBT) of the European Spallation Source is ongoing on its site as of writing this paper and continues until June 2019. The LEBT consists of two solenoids with integrated dipole correctors to steer, focus, and match the high current divergent beam out of the IS to the following radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ). It is also equipped with a suite of diagnostics devices to provide a full characterization of the beam for achieving a good transport within the LEBT, optimizing the matching to the RFQ, and also providing references to numerical simulations. This paper presents results of beam characterization campaign from the ongoing beam commissioning period, including the matching at the RFQ interface based on emittance sampling for varied strengths of the solenoids and verification of the linear model for the trajectory and beam envelope.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS084  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS095 Optimization of the Alba Linac Operation Modes linac, gun, simulation, focusing 1086
 
  • E. Marín, D. Lanaia, R. Muñoz Horta, F. Pérez
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  ALBA is a third generation synchrotron light source that consists on a linac, booster and storage ring. The linac is capable of operating in single (SBM) and multi-bunch injection mode (MBM). Since 2016 the Single Bunch Bucket Selection algorithm which runs in SBM, permits to inject on a selected bucket keeping the charge uniformity along the ring below 4\%. However when running in SBM a significantly lower transmission along the linac is observed, with respect to the one when running in MBM. Simulation efforts have been deployed in order to build up a reliable model of the ALBA linac which can reproduce the experimental measurements. In this paper we present the new simulation model that renders the experimental observations, and the new optimization procedure developed in simulations and tested in the real machine.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS095  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS103 First Results of Beam Commissioning on the ESS Site for the Ion Source and Low Energy Beam Transport LEBT, MMI, site, ion-source 1118
 
  • R. Miyamoto, R.E. Bebb, E.C. Bergman, B. Bertrand, H. Danared, C.S. Derrez, E.M. Donegani, M. Eshraqi, J. F. Esteban Müller, T. Fay, V. Grishin, B. Gålnander, S. Haghtalab, H. Hassanzadegan, A. Jansson, H. Kocevar, E. Laface, Y. Levinsen, M. Mansouri, C.A. Martins, J.P.S. Martins, N. Milas, M. Muñoz, E. Nilsson, D.C. Plostinar, C. Rosati, T.J. Shea, A.G. Sosa, R. Tarkeshian, L. Tchelidze, C.A. Thomas, P. L. van Velze
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bergstrom
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • L. Celona, L. Neri
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, will be a spallation neutron source driven by a proton linac of an unprecedented 5 MW beam power. Such a high power requires its ion source (IS) to produce proton beam pulses at 14 Hz with a high peak current more than 62.5 mA and a long plateau up to §I{3}{ms}. The IS and the following low energy beam transport (LEBT) section were manufactured and tested with beam to meet ESS requirements at INFN-LNS and delivered to ESS towards the end of 2017. Beam commissioning of these two sections on the ESS site has started in September 2018 and will continue until the end of June 2019. This paper provides an overview on this first beam commissioning period at ESS and also presents results of IS characterization and testing on LEBT functionalities.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS103  
About • paper received ※ 20 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS112 Matrix Approach to Decouple Transverse-Coupled Beams coupling, quadrupole, emittance, DTL 1144
 
  • P.F. Ma, X. Guan, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, X.D. Yu, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.H. Pu, J. Qiao, C.P. Wang, X.C. Xie, F. Yang
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant number 2016YFC0105408).
Transverse emittances, especially vertical emittance, are strictly required in the synchrotrons with multi-loop injection. Transverse emittances easily grow up if transverse beam phase spaces are coupled. The growth of the transverse emittance can be restained by decoupling the beam phase spaces. Based on the transfer matrix calculation, it can be theoretically proved that the decoupling can be implemented for general situations. A minimum number of rotated quadrupoles required for decoupling is given. Two quadrupoles can decouple the beam and suppress its emittance growth to 1% in the coupling DTL case.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS112  
About • paper received ※ 28 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUXXPLM3 First Operation of a Hybrid e-Gun at the Schlesinger Center for Compact Accelerators in Ariel University gun, laser, electron, klystron 1171
 
  • A. N. Nause, A. Fukasawa, J.B. Rosenzweig, R.J. Roussel
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • A. Friedman
    Ariel University, Ariel, Israel
  • B. Spataro
    INFN/LNF, Frascati, Italy
 
  Funding: Israel Ministry of Defence Israel Ministry of Science
A novel hybrid photo injector was designed and partially tested at the UCLA Particle Beam Physics Laboratory. It was later commissioned at Ariel University in Israel as an on-going collaboration between the two universities. This unique, new generation design provides a radically simpler approach to RF feeding of a gun/buncher system, leading to a much shorter beam via velocity bunching owed to an attached traveling wave section of the photo-injector. This design results in better performance in beam parameters, providing a high quality electron beam, with energy of 6 MeV, emittance of app 3 μm, and a 150 fs pulse duration at up to 1 nC per pulse. The Hybrid gun is driven by a SLAC XK5 Klystron as the high power RF source, and third harmonic of a fs level IR Laser amplifier (266 nm) to drive the Cathode. The unique e-gun will produce an electron pulse for a THz FEL, which will operate at the super-radiance regime, and therefore requires extraordinary beam properties. This paper briefly describes the gun and presents initial operational results from the gun and its sub-systems.
 
slides icon Slides TUXXPLM3 [9.526 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUXXPLM3  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW028 Low Energy Beam Transport System for MESA emittance, cavity, laser, experiment 1461
 
  • C. Matejcek, K. Aulenbacher, S. Friederich
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
 
  An important part of the new accelerator MESA (Mainz Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator) is the low energy beam transport system connecting the 100 keV electron source with the injector accelerator. The present setup includes the chopper- and bunching system. The devices are of most importance in order to achieve sufficient bunch compression particularely at higher bunch charges and currents. With the circular deflecting cavity of the chopper system it is possible to measure the longitudinal dimension of the bunches upstream of the buncher whereas downstream the longitudinal size will be measured by Smith Purcell radiation. Based on experimental results obtained from this setup we will discuss the beam parameter and compare them with simulations of the beamline.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW028  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW038 Study on Coherent THz Radiation Using Tilt Control of Electron Beam electron, radiation, target, experiment 1489
 
  • Y. Tadenuma, M. Brameld, T. Murakami, K. Sakaue, M. Washio
    Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by a research granted from JSPS KAKENHI 17H02821.
The terahertz wave is located in the intermediate frequency band between radio waves and light waves, and researches on the light sources such as terahertz quantum cascade laser and femtosecond laser based THz sources are being conducted*. As a new terahertz light source, we are studying coherent Cherenkov radiation by using the tilt control of electron beam and irradiating the target medium. Since the radiation intensity of Cherenkov radiation depends on the target medium, comparison of three kinds of medium with different refractive index and density, and optimization of the target shape were performed. In addition, we are going to try quasi monochromatization of radiation by using multi slit to control the form factor of the electron beam. In this presentation, we will report the experimental results of target optimization and quasi monochromatization and the future prospects.
*S. S. Dhillon, et al., The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 50 (2017) 043001.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW038  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS008 The Pulsing Chopper-Based System of the Arronax C70XP Cyclotron cyclotron, controls, proton, injection 1948
 
  • F. Poirier
    CNRS - DR17, RENNES, France
  • G. Blain, M. Fattahi, F. Haddad, J. Vandenborre
    SUBATECH, Nantes, France
  • F. Bulteau-harel, X. Goiziou, C. Koumeir, A. Letaeron, F. Poirier
    Cyclotron ARRONAX, Saint-Herblain, France
 
  Funding: This work is, in part, supported by a grant from the French National Agency for Research called "Investissements d’Avenir", Equipex Arronax-Plus noANR-11-EQPX-0004 and LabexIRON noANR-11-LABX-18-01.
The Arronax Public Interest Group (GIP) uses a multi-particle cyclotron to perform irradiation from a few pA up to hundreds of uA on various experiments and targets *. To support further low intensity usage and extend the beam time structure required for experiments such as pulsed experiments studies (radiolysis, proton therapeutic irradiation) and high intensity impact studies, it has been devised a pulsing system in the injection of the cyclotron. This system combines the use of a chopper, low frequency switch, and a control system based on the new extended EPICS network. This paper details the pulsing system adopted at Arronax, the last results in terms of time structure, various low intensity experimental studies performed with alpha and proton beams and the dedicated photon diagnostics.
* F.Poirier et al., "Studies and Upgrades on the C70 Cyclotron Arronax", CYC16, September 2016, TUD02.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS008  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS014 SINGLE SHOT CATHODE TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM IMAGING IN PHOTOINJECTORS cathode, emittance, electron, simulation 1964
 
  • P.W. Huang, Y. Chen, J.D. Good, M. Groß, I.I. Isaev, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, S. Lal, X. Li, O. Lishilin, D. Melkumyan, R. Niemczyk, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, H. Shaker, F. Stephan, G. Vashchenko
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • D. Filippetto, F. Sannibale
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • W. Wan
    ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  In state of the art photoinjector electron sources, cathode performance determines the lower limit of achievable beam emittance. Measuring the thermal emittance at the photocathodes in electron guns is of vital importance for improving the injectors. Traditional methods, like solenoid scan, pepper-pot, need multi-shots and are time-consuming, therefore suffer from machine stability. Here we propose a new method, named cathode transverse momentum imaging. By tuning the gun solenoid focusing, the electrons’ transverse momentum at the cathode is imaged to a downstream screen, which enables a single shot measurement. Several experiments have been done at the Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) with a Cs2Te cathode. Measurements of cathode transverse momentum, the corresponding spectra, cathode transverse momentum map and its correlation with surface electric field are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS014  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS080 Beam Dynamics Studies of an APEX2-Based Photoinjector gun, emittance, cathode, focusing 2109
 
  • C.E. Mitchell, H.Q. Feng, D. Filippetto, M.J. Johnson, A.R. Lambert, D. Li, T.H. Luo, F. Sannibale, J.W. Staples, S.P. Virostek, R.P. Wells
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  APEX2 is a proposed normal conducting radio-frequency (RF) electron gun operating in the very high frequency (VHF) range in continuous wave (CW) mode, designed to drive applications that require both high beam brightness and high repetition rate, such as free electron lasers (such as LCLS-II-HE), ultra-fast electron diffraction, and microscopy. The gun consists of a two-cell RF cavity operating at 162.5 MHz with a cathode field of 34 MV/m, together with an embedded focusing solenoid. We study the beam dynamics in an APEX-II-based photoinjector (up to ~20 MeV), targeting a transverse 95% beam emittance of 0.1 um at 12.5 A peak current for the case of 100 pC charge for FEL applications. The high cathode field leads to enhanced beam brightness, while the increased gun exit energy of ~1.5 MeV reduces the effects of space charge, and possibly eliminates the need for an RF buncher. The embedded solenoid is designed to control the transverse beam size while minimizing emittance growth due to geometric aberrations. As a result, the transverse beam performance targets are achieved, and ongoing work will further optimize longitudinal beam quality for downstream FEL transport.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS080  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS088 A Normal Conducting RF Gun as an Electron Source for JLEIC Cooling gun, emittance, electron, cathode 2127
 
  • F.E. Hannon, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  The baseline design for a magnetized injector for the bunched-beam electron cooler ring, as part of the Jeffer-son Lab Electron Ion Collider (JLEIC) uses a DC photo-cathode electron gun as the source. A challenging aspect of this concept is transporting a 3.2nC electron bunch at low energy and preserving the angular momentum. An RF gun source has been investigated to gauge the potential advantages of high gradient on the photocathode and higher exit energy. The design is presented and compared with the baseline results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS088  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS090 Experimental Results of Dense Array Diamond Field Emitters in RF Gun cathode, gun, experiment, wakefield 2134
 
  • K.E. Nichols, H.L. Andrews, D. Kim, E.I. Simakov
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • S.P. Antipov
    Euclid Beamlabs LLC, Bolingbrook, USA
  • G. Chen
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, G. Ha, W. Liu, J.F. Power, J.H. Shao, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  We present experimental emission results from arrays of diamond field emitter tips operating in an RF gun at the Argonne Cathode Test-stand. Results from various arrays will be presented with different spacing between array elements. Very high charge densities were produced at various field gradients. The maximum field gradient for a particular geometry was discovered and break-down effects will be presented. Cathode lifetime was preliminarily studied. Further experiments are being planned and work on the cathode design optimization to produce higher quality beams will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS090  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP020 First Beam Transmission Measurements in Ion Source and LEBT at the European Spallation Source LEBT, ion-source, proton, MMI 2353
 
  • E. Laface
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The Ion Source and the Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) have been installed in the European Spallation Source tunnel, in Lund, Sweden, during the summer 2018. The first proton beam was extracted on September. In this paper we present the first set of measurements of protons transmission in combination with the analysis of the species (H+, H+2, H+3) extracted by the source. We show that our measurements are compatible with a fraction of 80\% of protons transported along the LEBT, as measured at the INFN-LNS, Catania, Italy during the commissioning in 2016-17. [1]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP020  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP048 Development of Spin Rotator and an Absolute Polarimeter for Polarized He-3 at BNL dipole, polarization, scattering, target 2440
 
  • D. Raparia, G. Atoian, S. Ikeda, R.F. Lambiase, M. Okamura, A. Poblaguev, J. Ritter, S. Trabocchi, A. Zelenski
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • R. Milner, M. M. Musgrave
    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
EBIS Preinjector will provide longitudinally polarized 3He++ ions with about 80% polarization and 5.1011 particles per bunch at 6 MeV, which must be rotated to vertical direction before it ions are injected into the Booster. The 3He++ longitudinal polarization is first rotated to the transverse direction by the 21.5° bending magnet. Then the solenoid spin-rotator rotates the spin to the vertical direction. The spin-rotator will be a pulsed solenoid with a reversible field to enable spin flips. The vertically polarized beam will be returned back to the straight HEBT line by the system of three dipole magnets after the spin rotator solenoid. The low-energy polarimeter can be installed in the straight beam line section after the second dipole magnet. To measure transverse (vertical) polarization of the 3He beam at 5-6 MeV, the spin correlated asymmetry of 3He scattering on a 4He gas target (~5 Torr) will be measured with left/right symmetric strip detectors. Paper will present status of the project.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP048  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW038 Beam Control and Monitors for the Spiral Injection Test Experiment injection, experiment, electron, site 2557
 
  • M.A. Rehman
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Furukawa, H. Hisamatsu, T. Mibe, H. Nakayama, S. Ohsawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Iinuma
    Ibaraki University, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  A new experiment at J-PARC (E34) is under construction in order to measure the muon’s g-2 to unprecedented precision of 0.1 ppm and electric dipole moment up to the sensitivity of 10-21 e.cm in order to explore new physics beyond the standard model. A novel three-dimensional spiral injection scheme has been devised to inject and store the beam into a small diameter MRI-type storage magnet for E34. The new injection scheme features smooth injection with high storage efficiency for the compact storage magnet. However, spiral injection scheme is an unproven idea, therefore, a Spiral Injection Test Experiment (SITE) is underway to establish this injection scheme. The SITE is consist of 80 keV thermionic electron gun, two-meter-long beamline, and a solenoidal storage magnet. In order to match the beam with the solenoidal field, several optical elements have been placed on the beamline to control the beam phase space. The DC electron beam spiral track has been confirmed by the de-excitation of the nitrogen gas in the vacuum chamber of the storage magnet. A current monitor system has been developed in order to extract the beam current and geometrical information of three-dimensional trajectory. An electric chopper system to produce the pulsed beam and beam monitors to detect the pulsed beam will also be discussed in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW038  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW051 Designing of a Solenoid Lens for the Application to a Compact Electron Beam Testing Bench electron, gun, space-charge, cathode 2591
 
  • S.Y. Lu, G. Feng, T. Hu, X.D. Tu, Y.Q. Xiong, P. Yang
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
 
  To calculate beams transport is vital for designing vacuum pipe and arranging focusing elements for each electron beam line system. Space charge effects of a low-energy, high-intensity DC electron beam focused by a solenoid lens with bucking coil are investigated theoretically in this paper. A second-order equation is numerical solved for the beam envelope focused by a short solenoid lens. In addition, a conventional transfer matrix of solenoid is not applicable to low-energy, high-intensity electron beams because the strong space charge effects are ignored. By cutting a solenoid into several segments, we have derived a micro-transfer matrix which takes space charge fields into account, and a complete beam envelope for a transport system. A simulation is used to verify our theoretical calculation results, and corresponding discussions are given in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW051  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW105 Measuring Beam Parameters with Solenoid focusing, cathode, experiment, emittance 2739
 
  • I. Pinayev, Y.C. Jing, D. Kayran, V. Litvinenko, K. Shih, G. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • I. Petrushina
    SUNY SB, Stony Brook, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
We have developed methods of measuring electron beam energy and trajectory including angle and position based on the analysis of beam steering by a solenoid. Beam energy measurement is performed in the straight beamline and is suitable for the beams with substantial energy spread. In this paper, we describe the experimental set-up and the obtained results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW105  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW121 Update on the JLEIC Electron Collider Ring Design electron, collider, optics, quadrupole 2780
 
  • F. Lin, V.S. Morozov, Y. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • Y. Cai, Y.M. Nosochkov
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, and Office of Nuclear Physics under Contracts DE-AC05-06OR23177 and DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The design concept of electron collider ring in the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) is based on a small beam size at the interaction point (IP) to boost the luminosity. With a chosen beta-star at the IP, electron beam size is determined by the equilibrium emittance obtained from the linear optics design. In this paper, we present an update on the lattice design of the electron ring considering not only preservation of low beam emittance, but also optimization of geometric arrangement. In particular, recent development of the lattice design has been focused on incorporating the vertical dogleg, which brings the electron beam to the ion beam plane for collisions, in the spin rotator design. The vertical dogleg is designed with no horizontal emittance growth, controlled vertical emittance and no first-order effect on the electron polarization.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW121  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS006 Modelization of an Injector With Machine Learning network, rfq, LEBT, proton 3096
 
  • M. Debongnie, M.A. Baylac, F. Bouly
    LPSC, Grenoble Cedex, France
  • N. Chauvin, D. Uriot
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Gatera
    SCK•CEN, Mol, Belgium
  • T. Junquera
    Accelerators and Cryogenic Systems, Orsay, France
 
  Modern particle accelerator projects, such as MYRRHA, have very high stability and/or reliability requirements. To meet those, it is necessary to optimize or develop new methods for the control systems. One of the difficulties lies in the relatively long computation time of current beam dynamics codes. In this context, the very low computation time of neural network is of great attraction. However, a neural network has to be trained in order to be of any use. The training of a beam dynamic predictor uses a large dataset (experimental or simulated) that represents the dynamics over the parameter space of interest. Therefore, choosing the right training dataset is crucial for the quality of the neural network predictions. In this work, a study on the sampling choice for the training data is performed to train a neural network to predict the transmission of a beam through a low energy beam transport line and a Radiofrequency Quadrupole. We show and discuss the results obtained on training data set to model the IPHI and MYRRHA injectors.
https://myrrha.be/
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS006  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS010 Beam Dynamics Errors Studies for the IFMIF-DONES SRF-LINAC linac, SRF, cryomodule, cavity 3103
 
  • N. Chauvin, N. Bazin, J. Plouin
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • S. Chel, L. Du
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The goal of the IFMIF-DONES (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility-DEMO Oriented Neutron Source) project is to build an irradiation facility that will provide a sufficient neutron flux to study and characterize structure materials foreseen for future fusion power plant. In order to accelerate the required 125mA/40 MeV continuous deuteron beam from 5 MeV to 40 MeV, a superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) linac, housed in five cryomodules, is proposed. The design is based on two beta families (β=0.11 and β=0.17) of half-wave resonators (HWR) at 175MHz. The transverse focusing is achieved using one solenoid coil per focusing period. This paper presents the extensive multiparticle beam dynamics simulations that have been performed to adapt the beam along the SRF-linac in such a high space charge regime. As one of the constraints of the IFMIF linac is a low level of beam losses, specific optimizations have been done to minimize the beam occupancy in the line (halo). A Monte Carlo error analysis has also been carried out to study the effects of misalignments or field imperfections (static errors) and also vibrations or power supplies ripple (dynamic errors). The results of these errors studies are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS010  
About • paper received ※ 21 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS037 DC Beam Space-Charge Modeling for OpenXAL simulation, space-charge, LEBT, GUI 3177
 
  • B.E. Bolling, N. Milas
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  OpenXAL is an open source multi-purpose accelerator physics software platform based on a pure Java open source development environment used for creating accelerator physics applications, scripts and services. Currently, the software has been used with an ellipsoidal (bunched) beam to account for space-charge effects. Applications developed so far for ESS, such as the Virtual Machine for the ESS Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) section, would profit from a DC beam description. In this paper, the space-charge component for a continuous beam is derived taking into account beams with different transverse charge distributions (uniform, gaussian, etc). The implementation in OpenXAL and a comparison with other simulation codes is also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS037  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS075 Effect of Beam-Beam Kick on Electron Beam Quality in First Bunched Electron Cooler electron, alignment, focusing, simulation 3297
 
  • S. Seletskiy, M. Blaskiewicz, A.V. Fedotov, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  The low energy RHIC electron cooler (LEReC) currently under commissioning at BNL is going to be the first non-magnetized bunched electron cooler (EC). For successful cooling LEReC requires that the electrons in the cooling section (CS) have small angles with respect to co-propagating ions. Since there is no strong magnetic field in the CS, the effects of ions on both the trajectory and focusing of the e-bunches is critical. In this paper we consider the ion beam kick on the electron bunches and derive requirements to the respective alignment of electron and ion beams in non-magnetized coolers.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS075  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS094 Generation High-Charge of Flat Beams at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator emittance, electron, quadrupole, experiment 3337
 
  • T. Xu, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • M.E. Conde, G. Ha, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • M. Kuriki
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. DOE contracts No. DESC0017750, DE-SC0018656 with NIU, and No. DE-AC02-06CH11357 with ANL.
Beams with large transverse emittance ratios (flat beams)have received renewed interest for their possible applications in future linear colliders and advanced accelerators. A flat beam can be produced by generating a magnetized beam and then repartitioning its emittance using three skew quadrupoles. In this paper, we report on the experimental generation of∼1nC flat beams at the Argonne WakefieldAccelerator (AWA). The emittance ratio of the flat beam is demonstrated to be continuously variable by adjusting the magnetic field on the cathode.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS094  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS099 Passive Absorbers for Maximizing the Performance of the Mu2e-II Experiment target, experiment, proton, collimation 3345
 
  • J. Manczak
    IFIC, Valencia, Spain
  • J. Manczak
    Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland
  • D.V. Neuffer, D. Stratakis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The Fermilab’s Mu2e experiment is designed to search for Charged Lepton Flavour Violation in direct, neutrinoless conversion of muon into electron in the presence of a nucleus’ electromagnetic field. Quantity, which is going to be observed is the ratio between the rate of the above BSM (Beyond Standard Model) reaction and the rate of the standard muon capture on the nucleus. The measurement precision is expected to reach up to 10-17. Mu2e-II is the codename for the second phase of the experiment planned to run with the lower energy, higher intensity primary proton beam provided by PIP-II accelerator, currently under construction. The ionization cooling with a wedge absorber is introduced to Mu2e-II setup for potential increase in the number of low momentum muons reaching the target. The study is made into the position and size of the wedge inside the beamline using G4Beamline simulation framework. Results show an increase up to 12% for muons with momentum P below 30 MeV/c and 7% for muons with P<40 MeV/c when the beam is measured right after the wedge. Further studies are necessary to investigate how this gain can be delivered to the stopping target.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS099  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP053 Tuning Quadrupoles for Brighter and Sharper Ultra-fast Electron Diffraction Imaging quadrupole, electron, focusing, experiment 3571
 
  • X. Yang, L. Doom, M.G. Fedurin, Y. Hidaka, J.J. Li, D. Padrazo Jr, T.V. Shaftan, V.V. Smaluk, G.M. Wang, L.-H. Yu, Y. Zhu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • W. Wan
    ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: BNL LDRD
We report our proof-of-principle design and experi-mental commissioning of broadly tunable and low-cost transverse focusing lens system for MeV-energy electron beams at the ultra-fast electron diffraction (UED) beam-line of the Accelerator Test Facility II of BNL. We exper-imentally demonstrate the independent control over the size and divergence of the electron beam at the sample via tunable quadrupoles. By applying online optimiza-tion, we achieve minimum beam sizes 75 µm from 1 to 13 pC, two orders of magnitude higher charge density than previously achieved using conventional solenoid tech-nique. Finally, we experimentally demonstrate Bragg-diffraction image (BDI) with significant improvement up to 3 times brighter and 2 times sharper BDI peaks via the optimized quadrupoles, improvement larger with higher charge. The result could be crucial for the future single-shot ultra-fast electron microscope development.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP053  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP054 Superconducting Dipole Design for a Proton Computed Tomography Gantry dipole, shielding, proton, site 3574
 
  • E. Oponowicz, H.L. Owen
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the MSC grant agreement No 675265, OMA - Optimization of Medical Accelerators.
Proton computed tomography aims to increase the accuracy of proton treatment planning by directly measuring proton stopping power. This imaging technique requires a proton beam of 330 MeV incident kinetic energy for adult patients. Employing superconducting technology in the beam delivery system allows it to be of comparable size to a conventional proton therapy gantry. A superconducting bending magnet design for a proton computed tomography gantry is proposed in this paper. The 30 deg, 3.9 T canted-cosine-theta dipole wound with NbTi wires is used to steer 330 MeV protons in an isocentric beam delivery system which rotates around the patient. Two methods of magnetic field shielding are compared in the context of proton therapy facility requirements; traditional passive shielding with an iron yoke placed around the magnet and an active shielding option utilising extra layers of the superconducting coil.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP054  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW040 Decay Muon Beamline Design for EMuS target, proton, simulation, dipole 3670
 
  • Y.P. Song, Y. Bao, C. Meng, J.Y. Tang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.K. Chen, H.T. Jing
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
The beamline design philosophies and simulation re-sults of the decay muon on Experimental Muon Source (EMuS) are reported in this paper. The beamline is com-posed of solenoids to keep large acceptance, and has been optimized for 45, 150 and 450 MeV/c decay muon re-spectively according to the π spectra optimization results from target station. Decay muons from 45 to 150 MeV/c are designed for μSR applications, and 150 to 450 MeV/c are designed for muon imaging, which is unique on the high momentum perspective. Negative muons from 45 to 150 MeV/c are designed for muonic applications. The momentum range of decay muon is tuneable between 45 and 450 MeV/c.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW040  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW041 The Potential of Heavy Ion Beams to Provide Secondary Muon/Neutrino Beam target, heavy-ion, proton, experiment 3673
 
  • H.-J. Cai, L.W. Chen, L. Yang, S. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  This paper focuses on the exploration into the potential of heavy ion beams for the production of the charged pions/muons within different energy ranges which is widely needed for fundamental and applied research. The investigation is performed for the different kinds of beams involving 1H , 4He, 12C, 16O, 40Ar and 136Xe with medium energy within the range of 0.5~2.5 AGeV and high energy of 10 AGeV. Three kinds of typical target configurations, thin graphite plate, long tungsten rod and medium thickness nickel block are adopted. For comparison, graphite and nickel are also used for the long rod geometry. Basically, most of the conventional charged pion/muon beams production cases including surface muon, low energy decay muon, medium energy pion/muon for neutrino beam and highly forward energetic muon are involved and the feasibility of heavy ion beam for these cases is analyzed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW041  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS001 Development of Cryogenic Suspension in the ANU 8t Superconducting Solenoid With Iron Yoke vacuum, experiment, cryogenics, EPICS 4103
 
  • S.T. Battisson, N.R. Lobanov, D. Tsifakis, T.B. Tunningley
    Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capitol Territory, Australia
  • J.F. Smith
    University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: The Australian Federal Government Superscience/EIF funding under the NCRIS mechanism.
An 8 Tesla superconducting solenoid was commissioned at The Australian National University to make precision measurements of fusion cross-sections. Forces between the solenoid and the iron yoke that houses it must always be maintained within safe limits and precision location of the solenoid coil is necessary to achieve this. Thermal contraction of components can impact the locating structure of the solenoid coil, leading to unsafe forces. Improvements to this structure allowed successful completion of the first fusion measurements with the 8T solenoidal separator, and demonstrated that it is now ready for a program of fusion measurements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS001  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS029 Optimization of Staggered Array Undulator undulator, cryogenics, electron, site 4171
 
  • L.J. Chen, Q.K. Jia
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
  • M. Li, P. Li, J. Wang, D. Wu, D.X. Xiao, L.G. Yan, X. Yang
    CAEP/IAE, Mianyang, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: the National Key Research and Development Program of China under Grant No. 2016YFA0402003 the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 11611140102.
The staggered array undulator consists of staggered poles and solenoid coils that form a periodically aligned transverse magnetic field in the pole gap. The addition of magnets in the longitudinal gap between the poles further enhances the peak field strength of the undulator. A method of enhancing the peak field strength of the undulator using cryogenic temperature permanent magnets and adding side magnets has been studied. The remanence of the magnet will increase at low temperatures and the peak field strength of the undulator will increase. The side magnets do not increase the maximum peak field strength of the undulator, but can reduce the solenoid magnetic field requirements and reduce the solenoid volume and cost. The influence of the special magnetic pole and magnet shape on the peak field strength of the undulator has also been studied.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS029  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS087 Micro-aligned Solenoid for Magnetized Bunched-beam Electron Cooling of 100 GeV/u Ions electron, alignment, GUI, collider 4314
 
  • P.M. McIntyre, J. Breitschopf, J. Gerity, J.N. Kellams
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
  • J. Breitschopf, J. Gerity, J.N. Kellams, A. Sattarov
    ATC, College Station, Texas, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by grant DE-SC0018468 from the US Dept. of Energy.
Magnetized electron cooling of ion beams requires pre-cise alignment of the electron beam with the equilibrium trajectory of the ion bunch. For the parameters required for JLEIC, a solenoid with bore field ~1 T, length ~30 m, and rms alignment of ~μrad is required. Such precise alignment has never been accomplished in a 1 T solenoid. The design of a micro-aligned solenoid is presented. A gap-separated stack of thin steel washers is located inside the solenoid. The washer stack shields transverse magnet-ic fields from its interior by a factor of ~10. A 30-washer module of the structure was built and measured using ultra-sensitive capacitive probes using a coordinate meas-uring machine. The r.m.s. coplanarity of the washer gaps was measured to be <5 μm, consistent with the required micro-alignment.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS087  
About • paper received ※ 17 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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