Keyword: synchrotron
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MOPGW015 Notes on Linear Theory of Coupled Particle Beams with Equal Eigenemittances emittance, betatron, linear-dynamics 98
 
  • V. Balandin, N. Golubeva
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  We consider some aspects of the linear theory of coupled particle beams with equal eigenemittances and compare them with the one dimensional Courant-Snyder theory.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW015  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW018 Perturbation of Synchrotron Motion in the Micro-Bunching Instability electron, bunching, storage-ring, radiation 108
 
  • T. Boltz, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, B. Härer, A.-S. Müller, P. Schreiber, P. Schönfeldt, M. Yan
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Short electron bunches in a storage ring are subject to complex longitudinal dynamics due to self-interaction with their own CSR. Above a particular threshold current, this leads to the formation of dynamically changing micro-structures within the bunch, generally known as the micro-bunching instability. The longitudinal dynamics of this phenomenon can be simulated by solving the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation, where the CSR self-interaction can be added as a perturbation to the Hamiltonian. This contribution particularly focuses on the comprehension of synchrotron motion in the micro-bunching instability and how it relates to the formation of the occurring micro-structures. Therefore, we adopt the perspective of a single particle and comment on its implications for collective motion. We explicitly show how the shape of the parallel plates CSR wake potential breaks homogeneity in longitudinal phase space and propose a quadrupole-like mode as potential seeding mechanism of the micro-bunching instability. The gained insights are verified using the passive particle tracking method of the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck solver Inovesa.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW018  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW035 Coupling Impedance of the Collimator Without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC impedance, simulation, collimation, proton 163
 
  • Y. Shobuda, J. Kamiya, K. Moriya, K. Okabe
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
 
  All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW035  
About • paper received ※ 28 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW039 Investigation of Longitudinal Beam Dynamics With Harmonic Cavities by Using the Code Mbtrack cavity, impedance, operation, beam-loading 178
 
  • N. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A. Gamelin, R. Nagaoka
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  In diffraction-limited light sources, the study of collective effects is essential. With harmonic cavities (HCs), the ’flat potential condition’ can be achieved, lengthening the bunch by a factor of ~5. However, the effective rf voltage seen by the beam becomes sensitive to both positions and distributions of all bunches, as the beam-induced voltage of both HCs and fundamental cavities (FCs) contribute. In addition, when there are empty buckets, the transient beam loading induces considerable variations of the rf voltage impacting the beam performance*. Here the use of analytical approaches is difficult. Then we introduced the new functions to treat the high-Q resonators driven by either or both of the beams and external generators to the code mbtrack**. Using these features, various operating conditions with arbitrary fill patterns can be studied; coupled bunch instability induced by HOMs of the cavity, Robinson instabilities and general beam dynamics with HCs. The growth rates of the instabilities described above are compared with analytical results. The ring performance with HCs in several fill patterns shall be also reported.
* N.Yamamoto, et al., PRAB, 21, 012001 (2018).
**G. Skripka, et al., NIM A806, 221 (2016).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW039  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW048 Design Study of an Electron Storage Ring for the Future Plan of Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center. storage-ring, radiation, emittance, synchrotron-radiation 200
 
  • S. Matsuba, M. Katoh, K.S. Shimada
    HSRC, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • K. Harada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Kawase
    QST, Tokai, Japan
 
  Hiroshima synchrotron radiation center equips a 700 MeV electron storage ring nicknamed HiSOR. It has been operated for more than 20 years. The emittance of HiSOR is 400 nm, which is larger by one or more orders of magnitude than typical modern synchrotron light sources. Therefore, as the future plan of the facility, a new low emittance storage ring is desired. Several designs have been examined. In the newest version, we have selected the lattice structure similar to ASTRID 2 compact light source in Aarhus University, Denmark. The design goal is the energy of around 500 MeV, the circumference shorter than 50 m and the emittance smaller than 10 nm with straight sections for undulators more than 4. In this conference, we report the latest result from the design study.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW048  
About • paper received ※ 01 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW051 Diffusion Map Analysis in High Energy Storage Ring Based e+/e Collider dynamic-aperture, radiation, synchrotron-radiation, collider 203
 
  • J. Wu, Q. Qin, Y. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Wu, Y. Zhang
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Project 11775238 supported by NSFC
In a very high energy e+/e storage ring collider, e.g. Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC), the dynamic aperture is limited by the strong synchrotron radiation especially in the vertical direction. Some tracking results also shows that the beam lifetime does not correspond well to the dynamic aperture. Here we develop a method called diffusion map analysis, aiming to describe the beam distribution diffusion in transverse amplitude space by tracking less turns. The diffusion may come from quantum fluctuation of SR, beamstrahlung effect and nonlinearity. Comparing cases with different configuration of sextupoles, the diffusion map analysis presents good consistency with beam lifetime that needs much more turns of tracking. Constraints based on the diffusion map is applied to our dynamic aperture optimization, which could help us achieve enough long beam lifetime.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW051  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW059 Dynamic Aperture Limitation in e+ e Colliders due to Synchrotron Radiation in Quadrupoles quadrupole, radiation, betatron, synchrotron-radiation 221
 
  • A.V. Bogomyagkov, S.A. Glukhov, E.B. Levichev, S.V. Sinyatkin
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  In a lepton storage ring of very high energy (e.g. in the e+e- Higgs factory) synchrotron radiation from quadrupoles constrains transverse dynamic aperture even in the absence of any magnetic nonlinearities. This was observed in tracking for LEP and the Future Circular e+e- Collider (FCC-ee). Synchrotron radiation in the quadrupoles modulates the particle energy at the double betatron frequency. Energy modulation varies transverse focusing strength at the same frequency and creates a parametric resonance of the betatron oscillations with unusual properties. It occurs at arbitrary betatron frequency and the magnitude of the parameter modulation of the betatron oscillation depends on the oscillation amplitude. Equilibrium between the radiation damping and the resonant excitation gives the boundary of the stable motion. Here we continue comparison of tracking results with analytical calculations of the parametric resonance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW070 Longitudinal Stability of the Hollow Ion Bunches After Momentum Slip-Stacking in the CERN SPS simulation, emittance, damping, proton 254
 
  • T. Argyropoulos, A. Lasheen, D. Quartullo, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Momentum slip-stacking is planned to be used for the lead ion beams in the CERN SPS to double the beam intensity for the High-Luminosity LHC project. During this RF manipulation two SPS batches, controlled by two independent RF systems, are going to be interleaved on an intermediate energy plateau, reducing the bunch spacing from 100 to 50 ns. However, there are limitations how close the frequencies of two RF systems can approach each other, resulting in a hole in the longitudinal bunch particle distribution due to the offset in energy of the recaptured bunches. After filamentation, these bunches should be further accelerated to the SPS top energy, before extraction to the LHC. Macro-particle simulations have shown that Landau damping is lost for the bunches with the smallest longitudinal emittances in the batch, causing un-damped oscillations of the bunch core after recapture. The standard application of an additional, fourth harmonic RF system, successfully used in proton operation, was not able to damp the oscillations at top energy, while it was necessary to switch it on from the moment of recapture. In this paper the longitudinal stability of the bunches after slip-stacking is studied in more details both by macro-particle simulations and analytical calculations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW070  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW083 Longitudinal Coupled-Bunch Instability Evaluation for FCC-hh impedance, emittance, cavity, HOM 297
 
  • I. Karpov, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  High-order modes (HOM) of the accelerating rf structures and other machine elements, if not sufficiently damped, can drive longitudinal coupled-bunch instabilities (CBI). Their thresholds can be accurately obtained from macro-particle simulations using the detailed impedance model containing many different contributions. This method, however, is very difficult to apply for synchrotrons with a large number of bunches, as it is the case for the Future Circular hadron-hadron Collider (FCC-hh) with up to 10400 circulating bunches per beam. In this paper the semi-analytical approach is used for calculations of the instability thresholds during the acceleration cycle of the FCC-hh. As the result, we define requirements for the HOM damping that would be sufficient to prevent development of longitudinal CBI in the presence of weak synchrotron radiation damping.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW083  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW087 GALACTIC and GALACLIC: Two Vlasov Solvers for the Transverse and Longitudinal Planes impedance, resonance, simulation, coupling 312
 
  • E. Métral
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  GALACTIC and GALACLIC, two Vlasov solvers for the study, in the transverse and longitudinal plane respectively, of single-bunch coherent oscillation modes, were recently developed starting from the Vlasov equation and using a decomposition on the low-intensity eigenvectors, as proposed by Laclare and Garnier. The first Vlasov solver was used for instance to shed light on the destabilising effect of resistive transverse dampers and the second helped understanding the details of the mode-coupling behind some longitudinal microwave instabilities. Both theories are reviewed in detail, highlighting in particular the similarities and peculiarities of the two approaches.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW087  
About • paper received ※ 23 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW089 Longitudinal Mode-Coupling Instability: GALACLIC Vlasov Solver vs. Macroparticle Tracking Simulations impedance, simulation, coupling, proton 320
 
  • E. Métral
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Migliorati
    Rome University La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
  • M. Migliorati
    INFN-Roma1, Rome, Italy
 
  Following the same approach as for the recently developed GALACTIC Vlasov solver in the transverse plane and taking into account the potential-well distortion, a new Vlasov solver, called GALACLIC, was developed for the longitudinal plane. In parallel, a new mode analysis was implemented for the post-processing of the results obtained through macroparticle tracking simulations. The results of the several benchmarks performed between the two methods are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW089  
About • paper received ※ 23 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW099 Vlasov-Fokker-Planck Simulations of Passive Higher-Harmonic Cavity Effects in ALS-U cavity, simulation, impedance, resonance 357
 
  • G. Bassi
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by DOE under contract DE-SC0012704
We discuss numerical simulations of the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation to model passive higher-harmonic cavity (HHC) effects with parameters of the Advanced Light Source Upgrade (ALS-U. The numerical results, obtained with the SPACE code, are compared with a modal analysis of the coupled-bunch instability theory.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW099  
About • paper received ※ 18 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPGW116 Validation of a Novel Method for the Calculation of Near-Field Synchrotron Radiation electron, acceleration, radiation, cyclotron 397
 
  • F.Y. Li, B.E. Carlsten, R. Garimella, C. Huang, T.J. Kwan
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the LDRD program at LANL.
The phenomenon of synchrotron radiation (SR) from electrons is at the core of modern accelerator based light sources. While SR in the far field has been well characterized, the near-field SR and its impacts on self-consistent electron beam dynamics remain an ongoing topic. Since it is difficult to experimentally characterize the near fields, it is desirable to develop accurate and efficient numerical methods for the design of these light sources. Here, we investigate a novel method, originally proposed by Shintake and which potentially has both high efficiency and accuracy. We focus on the field calculation of this method and show that the original idea has missed the important terms of fields due to electron acceleration and therefore only applies to a linear motion. To correct this limitation we developed a modified algorithm that gives consistent fields with direct calculations using the Liénard-Wiechert equation. Some basic signatures of the near-field SR fields are also drawn for a cyclotron motion by using this modified approach.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPGW116  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB029 Longitudinal Tomography for Analysing the Longitudinal Phase Space Distribution in RCS of CSNS MMI, neutron, FEL, proton 639
 
  • M.T. Li
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.W. An, S.Y. Xu, T.G. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  It is proved that in the beam commissioning of the RCS of CSNS, the longitudinal optimization is vital for the promotion of the beam power. The WCM is the only beam instrument for the measurement of the longitudinal parameters. It is important for us to deduce the longitudi-nal phase space distribution, using the WCM data. The longitudinal tomography is applied, and some satisfying results have been obtained.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB029  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPRB063 Longitudinal Tomography in a Scaling FFA cavity, experiment, proton, injection 719
 
  • D.J. Kelliher, C. Brown, J.-B. Lagrange, S. Machida, C.R. Prior, C.T. Rogers
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, H. Okita, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • S.L. Sheehy
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  In a synchrotron the rate of acceleration is limited by the ramp rate of the bending field. There is no such constraint in a Fixed Field alternating gradient Accelerator (FFA), allowing a much higher repetition rate and novel modes of operation such as beam stacking. It is of interest to obtain a picture of the longitudinal phase space from experimental data in order to diagnose the response of the beam to various RF programmes. Longitudinal tomography, already well established in synchrotrons, involves reconstructing the phase space using bunch monitor data obtained for a sufficient number of turns in a synchrotron oscillation. Here we reconstruct the longitudinal phase space using data from the 150 MeV scaling FFA at KURNS, Osaka, Japan.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPRB063  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS045 The Betatron Equation with the Synchro-Betatron Coupling Term and Suppression of the Coupled Bunch Mode betatron, coupling, closed-orbit, dipole 957
 
  • K. Jimbo
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
 
  The synchrotron oscillation, which is both longitudinal and horizontal oscillations, occurs under a constant longitudinal velocity of revolving particle. The synchrotron and betatron equations for revolving particles are derived from the improved Hamiltonian. The betatron equation accompanys the shinchro-betatron resonant coupling term. The coherent synchrotron oscillation frequency of the bunch is defined from the integrated phase. Taking advantage of the resonant coupling term, an experiment to suppress magnetically the destabilized coupled-bunch mode of the synchrotron oscillation is proposed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS045  
About • paper received ※ 17 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS060 SESRI 300 MeV Proton and Heavy Ion Accelerator proton, heavy-ion, ion-source, linac 998
 
  • H. P. Jiang, Q.M. Chen, W. Chen, Z.N. Han, H.F. Hao, J. Liu, J. Zhang, T. Zhang
    Harbin Institute of Technology(HIT), Harbin, People’s Republic of China
 
  The SESRI (Space Environment Simulation and Research Infrastructure) is the new national research infrastructure under construction at Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) in China. This infrastructure is specifically built to simulate the space environment on the ground. The SESRI has kinds of accelerators, and the 300MeV proton and heavy ion accelerator is a major radiation source, which will supply 100-300MeV protons and 7-85MeV/u heavy ions for studying the interaction of high energy space particle radiation with material, device, module and life. To meet above requirements, the facility adopts the combination of room temperature ECR (Electron Cyclotron Resonance) ion source, linac injector and synchrotron. The ion source is required to provide all stable nuclide beams from H2+ to Bi. The linac injector supplies 1MeV/u heavy ion beams and 5MeV proton beam by using RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) and IH-DTL (Interdigital H-mode type Drift Tube Linac) linac structures. The synchrotron accelerates heavy ions up to 85MeV/u and proton beam 300MeV. And the 3rd integer resonance and RF-KO (RF-Knock-Out) method are adopted for slow extraction. The status of 300MeV proton and heavy ion accelerator design and construction works are briefly described below.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS060  
About • paper received ※ 22 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS079 Design of 1.5 GeV Compact Storage Ring for the EUV and Soft X-rays storage-ring, quadrupole, resonance, focusing 1028
 
  • J.Y. Lee, I.G. Jeong
    Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, Y.J. Joo, H.R. Lee
    University of Science and Technology of Korea (UST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, Y.J. Joo, Y. Kim, H.R. Lee, S. Lee
    KAERI, Jeongeup-si, Republic of Korea
 
  Recently, there has been discussions about the need for the next-generation synchrotron light source facility in Korea. The facility in consideration is composed of a super-conducting linear accelerator for the injector, a storage ring for the EUV and soft X-rays, and a main storage ring for hard X-rays. In this study, design concepts of the soft X-ray storage ring is presented. To effectively utilize the small space allocated for the soft X-ray storage ring, a compact storage ring is taken into account. The compact storage ring is a synchrotron accelerator of which diameter is shorter than the length of injector beamline. In this paper, we report design concepts and optimization of the compact storage ring for the EUV and soft X-ray users. The lattice of the storage ring is modelled by utilizing ELEGANT simulation code to optimize beam parameters and performance of the ring.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS079  
About • paper received ※ 24 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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MOPTS107 Beam Manipulations With Barrier Buckets in the CERN PS extraction, proton, operation, cavity 1132
 
  • M. Vadai, A. Alomainy
    QMUL, London, United Kingdom
  • H. Damerau, S.S. Gilardoni, M. Giovannozzi, A. Huschauer
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  A barrier bucket scheme is being considered to reduce losses during the Multi-Turn Extraction from the CERN Proton Synchrotron to the Super Proton Synchrotron for the fixed-target physics programme. For effective loss reduction, the extraction kicker has to be triggered during the gap at the time of the longitudinal barrier. Initial beam studies at injection energy and with low intensity beams allowed to fully qualify an existing wide-band cavity to generate one or multiple beam synchronous pulses per turn. Bunch-length stretching and shortening have been exercised with barriers moving in azimuth with respect to the beam. The encouraging results obtained at injection energy guided the implementation of a de-bunching manipulation at higher energy to move all bunches into a single barrier bucket. Beam measurements at a momentum of 14GeV/c, varying intensity and the width of the barrier, demonstrate that a quasi-constant longitudinal line density and an almost fully depleted gap can be achieved at highest intensities. The contribution summarises the results of the beam studies at high energy together with some observations related to the Multi-Turn Extraction.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-MOPTS107  
About • paper received ※ 18 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUZZPLS2 Beam Dynamics, Injection and Impedance Studies for the Proposed Single Pulsed Nonlinear Injection Kicker at the Australian Synchrotron impedance, injection, kicker, storage-ring 1219
 
  • R. Auchettl, R.T. Dowd, Y.E. Tan
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  The Australian Synchrotron are currently investigating the use of a single pulsed nonlinear injection kicker (NLK) to free floor space within the ring for future beamline development. The NLK has a zero and flat magnetic field at the stored beam to leave the stored beam undisturbed but has a maximum field off-axis where the injected beam is located. After the kick, the injected beam is stored. While NLKs have been prototyped at many facilities around the world, injection efficiency and heat loading have been the main impediment to deployment of the NLK. The wakefields that pass through the ceramic chamber aperture can cause severe heat loading and impedance. Despite achieving impressive injection efficiencies, a previous prototype at BESSY II * showed that strong interactions of the stored beam resulted in high heat load causing the thin 5µm Titanium coated ceramic chamber to reach temperatures > 500 °C and fail. To avoid beam induced heat loads, this paper presents studies of the wake impedance and thermal behaviour for our proposed NLK design. Injection simulations and future considerations for installation and operation at the Australian Synchrotron will be discussed.
* T. Atkinson et al., "Development of a non-linear kicker system to facilitate a new injection scheme for the Bessy II storage ring", in Proc. IPAC’11, 2011, THPO024, pp. 3394-3396.
 
slides icon Slides TUZZPLS2 [1.588 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUZZPLS2  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP001 Design and Experimental Results of a 1.1kA/800V AC Power Supply for Sirius Booster Dipoles controls, dipole, booster, power-supply 1227
 
  • C. Rodrigues, G.O. Brunheira, B.E. Limeira, G.M. Rogatto
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
 
  Sirius is a 4th generation synchrotron light source de-signed and being built by Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), with first beam scheduled for 2019. Approximately thousand power supplies (PS) will be needed to feed all the magnets, being 57 to operate the booster injector. The two booster dipole PS are the most complex, not only due to their higher current (1.1 kA), voltage (800 V) and power (333 kW) output, but also because the current must follow a quasi-triangular waveform, from a value close to zero to almost the maximum in 320 ms and at a repetition rate of 2 Hz. Due to the high output values, each PS is formed by two sets in parallel of 4 modules in series, what means 8 modules with 550 A / 200 V output. In order to reduce the 2-Hz effect in the grid, each module has two main stages. The input stage has the function to regulate the average voltage in a capacitor bank consuming a constant RMS current from the grid, which value depends on of the PS average output power. The output stage has the function to transfer the energy from the capacitor bank to the load, with the output cur-rent following the reference waveform. This work describes this PS, showing its topology, some aspects of its design and obtained results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP001  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP002 Overview of Sirius Power Supply System controls, power-supply, dipole, quadrupole 1230
 
  • C. Rodrigues, G.O. Brunheira, B.E. Limeira, R.J. Marcondeli, M.G. Martins, G.R. Oliveira, A.R.D. Rodrigues, G.M. Rogatto, A.P.A. Silva, A.R. Silva, H. Sousa
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
 
  Sirius is a 4th generation synchrotron light source designed and under construction by Brazilian Syn-chrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), which first beam is scheduled to operate in 2019. Almost a thousand Pow-er supplies (PS) will be needed to feed all magnets of the magnetic lattice, with outputs ranging from 10A to 1.1kA and 50W to 333kW. Almost all power supplies were designed at LNLS. Only three families of power modules were de-signed: low power (FBP), high power (FAP) and AC (FAC). Each PS can have up to 8 modules in a parallel or/and series association, in order to reach the rated output values. All PS are digitally controlled by the same hardware and firmware, also developed by LNLS, called Digital Regulation System (DRS), but with different parameter settings. The DRS is also responsible by the communi-cation with other systems, PS monitoring, data man-agement, etc. This work presents an overview of this system, showing the PS specifications, family topologies and results of tests.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP002  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP029 Establishing a Laser Treatment to Suppress the Secondary Electron Emission laser, electron, experiment, focusing 1303
 
  • Y.G. Wang, X.Q. Ge, X.T. Pei, S.W. Wang, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, B.L. Zhu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Laser treatment has a significant inluent on suppressing the secondary electron emission(SEE). The new synchrotron radiation light source, the Hefei Advanced Light Source(HALS) has a strict requirement on the SEE. In this paper, we used a 355nm laser to process copper sample. After the laser treatment, the secondary electron yield(SEY) reduced from 2.05 to 0.86. We used the scanning electron microscope(SEM) to analysis the surface of sample after the laser treatment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP029  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP037 Recent Developments of Monte-Carlo Codes Molflow+ and Synrad+ simulation, vacuum, photon, synchrotron-radiation 1327
 
  • R. Kersevan, M. Ady
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Molflow+ and Synrad+ are Monte Carlo simulation tools for ultra-high vacuum and synchrotron radiation, respectively. Over the years they have become a common tool for designing and analysing the vacuum system of particle accelerators. This contribution gives a short summary about new features added since IPAC-14*. Some highlights: In traditional Monte Carlo simulations, one simulated ’virtual’ particle represents a given number of physical molecules or photons. This is a weakness where the pressure or flux of the simulated system spans across multiple orders of magnitude. Synrad now supports low flux mode, a weighed Monte Carlo technique where the represented number of photons is reduced at every reflection, providing significantly better statistics at low flux regions. As for Molflow+, angle maps allow recording the molecules, directional distribution at any point, and then desorb a reduced gas quantity according to the recording. In linear systems, this allows iterative simulations that have been proven to treat systems up to 7 orders of magnitude of pressure difference. Without the new technique the computing time would be prohibitively slow on desktop computers, which is what most users of the two codes use. Both codes now have a built-in geometry builder that allows creating simple models through a set of 3D operations, and modifying those imported from CAD tools. Molflow+ has recently become open source, and it has been made compatible with, and tested on different versions of Linux and macOS. Examples of application of Molflow+ to novel Beam Gas Curtain detector and the design of the FCC-ee vacuum system will be given, alongside with some benchmarking runs against data published in literature.
* M. Ady, R. Kersevan, "Introduction to the Latest Version of the Test-particle Monte Carlo Code Molflow+", Proc. IPAC’14, Dresden, Germany, June 2014, pp. 2348-2350.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP037  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP038 Summary of Modelling Studies on the Beam Induced Vacuum Effects in the FCC-hh vacuum, electron, photon, collider 1331
 
  • I. Bellafont, R. Kersevan, L. Mether
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: The European Circular Energy-Frontier Collider Study (EuroCirCol) project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant No 654305.
EuroCirCol is a conceptual design study of a Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) which aims to expand the current energy and luminosity frontiers that the LHC has established. The vacuum chamber of this 50 TeV, 100 km collider, will have to cope with unprecedented levels of synchrotron radiation power for proton colliders, dealing simultaneously with a tighter magnet aperture. Since the high radiation power and photon flux will release large amounts of gas into the system, the difficulty to keep a low level of residual gas density increases considerably compared with the LHC. This article presents a study of the beam induced vacuum effects for the FCC-hh novel conditions, the different phenomena which, owing to the presence of the beam, have an impact on the vacuum level of the accelerator. To achieve this, a novel beam screen has been proposed, featuring specific mitigating measures aimed at dealing with the beam induced effects. It is concluded that thanks to the new beam screen design, the vacuum level in the FCC-hh shall be adequate, allowing to reach the molecular density requirement of better than 1015 H2/m3 with baseline beam parameters within the first months of conditioning.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP038  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPMP054 Investigations on Cryopanels in the Room Temperature Heavy Ion Synchrotron SIS18 vacuum, cryogenics, heavy-ion, operation 1372
 
  • L.H.J. Bozyk, S. Aumüller, P.J. Spiller
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The heavy ion synchrotron SIS18 at GSI will serve as injector ring for the FAIR-facility and provide high intensity heavy ion beams. The operation of such beams requires the usage of low charge states, which have high cross sections for ionization. To overcome this issue, many upgrade measure have been realized in the past decade, such as the installation of an ion catcher system with low desorption surfaces and coating 65% of the circumference of SIS18 with NEG to lower the static gas pressure. Since the vacuum dynamics during operation prevent the achievement of the intensity goals for FAIR, new concepts have to be developed, to increase the beam intensity. One idea is the installation of additional pumping speed in the form of cryogenic surfaces. Heavy residual gas components, which have the highest ionization cross sections can be cryopumped at moderate temperatures, i.e. already at 50-80 K. In fact, the only typical residual gas component which can not be pumped via cryosorption in this temperature regime is Hydrogen, which has a factor 50 lower ionization cross sections than Argon, the heaviest residual gas component. In this paper, we present a study of the integration of cryopanels into the vacuum chambers of SIS18.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPMP054  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW001 Improvements to Injector System Efficiency at the Australian Synchrotron linac, booster, injection, klystron 1378
 
  • M.P. Lafky, M.P. Atkinson, L.N. Hearder
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
  • P.J. Giansiracusa
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
 
  Funding: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
New instrumentation, software, and hardware upgrades have allowed Operations personnel to increase the overall injector system efficiency from 50% to 80% at the Australian Synchrotron. This paper will provide an overview of the methods used to achieve this result.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW006 Measurements of the Momentum Compaction Factor of the ESRF Storage Ring radiation, undulator, electron, SRF 1392
 
  • N. Carmignani, W. De Nolf, A. Franchi, C. Sahle, L. Torino
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
  • B. Nash
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
 
  In a storage ring, the momentum compaction factor can be obtained by measuring the variation of the beam energy as a function of the RF frequency. In this paper we present the measurement of the momentum compaction factor from two different methods. With the first, we measure the variation of the undulator spectra for different RF frequencies. With the second, we measure the variation of the hard x-rays flux produced by a dipole for different RF frequencies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW006  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW011 Status of the PETRA IV project emittance, lattice, brightness, timing 1404
 
  • I.V. Agapov, R. Bacher, M. Bieler, R. Bospflug, R. Brinkmann, Y.-C. Chae, H.C. Chao, H.T. Duhme, M. Ebert, H.-J. Eckoldt, H. Ehrlichmann, X.N. Gavaldà, M. Hüning, U. Hurdelbrink, J. Keil, J. Klute, M. Körfer, B. Krause, G. Kube, W. Leemans, L. Lilje, F. Obier, A. Petrov, N. Plambeck, J. Prenting, G.K. Sahoo, H. Schlarb, M. Schlösser, F. Schmidt-Föhre, M. Schmitz, C.G. Schroer, T. Tempel, M. Thede, M. Tischer, R. Wanzenberg, E. F. Weckert, T. Wilksen, K. Wittenburg, J.X. Zhang
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Since 2016 DESY has been pursuing R&D towards upgrading its PETRA synchrotron light source to a fourth-generation machine, PETRA IV, which is expected to start operation in 2027. The conceptual design of a 6 GeV seven-bend-achromat-based lattice with an approx. 10pm emittance along with critically important technical systems has been completed. We will present the status of the project, the expected parameter space of the facility, and lattice design and beam dynamics issues for the main ring.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW011  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPGW110 Improvement of Touschek Lifetime by Higher Harmonic RF Cavity in the SPS Storage Ring cavity, storage-ring, operation, scattering 1669
 
  • T. Phimsen, N. Juntong, P. Sudmuang
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
  • B.C. Jiang
    Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Pudong, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • Z.T. Zhao
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Siam Photon Source (SPS), located at Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, is a synchrotron light source with the beam energy of 1.2 GeV. User operation is performed in beam decay mode with the maximum current of 150 mA. Beam lifetime is about 12 hours at the beam current of 100 mA. Beam injection is carried out twice a day, and even with full energy, it takes roughly 30 minutes. Beam lifetime in the SPS storage ring is limited by Touschek scattering and strongly depends on operation conditions. Higher harmonic RF cavity is a proven method to increase the beam lifetime and suppressing coupled bunch instabilities through Landau damping effect. If the beam lifetime is increased for examples, to be double, only one injection per day would be needed. In this study, an improvement of Touschek lifetime by passive harmonic RF cavity is investigated.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPGW110  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPRB015 Cryogenic, in-Vacuum Magnetic Measurement Setup for Superconducting Undulators vacuum, undulator, detector, GUI 1709
 
  • A.W. Grau, S. Casalbuoni, N. Glamann, D. Saez de Jauregui
    KIT, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
 
  The magnetic field quality has a strong impact on the performance of insertion devices (IDs) when installed in synchrotron light sources. Superconducting IDs have the advantage to produce a higher magnetic peak field for a given gap and period length than IDs assembled with permanent magnets. Before installation of a superconducting ID in a synchrotron light source it is of fundamental importance to characterize the magnetic properties by accurate field and field integral measurements. We follow this aim within our R&D program for superconducting undulators (SCUs). In this contribution, we describe the equipment and the challenges of a cryogenic, in vacuum measurement setup to perform magnetic measurements of the local field, the field integrals and the multipole components of in vacuum SCUs assembled in the final cryostat.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPRB015  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS036 Operation Status of J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron operation, proton, vacuum, status 2020
 
  • J. Kamiya, K. Yamamoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) provides more than 500 kW beams to the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) and Main Ring (MR). In such a high-intensity hadron accelerator, even losing less than 0.1% of the beam can cause many problems. Such lost protons can cause serious radio-activation and accelerator component malfunctions. Therefore, we have conducted a beam study to achieve high-power operation. In addition, we have also maintained the accelerator components to enable stable operation. This paper reports the status of the J-PARC RCS over the last year.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS036  
About • paper received ※ 10 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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TUPTS068 Progress on Design Studies for the ISIS II Upgrade lattice, proton, injection, neutron 2075
 
  • J.-B. Lagrange, D.J. Adams, C. Brown, H.V. Cavanagh, I.S.K. Gardner, P.T. Griffin-Hicks, B. Jones, D.J. Kelliher, A.P. Letchford, S. Machida, B.G. Pine, C.R. Prior, C.T. Rogers, J.W.G. Thomason, C.M. Warsop, R.E. Williamson
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak, J.K. Pozimski
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Pasternak, J.K. Pozimski
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • G.H. Rees
    STFC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  ISIS, the spallation neutron source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK, uses a 50 Hz, 800 MeV proton RCS to provide a beam power of 0.2 MW, delivered in 0.4 us long pulses. Detailed studies are now under way for a major upgrade. Accelerator designs using FFAs, conventional accumulator and synchrotron rings are being considered for the required MW beam power. This paper summarises the scope of the different research incorporating results from recent target studies and user consultations. Preliminary results for Fixed Field Alternating gradient (FFA) rings and conventional rings located in the existing ISIS synchrotron hall are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-TUPTS068  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP001 Proposed Nonlinear Injection Kicker for the Australian Synchrotron kicker, injection, storage-ring, vacuum 2300
 
  • R. Auchettl, Y.E. Tan
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  Future beamline development at the Australian Synchrotron requires free floor space within the straights for a short undulator and relocation of diagnostics. Our current injection method uses a four-dipole kicker configuration that perturbs the stored beam during injection while also taking up approximately 4 meters of valuable space. To free this valuable space and provide transparent injections to the beamlines, a single pulsed nonlinear magnetic field kicker (NLK) will be deployed. The NLK has a flat and zero field at the stored beam but maximum field where the injected beam is located off-axis. NLKs deflect only the injected beam, leaving the stored beam undisturbed. NLKs have been extensively prototyped by many facilities around the world already and can produce injection efficiencies of 99 % (see e.g. *). This paper presents the preliminary magnet design for installation of a NLK at the Australian Synchrotron. We discuss the beam dynamics and thermal transfer constraints on kicker placement, field-flatness and the magnet and ceramic chamber design for adaptation to our 3 GeV beam. Installation plans and other constraints for future deployment are also outlined.
* T. Pulampong and R. Bartolini, "A Non-linear Injection Kicker for Diamond Light Source", in: Proc. IPAC’13, pp. 2268-2270.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPMP014 Slow Extraction Study by Using Sextupole extraction, sextupole, resonance, proton 2332
 
  • L. Huang, S. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The spill continuously extracted from synchrotron by using resonance sextupoles plays a key role in multidisciplinary application. The intensity of virtual sextupole and the spiral step for the typical synchrotron are obtained theoretically. A customized synchrotron of extraction components placed in dispersion section is designed and the tracking code of slow extraction is developed, thus the theoretical spiral step is comparative studied. To study the beam loss, three layouts of extraction are also designed based on the synchrotron. The result shows that the beam losses at extraction point are different for three cases and it is advantage to beam loss for extraction components placed in dispersion-free straight section.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPMP014  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW001 Characterising Injected Beam Dynamics in the Australian Synchrotron Storage Ring kicker, storage-ring, injection, multipole 2458
 
  • P. Bennetto
    ASCo, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
 
  The injected beam trajectory at the Australian Synchrotron needs to be studied to assess the suitability of non-linear kicker installation. To achieve this, multiple diagnostics including cameras and radiochromic films were used to determine the position at several points inside the storage ring tunnels. This was used to infer the momentum data, and then simulated to model the new kicker installation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW001  
About • paper received ※ 22 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW002 Standardising of Application Specific Implementations at the Australian Synchrotron interface, controls, distributed, software 2460
 
  • R.B. Hogan, S. Chen, A. Michalczyk
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  There is a need for a flexible stand-alone device that can provide a synchronous standard interface, which can accept application specific add-ons. We are proposing the Chameleon device that will be designed around a Xilinx Zynq System on Module (SoM) and a standard VITA 57.1 HPC FMC. The proposed solution will allow the use of COTS or in-house designed FMC modules and interface with the control system through PoE+ enabled Ethernet connection. The Chameleon device will also be able to plug into a White Rabbit network to enable the high performance synchronisation capabilities. This device will reduce the cost of implementing application specific solutions to better support the growing demands of scientific research at the Australian Synchrotron.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW002  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW016 Turn-by-Turn Horizontal Bunch Size and Energy Spread Studies at KARA radiation, detector, synchrotron-radiation, storage-ring 2498
 
  • B. Kehrer, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, S. Funkner, A.-S. Müller, G. Niehues, M.M. Patil, M. Schuh, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • L. Rota
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work is funded by the BMBF under contract number: 05K16VKA
The energy spread is an important beam dynamics parameter. It can be derived from measurements of the horizontal bunch size. At the KIT storage ring KARA a fast-gated camera is routinely used for horizontal bunch size measurements with a single-turn resolution for a limited time span. To overcome the limits of the current camera setup in respect to resolution and time span, a high-speed line array with up to 10 Mfps, the KALYPSO system, is foreseen as a successor. The KALYPSO versions range from 256-pixel to 1024-pixel and allow unlimited turn-by-turn imaging of a single bunch at KARA. We successfully tested such a system at our visible light diagnostics port and present first results in this contribution.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW016  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW018 An Ultra-Fast and Wide-Spectrum Linear Array Detector for High Repetition Rate and Pulsed Experiments detector, experiment, radiation, electron 2504
 
  • M.M. Patil, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, S. Funkner, B. Kehrer, A.-S. Müller, G. Niehues, W. Wang, M. Weber
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • C. Gerth
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • D.R. Makowski, A. Mielczarek
    TUL-DMCS, Łódź, Poland
 
  Funding: "BMBF: is funded by the BMBF contract number: 05K16VKA" (2016-2018) ("NeoDyn")
Photon science research at accelerators is influenced radically by the developments of sensor and readout technologies for imaging. These technologies enable a wide range of applications in beam diagnostics, tomography and spectroscopy. The repetition rate of commercially available linear array detectors is a limiting factor for the emerging synchrotron applications. To overcome these limitations, KALYPSO(Karlsruhe Linear arraY detector for MHz rePetition rateSpectrOscopy), an ultra-fast and wide-field of view linear array detector operating at several mega-frames per second(Mfps), has been developed. A silicon micro-strip sensor is connected to custom cutting-edge front end ASICs to achieve unprecedented frame rate in continuous readout mode. In this contribution, the third generation of KALYPSO will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW018  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW040 Study of Beam Injection Efficiency in the Fixed Field Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at KURNS injection, proton, FFAG, acceleration 2564
 
  • T. Uesugi, Y. Fuwa, Y. Ishi, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, H. Okita, K. Suga
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
 
  In the fixed field alternating gradient synchrotron in KURNS, there are serious beam losses. In order to evaluate the efficiencies of beam injection, rf capture, and extraction, separately, a well calibrated electro-static bunch monitor was installed to measure the circulating beam current at each energy region. This paper reports the design of the monitor, calibration, and first results of beam measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW040  
About • paper received ※ 16 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW049 Deep Learning Applied for Multi-Slit Imaging Based Beam Size Monitor network, simulation, SRF, synchrotron-radiation 2587
 
  • B. Gao, Y.B. Leng
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • X.Y. Xu
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  In order to satisfy the requirement of high speed measurement and improve the accuracy of BSM (beam size monitor), multi-slit imaging based BSM has been proposed by SSRF at 2017. However, it is very difficult to deconvolve the image and figure out the beam size, which requires dedicated algorithms to solve this issue. Deep learning is one of the most popular algorithms, which can learn to mimic any distribution of data. In the region of Beam instrumentation, they can be taught to deal with many difficult problem. In this paper, multi-layer neural network is used to process the images from the multi-slit imaging system. Training processes, struct of the neural networks and the result of the experiments will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW049  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW059 A Preliminary Feasibility Study of Measurement of Quadrupolar Beam Oscillations at CSNS RCS quadrupole, pick-up, space-charge, kicker 2611
 
  • Y. Yuan, P. Li, S.Y. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  In high intensity proton synchrotrons, linear and nonlinear betatron resonances cause beam loss. When the betatron tune spreads over a resonance line, the betatron oscillation amplitude will get larger, causing large beam loss. In the quadrupolar beam transfer function, the coherent space-charge tune shift of quadrupolar beam oscillations is used to determine the incoherent tune shift. China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is a high intensity accelerator based facility consists of linear accelerator and the Rapid Cycle Synchrotron (RCS). A system of quadrupolar pick-up and kicker can be used for evaluating tune shifts and spreads. This paper will present already existing beam diagnostic instrumentation on CSNS/RCS, and discuss feasibility study of measurement of quadrupolar beam oscillations through adding a quadrupolar-type beam pick-up.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW059  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW064 Machine Learning Application in Bunch Longitudinal Phase Measurement network, damping, SRF, injection 2625
 
  • X.Y. Xu, Y.M. Zhou
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.B. Leng
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  High resolution bunch-by-bunch longitudinal phase measurement has been realized at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). In order to fully exploit the potency of the bunch phase monitor, the transient state during injection is being further studied. A longitudinal phase fitting method was used to study the synchrotron damping oscillation in injection events, where we can get the energy offsets between the injector and the storage ring, refilled bunch arrived time and the synchrotron damping time. However, manual multi-parameter fitting of nonlinear functions is awfully complex and slow. Machine learning algorithms, such as gradient descent and artificial neural network (ANN) is more suitable to do this fitting. Through these methods, we can quickly obtain more accurate fitting parameters and further realize online measurement of the refilled charge arrived time, energy offsets between the injector and storage ring, and the synchrotron damping time.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW064  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW091 Beam Loss Control with Scintillating Monitors at ISIS dipole, operation, monitoring, neutron 2701
 
  • B. Jones, S.A. Fisher, A. Pertica
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The ISIS Facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory produces intense neutron and muon beams for condensed matter research. Since 1984 its 50 Hz, rapid cycling synchrotron has accelerated protons from 70 to 800 MeV and now typically delivers 0.2 MW of beam to two target stations supplying thirty-four instruments. Control and minimisation of beam loss is vital to the success of high-power proton accelerators. Coverage and sensitivity of beam loss monitoring at ISIS has recently been improved by the installation of scintillating monitors inside the synchrotron’s main dipoles. In addition to their primary goal of preventing damage to dipole RF screens, these monitors have also provided a highly sensitive tool for empirical accelerator optimisation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW091  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW099 Development of a Beam Halo Monitor radiation, synchrotron-radiation, electron, optics 2721
 
  • V.G. Dudnikov, R.P. Johnson, M. Popovic
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • M.A. Cummings
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • R.M. Thurman-Keup
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Our innovative approach is to design the Beam Halo Monitor, where beam induced synchrotron radiation will be used to monitor the beam Halo. This involves an original scheme of light collection using a coronograph for measuring beam halo.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW099  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPGW110 Feasibility Study of Beam Profile Measurements Using Interferometer and Diffractometer Techniques for ALS-U electron, storage-ring, radiation, lattice 2752
 
  • C. Sun, S. De Santis, D. Filippetto, F. Sannibale, C. Steier
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Director Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
ALS-U is an ongoing upgrade of Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The upgraded ALS will replace the existing Triple-Bend Achromat (TBA) storage ring lattice with a compact Multi-Bend Achromat (MBA) lattice. This MBA technology allows us to tightly focus electron beams down to about 10 μm to reach diffraction limit in a soft x-ray region. The beam size measurement is a challenging task for this tightly focused beam. The interferometer technique with visible light from synchrotron radiation has been developed in many facilities to measure their beam size at a micrometer-level accuracy. In this paper, we will present the feasibility study of this technique for the ALS-U storage ring beam size measurement.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPGW110  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB001 The Effect of the SLED Installation on Extracted and Lost Beam at the Australian Synchrotron Linac. linac, network, klystron, injection 2794
 
  • P.J. Giansiracusa, T.G. Lucas, R.P. Rassool, M. Volpi
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • M.J. Boland
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • M.P. Lafky
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  A recent upgrade to the high power RF network of the linac at the Australian Synchrotron included a SLED Type 1 Pulse Compressor allowing for the operation of its 100 MeV linac using a single klystron. We explore the effects of the SLED installation on the properties of the beam extracted from the linac with a particular focus on the energy spread and bunch train profile. Additionally, the optical fibre beam loss monitor (oBLM), also recently commissioned, was employed to provide shot-by-shot feedback on loss location and intensity to investigate the change in beam losses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB051 MA RF Cavity Design and Simulation for CSNS/RCS Upgrade Project cavity, simulation, experiment, detector 2925
 
  • B. Wu
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • X. Li, H. Sun
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The dual harmonic RF system will be adapted for Chi-na Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) upgrade project. Limited locations in CSNS/RCS are reserved to install additional three 2nd harmonic cavities. The cavity loaded by magnetic alloy (MA) material would be used. Because of the low Q factor of the MA core, the cavity cooling be-comes a very important issue in cavity design. Air-forced, indirect and direct cooling scheme were studied. The fluid thermodynamic of different cooling structure were simu-lated by ANSYS CFX which considered the anisotropy of thermal conductivity of MA core. The limitation of these cooling schemes were discussed in detail based on the simulation results. Indirect cooling experiment was done to assess the cooling efficiency and verify the simulation result. A high power test cavity cooled by water has been designed to estimate the property of the MA core and cooling effectiveness for CSNS/RCS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB051  
About • paper received ※ 08 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB065 Multi-physics Computation and Deformation Testing of a Shell-type 1.5-GHz Cavity cavity, SRF, experiment, resonance 2968
 
  • M.-C. Lin, C.H. Lo
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • M. -R. Lu, M.-K. Yeh
    NTHU, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, R. O. C. (Taiwan) under grant NSC-100-2628-E-213-001-MY3.
A copper prototype of a 1.5-GHz cavity was manufac-tured to simulate a superconducting radio-frequency cavity for technique development. Frequency tuning with longitudinal compression of this prototype and cryogenic cooling with liquid nitrogen were performed to examine the numerical results from finite-element models, mainly the corresponding shifts of the fundamental resonant frequency. An appropriate element option improved the accuracy of the resonant frequency and the distribution of the magnetic field. Effects of geometry distortion of an uneven length on the frequency shift of this shell-type cavity as loaded on longitudinal compression are also examined and discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB065  
About • paper received ※ 25 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPRB115 Development of RF Interlock and Diagnostics Systems in SOLARIS Storage Ring network, cavity, storage-ring, betatron 3082
 
  • M.A. Knafel, M. Madura
    Solaris National Synchrotron Radiation Centre, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • A.I. Wawrzyniak
    SOLARIS, Kraków, Poland
 
  The purpose of this document is to describe and asses the operation of various devices that have been developed, constructed and tested by RF team in NSRC SOLARIS . One of those devices is used as additional safety interlock for the tuning mechanism of main 100MHz active cavities. The other is a stripline feeding network, that in cooperation with BPM receiving network will excite the beam providing the diagnostics group with a new option for tune measurement. Each device shall have its principle of operation explained and construction details revealed. Finally, all devices will be assesed over their operational lifetime in our facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPRB115  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS015 Synchronous Measurements of Electron Bunches Under the Influence of the Microbunching Instability radiation, bunching, simulation, storage-ring 3119
 
  • M. Brosi, T. Boltz, E. Bründermann, S. Funkner, B. Kehrer, A.-S. Müller, M.J. Nasse, G. Niehues, M.M. Patil, P. Schreiber, P. Schönfeldt, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: This work has been supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Grant No. 05K16VKA). We acknowledge the support by the Helmholtz International Research School for Teratronics.
The microbunching instability is a longitudinal collective instability which occurs for short electron bunches in a storage ring above a certain threshold current. The instability leads to a charge modulation in the longitudinal phase space. The resulting substructures on the longitudinal bunch profile vary over time and lead to fluctuations in the emitted power of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR). To study the underlying longitudinal dynamics on a turn-by-turn basis, the KIT storage ring KARA (Karlsruhe Research Accelerator) provides a wide variety of diagnostic systems. By synchronizing the single-shot electro-optical spectral decoding setup (longitudinal profile), the bunch-by-bunch THz detection systems (THz power) and the horizontal bunch size measurement setup (energy spread), three important properties of the bunch during this instability can be measured at every turn for long time scales. This allows a deep insight into the dynamics of the bunch under the influence of the microbunching instability. This contribution will discuss effects like the connection between the emitted CSR power and the deformations in the longitudinal bunch profile on the time scale of the instability.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS015  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS016 Longitudinal Beam Manipulation by RF Phase Modulation at the Karlsruhe Research Accelerator simulation, experiment, cavity, beam-loading 3123
 
  • A. Mochihashi, E. Blomley, T. Boltz, E. Huttel, B. Kehrer, A.-S. Müller, M. Schuh
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • D. Teytelman
    Dimtel, San Jose, USA
 
  At the storage ring KARA (Karlsruhe Research Accelerator) of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) we have installed a function for the RF phase modulation to the low-level RF system. By choosing proper conditions of the modulation, the electron distribution on the longitudinal phase space can be changed in a large range. There are several applications of this longitudinal manipulation to the accelerator operation: an improvement of the beam lifetime and suppression of collective instabilities. We have performed tracking simulations for the longitudinal beam manipulation by the RF phase modulation. The results have implied that the longitudinal phase space distribution strongly depends on the modulation frequency. We have also performed experiments, which aimed at improving the beam lifetime in 2.5 GeV KARA multi-bunch operations. In this contribution, the low-level RF system at KARA, the simulation and experimental results under the RF phase modulation will be presented. As one of the options of the modulation, we consider manipulation of the internal fine structure in the longitudinal phase space by the modulation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS016  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS020 Development of 6D Particle Tracking Code for Particle Therapy System acceleration, multipole, emittance, operation 3138
 
  • Y. Nakashima, K. Miyata
    Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  For achieving required specifications of a particle therapy system such as beam profile and beam current, it is important to tune system operation parameters to appropriate values before commissioning. We are developing 6d particle tracking code to analyze whole the through beam motion in a synchrotron from multiturn injection to the RF-knock out extraction for the precise tuning. The code includes effects of multipole magnetic fields and space charge effect. We report on the implementation of the code and discuss about the simulation results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS020  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS033 A High-performance Code for Beam Dynamics Simulation of Synchrotrons simulation, extraction, sextupole, proton 3170
 
  • H.J. Yao, X. Guan, G.R. Li, P.F. Ma, X.W. Wang, Q. Zhang, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  This paper introduces a high-performance code Li-track for beam dynamics simulation of synchrotrons. It is a parallel multi-particle tracking program written entirely in C++ and therefore has a high computational speed. The overall design of Li-track is based on object-oriented mode, and the implemented element model can be easily reused to build different synchrotron lattice. The symplectic integral algorithm is used to ensure there are no physical errors in a long-term simulation. This code has been used for the slow extraction simulation of XiPAF synchrotron and the results will be given in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS033  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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WEPTS104 Synchrotron Radiation Reflections in the CLIC Beam Delivery System photon, detector, collider, radiation 3363
 
  • D. Arominski, A. Latina, A. Sailer, D. Schulte
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  Synchrotron radiation (SR) reflection is an important issue for future linear colliders. High fluxes of the SR might impact the performance of the detector, through irradiation of the forward luminosity and beam quality calorimeters or of the innermost layers of the vertex detector. The photon reflections depend on the beam pipe apertures’ size, their shape, and materials used with various surface roughness. In this work, we present a study of SR including reflection for the 380 GeV and 3 TeV beam parameters and optics of the Compact Linear Collider’s Final Focus System. The simulations of the SR reflections using the Synrad+ software are presented and the impact on the detector is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-WEPTS104  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXPLS1 Review of Ion Therapy Machine and Future Perspective radiation, operation, controls, proton 3391
 
  • K. Noda
    NIRS, Chiba-shi, Japan
 
  Cancer therapy with ion beams presents several advantages as compared to proton therapy or conventional radiation therapy but its diffusion is limited by the size and cost of the accelerator facility. The ion therapy facilities are presently in operation have generated important developments in particular to the gantry, beam delivery technique, and beam scanning system, while new treatment facilities being planned in United States, Europe, and Asia. This talk will present the current status of this field, as well as the future perspective.  
slides icon Slides THXPLS1 [26.303 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THXXPLS1 Status of the Carbon Commissioning and Roadmap Projects of the MedAustron Ion Therapy Center Accelerator proton, MMI, injection, extraction 3404
 
  • M.T.F. Pivi, L. Adler, A. De Franco, F. Farinon, N. Gambino, G. Guidoboni, G. Kowarik, M. Kronberger, C. Kurfürst, H.T. Lau, S. Myalski, S. Nowak, C. Schmitzer, I. Strašík, P. Urschütz, A. Wastl
    EBG MedAustron, Wr. Neustadt, Austria
  • L.C. Penescu
    Abstract Landscapes, Montpellier, France
 
  The synchrotron-based MedAustron Particle Therapy Accelerator MAPTA located in Austria, delivers proton beams for medical treatment in the energy range 62-252 MeV/n since the year 2016 and is in preparation to provide C6+ carbon ions in the range 120-400 MeV/n to two of the three clinically used ion therapy irradiation rooms. In addition, carbon and proton beams, the latter with up to 800 MeV, will be provided to a fourth room dedicated to research. After beam generation and pre-acceleration to 7MeV, a 77m long synchrotron accelerates particles up to the requested energy for clinical treatment. A third-order resonance extraction method is used to extract the particles from the synchrotron in a slow controlled process and then transfer the particles to the 4 irradiation rooms with a spill time of 0.1-10 seconds to facilitate the control of the delivered radiation dose during clinical treatments. Presently, proton beams are delivered to the horizontal and vertical beam lines of three rooms. Commissioning of the accelerator with carbon ions has been completed for one beam line. In parallel, the installation of the beam line magnets for the proton Gantry is ongoing. A review of the accelerator and the status of the carbon commissioning, ongoing in parallel with clinical operations, and an outlook to future roadmap projects are presented.  
slides icon Slides THXXPLS1 [17.863 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THXXPLS1  
About • paper received ※ 19 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 24 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THYYPLM3 High-Charge Injector for on-Axis Injection Into A High-Performance Storage Ring Light Source booster, injection, storage-ring, emittance 3423
 
  • K.C. Harkay, I.A. Abid, T.G. Berenc, W. Berg, M. Borland, A.R. Brill, D.J. Bromberek, J.M. Byrd, J.R. Calvey, J. Carvelli, J.C. Dooling, L. Emery, T. Fors, G.I. Fystro, A. Goel, D. Hui, R.T. Keane, R. Laird, F. Lenkszus, R.R. Lindberg, T.J. Madden, B.J. Micklich, L.H. Morrison, S.J. Pasky, V. Sajaev, N. Sereno, H. Shang, T.L. Smith, J.B. Stevens, Y. Sun, G.J. Waldschmidt, J. Wang, U. Wienands, K.P. Wootton, A. Xiao, B.X. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Yao
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • A. Blednykh
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • A.H. Lumpkin
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Next-generation, high-performance storage ring light sources based on multibend achromat optics will require on-axis injection because of the extremely small dynamic aperture. Injectors will need to supply full-current bunch replacement in the ring with high single-bunch charge for swap-out. For upgrades of existing light sources, such as the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade (APS-U), it is economical to retain the existing injector infrastructure and make appropriate improvements. The challenges to these improvements include achieving high single-bunch charge in the presence of instabilities, beam loading, charge stability and reliability. In this paper, we discuss the rationale for the injector upgrades chosen for APS-U, as well as backup and potential alternate schemes. To date, we have achieved single-bunch charge from the injectors that doubles the original design value, and have a goal to achieve about three times the original design value.
 
slides icon Slides THYYPLM3 [1.499 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THYYPLM3  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPMP010 Implementation of RF-KO Extraction at CNAO extraction, betatron, kicker, resonance 3469
 
  • S. Savazzi, E. Bressi, G. Debernardi, L. Falbo, V. Lante, C. Priano, M. G. Pullia
    CNAO Foundation, Pavia, Italy
  • P. Meliga
    University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • G. Russo
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
 
  The National Centre for Oncological Hadrontherapy (CNAO) is a synchrotron based particle therapy facility. Both protons and carbon ions can be used for treatments. The main extraction system is based on ’amplitude-momentum selection’ driven by a betatron core, but RF-KO (Radio-Frequency Knock Out) is being implemented as an alternative extraction scheme, being more suitable for a future implementation of a ’multi energy extraction’ operation of the accelerator. With a double extraction possibility, CNAO would allow an interesting theoretical and experimental evaluation of the relative merits of the two extraction schemes. The RF deflector is already installed and the RF power generation is under commissioning. Extraction simulations and first results of the system are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP010  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 20 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW024 Beam-based Alignment at the Cooler Syncrotron (COSY) quadrupole, dipole, alignment, experiment 3632
 
  • T. Wagner, J. Pretz
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
 
  There is a matter-antimatter asymmetry observed in the universe that can not be explained by the Standard Model of particle physics. To resolve that problem additional CP violating phenomena are needed. A candidate for an additional CP violating phenomenon is a non-vanishing Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) of subatomic particles. Since permanent EDMs violate parity and time reversal symmetries, they also violate CP if the CPT-theorem holds. The Jülich Electric Dipole moment Investigation (JEDI) Collaboration works on a direct measurement of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of protons and deuterons using a storage ring. The JEDI experiment requires a small beam orbit RMS in order to measure the EDM. Therefore an ongoing upgrade of the Cooler Syncrotron (COSY) is done in order to improve the precision of the beam position. One of part of this upgrade is to determine the magnetic center of the quadrupoles with respect to the beam position monitors. This can be done with the so called beam-based alignment method. The first results of the beam-based alignment measurement performed in February 2019 will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW024  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPGW071 Genetic Optimisation of Beamline Design for DIAMOND framework, photon, radiation, experiment 3753
 
  • F. Bakkali Taheri, M. Apollonio, R. Bartolini, B. Singh
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  • R. Bartolini, J. Li
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • R. Bartolini
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The problem of optimisation of beamline structures is studied, from the point of view of multi-objective genetic algorithms. While this approach has been successfully used in the exploration of potential particle accelerator lattices, it has never been applied to beamline design. In this paper, the Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NGSA II) is used to optimize a structure where photons are assumed to propagate through the optical elements according to the wavefront model as implemented in SRW. It is shown that appropriate objective functions can help to set up an interesting set of parameters, with competitive computational resources compared to the traditional approach. Examples illustrating this optimization method are shown in the context of DIAMOND.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPGW071  
About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB001 Applications of Online Optimization Algorithms for Injection at the Australian Synchrotron quadrupole, injection, storage-ring, optics 3795
 
  • R. Auchettl, R.T. Dowd
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  At the Australian Synchrotron, accelerator tuning predominantly occurs via manual optimization or traditional optimization techniques such as the Linear Optics from Closed Orbits (LOCO) algorithm. While we have had distinct success with the implementation of LOCO* and manual tuning, these strategies are not without their downsides. Some situations (such as the optimization of synchrotron beam dynamics) produce a design space too large and multifaceted for manual tuning while implementing LOCO can be computationally expensive. Also, without sufficient diagnostic systems, both LOCO and manual tuning do not necessarily guarantee that the optimal solution will be found. Motivated by the successful implementation of online optimization algorithms at SPEAR3**, this paper outlines the application of online optimization algorithms to improve the performance of the Australian Synchrotron injection system. We apply the efficient Robust Conjugate Direction Search (RCDS) Algorithm to reduce beam loss along the Booster-to-Storage ring (BTS) Transfer line and Storage Ring and compare against the LOCO method.
* R. Dowd et al. (2011), Phys. Rev. ST: AB, 14, 012804.
** X. Huang et al. (2013), Nucl. Instr. Meth. A., vol. 726, pp. 77-83.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB001  
About • paper received ※ 08 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB003 Automatic Classification of Post Mortem Data for Reduced Beam Down Time power-supply, real-time, operation, dipole 3799
 
  • M.C. Chalmers, Y.E. Tan
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  Time spent recovering from faults that result in a rapid loss of stored current (a total beam loss event) can be costly to the Australian Synchrotron facility and its researchers. The identification of a fault leading to total beam loss is assisted by a large variety of investigative tools for specific tasks, but they do not often give a thorough overview of all systems required to store beam. Post mortem data uniquely provides insight into how the beam was behaving at the specific time the dump occurred. With machine learning, we find that we can automatically and rapidly identify many types of total beam loss events by learning about the unique characteristics in the post mortem files.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB003  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB067 Time Varying RF Phase Noise for Longitudinal Emittance Blow-Up emittance, operation, proton, extraction 3954
 
  • S.C.P. Albright
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Quartullo
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
 
  RF phase noise was shown to be effective for controlled longitudinal emittance blow-up in the Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) at CERN during beam tests in 2017, with further developments in 2018. At CERN, RF phase noise is used operationally in the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In this paper we show that it is suitable for operation with a variety of beam types in the PSB. In the PSB the synchrotron frequency changes by approximately a factor 4 during the 500 ms acceleration ramp, requiring large changes in the frequency band of the noise. During 2018, a new method of calculating the noise parameters has been demonstrated, which gives upper and lower bounds to the noise frequency band that are smoothly varying through the ramp. The new calculation method has been applied to operational beams accelerated in both single and double RF harmonics, the final results are presented here.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB067  
About • paper received ※ 29 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB090 Laboratory Exhaust Gas Treatment Systems at TPS controls, status, photon, experiment 4029
 
  • J.-C. Chang, W.S. Chan, Z.-D. Tsai
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  There are three main laboratory exhaust gas treatment systems equipped at Taiwan Photon Source (TPS): acid/alkaline system for corrosive acids and alkalis, volatile solvents, and other hazardous chemicals; organic system for biological experiments; and general system for other gas. Gas is collected in hoods installed near the sources of contamination in laboratories. The contamination then is transported through duct to the gas treatment equipment installed outside of the TPS experimental hall.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB090  
About • paper received ※ 06 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB099 Applications of Dimension-Reduction to Various Accelerator Physics Problems dynamic-aperture, kicker, sextupole, storage-ring 4060
 
  • W.F. Bergan, I.V. Bazarov, C.J.R. Duncan, D. L. Rubin
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: DE-SC 0013571 DGE-1650441 OIA-1549132
Particle accelerators contain hundreds of magnets, making dimension-reduction techniques attractive when attempting to tune them. We apply this procedure to two different problems: correcting the orbit in the Cornell synchrotron and maximizing the dynamic aperture in the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR). Cornell’s rapid cycling synchrotron accepts a 200 MeV beam from the linac and accelerates it to 6 GeV for injection into the CESR. ‘Kicker coils’ (dipole correctors) are used to correct for residual fields which would otherwise cause beam loss at the low energies. In such cases, it is usually advisable to measure and correct the orbit. However, one cannot measure the orbit without first getting the beam to circulate a few hundred times, by which point the low-energy orbit would already be mostly corrected. In order to speed up the process of empirical orbit tuning, we form knobs which have the largest effect on the global orbit error, so that the dimensionality of the space which must be searched may be greatly reduced. A small dynamic aperture in CESR will have adverse effects on beam lifetime and injection efficiency, and so ought to be maximized by tuning sextupoles. However, it is often unclear which sextupoles one ought to tune to alleviate the problem. Moreover, once the chromaticity is properly adjusted, it should not be changed. Since we expect resonance driving terms (RDTs) to have a large impact on the dynamic aperture, we develop sextupole knobs which change the RDTs as much as possible while leaving the chromaticity fixed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPRB099  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS034 Design and Progress of Mechanical Support in HEPS alignment, simulation, storage-ring, emittance 4180
 
  • C. H. Li, Y. Jiao, M.X. Li, H. Wang, Z. Wang, L. Wu, N. Zhou
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  HEPS is a new generation synchrotron facility on construction with very low emittance. Stringent requirements are proposed to the design of mechanical support. The alignment error between girders should be less than 50μm. Based on that, the adjusting resolution of the girder are required to be less than 5μm in both transverse and vertical directions. Besides, the Eigen frequency of magnet & girder assembly should be higher than 54Hz to avoid the amplification of ground vibrations. To fulfill these requirements, studies on mechanical support design is now being carried out in HEPS. This paper will describe the design and progress of those work.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS034  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS048 Design of Longitudinal Gradient Bending Magnet of HALS multipole, permanent-magnet, lattice, ECR 4215
 
  • B. Zhang, C. Chen, Z.L. Ren, X.Q. Wang, H. Xu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) is a diffraction limited light source, which was proposed and expected to be built in the next few years by National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) of China. Just like other new light sources, longitudinal gradient bending magnet (LGB) will be adopted to suppress the beam emittance. The magnet consists of 7 modules with different magnet-ic field. Each module has yoke and poles with the same size but different amount of permanent magnet to gener-ate field gradient. FeNi alloy is used to shunt magnetic flux and thus improve the temperature stability. Correc-tor coil or movable wedge can be used to adjust the field. Impact of magnetization direction error of permanent magnet block and parallelism error of poles on multi-poles is also evaluated.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS048  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS053 Design of a Fast Cycled Low Loss 6 T Model Dipole Cooling at 1.9 K dipole, experiment, superconducting-magnet, operation 4221
 
  • A.D. Kovalenko, V.A.. Gromov, E.E. Perepelkin, G. Shirkov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • B. Bordini, D. Tommasini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Kolomiets
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • S. Kozub, L. Tkachenko
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  The option being considered for the FCC-hh high energy injector is a superconducting synchrotron replacing the CERN SPS. The new machine would operate in a cycled mode also to feed experimental areas, much like the SPS nowadays. Due to this specific cycled operation, innovative design and development approaches is required to cope with the AC losses in the superconducting cables and iron yoke. The research joins experience accumulated at CERN and JINR respectively in the design and operation of large systems operated at 1.9 K and, in fast ramped and cycled magnets. The specified parameters are the following: magnet aperture -80 mm; aperture field - 6 T; field ramp 0.2-0.5 T/s; coil conductor - NbTi; magnetic field homogeneity between 0.12 and 6 T of the order of 5·10-4. The minimization of the cycling losses is particular important. Total thermal losses should be limited to tentatively < 2 W/m at 4.2 K. The magnet design, and the results of preliminary tests on a candidate NbTi-wire for building a model magnet are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS053  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS056 New Undulator and Front End for XAIRA Beamline at ALBA undulator, photon, vacuum, storage-ring 4231
 
  • J. Campmany, J. Marcos, V. Massana
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  A new microfocus beamline for macromolecular crystallography, XAIRA, is being built at ALBA synchrotron light source. The light source for this new beamline is an in-vacuum undulator that can reach the spectrum range from 4 keV up to 20 keV. The in-vacuum undulator was terndered in 2018 and awarded to Kyma-RI consortium, and will be delivered to ALBA in November 2019. The Front End has been designed accordingly. It was tendered in 2018 and awarded to FMB. It will be delivered along second semester of 2019. In this paper we present the ID and FE designs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS056  
About • paper received ※ 11 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS058 New 50 KW SSPA Transmitter for the ALBA Booster operation, booster, ISOL, cavity 4237
 
  • P. Solans, B. Bravo, J.R. Ocampo, F. Pérez, A. Salom
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • J.V. Balboa, I. Fernández, D. Iriarte, J. Lluch, A. Mellado, C. Rosa, F. Sierra, E. Ugarte
    BTESA, Leganés, Spain
 
  ALBA is a 3th generation 3 GeV synchrotron light source located in Barcelona and operating with users since May 2012. The IOT based transmitter for the booster cavity has been replaced by a Solid State Power Amplifier (SSPA) of 50 kW at 500 MHz in August 2018. The new transmitter is made of 96 active devices, which are divided in 12 modules of 8 transistors each one. The modules are combined in groups of four using the Gysel topology and two hybrid combiners are used for the final combining stage. The design allows the transmitter to provide enough power even when multiple transistor fails occur, in the same module or in different ones, and it also presents power supplies redundancy. These modules can be hot swapped, i.e., the module can be replaced by a spare at any time, even when the transmitter is providing power without affecting the operation. After two months of operation, the transmitter fulfills very well the design specifications regarding power, efficiency and gain; and although minor problems have arisen due to infant mortality in some components, the operation of the transmitter has never been affected due to the high redundancy.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS058  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 18 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPTS093 Synchrotron Radiation Heating of the Helical Superconducting Undulator photon, vacuum, radiation, synchrotron-radiation 4328
 
  • J.C. Dooling, R.J. Dejus, V. Sajaev
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02- 06CH11357.
A helical superconducting undulator (HSCU) was installed in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Storage Ring (SR) during the January 2018 maintenance period. Shortly after the reintroduction of beam into the SR in late January, higher than expected heating was observed in the cryogenic cooling system. Steering the electron beam orbit in the upstream dipole provided reduction of the amount of synchrotron radiation reaching into the HSCU and allowed the device to properly cool and operate. Modeling the HSCU geometry with MARS shows the importance of Compton Scattering in transferring synchrotron photons with energies in the range of 10-100 keV through the vacuum chamber into the HSCU magnet pole and winding regions. Simulations carried out using MARS with EGS5 enabled indicate a rapid increase in transfer efficiency from the chamber wall to the HSCU with photon energy. Realistic spectral distributions of synchrotron photons are employed as input to MARS for several bending magnet field strengths.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPTS093  
About • paper received ※ 12 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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FRXXPLS3 Application of a Phase Space Beam Position and Size Monitor for Synchrotron Radiation electron, detector, synchrotron-radiation, radiation 4376
 
  • N. Samadi
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • L.D. Chapman, L.O. Dallin
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • X. Shi
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  We will report on a system (ps-BPM) that can measure the electron source vertical position and angular motion along with the vertical source size and angular size at a single location in a synchrotron bend magnet beamline*. This system uses a combination of a monochromator and a filter with a K-edge to which the monochromator was tuned in energy. The vertical distribution of the beam with and without the filter was simultaneously visualized with an imaging detector. The small range of angles from the source onto the monochromator crystals creates an energy range that allows part of the beam to be below the K-edge and the other part above. Measurement of the beam vertical location without the absorber and edge vertical location with the absorber allowes measurement of the source position and angle. The beam width and edge width give information about the vertical electron source size and angular distribution. The ps-BPM measurements have been made where the electron beam size and angular distribution was adjusted using skew quads. The ps-BPM measurements correlate well with modeling of the ps-BPM system as well as conventional beam size measurements using a pinhole.
* A phase-space beam position monitor for synchrotron radiation. J Synchrotron Radiat, 2015. 22(4): p. 946-55.
 
slides icon Slides FRXXPLS3 [4.593 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-FRXXPLS3  
About • paper received ※ 15 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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