Author: Babzien, M.
Paper Title Page
WEPGW114 Interferometric Measurement of Bunch Length of a 3Mev Picocoulomb Electron Beam 2766
  • X. Yang, M. Babzien, B. Bacha, G.L. Carr, W.X. Cheng, L. Doom, M.G. Fedurin, B.N. Kosciuk, J.J. Li, D. Padrazo Jr, T.V. Shaftan, V.V. Smaluk, C. Swinson, L.-H. Yu, Y. Zhu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: BNL LDRD
We report the bunch length measurement of low-energy 3 MeV electron beams in picosecond regime with the charge from 1.0 to 14 pC. It is the first time that we demonstrate single-cycle nano-joule coherent terahertz (THz) radiation from 3MeV electron beam can be meas-ured via a far-infrared Michelson interferometer using a QOD. At this low energy range, when charge is about 1 pC, the signal from the conventional helium-cooled sili-con composite bolometer is too low. Compared to the bunch length measurement via the ultrafast-laser-pump and electron-beam-probe in the timescale 10-14 to 10-12 s which is determined by the phase-transition dynamics in solids, the advantages are: there are no needs of pump laser and probe sample, greatly simplifying the experi-ment; the timing jitter between laser and electron beams contributes no error to the bunch length measurement; furthermore, the method can be extended to sub-picosecond regime enabling bunch length measurement in a much broader timescale 10-14 to 10-11 s for low-energy electron beams. In the current experiment the bunch length is limited to 1 ps only because the setup of driving laser to cathode with a large 70° incident angle, effective-ly lengthening the laser pulse to ≥1 ps.
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About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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