Author: Dijkstal, P.
Paper Title Page
WEPTS051 Comparison of Electron Cloud Build-Up Simulations Against Heat Load Measurements for the LHC Arcs With Different Beam Configurations 3232
  • G. Skripka, G. Iadarola, L. Mether, G. Rumolo, E.G.T. Wulff
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • P. Dijkstal
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  Electron cloud effects are among the main performance limitations for the operation of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with 25 ns bunch spacing. A large number of electrons impacting on the beam screens of the cold magnets induces significant heat load, reaching values close to the full cooling capacity available from the cryogenic system. Interestingly, it is observed that parts of the machine that are by design identical show very different heat loads. We used numerical simulations to investigate the possibility that these differences are induced by different surface properties, in particular maximum Secondary Electron Yield (SEY) for the different cryomagnets. Using the PyECLOUD code, the electron cloud build-up was simulated assuming different values of SEY in the LHC cold magnets. Comparing the measured heat loads to the simulation results for the 25 ns beams at 450 GeV we have identified the SEY values that match the observations in these conditions. These SEY values were found to be in good agreement with the heat loads measured with different beam configurations (changing the bunch pattern, the bunch intensity and the beam energy).  
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About • paper received ※ 13 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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